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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *kauk'-
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Old Indian: kóśa- 'cask, vessel, pail, bucket, sheath', kośaka- m. (L.) `egg, testicle'
Baltic: *kaûš-a- (2) c., *kaũš- vb. tr., *kauš-ia- (2) c., *keûš-ia- c., -iā̃ f.
Latin: caucum, -ī n. `Becher'
Russ. meaning: вид сосуда
References: WP II 546 f, WH (different in Pok.)
Comments: Cf. (for Balt) *kawǝs- 609.
Proto-IE: *k'auk- (-kh-)
Meaning: shout, call, proclaim
Tokharian: B prs. śauk 'rufen, nennen'
Old Greek: kau̯kháomai `rühme mich, prahle', káu̯khǟ `Pralerei', kâu̯khos n. `Gegenstand des Prahlens'e
Baltic: *čaũk- (-ia-) vb.
Russ. meaning: кричать, звать, провозглашать
References: FRaenkel 968
Proto-IE: *kAuk-, -g-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to bend, to crook
Tokharian: A koc, B kauc (PT *keuc) 'high up, above' (Adams 209)
Old Indian: kucáti `to contract', kuñcati `to make crooked, bend or curve'; kuca- m. `female breast, teat'
Other Iranian: NPers kōž 'gekrümmt, buckelig'
Slavic: *kū́kā `крюк, поворот etc.'; *kūčerā `Locke'; *kū́čā; *kū́kъ `холм, бугор' etc.
Baltic: *kaũk-a- c., *kaũk-ā̂, *kaũk-ar-a- c., -ā̂ f., *kuk-ur-a-, *kuk-ur-ia-, *kuk-ar-a- c., *kuk-ul-ia- c., *kuk-ia- c., *kuk-um-a- c., *kuk- vb. intr.; *kaug-iā̃ (Lith AC/Lett CIRC), *keûg-iā̃ f., *kū̂g-ia- c., *kaug-ur-ia- c., -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xáux-a-/*xaug-á- adj.; *xaug-á- m.; *xug-il-a- m.; *xíux-man- m.; *xúx-ja- vb.; *xūk=, *xukr=
Celtic: OIr cūar `krumm' ( < *kukʷro- ~ *kupro-)
Russ. meaning: сгибать(ся), изгибать(ся)
References: WP I 370 f, Buck 25.
Proto-IE: *kAukʷ-
Meaning: to shout
Tokharian: B kuk- 'call out, shout' (Adams 180)
Slavic: *kūkātī, *kūkotātī
Baltic: *kaũk- vb. tr., *kaũk-es-ia- c., *kaũk-s-m-a- c., *kaûk-ā̂ (1) f.
Germanic: ? *xíuf-a-/*xiub-á- vb.
Russ. meaning: кричать (розно)
References: WP I 331 f
Proto-IE: *kAup-, -b-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: heap
Avestan: kaofa- `Berg, Kamelbuckel'
Other Iranian: OPers kaufa- `Berg', NPers kōh `Berg'
Old Greek: kǘpro-s m. `Getreidemass'
Slavic: *kū́pa, *kūpъ, *kūprъ
Baltic: *kaûp-a- / *kaũp-a- c., *kaũp- vb. tr., *kaûp-in- vb., *kaũp-r-a- c., -iā̃ f., *kup-et-ā̂, -at-ā̂, -en-ā̂ f., *kup-in-a- adj.; *kō̂p-ā̂ (1); *kaũb-a- c., *kaũb-ur-a c., *kaũb-iā̃ (*2) f.
Germanic: *xu[b]-a- n., *xuf-r-a- m., *xub-il=; *xaup-a- m.~n.
Russ. meaning: куча
References: WP I 370 f, Buck 25.
Proto-IE: *k(')aup-, *k(')wap-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: merchant
Old Greek: káp[ē]lo-s m. `Kleinhändler, Krämer, Weinschenk'
Latin: caupō, -ōnis m. `Schenkwirt, Herbergswirt', cōpa f. `Schenkmädchen'
Russ. meaning: торговец, трактирщик
References: WH
Proto-IE: *kAur-
Meaning: hen, pheasant
Old Indian: cakora- m. `Greek partridge, Perdix rufa'; ? kúlāla- m. `wildcock, Phasianus gallus'
Slavic: *kūrъ; *kūrɨ̄, gen. -ъve; *kū́rā
Russ. meaning: птица (кура)
References: WP I 331 f
Proto-IE: *kaus-
Meaning: lot
Old Greek: kau̯nó-s m. (on the accent, v. Hdn.Gr.I.178) = klērós, Cratin., Ar.
Slavic: *kъšь `Los', *kъšītī sę̄ ЭССЯ 13
Russ. meaning: жребий
References: WP I 332
Proto-IE: *kaw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to be/make evil
Old Greek: {kaunós = kakós, sklērós Hsch. - wanted!}; kâu̯ro-s (on the accent, v. r.I.193) = kakós, Soph.
Slavic: *kūnjātī: Rus dial. кунять `nicken, schlummern'; Czech okouňeti (se) `zaudern, tändeln, zögern'; Slvk okúňat' `sich schämen'
Baltic: *kaũn-a- adj., *kū̃w-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *xau-n-i- adj., *xau-n-a- m., -ō f.; *xaw-id=
Russ. meaning: причинять зло
References: WP I 330
Proto-IE: *k'aw-
Meaning: a k. of bird
Armenian: sag `Hans'
Old Greek: *kawǟk-: kaúaks = láros Hsch., kaúēks Hippon., Antim., Euph., Call., Lyc.; k[ǟ]k-s, k[ǟ]kós f. sea-bird, perh. 'the tern' or 'sea-swallow'; *kǟ́wuk-: kē̂üks m. Babr., Dionys.
Slavic: *sovā
Germanic: *xuww-an- m.,, *xuww-Vl-ōn- f.
Latin: cavannus, -ī m. `Nachteule'
Celtic: OBret couann, Bret kaouen, kaouan, Cymr cuan `Nachteule'
Russ. meaning: птица (крикливая)
References: WP I 331 f
Proto-IE: *kawel-
Meaning: tumour, rupture, buttock
Old Greek: kǟ́lǟ, att. kā́lǟ f. `Geschwülst, Bruch; Buckel, Höcker' (*kā̆welǟ)
Slavic: *kɨ̄lā
Baltic: *kū̂l-a- c., *kū̂l-ā̂ (1) f.
Germanic: *xaul-an- m., *xaul-a- m.
Russ. meaning: вздутие (опухоль, грыжа; ягодица)
References: WP I 333
Proto-IE: *k'awǝ-
Meaning: hollow
Old Indian: śū́na- n. `emptiness, lack', śūnyá- `empty, void'
Avestan: sūra- m. `Loch, lacuna'
Other Iranian: NPers sūrāx `Loch'
Armenian: sun, sor `Loch', soil `Höhle'
Old Greek: *kówo-s: pl. kóoi̯ `cavity in the earth' Hsch.; kôi̯lo-, aeol. and att. kóilo- 'hohl, augehöhlt, geräumig, tief', kō̂o-s m. `Höhle, Gefängnis', kǘar n. `Nadelöhr, Ohröffnung'
Slavic: *sūjь(jь)
Baltic: *čā̂w-ā̂ (2) f. (? *čeuw-ā̂)
Latin: cavus `hohl, nach innen gewölbt, konkav', cavum, -ī n. `Höhlung'; Rom *covus: Port covo `hohl' etc.; caverna f. `Höhle, Loch, Grotte; Himmelsgewölbe'
Celtic: *kou̯io- > MIr cūa `hohl', cūass `Höhle', Bret kéo `Grotte'
Albanian: ɵeɫɛ `tief'
Russ. meaning: полый
References: WP I 365 f
Proto-IE: *kaw(ǝ)l-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: tubular bone, pipe
Old Indian: kulya- n. `receptacle for bones; (L.) bone', kulyā́ f. `small river, channel, ditch'
Old Greek: kau̯ló-s m. `Schaft, Stengel, Stiel, Federkiel'
Baltic: *kaûl-a- (1) n.
Germanic: *xul-a- adj.
Latin: caulis, -is m. (/f.) `Stengel, Stiel der Pflanzen, spez. Kohlstengel, Kiel der Federn; männliches Glied'
Celtic: MIr cuaille `Pfahl' (*kaullio-)
Russ. meaning: трубчатая кость, трубка
References: WP I 332, Buck 43.
Proto-IE: *kawǝs- / -e- ?
Meaning: cover
Old Indian: koṣa- m. `cask, vessel' [usually regarded as a later variant of kóśa-]
Germanic: *xáus-a- m.; *xús-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: оболочка
References: WP II 546 f
Comments: [On probably Balt. reflexes see under *kauk'-]
Proto-IE: *kay
Meaning: conj.
Old Greek: kài̯ 'und, auch'
Slavic: *cē, *cī
Baltic: *kai
Proto-IE: *k'ād-
Meaning: strong emotion (grief, anger, love, hatred)
Avestan: sādra- n. 'Leid, Wehe, Unheil'
Old Greek: kē̂dos n. (dor. kā̃dos) `Sorge, Trauer, Leichenbestattung; Verschwägerung, affinitas'; kḗdomai̯, aor. kḗdesai̯, ft. kekadḗsomai̯, pf. kékēda `sorgen, besorgt sein. kümmern'; kḗdō, ft. kēdésō `besorgt machen, betrüben', kēdemṓn `Besorger, Fürsorger, Beschützer'
Germanic: *xat-iz- n., *xat-ō-, -ē-, -ja- vb.; *xōt-i- adj.
Other Italic: Osk cadeis amnud `inimicitiae causā'
Celtic: MIr caiss `Hass/Liebe'; Cymr cas, Bret cas `Hass'; Cymr caddu `sorgen für', Cymr cawdd `offensa, ira, indignatio', Corn cueth, MBret cuez, Nbret keuz `Leid, Trauer'
Russ. meaning: сильная эмоция (горе, гнев, любовь/ненависть)
References: WP I 340 f
Proto-IE: *kā̆dh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: cap, helmet
Germanic: *xōd-a- m.; *xatt-u- c.; *xatt-iōn- f.; ? *xad-r=; *xōd-ō f., *xōd-ē- vb.
Latin: cassis, -idis f. `Helm aus Metall'
Celtic: Cymr caddu `sorgen für'
Russ. meaning: шапка, шлем
References: WP I 341 f
Comments: [Most probably two different roots]
Proto-IE: *k'āk-
Meaning: to jump
Old Greek: kǟkíō `hervorquellen, -sprudeln', kǟkī́s, -ī̂dos f. `hervorquellende Flüssigkeit'
Baltic: *čā̂k- (*čā̂k-a-) (2) vb., *čōk-[ia]- m.; *čō̂k-ā- vb.; *čak-u- adj.
Russ. meaning: прыгать
References: WP I 334 f
Proto-IE: *kāk-
Meaning: cacare
Armenian: khagor `Mist'
Old Greek: kakkáō `cacare', kákkǟ f. `Menschenkott'
Slavic: *kā́kā, *kā́kātī
Latin: cacāre `scheissen'
Celtic: MIr caccaim `caco', cacc `Kot', Cymr cach, Corn caugh, Bret cac'h 'Kot'
Russ. meaning: cacare
References: WP I 336
Proto-IE: *kā-, *kā-r-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dear; lover
Tokharian: śār- 'köstlich, angenehm', A krant, B krent 'gut'
Old Indian: kā́yamāna- 'gern habend', cā́ru- `agreeable, beloved, endeared', cāyú- 'begehrend'
Avestan: kā- 'wonach verlangen'
Baltic: *kā̂r-a- (1) adj., *kar̂- vb. intr.
Germanic: *xṓr-ōn- f., *xṓr-a- m., n, *xōr-iō(n-) f.; *xar-ig-ō f.
Latin: cārus, -a `lieb, teuer, wert, hoch im Preise'
Celtic: OIr caraim 'liebe', cara(t) 'Freund'
Russ. meaning: любимый; любовник
References: WP I 325 f
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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Forward: 1 20 50

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