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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k'ekur-
Meaning: tame
Old Indian: śakura- `tame, quiet (as an animal)'
Latin: cicur, -uris `zahm'
Russ. meaning: укрощенный, ручной
References: WH
Proto-IE: *k'ekʷ-er/n-, *k'eikʷ-
Meaning: faeces
Old Indian: śákr̥t, gen. śaknáḥ n. `excrement, feces, dung'
Old Greek: kópro-s f. `Mist, Dünger, Kot, Schmutz, Düngerplatz, Viehhof'
Baltic: *čik- vb.
Celtic: OIr cechor gl. `palus', MIr cechair `Schlamm, Unflat, Kot'
Russ. meaning: дерьмо
References: WP I 381
Proto-IE: *kel-
Meaning: road
Old Greek: kéleu̯tho-s, pl. -oi̯/-a f. `Weg, Pfad, Bahn, Reise'; a-kólou̯tho-s `begleitend, Begleiter, -in, entsprechend'
Baltic: *kel-ja-, -i- c., *kel-eû- vb.
Celtic: Ir. cēle `Genosse', Cymr. cilydd `id.'
Russ. meaning: дорога
References: WP I 446 f
Comments: Celt. - differently attributed in Pok.
Proto-IE: *kel-
Meaning: to stick; sticky matter
Old Greek: kólla f. `Leim'
Slavic: *kъlъ, *kъlējь, *kъlьjь
Germanic: *xil-[a]- vb.
Russ. meaning: клеить; клейкое вещество
References: WP I 464
Proto-IE: *k'el-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: cover; to cover
Old Indian: śáras- n. `cream, film on boiled milk', śaraṇá- `protecting, guarding, defending', n. `shelter, abode', śárman- n. `shelter, protection, safety'; śā́lā f. `house, mansion, hall'
Old Greek: {kaltǟ́ `Hütte, Scheune, Nest' - not found!}; hom. koleó-n n., att. koleó-s m.`Schwertscheide, Scheide'
Germanic: *xil-a- vb., *xul-ja- vb., *xul-ō f., *xul-ís-ō(n-) f., *xil-m-a- m.
Latin: occulō, -ere, -uī, -ltum `verdecken, verbergen'; clam `verhohlen, heimlich, insgeheim'; calim "antiqui dicebant pro clam" (Paul. Fest. 47); cēlāre `verhehlen, verbergen, verheimlichen', color (OLat colōs), -ōris m. `Farbe, Gesichtsfarbe'
Celtic: OIr celim `verberge'; cuile `Keller, Magazin; Küche', MIrr cul `Schutz', culaid `Hülle'; colum, pl. dat. colomnaib `skin, hide', cuilche `Mantel'; Cymr celu `verbergen'
Russ. meaning: оболочка, покров; покрывать
References: WP I 432 f
Proto-IE: *kel-
Meaning: to drive
Old Indian: kaláyati `to impel, incite, urge on'
Old Greek: kéllō (Gramm.), aor. ékelsa, ékẹ̄la `antreiben (tr., intr.), bewegen, anfahren, landen', okéllō, aor . okẹ̄̂lai̯ `id.'; kélomai̯ aor. (e)kékleto, dor. kénto (< *kélto) (e)kelḗsato `antreiben, auffordern, zurufen'; keléu̯ō `antreiben, auffordern, befehlen'; kélēs, -ētos m. `Renner'; bou̯-kólo-s m. `Rinderhirt'; koleîn = eltheîn Hsch., koléa, kolía f. name of a dance (Hsch.), {koliásai̯ `танцевать' Hsch. - not found!}
Germanic: *xál-ɵa-/*xal-d-á- vb.; *xal-d-á- n.; *xil-dV-; *xal-ja- vb., *xul-ja- vb., *xal-ō- vb.
Latin: celer, -is `schnell, rasch', celeber, -bris `betrieben, verkehrsreich, belebt'
Celtic: MIr būa-chaill, Cymr bugail, Corn bugel, Bret bugel `Kind'
Albanian: geg. ḱil, sizil. ḱel `bringe, trage'
Russ. meaning: гнать
References: WP I 442 f
Comments: Germ also to *kelǝ- 'lift'.
Proto-IE: *k(')el-
Meaning: youth, son
Tokharian: B kālyśke 'boy, youth' (Adams 155)
Old Greek: kélōr, gen. -ōros m. `Abkömmling, Sohn'
Germanic: *xal-íɵ-a- m., *xal-íɵ-an- m., *xal-úɵ-a- m.
Russ. meaning: юноша, сын
References: WP I 442 f (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *kel- (/ *k'el-)
Meaning: to lean, to incline
Old Greek: éu̯-kolo-s `zufrieden, vergnügt', dǘs-kolo-s `mürrisch'
Slavic: *slonī́tī; *klonītī
Baltic: *čal-i- c., *čal-ā̂ f.; *kal̃- (*kal-ja-) vb. tr., *kal̃-t-i- c.
Germanic: *xíl-ɵ-a- m., *xil-d=́, *xíl-ɵ-an- m., *xíl-ɵ-an- n., *xál-ɵ-ō(n-) f., *xúl-ɵ-iōn- f., *xál-ɵ-a- m.; *xál-ɵ-a- adj.; *xal-d-iz-a- adj.; *xál-ɵ-ō- vb.; *xál-ɵ-a-/*xald=́ adj.; *xúl-ɵ=, *xul-d-iṓ(n-)/*xúl-ɵ-iō(n-) f., *xúl-ɵ-ī(n-) f.
Latin: aus-cultāre `lauschen, (ge)horchen'
Russ. meaning: прислонять, наклонять
References: WP I 430 f
Comments: Cf. *k'ley- 'to lean, incline': Balto-Slavic variant with *k'- might be influenced by the latter.
Proto-IE: *keld- (kh-)
Meaning: sword, handle of a sword
Old Indian: khaḍgá- m. `sword, scymitar'
Baltic: ? *kalawij-ā̂, *kalabij-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xilt-a- n., *xilt-i- c., *xilt-ō(n-) f.
Celtic: OIr claideb, Cymr cleddyf 'Schwert'
Russ. meaning: меч, его рукоять
References: WH
Comments: See (s)keit-, -d- (-kh-) 'shield'
Proto-IE: *kelǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to lift
Tokharian: B käl(t)s- 'to goad, drive', A, B käly- (PT *käly-) 'stand, stay, establish' (Adams 174 f)
Old Greek: *koléō: koleîn = eltheîn Hsch.
Baltic: *kel̂- (1/2) vb. tr., *kil̂- vb. intr., *kil̂-t-i- (1) c., *kel̂-t-ā̂ (1) f., *kel̂-t-a- (1) c., *kel̂-t-uw-ā̂ f., -iā̃ f., -aw-ā̂ (1/2) f.
Germanic: *xál-ɵ-a-/*xal-d-á- vb.; *xal-d-á- n.; *xil-d=; *xal-ja- vb., *xul-ja- vb., *xal-ō- vb.
Latin: celsus, -a `hochragend, erhaben, hochmütig'; excellō, -ere, -lsus `herausragen, hervorragen', ante-, praecellō, -ere id.
Russ. meaning: поднимать
References: WP I 433 f
Comments: Germ. also to *kel- 'drive'.
Proto-IE: *kelg-
Meaning: windings; intrigues
Armenian: keɫckh `Heuchelei'
Slavic: *čьlgātī
Germanic: *xulk=
Celtic: MIr celg 'List, Verrat'
Russ. meaning: изгибы; происки
References: WP I 447
Proto-IE: *kel-, *klen-, *klew-
Meaning: maple
Slavic: *klenъ, *klьnъ
Baltic: *kleu-w-a- c., *kleu-w-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xlun-ja- m.; *xlin-i- c., -ō f.
Celtic: Cymr kelyn, OCorn kelin `Stechpalme'
Russ. meaning: дерево (клен)
References: WP I 498
Comments: Maked κλινότροχον (Theophr.)
Proto-IE: *k(')eln-
Meaning: room
Germanic: *xall-ō f.
Latin: cella f. `Vorratskammer, enger Wohnraum, Stübchen, Zelle'
Celtic: Ir cuile `kelder'
Russ. meaning: комната
Proto-IE: *k'elp-, -b-
Meaning: to help
Baltic: *čelb- vb. tr.; *čel̃p- vb. tr., *čal̃p-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xilp-a- vb.; *xilp-ō f., *xilp-i- c., *xulp-i- c.
Russ. meaning: помогать
References: WP I 447 f
Proto-IE: *kem-
Meaning: lump, clod, bundle
Armenian: khamel `to press, squeeze, strain, wring; to filter, make flow'
Old Greek: kṓmǖs, -ǖthos f. 'bundle, truss of hay, etc.; branch of laurel'; kṓmǖs m. 'reed-bed'
Slavic: *komъ, *komeljь, *kъmɨ̄, gen. -mene
Baltic: *kam-ō̂- vb., *kam-eîn-a-, -ē̂n-a- c., *kam-an-[a]- c., -ā̂, -iā̃ f., *kam-l-ia- c., *kem̂-s-a- c., *kim̂-s-a- c., *kam-ō̂-l-ia- c., *kam-a- c.
Germanic: *xam-ja- vb., *xam-Vl-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: ком, пучок
References: WP I 388 f
Proto-IE: *k(')em-er/n-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sky, cloud
Hittite: kammara- c. 'Wolke, Dunst, Qualm, Rauch' (Tischler 472-473 without convincing etymologies)
Germanic: *xim-in-a-, *xim-il-a- m.
Russ. meaning: небо, облако
References: [Different in Pokorny]
Comments: Cf. *akm- (/-k'-) 'stone, rock, (heaven, cloud)' #24
Proto-IE: *kemǝk-
Meaning: joint, a bone of the leg
Old Indian: kañkāla- `skeleton'
Baltic: *kemk-l-iā̃ f.; *kim̂k-ā̂ (1), -iā̂ f., -ia- c. (1), *kim̂k-sl-ā̂ f., -ia- c. (1)
Germanic: *xánx-a- m.~n.; *xánx-il-a-, -an- m.
Russ. meaning: сустав, кость ноги
References: WP I 401
Proto-IE: *ken-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: ashes
Tokharian: B kentse 'rust' (Adams 193)
Old Greek: kóni-s, -ios/-eōs, dat. -ei̯ f. `Staub, Asche' (-īs- St.); konī́ō, ft. konī́sō, aor. konī̂s(s)ai̯ `mit Staub bedecken', konī́strǟ f. `Staubplatz, Ringerplatz'
Latin: cinis, -eris m. (/f.) `Asche, Leichenasche, Aschenhaufe'
Russ. meaning: зола
References: WP I 392 f, Buck 19, 74.
Proto-IE: *ken-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to like, to love
Old Indian: kanati, pf. cakāna, aor. akāniṣam, caniṣṭám `to be satisfied, pleased'; cánas- n. `delight, satisfaction'
Avestan: čakana `befriedigt sein, Gefallen finden'; činman- n. `Begehren, trachten'
Celtic: MIr cin, gen. cena `Liebe, Zuneigung'
Russ. meaning: нравиться, любить
References: WP I 324 f
Proto-IE: *ken-
Meaning: to strain
Old Greek: eŋkonéō `eile, sich auf etwas verlegen', inf. koneîn = epéigesthai, energeîn Hsch., ipv. kónei = spêude, trékhe Hsch., eŋkonís `Dienerin', aŋkónous = diakónous, doúlous Hsch., diǟ́kono-s `Diener, Aufwärter'
Baltic: *kiñ- vb., *kī̃n-ī̂- vb., *kiñ-t-iā̃ f.
Latin: cōnārī `eine körperliche Anstrengung machen; versuchen, unternehmen'
Russ. meaning: напрягать силы
References: WP I 398 f
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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