Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k(')ēl-
Meaning: invocation; to charm
Old Greek: kēléō `bezaubern, betören, besänftigen', kēlēthnó-s `Bezauberung'
Slavic: [ *xvālā, *xvālītī; *xūlā, *xūlītī ] ?
Germanic: *xṓl-a- n.; *xṓl-ō- vb.
Latin: calumnia f. `falsche Anklage, Rechtsverdrehung, Betrug, Verleumdung'
Russ. meaning: заклинание etc.
References: WP I 446
Proto-IE: *kēp-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: slanting, diametrical
Old Indian: cāpa- m., n. `bow, arc', capalá- `shaking, trembling, unsteady'
Other Iranian: NPers čap `link'
Slavic: *čāpātī, *čāpītī, -bītī
Baltic: *kap-an-ā̂-, *kap-ur-n-ā̂-, *kep-ur-nā̂-, *kap-ar-ō̂-, *kap-ur-ō̂- vb.
Russ. meaning: косой, поперечный
References: WP I 349 f
Proto-IE: *k'[ē]s-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to show, to lead
Old Indian: śā́ste, śāsti `to correct, censure, control, teach', ptc. aor. śiṣánt- `teaching', ptc. śiṣṭá- `taught, controlled, shown'; śāstar- `chastiser, punisher'; śāstrá- n. `order, command; treatise'
Avestan: sāsti `heisst, lehrt'; sāstar- `Gebieter, Machthaber, Fürst'
Armenian: sast `Schelte, Vorwurf, Drohung, Strenge, Autorität', sastem `schelte, drohe, schärfe ein, gebiete', sastik `heftig'
Russ. meaning: указывать, руководить
References: WP I 358
Proto-IE: *kēt- (-th-)
Meaning: to commend, to scold
Old Indian: katthate `to boast, praise, flatter; abuse, revile'; kātkr̥ta- `insulted, dishonoured'
Old Greek: kōtílo- `schwätzend', kōtíllō `schwätze'
Baltic: *kat-il-in̂- vb.
Germanic: *xē[ɵ]-a- n.; *xad-r=; *xōd-ō f., *xōd-ē- vb.
Russ. meaning: хвалить, ругать
References: WP I 384 (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *k'[ē]w-, *k'wā-
Meaning: to swell, to to spread out, to be strong, etc.
Old Indian: śváyati `to swell, grow', śuná- n. `growth, success, welfare', śávas- n. `strength, power, might', śūna- `swollen, grown'; śū́ra- `strong, powerful, valiant; m. hero'; śotha- m. `swelling'; śvātrá- `invigorating, strengthening, strong', n. `strengthening food or drink'; śáśvant- `continuous, endless, numerous, frequent'
Avestan: sūra- `stark, gewaltig'; spā(y)- `aufschwellen'
Old Greek: küéō, sp. kǘō, aor. ékǖsa, kǖ́sasthai̯ `schwanger sein, werden', kǘos n. `Leibesfrucht, Fötus, Embryo', éŋküo- `schwanger', á-kǖro- `ohne Rechtskraft, ungültig', kǖ́rio-s m. `Herr, Herrscher, Besitzer' || dor., ark., Pind., Sol. etc. aor. pā́sasthai̯, pf. pépamai̯ `besitzen, erwerben', ark., arg., kret. pā̂ma, pl. böot. ta ppamata n. `Besitz'; pátores = ktḗtores Phot., pātḗr `Besutzer'
Baltic: *čau-l-i- c., *čū-t-i- c., *čū̂-k-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xū-n-a- m.; *xu-nd=
Latin: inciēns, -entis `trächtig'
Celtic: Gaul Kauaros, Cavarillus, Cymr cawr, Corn caur `Riese'
Russ. meaning: пухнуть, разрастаться, иметь силу etc.
References: WP I 365 f
Proto-IE: *kēwp-, *kwēp-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to smoke, to boil
Hittite: kup- (I) 'planen, konspirieren' (Tischler 638 f)
Tokharian: A kāp-, B kāp- / kāw- (PT *kāp-) 'desire, crave, want' (Adams 151-152)
Old Indian: kupyati `to be moved, excited, agitated, be angry', kopa- m. `fury, passion, anger'; copati `to move'; kupāyú- `inclined to be angry'
Old Greek: kapnó-s m. `Rauch, Dampf, Dunst', hom. apò (dè psükhǟ̀n) ekápüssen `hauchte aus', kápüssen; kápo-s m. 'breath' Eust., Hsch., kápü-s id. Hsch.; 3 sg. eŋkáptei = eŋkapheî Hsch.; pf. 3 sg. kék[ē]phe `умереть' Hsch., hom. kekaph[ē]óta `aushauchend'
Slavic: *kɨ̄pḗtī, *kvā́pītī; *k(v)opotь
Baltic: *kwap-a- c., *kwep-ē̂- vb., Lith *kwē̃p- (*kwep-ja-) / Lett *kwē̂p- (2) vb., *kwē̂p-ē̂- (2) vb., *kwē̂p- (2) vb. intr. (Lett), *kwep- vb. intr., *kwap-ac., *kwap-u- adj., *kū̂p- (2) vb., *kū̂p-ē̂- (*kū̂p-a-) (2) vb., *kwē̂p-ia- (2) c., *kū̆p-[s]-in-[a]- m.
Germanic: *xwap-ja- vb., *xwap-a- n.
Latin: cupio, -ere, cupīvī, -ītum `(heftig) begehren, wünschen', cuppēs, -ēdis m. `Naschmaul, Feinschmecker; vapor (OLat vapōs), -ōris m. `Dunst, Dampf, Hitze, Gluthauch; Erregung'; vapidus, -a `kahmig', vappa f., vapiō f. `kahmiger Wein'
Albanian: kapitem `atme schwer'
Russ. meaning: дымить(ся), кипеть
References: WP I 379 f, Buck 73.
Proto-IE: *k'ēy-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to sharpen, to grind
Old Indian: śiśāti, śinoti, śyati `to whet, sharpen', aor. aśāiṣīt, aśāt, aśīta, ptc. śitá-; śāṇa- (L. śāna-) m. `whetstone, grindstone'
Avestan: saēni-š `Spitze, Wipfel'
Other Iranian: NPers sān, afsān, pām, pasān `Wetzstein'
Armenian: sur `scharf'; sur, gen. sroy `Schwert, Dolch, Messer, Rasiermesser'; sair `Schneide'
Old Greek: kō̂no-s m. `Pinienzapfen, Kegel'
Germanic: *xain-ō f.
Latin: cōs, gen. cōtis f. `Wetz-, Schleifstein', cōtēs/cautēs `spitzer Fels'
Russ. meaning: заострять, точить
References: WP I 454 f
Proto-IE: *k'ēy(w)-, *k'yē(w)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: grey
Tokharian: ? B kwele ( < *kiwo-lo-) 'black, dark grey' (Adams 239)
Old Indian: śyāvá- `dark-brown, brown, dark'; śyāmá- `black, dark blue or brown or grey or green' (with -y- on analogy with śyāvá-); śārá- `variegated'
Avestan: syāva- 'schwarz'; sāma- 'schwarz'
Old Greek: kīrró- `rotgelb, gelbbraun'
Slavic: *sīvъ(jь), *sīnjьjь; *śḗrъ(jь)
Baltic: *čī̂w-a-/*čī̃w-a- adj., *čī̃w-ia-/*čī̂w-ia- c., *čē̂-m-a- / *čē̃-m-a- adj.
Germanic: *xaiw-in-a-, *xair-u-, *xair-i- adj.
Latin: caerulus, caeruleus `tief-, dunkelblau, ultramarin'
Celtic: Ir cīar (< *kei̯ro-) `dunkel'
Russ. meaning: серый, сивый
References: WP I 360 f, 420; Buck 67.
Proto-IE: *kǝnod- (kh-)
Meaning: to bite
Old Indian: khā́dati `to chew, bite, eat', khādana- m. `tooth'
Other Iranian: NPers xāyīdan `essen, kauen'
Armenian: xacanem `beisse, pungo'
Old Greek: knṓdōn, -ontos m. `Schwert', pl. `Zähne am Schwert od. am Jagdspiess, Schwerthaken', pl. `die den Schwertgriff gegen die Klinge abgrenzenden Zähne oder Haken'; knṓdāk-s, -ākos `Zapfe, Achse', knṓdalo-n n. `wildes od. schädliches Tier'; knadállō = knáō Hsch.
Slavic: *kǭsъ, *kǭsātī, -ī́tī; *kǭ̃dъkъ (Pol kądek `Bissen, Stück, Brocken')
Baltic: *kan̂d- (*kan̂d-a-) (2) vb. tr.
Russ. meaning: кусать
References: WP I 341
Proto-IE: *kibh-
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Old Greek: kóphino-s ' (Trag)korb', messen. kípho-s 'Kranz' Pausan. 3, 26, 9
Slavic: *čьbьrъ, *čьbānъ
Baltic: *kib-ā̂ f., *kib-ir-a- c.
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: Fraenkel 250 f
Proto-IE: *k'ik-
Meaning: belt
Old Indian: śic (śik) f., śikyà- n. `a k. of loop or swing made of rope and suspended from either end of a pole or yoke to receive a load'
Baltic: *čik-š-n-ā̂ f., -a- c.
Russ. meaning: ремешок
References: WP I 451
Proto-IE: *k'ik'-
Meaning: child
Old Indian: śíśu- m. 'child, infant, young of animal'
Baltic: *čič-ia- c., *čič-aw-ā̂ f.
Russ. meaning: ребенок
References: Fraenkel 990 f
Proto-IE: *k'ip- (-ph-)
Meaning: twig
Old Indian: śíphā f. `a fibrous or flexible root, a lash or stroke with a whip or rod'
Baltic: *čip-ul-ia- c., *čip-s-n-ā̂ f.
Latin: cippus, -ī m. `spitzer Schanzpfahl, spitze Säule aus Holz oder Stein'
Albanian: thep, pl. -a m. `sharp projection, dent'; tsep `Stich, Ecke, Winkel'
Russ. meaning: прут
References: WP I 346, 452
Proto-IE: *k(')ist-
Meaning: basket
Old Greek: kístǟ f. `Korb, Kiste'
Celtic: OIr ain-ches `fiscina, Brot-korb', ciss-ib `tortis [crinibus]', cisse `sporta'
Russ. meaning: корзина
References: WP I 452
Proto-IE: *k'īgh-
Meaning: to move quickly
Old Indian: śīghrá- `quick, speedy, swift'
Slavic: *sīgātī
Germanic: *xīg-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: быстро двигаться
References: WP I 361 f
Proto-IE: *k'īk-
Meaning: strength; flesh
Old Greek: kī̂kü-s, -üos f. `Kraft, Stärke'
Baltic: *čī̂k-s-t-u- adj. (2)
Celtic: Ir cīch `weibl. Brust'; Cymr cig, Bret kik, OCorn chic `Fleisch'
Russ. meaning: сила, плоть
References: WP I 334
Proto-IE: *k'īkAl-
Meaning: drizzle
Old Indian: śīkara- m. `fine or drizzling rain', śīkāyati `drizzle, rain in fine drops'
Germanic: *xig-(V)l=
Russ. meaning: изморось
References: WP I 451
Proto-IE: *klamb-
Meaning: lame
Old Greek: klambó- `gestümmelt, verstümmelt'
Baltic: *klumb-a- adj., *klum̃b-in̂- vb., *klum̃b-ur-ia- c., *klum̂b-ur-a- (1) c.
Russ. meaning: хромой, увечный
References: WP I 436 f
Proto-IE: *klaud- / -e-
Meaning: defect, corporal defect
Baltic: *kleûd-ā̂, -iā̃ (1) f., *klǖ̂d-ā̂ f. (1)
Latin: claudus, -a `lahm, hinkend'
Russ. meaning: дефект, недостаток
References: WH
Proto-IE: *klAup-, -b-
Meaning: to spring, to stumble
Slavic: *klɨ̄pātī (> Belor клыпаць 'hinken')
Baltic: *klup- vb. intr., *klū̂p-ā- vb. (1?), *klaũp- (-ja-) vb.; *klub- vb. intr., *klub-ur-a- c., *kluP-s-t-[a]- m.
Germanic: *xlaup-a- vb.; *xlaup-a- m., n., *xlaup-an- m., *xlaup-t-i- c., *xlaup-t-a- m.
Russ. meaning: прыгать, спотыкаться
Comments: Cf. *k'lewǝ-, *k'leub- 'lame'
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-comment,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
3194178007
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov