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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *Ang-
Meaning: early
Old Indian: áñjas adv. 'quickly, instantly', áñjasā adv. 'id.; straight on'
Baltic: *ank-s-t-eî, *añk-s-t-a-, -u- adj.
Germanic: *unx-tw-ōn- f., *unx-tw-a- m.
Russ. meaning: рано
References: Fraenkel 11 (different in Pok.)
Comments: Cont. with *nogʷh-, *nogʷh-t- 'night'
Proto-IE: *Angh-
Meaning: abscess, furuncle
Slavic: *ǭg(ъ)rь `Finne, Pickel, Mitesser'
Baltic: *an̂g-š-t[a]r-ā̂ f., *ang-s-tr[a]- m., *ang-s-ter-a- c., *ing-s-tir-a-, *ing-š-tir-a- c.
Germanic: *ang-Vs-Vt=
Russ. meaning: нарыв, чирей
References: WP I 60 f
Proto-IE: *angh-
Meaning: water-worm, eel
Old Greek: éŋkhelü-s, -üos (att. pl. -ẹ̄s) f. `Aal'
Slavic: *ǭgorjь m. `Aal',
Baltic: *ang-er-ia-, *ang-ur-ia-, *ung-ur-ia- c.
Germanic: *ang-ar-a- m., *ang-ir-a- m.
Latin: anguilla f. `Aal'
Russ. meaning: жаба (водяной червь, угорь)
References: WP I 63 f
Proto-IE: *Ang-Vl-; *ong-n-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fire; embers, charcoal
Old Indian: agní- m. `fire'; áŋgāra- m. `charcoal'
Other Iranian: NPers angišt 'Kohle'
Slavic: *ognь, *vɨ̄gnjь; *ǭ́glь
Baltic: *uñg-n-i-, *ung-un-[a]- c. || *añgl-i- c. (#382)
Latin: ignis (inschr. 1x ingnis), -is m. `Feuer, Flamme, Glut, Licht'
Russ. meaning: огонь
References: WP I 323, II 181 + REFERNUM 1425
Proto-IE: *angʷ-
Meaning: snake
Old Greek: *ágʷi-s: pl. ábeis = ékheis Hsch.; ? ímbēris = éŋkhelüs (at Methümna) Hsch.
Slavic: *ǭžь
Baltic: *ang-i- c., -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *unk-a- m., *unk-an- m., *unk-ō(n-) f.
Latin: anguis, gen. -is m. `Schlange'
Celtic: MIr esc-ung `Aal' (esc `Wasser'); Cymr llys-ŵ-en, pl. -ŵ-od `Aal'
Russ. meaning: жаба (змея)
References: WP I 63 f
Proto-IE: *angʷh-
Meaning: neck
Old Greek: aeol. ámphēn, -enos (Theok.) `Nacken'
Germanic: *ang-an- m., *ang-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: шея
References: WP I 62 f
Proto-IE: *Ank-
Meaning: sprout
Old Indian: aṅkura- m. `sprout, shoot, blade'
Germanic: *ánx-ul=; *ang=
Russ. meaning: росток
References: WP I 60 f
Proto-IE: *ank(')-
Meaning: meadow, valley
Old Greek: áŋkos n. `Bergschlucht, Felsental'
Germanic: *ang-iō f.; *ang-ia- n.; *ang-r-a- m.; *ank-ia- m.
Russ. meaning: луг, долина
References: WP I 60 f, Buck 28.P I 60 f
Proto-IE: *ank(')- <PIH *H->
Meaning: fate, destiny
Hittite: henkan- n. `Tod, Seuche, Pest' (Tischler 249)
Old Greek: anáŋkǟ `Notwendigkeit, Zwang'
Germanic: *anx-t-ō f.
Celtic: OIr ēcen `Not, Notwendigkeit'; Cymr angen `Not, Notwendigkeit', Bret anken `Not, Notwendigkeit'
Russ. meaning: фатальный рок судьбы
References: WP I 60
Proto-IE: *ank- <PIH *H->
Meaning: hook, smth bent
Hittite: hink- (I) 'sich verneigen' (Tischler 250)
Old Indian: aṅká- m. `hook, curve'; áṅkas- n. `curve, bend', aṅkuśá- m. `hook, esp. an elephant-driver's hook'; áñcati `to bend, curve, incline'
Avestan: aŋku-pǝsǝmna- 'mit Haken, Spangen sich schmückend', aka- m. 'Haken, Zapfen', ąxnah 'Zügel'
Other Iranian: MPers ančītan 'biegen, krümmen'
Old Greek: aŋkṓn, -ō̂nos, pl. dat. aŋkási `Ellbogen'; pl. áŋkoi̯nai̯ `Arme'; áŋkistro-n `(Angel)haken; áŋkǖra `Anker'; aŋkálǟ f. `gekrümmter Arm, Armvoll', aŋkǘlo- `gebogen, krumm', aŋkǘlǟ `Haken, Türangel'
Slavic: *ǭkotь (см. Фасмер) крюк
Baltic: *an̂k-ā̂ (1) f.
Germanic: *ang-en- m., *ang-ṓ f.; *ang-Vl-ō f.
Latin: ancus `qui aduncum brachium habet'; Rom *ancu `Ellbogen; Wegkrümmung', Lat pl. ancrae `convalles vel arborum intervalla'
Celtic: MIr ēcath `Fischhaken'
Russ. meaning: крюк; нечто изогнутоe
References: WP I 60 f
Proto-IE: *ank(')u-l-
Meaning: belt
Old Greek: aŋkǘlǟ `Riemen, Schlinge (am Wurfspiess)'
Germanic: *ánx-ul-ō f.
Russ. meaning: ремень
References: WP I 60 f
Proto-IE: *ano, *nō-
Meaning: prep./adv.: on
Old Indian: ánu 'after, along, lengthwise, near to etc.'
Avestan: ana 'über-hin', 'entlang, auf'; anu 'nach, gemäss; auf-hin', 'längs, entlang'
Other Iranian: OPers anā 'über-hin', anuv 'nach, gemäss'
Old Greek: ána, aná 'auf, in die Höhe, entlang', dial. on, un
Slavic: *nā, ? *ǭ-
Baltic: *an-, *un(-), *nō-
Germanic: *an, *ana
Latin: an-helō 'atme stark und mühsam'
Other Italic: Umbr an-tentu 'intendito
Celtic: ? *an-menijā: OIr ainmne 'patientia', MCymr anmynedd
Russ. meaning: на
References: WP I 58 f
Proto-IE: *ans-
Meaning: handle
Old Greek: pl. hǟnía n., hǟnía f. 'bridle, reins'
Baltic: *añs-ā̂ f., *añs-[a]- m.
Germanic: *áns-iō f.
Latin: ānsa f. `Griff, Henkel, Öse (am Rand der Schuhsohlen), Handhabe, Anlass'
Celtic: MIr pl. ēsi 'Zügel' (< *ansi̯oi̯)
Russ. meaning: круглая рукоятка, ушко
References: WP I 68
Proto-IE: *Ans- <PIH *H->
Meaning: deity
Hittite: hassu- c. 'König', h.l. hasusara- 'Königin'
Old Indian: ásura- `spiritual, divine', m. `spirit, ghost', ásu- m. `breath, life, spirit'
Avestan: ahura- `Gottheit', ahū-, aŋhū- `Herr'
Germanic: *áns-u-, *áns-i- (*ans-) c.
Russ. meaning: божество
Comments: Also compared with Hitt has- (II,I) 'zeugen, gebären', hassa- 'Enkel, Enkelin'; h.l. has(a)- 'erzeugen', hasmi- 'Nachkommenschaft', ; Lyd. eśa- 'Enkel'; Lyk. B qzze, qezm̃mi, χzzãtã (Shevoroshkin), Lyk. A qehñ 'Nachkommenschaft' (Tischler 191 ff). 'Enkel' in HL may be a result of contamination: cf. Hitt. hammasa- 'kleines Kind', Luw. hamsa-, h.l. hamasa- 'Enkel' (see Tischler ibid. and 141-142).
Proto-IE: *ant- <PIH *H->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: forehead, foreside, end, limit; prp./adv.
Hittite: hant- c. 'Stirn', hanta 'gegenüber', handai- (I) 'ordnen, führen'; Luw. hantili- 'erster', handa(i)- 'entscheiden, ordnen', Lyk. χñtawata 'Anführer, König', Lyd. ãnTẽ- 'verordnen, bestimmen' (Tischler 149ff)
Tokharian: A ānt, B ānte Stirn, Front (PT *ānte) (Adams 43)
Old Indian: ánti adv. `before, in the presence of, near', antiká- `near, proximate', n. `proximity'; ánta- m. `end, limit, boundary', antya- `last'
Old Greek: antí praep. `angesichts, gegenüber, anstatt', hom. ánt[ǟ]n, ánta adv. `gegenüber, ins Gesicht'
Baltic: *añt-i
Germanic: *ánɵ-ia- n.; *and=; *und=; *únɵ=; *andi- m.; *and-ia- m., n.
Latin: antiae pl. `muliebres capilli demissi in frontem'; ante `vor, vorher', antīcus, -a `der vordere', antīquus, -a `vorig, alt, wichtig(er)'; pl. antēs, -ium `Reihen (von Berittenen, Weinstöcken, Pflanzen) ' etc.
Other Italic: Osk ant `usque ad', antkddum `occidionem ?'
Celtic: OIr ētan `Stirn' < *antono-
Russ. meaning: лоб; наречие/предл.
References: WP I 65 f
Proto-IE: *ap- <PIH *H->
Meaning: river, stream (+ bank, shore)
Hittite: hap(a)- 'Fluß', Pal. hapnas, Luw. hapinni- (Tischler 159-160)
Tokharian: A, B āp 'water, river' (Adams 44)
Old Indian: ap- f. (pl. ā́paḥ, gen. apā́m) `water'; nīpa- `situated low, deep', anūpá- `situated near the water, watery', dvīpá- m.n. `island, peninsula, sandbank', antarīpa- n. `island'
Avestan: afš, acc. āpǝm, instr. apā(-ča) 'Wasser'
Old Greek: ǟ́pei̯ro-s, aeol. ā́perro-s f. `Festland (im Gegensatz zu dem Meer und den Inseln), Küste'
Baltic: *ap-iā̃ f., *up-iā̃ f. -ia- c., *ūp-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *ōfVr=
Latin: amnis, -is m./f. `Fluss, Srtrom, (dicht.) Strömung, Wasser'
Russ. meaning: река, проточная вода (+ берег)
References: WP I 46 f, Buck 30.
Proto-IE: *ap- <PIH *a->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to clench, to tie round
Hittite: ep(p)- / ap(p)- 'fassen' (Tischler 107-108)
Old Indian: āpnóti `to reach, meet, fall upon'
Avestan: apayeiti `erreicht'
Latin: apīscor `erreiche, erlange', coēpī `habe angefangen', apere `comprehendere vinculo, ritu flaminum adligare', aptus `angefügt, verbunden, angepasst', ? ammentum `der in Schlingeform in der Mitee des Wurfriemens befestigte Wurfriemen; Schuhriemen'
Russ. meaning: обхватить, обвязать
References: WP I 46
Comments: Greek háptō `anheften, (an)knüpfen, anzünden', háptomai̯ `anfassen, berühren', haphǟ́ `das Anzünde, das Berühren, der Griff etc.', hápsos n. `Verbindung', hámma n. `Schlinge, Knoten, Band', háptrǟ f. `Docht einer Lampe' < *sabh- or *jabh-.
Proto-IE: *apel-
Meaning: strength
Old Greek: anapelásas = anarrōsteís Hsch., ion. eu̯-ǟpelḗs `kräftig', olig-ǟpeleṓn `schwach', olig-ǟpelíǟ `Schwäche'
Germanic: *áfal-a- m., n., *áfal-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: сила
References: WP I 175 f
Proto-IE: *aper-/e-
Meaning: wild boar
Old Greek: äol. pl. éperoi̯ `Widder'
Slavic: *veprjь `кабан (дикий и домашний)'
Baltic: *wepr-ia- c.
Germanic: *ibur-á- m.
Latin: aper, gen. aprī m. `Eber'
Other Italic: Umbr apruf, abrof `aprōs', abrunu `aprum', abrons `*aprōnes'
Russ. meaning: скот (кабан)
References: WP I 280 f
Proto-IE: *(a)pis-
Meaning: a k. of fruit tree
Old Greek: ápio-n n. `Birne', ápio-s f. `Birnbaum'
Latin: pirum, -ī n. `Birne', pirus f. `Birnbaum'
Russ. meaning: дерево (слива/груша)
References: WP II 73 f
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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