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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *ken
Meaning: part.
Old Indian: caná `particle with indefinite meaning'
Avestan: činā̆ `particle with indefinite meaning'
Germanic: *-gini, *xunV
Latin: -cunque (?)
References: WP I 399
Proto-IE: *k'enew-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: waste, vain
Armenian: sin `leer, eitel'
Old Greek: ep., ion., kypr., epid. keneó-, ep., ion. kẹ̄nó-, att. kenó- `leer, eitel'
Russ. meaning: пустой, тщеславный
References: WP I 390
Proto-IE: *kenk-
Meaning: to gird
Old Indian: kañcate (D.), kāñcate `to bind', kāñcī f. `girdle'
Baltic: *kiñk-ī̂- vb., *kiñk-t-a- c.
Latin: cingō, -ere, -xī, -ctum `umgürten, umringen, umschliessen', cingula f. `Gürtel', cinctum n. `Gurt'
Other Italic: Umbr s̀ihitu `cinctos', ans̀ihitu `non cinctos'
Russ. meaning: опоясывать
References: WP I 400 f
Proto-IE: *kenk-
Meaning: to torment
Old Greek: kéŋkei̯ = peinā̂i Phot.
Baltic: *keñk- vb. tr., *kañk-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xánx-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: мучить
References: WP I 401
Proto-IE: *k'ens-
Meaning: to speak in a florid, solemn style
Old Indian: śaṁsáyati `to cause to recite, predict, foretell', śaṁsati `to recite, repeat', śastí- f., śásman- n., śastrá- n. `praise, invocation'
Avestan: sąh- `pronuntiare', sasti- `Wort, Vorschrift
Latin: cēnseō, -ēre, -uī, -sum `begutachten, schätzen, taxieren, meinen, abstimmen'; cēnsor, -ōris m. `Zensor'; cēnsus, -ūs m. `Schatzung, geschätzes Vermögen'
Other Italic: Osk censamur `censetor', censaum `censere', keenzstur, kenzsur = cēnsor, ancensto f. `non censa', censtom-en `in censum'
Russ. meaning: feierlich sprechen, autoritativ verkündigen
References: WP I 403
Proto-IE: *kent- (-th-)
Meaning: patch-work quilt, cloth
Old Indian: kanthā f. `rag, patched garment'
Old Greek: kéntrōn, -ōnos m. `Lumpenrock, Flickerwerk'
Latin: centō, -ōnis m. `aus Lappen zusammengenähtes Kleid oder Decke, Flickwerk, Flickpoem'
Russ. meaning: плетеное из лоскутков изделие
References: WP I 402 f
Proto-IE: *k(')enta
Meaning: prep./adv.
Hittite: katta(n), katti 'unten, hinab; bei', kattera- 'unterer'
Tokharian: B kätk- 'lower, set (down)', kätkare 'deep, far' (Adams 159)
Old Greek: káta, katà prp. `entlang, über--hin, durch--hin, von etwas her abwärts usw.'
Germanic: *xind=, comp. *xindiza-; *xand-an=, etc.
Latin: contrā, contrō-versia
Other Italic: Osk contrud 'contra'
Celtic: Gaul canta-, OIr cēt-, ceta-; OCymr cant, MCymr can, gan, OCorn cans, Bret gant 'mit, bei, längs'
Russ. meaning: вниз, через
References: WP I 459 f, Tischler 539 f
Proto-IE: *k'er-
Meaning: cacare, faeces
Avestan: sairya- 'Dünger, Mist'
Other Iranian: MPers. sargōn, Pers. sargīn id.
Slavic: *sьrātī, *ser(j)ǭ; *sorъ
Baltic: *čar̂-w-a- c., *čar̂-n-a-, -ia- c. (1)
References: Fraenkel 764
Proto-IE: *k'era-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to damage, to delete
Old Indian: śrṇā́ti `to crush, rend, break', pass. śīryate, ptc. śīrṇá-, -śīrta-, śūrtá-
Avestan: asarǝta- `nicht gebrochen', sari- m. `Bruchstück, Scherbe', sāri- f. `Bruch, Untergang'
Old Greek: keraízdō `verwüsten, zerstören, vernichten', kḗr, gen. kērós f. `Tod, Verderben'
Latin: cariēs, -ēī f. `das Morsch-, Faulsein'
Celtic: OIr ar.a.chrinim `zerfalle', eo.ro.cha(i)r `cecidit', irchre `Untergang'
Albanian: ɵer `schlachte'
Russ. meaning: повреждать, уничтожать
References: WP I 410 f
Proto-IE: *kera-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to burn
Old Greek: kéramo-s `Töpfererde, Ziegel, Ziegeldach, Tongefäss, Topf, Krug, Fass'
Slavic: *čerenъ/*černъ, *čer(e)n'ь
Baltic: *ker̂- (2): *ker-ia- c., *ker-ē̂- vb.; *ker̃-š-t-a- c.; *kar̂-š-t-a- (2) adj., *kar̂-š-t-iac., *kar̂-š- (2) vb. intr.; *kir̂-š- / *kir̃-š- vb. intr.
Germanic: *xír-ɵ=; *xar-st=, *xar-st-ia- vb., *xur-st-ia- vb.
Latin: carbō, -ōnis m. `Kohle', carbunculus, -ī m. `kleine Kohle; rötlicher Sandstein'
Russ. meaning: гореть, жечь
References: WP I 418 f
Proto-IE: *k'era-, *k'rā-
Meaning: to mix
Old Indian: śrāyati `to cook, boil', śrīṇā́ti `to mix, mingle, cook', ptc. śrītá-, śīrta-, śrātá-, śr̥tá-
Avestan: sar- `sich vereinigen mit, sich anschliessen an, es halten mit', sar- f. `Vereinigung, Verbindung'
Old Greek: att. keránnǖmi, kerannǘō, kerái̯ō, keráō, kírnǟmi, -náō, aor. kerá(s)sai̯, (epi-)krǟ̂sai̯, pass. krǟthē̂nai̯, pf. med. kékrǟmai̯, va. á-krǟto- `mischen, vermischen (bes. von Wein mit Wasser); mildern, temperieren'; krǟ̂si-s `Mischung', krǟtḗr `Mischkrug'; krǟ̂ma n. `Mischung, Legierung', a-kḗrato-s `rein (Wasser)'
Russ. meaning: смешивать
References: WP I 419 f
Proto-IE: *kerangʷ-
Meaning: a k. of horned animal
Old Indian: kuraṅga-, kulaṅgá-, kuluṅgá- m. `antelope'
Old Greek: kerámbüks, -ükos m. Käferart mit langen Fühlhörnen, `Hornschröter'
Russ. meaning: животное (с рогами)
References: WP I 403 f
Comments: A derivation from *k'era(w)-#372
Proto-IE: *k'era(w)-, *k'rū-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: horn
Hittite: karawar n. (r/n) 'Horn', h.l. [sù]ra/inì (Tischler 500f)
Avestan: srū-, srvā- 'Horn; Nagel an Fingern und Zehen'
Old Greek: kéras, gen. ep. *-raos, att. -rōs, -rātos, at. ep. -rai, Hdt. -rei, att. -rāi̯, pl. nom.-acc. ep. -rā/-raa, att. -rāta, gen. ep. -ráōn, att. -rō̂n/-rā́tōn, dat. -rāsi/-rasi, ep. -ráessi `Horn, Blas-, Trinkhorn'; keraó- `gehörnt'; keras-phóro-s
Germanic: *xur-n-a- m., n.
Latin: cornū, -ūs n. `Horn'
Celtic: Galat acc. kárnon труба, рог (Hsch.); Gaul kárnüks (Eustath.) `Trompete', Cymr, Corn, Bret karn `Huf der Einhufer'; MIr crū `Huf'
Russ. meaning: рог
References: WP I 403 f
Comments: Cf. #499 *k'ar-; *k'eras-, *k'rās- 'head'
Proto-IE: *k'erber-
Meaning: some mythical beast
Old Indian: śárvarī f. `a spotted steed of the Maruts; (star-spangled) night'
Old Greek: Kérbero-s m. Name eines vielköpfigen Hundes, der die Unterwelt bewachte
Russ. meaning: существо Цербер
References: WP I 425
Proto-IE: *k(')erd-
Meaning: gift, talent
Old Greek: kérdos n. `Gewinn, Vorteil, Lohn, Sold, Gewinnsucht', pl. auch `gute Ratschläge, Listen, Ränke', kerdái̯nō `gewinnen, Vorteil ziehen'
Celtic: *kerdā, *kerdo-: OIr cerd `Kunst, Handwerk'; cerd `aerarius, figulus, poeta', Cymr cerdd `musica'
Russ. meaning: божий дар
References: WP I 423 f
Proto-IE: *k'erd-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: heart; core, middle
Hittite: ker / kard- n. 'Herz', Pal. karti, Lyk. B kride-si, A kerɵɵi (Tischler 556 ff)
Old Indian: hr̥d n., gen. hr̥dáḥ `heart'
Avestan: zǝrǝdā 'Herz'
Armenian: sirt, instr. srtiv `Herz'
Old Greek: kardíǟ, ep. kradíā f. `Herz; Seele, Geist; der obere Magenmund; Kernholz'+ ep. kǟ̂r, Pind., B., Trag. kéar, dat. kǟ̂ri, adv. kǟróthi n. `Herz'
Slavic: *sьrdьce; *serdъ, *serdā
Baltic: *čer̂d-i- c., *čerd-iā̃ (2) f., *čir̂d-i- (*čir̂d-) (2) c., *čir̂d-a- c., *čir̃d- vb. intr.
Germanic: *xirt-an- n., *xirt-ōn- f.
Latin: cor, gen. cordis n. `Herz'
Celtic: OIr cride n., Ir croidue `Herz'; Cymr craidd `Herz, Mittelpunkt',Bret kreiz `Mitte'
Russ. meaning: сердце; сердцевина, середина
References: WP I 423 f
Proto-IE: *kerd- (kh-/k-)
Meaning: dirt, mud
Tokharian: B kärtk- 'to defile oneself, defecate', A kärtkāl, B kärkkālle 'swamp, marsh'
Old Indian: kardama- m. 'mud, slime; dirt, filth'
Other Iranian: Sak khārgga- ( < *xarδ-ka-) 'mud', NPers xard 'clay', Shugn šarɵk 'clay', šarδ 'defecate' (Iran *khard-)
Germanic: *xarta-z, -n
Latin: mūs-cerda f. `Mäusekot', su-cerda f. `Schweinekot', ovi-cerda f. `Schafkot'
Russ. meaning: грязь
References: Adams 163 (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *kerdh- (IndoIr *k'-)
Meaning: file, row, herd
Old Indian: śárdha- m., śardhas- n. `host, troop'
Avestan: sarǝδa- 'Art, Gattung'
Other Iranian: OPers ɵard- 'id.'
Old Greek: kórthü̆-s, gen. -üos f. 'heap'
Slavic: *čerdъ, *čerdā́
Baltic: *ker̃d-ā̂ f., *(s)ker̃d-ju-s m.
Germanic: *xird-ō f.; *xird-ia- m.; *xird-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: вереница, стадо
References: WP I 424 f
Proto-IE: *kerd-s-
Meaning: belt
Slavic: *čersъ `(широкий) пояс'
Celtic: OIr criss `Gürtel', MIr fo-chrus `Gürtung'; Cymr crys `Gürtel, Hemd', gwegys `Gürtel', OCorn kreiz `Hemd', grugiz `Gürtel', Bret krez `Hemd', gouriz `Gürtel'; OIr fo-cridigedar `accingat'
Russ. meaning: пояс
References: WP I 423
Proto-IE: *k'erǝ-
Meaning: to comb; hair
Old Indian: *śala- in kapúcchala-m `tuft of hair on the hind part of the head'
Baltic: *čer-ia- c., *čir-ia- c., *čar-a- c. (+ *čer̂- (1) vb. tr.)
Germanic: *xēr-a- n.
Russ. meaning: волосы
References: WP I 427
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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