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Indo-European etymology :

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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *kArg-
Meaning: twisted, knotty
Slavic: *kъrgā, *kъržāvъ(jь)
Germanic: *xark=, *xurk=
Russ. meaning: витой, свилеватый, узловатый
References: WP II 568 f
Proto-IE: *kArg(')-, *krAg(')-
Meaning: to torment
Old Indian: karjati `to pain, torment'
Germanic: *xrak-ja- vb., *xrak-a- n.
Russ. meaning: мучить
References: WP I 484
Proto-IE: *kark-
Meaning: crawfish, crab
Old Indian: karka- m. `crab' (L.), karkaṭa- m. `crab'
Old Greek: karkíno-s m. `Krebstier, Krabbe'
Slavic: ? *órkъ `рак' (u-stem., cf. *órkovinā, *órkušьkā)
Latin: cancer, -crī m. `Krebs; Krebsgeschwür'
Russ. meaning: насекомое (рак)
References: WP I 354 f
Proto-IE: *k'Arm-
Meaning: shame, harm
Hittite: karmalassai- (II) 'steif bleiben (von verletzten Glieden); krüppelhaft bleiben' (Tischler 512 f)
Avestan: fšarǝmma- m. `Scham(gefühl vor)'
Other Iranian: MPers, NPers šarm `Scham(gefühl vor)'
Slavic: *sormъ
Germanic: *xarm-a- m., *xurm-a- m.
Russ. meaning: стыд, вред
References: WP I 463
Proto-IE: *karn-/-e-
Meaning: handle
Old Indian: {kárṇa- m. `ear; handle of a vessel; helm or rudder of a ship'}
Slavic: *černъ, *černo
Celtic: Cymr carn `Handhabe, Griff'
Russ. meaning: рукоять
References: WP I 412
Comments: In Ind. - a contamination with *k(ʷ)Arn- q.v.; differently in Pok. 938-947.
Proto-IE: *k(')arp-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fruit, to gather fruits, to reap the harvest
Old Greek: karpó-s m. `Frucht, Feldfrucht, Ertrag'
Germanic: *xarb-ist-a- m., *xarb-ust-a- n.
Latin: carpō, -ere, -psī, -ptum `abpflücken' (flores ab arbore, fructūs)
Russ. meaning: пожинать плоды
References: WP II 573 f
Proto-IE: *kars-/-e-
Meaning: a k. of fish
Slavic: ? *kārāsь
Baltic: *kar̃š-i- c., *kar̃š-iā f., *kir̃š-l-ia- c.
Germanic: *xarz=́
Russ. meaning: рыба sp.
References: WP I 428f
Proto-IE: *kart-/-e- ?
Meaning: some internal organ (stomach, bowels, heart)
Baltic: ? *kart-ā̂-tl-ia- c.
Germanic: *xírɵ-r-a- n.
Latin: cartilāgō, -inis f. `Knorpel am menschlichen und tierischen Körper, auch an Pflanzen und Früchten'
Russ. meaning: внутренность (какая ?)
References: WP I 421 f
Proto-IE: *kar(w)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to offend, to punish
Old Greek: kárnǟ f.: kárnē = zdēmía Hsch., autókarnos = autozdḗmios Hsch.
Slavic: *korъ; *korī́tī; *kā́rā, *kārātī
Baltic: *kar̂- (2) vb. tr.
Germanic: *xarw-i- adj., *xarw-ia- vb.
Latin: carināre `höhnen, spotten'
Celtic: OIrl caire `Tadel', OCymr cared `nequitiae'; Cymr caredd, Corn cara, MBret carez `Tadel'
Russ. meaning: обижать, наказывать
References: WP I 353
Proto-IE: *kAs-
Meaning: plait, woman's hair
Slavic: *kosā́ (волосы); *kosmъ
Baltic: *kas-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xazd-a- m., *xizd-ōn- f.
Celtic: Ir cass 'gelocktes Haar'
Russ. meaning: коса, женские волосы
References: WP I 449 f
Comments: Not quite clear is the relationship to *kes- 'to comb, scratch'.
Proto-IE: *k'as-
Meaning: hare
Hittite: sasa- 'ein Säugetier; Hase?' (Friedrich 188)
Baltic: *čas-in-[a]-s m.
Germanic: *xás-an-/*xaz-án- m.; *xás-w-ian- m.; ? *xís-an- m.
Celtic: Cymr ceinach `зайчиха' < *k'as-n-ī
Russ. meaning: зверек (заяц)
References: WP I 357 f
Proto-IE: *k(')as(w)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: brilliant grey
Germanic: *xásw-a- adj.
Latin: cānus, -a `grau, aschgrau, grauweiss', cascus, -a `uralt, altersgrau'
Russ. meaning: серый и блестящий
References: WP I 357 f, Buck 67.
Proto-IE: *kat-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hut, shed
Avestan: kata- m. 'Kammer, Vorratskammer, Keller od. dgl.'
Other Iranian: NPers kad 'Haus'
Slavic: *kotъ, *kotьcь
Germanic: *xáɵ-Vr-a n., *xḗɵ-iōn- f.
Latin: ? casa f. `Häuschen, Hütte (aus Laub, Stroh, fürs Vieh), Baracke, Lagerhütte'; ? catēna f. `Kette, Fessel, Klammerhölzer', cassis, -is m. `Jägergarn, Netz, Spinngewebe'; ? castrum, -ī `mit Mauern oder Schanzen umgebener Ort, Fort'
Celtic: Cymr cader `saeptum, castrum, locus munitus'; OIr cathir `Stadt'
Russ. meaning: хижина, сарай, загородка
References: WP I 338
Comments: Some confusion with *kat- 'troop'.
Proto-IE: *kat-
Meaning: young one
Slavic: *kotъ `детеныш', *kotītī sę̄
Germanic: *xad=, *xad-in-ōn- f., *xād-Vl-ō(n-) f.
Latin: catulus, -ī m. `Tierjunges, bes. aus dem Geschlecht der Hunde', catellus `Hündchen'
Other Italic: Umbr katel, gen. katles `catulus'
Celtic: MIr cadla, cadhla `Geis'
Russ. meaning: детеныш
References: WP I 454 f
Proto-IE: *k(')at-
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Old Greek: kotǘlǟ f., kótülo-s m. `Napf, Schälchen, kleiner Becher'
Germanic: ? *xad-in-a- m.
Latin: catīnus, -ī m. `eine meis flache Schüssel zum Speisenauftragen; Höhlung (von Felsen); Schmelztiegel; schalenförmiger Röhrenteil der Feuerspritze'
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP I 383 f
Proto-IE: *k(')at-
Meaning: sharp, shrill
Old Greek: kóto-s m. `Groll, Zorn' (?)
Latin: catus `acutus; scharfsinnig, gewitzig' (nach Varro sabinisch)
Celtic: MIr cath `weise'
Russ. meaning: резкий, пронзительный
References: WP I 454 f (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *kat- (IndoIr. *k'-)
Meaning: battle
Tokharian: B keta, kete 'damage' (Adams 191)
Old Indian: śátru- m. 'enemy'
Slavic: *kotorā
Germanic: *xáɵ-u- c., *xáɵ-ō f.
Celtic: Gaul katu- `Kampf' (z. B. Catu-rīges); Ir cath m. `Kampf'; Cymr cadr `stark', cadarn `stark, mächig', Bret cadarn `tapfer'
Russ. meaning: битва
References: WP I 339
Proto-IE: *kat-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: troop
Slavic: *četā́
Baltic: *keket-ā̂, *kekt-ā̂ f.
Latin: caterva f. `geschlossener Haufe (von Menschen, Tieren), Schar, Truppe'
Other Italic: Umbr kateramu, caterahamo `catervamini, congregamini'
Celtic: MIr cethern f. `Trupp, Schar'
Russ. meaning: отряд
References: WP I 383
Comments: Some confusion with *kat- 'hut, shed'
Proto-IE: *katt-
Meaning: cat
Slavic: *kotъ, *kotъkā, *kotjьkā
Baltic: *kat-ā̂ f., *kat-iā̃ f,m *kat-in-a- m.
Latin: cattus m., catta f. 'Käter, Katze'
Celtic: MIr catt 'Katze'
Russ. meaning: кот, кoшка
References: Fraenkel 228
Comments: A loanword, but the directions are unclear.
Proto-IE: *kauk-
Meaning: a k. of waterfowl
Old Indian: kóka- `ruddy goose (also: cuckoo; wolf)'
Old Greek: kaukalí[ǟ]s m. 'a k. of bird' Hsch., kaukiálēs = botánē tis, homoía koríōi, kaì órnis Hsch.
Baltic: *kauk-al-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: птица (водоплавающая)
References: WP I 331 f
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50 100

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