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Indo-European etymology :

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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *kamAr-
Meaning: tortoise, crab
Old Indian: kamaṭha- m. `tortoise'
Old Greek: kámaro-s, kámmaro-s 'a k. of lobster', kammarís, gen. -ídos id.
Germanic: *xumar-a- m.
Russ. meaning: черепаха, краб
References: WP I 390.
Proto-IE: *kamar-/*kemer-
Meaning: hellebore
Old Indian: camarika- m. `Bauhinia variegata'
Old Greek: kámaro-s, kámmaro-s (auch kámmaro-n, kámmoro-n) m. N. einer Giftpflanze, Art Aconitum (?); `Delphinium, Rittersporn'
Slavic: *čemerъ, *čemerīcā etc.
Baltic: *kemer-a- c.
Germanic: *xamar-jō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: растение (чемерица)
References: WP I 390
Proto-IE: *k'am-; *kam-, *gam- / -e-
Meaning: a hornless/short-horned beast
Old Indian: śáma- {hornlos} `tame, domestic' [probably not here], śamana- m. `a k. of antelope' (L.)
Old Greek: kemás, -ádos (auch kemmás, kemphás) f. `Hirschkalb, junger Hirsch, junge Hindin, Spiesser'
Slavic: *komolъ/*gomolъ `безрогий'
Baltic: *čmaûl-a- (1), *čmul-a- adj., *čmaûl-iā̃ (1)
Germanic: *xin-d-ṓ f.
Latin: camox ( ~ -ō- ?) `Steinbock, Gemse'
Russ. meaning: скот (безрогое или с короткими рогами)
References: WP I 385 f
Proto-IE: *kamp-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: crooked; to bend
Old Indian: kampate `to tremble, shake'; kumpa- `crooked-armed' (L.)
Old Greek: kámptō, aor. kámpsai̯, pass. kamphthē̂nai̯, pf. pass. kekámphthai̯ `biegen, beugen, krümmen', kampǟ́ `Biegung', peri-kámptǟ-s `tergiversator (Gloss.), kampǘlo- `gebogen, krumm'
Baltic: *kam̃p-a-, -ia- c., *kam̂p-ā̂ f., *kum̂p-ā̂ f., kum̃p-a- adj.
Germanic: *xámf-a- adj.
Latin: campus, -ī m. `Feld, Blachfeld, Ebene, freier Platz'
Russ. meaning: кривой; сгибать(ся)
References: WP I 350 f
Proto-IE: *kan- / -e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: young, new; begin
Old Indian: kanī́na- `young', kanā́, kanyā̀ f. `girl, maid'
Avestan: kainyā-, kainī, kainīn id.
Old Greek: kai̯nó- `neu, neuerfunden, unerwartet'
Slavic: *čę̄tī́, *čь̀nǭ; *konъ, *konьcь
Latin: recēns, -entis `frisch, jung, neu'
Celtic: Gaul Cintus, Cintugnātos ("Primigenitus"); OIr cenēl `Geschlecht'; cētne, cēt- `erster'; MIr cinim `entspringe', cinis `ortus est', ciniud `Geschlecht, Stamm'; OCymr cenetl ; Cymr cenedl `Geschlecht, Nation'; cyn(t) `erst, vor, eher', cyntaf `der erste'
Russ. meaning: молодой, новый; начинать(ся)
References: WP I 397 f
Proto-IE: *kana-
Meaning: sing
Old Greek: kanakhǟ́ f. `Geräusch, Schall, Getöse, Gerassel', kanakhéō, -ízdō `schallen, tönen, rasseln, krachen', ǟi-kanós `Hahn'
Baltic: *kan-tl-ia- c., -iā̃ (*kan̂- 1 ?) f.
Latin: canō, -ere, cecinī, cantum `singen, ertōnen, spielen'
Other Italic: Umbr kanetu `canito', procanurent `praecinuerint', ařkani `*accinium, cantus flaminis'
Celtic: *kan=, *kantlo-: OIr canim `ich singe', MIr cētal n. `Gesang', Cymr canu `singen'; cvathl f. `Gesang'; Bret cana `singen'; kentel f. `lec̨on'
Russ. meaning: петь
References: WP I 351
Proto-IE: *k(')An[a]m-, *k(')nām-
Meaning: thigh
Old Greek: knǟ́mǟ f. `Unterschenkel, Wade; Schienbein', knǟmī́s, -ī̂dos, äol. knā̂mi-s, pl. knámides f. `Beinschiene'
Germanic: *xam-ō, *xamm-ō f.
Celtic: OIr cnāim `Bein, Knochen'
Russ. meaning: бедро
References: WP I 460 f
Proto-IE: *kanap-, -b-
Meaning: hemp
Old Greek: kánnabis, -eōs/-ios f. `Hanf, Cannabis sativa'
Slavic: *konopl'ā
Baltic: *kanap-iā̃ f., *kanep-iā̃ f., *knap-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xanap-a- m., *xanap-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: конопля
Proto-IE: *kand- / *kend-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to burn brightly, to shine
Old Indian: candati `to shine, be bright', candrá- (in comp. ścandrá-) `glittering, shining; m. moon', candana- m., n. `sandal wood'
Old Greek: kándaro-s m. = ánthraks Hsch.
Latin: accendō, -ere, -dī, -sum, incendō, -e re, -dī, -sum `an-, entzünden, anfachen'; candeo, -ēre, -uī `glänzen, schimmern, hellglühen', candidus, -a `blendend weiss, heiter strahlend, lauter', candēla f. `Kerze, Wachsschnur', candor m. `weisser Glanz, Helle'
Celtic: Cymr cann `weiss, hell'; OBret cant `canus'; MBret cann `Vollmond'
Albanian: geg. hąnɛ, tosk. hɛnɛ `Mond'
Russ. meaning: ярко гореть, сиять
References: WP I 352
Proto-IE: *kAnǝk-, *knāk-
Meaning: golden, brownish
Old Indian: kañc-, kāñc- 'to shine'; kañcāra- m. `sun'; kāñcana- n. `gold'
Old Greek: knǟ̂ko-s f. `Saflor, Carthamus tinctorius'; knǟkó- `gelblich, saflorfarben'
Baltic: *kunk-a- adj.
Germanic: ? *xuna(n)g-á- n., *xanag-a- m., n.
Russ. meaning: золотистый, коричневатый
References: WP I 400
Proto-IE: *k(')Anǝm-, *k(')nēm- (~ -ā-)
Meaning: slope, mountain forest
Old Greek: knēmó-s (~ -ǟ-) m. 'projecting limb, shoulder of a mountain'
Germanic: *xamm-a- m.
Russ. meaning: склон горы, горный лес
References: WP I 460 f
Proto-IE: *kang-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hooked stick
Germanic: *xank-ō f., *xank-an- m., *xank-il-a- m., *xunk=
Celtic: MIr al-chaing `a rack for hanging-up arms'
Russ. meaning: палка с крючком
References: WP I 382 f
Proto-IE: *k'ank-
Meaning: bough, stake
Old Indian: śankú- m. `peg, nail, spike'
Slavic: *sǭkъ D
Baltic: *čank-ā̂, -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xánx-u- c., *xánx-il-a- m.
Celtic: Cymr cainc, pl. cangau, MCymr canghau `Ast'
Russ. meaning: сук, кол
References: WP I 335
Proto-IE: *kank-
Meaning: to dry, to be thursty, hungry
Old Indian: kāṅkṣati `to wish, desire', kakate (D.) `to wish'
Old Greek: ptc. pl. acc. kaŋkoménās `ksērā̂s tō̂i phóbōi' Hsch.; hom. polü-kaŋkḗ-s (dípsa) `sehr brennend', káŋkano- `dürr', 3 sg. kaŋkái̯nei̯ `thálpei, ksēráinei' (Hsch.), kaŋkaléo- <kaŋkaléa> `katakekauménos' (Hsch.)
Germanic: *xúnx-r-a-/*xung-r-á- m.; *xung-r-iá- vb.
Russ. meaning: сохнуть, жаждать, голодать
References: WP I 401
Proto-IE: *k(')Ank(')-
Meaning: to hang
Hittite: gank- (II) 'hängen; wägen' (Tischler 482)
Germanic: *xánx-a-/xang-á- vb, *xang-ḗ- vb., *xang-iá- vb.; *xanx-it-ja- vb., *xanx-a-sk-an- m., *xánx-it-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: висеть
References: Tischler 482
Proto-IE: *k(')ank(')est-
Meaning: horse
Germanic: *xangíst-a-/*xánxist-a- m.
Celtic: *kankstīkā > OKorn, OCymr cassec, Cymr caseg `Stute', Bret kazek 'Stute', pl. kezeg `Pferde'
Russ. meaning: лошадь
References: [Different in Pok.]
Comments: The word seemes to be borrowed Celt > Germ. Greek aeol. kaŋkǘlā f. = kēkís Hsch. has no relation.
Proto-IE: *kan-/-e- (kh-)
Meaning: pit
Old Indian: khánati, pass. khāyáte, inf. khanitum 'to dig', khaní- f. `mine'
Avestan: kani- 'Graben'
Baltic: *kin-i- (1) c.
Latin: canālis, -is, abl. -ī (/-e) 'желоб, канава, канал'
Russ. meaning: яма
References: WP I 399, Buck 46.
Comments: Судя по значению и звучанию, сходство лат. canālis с заимств. canna 'тростник; камыш; свирель; плетеный челн' случайно.
Proto-IE: *kant- (-th-)
Meaning: rim
Old Greek: kanthó-s 'eiserner Reifen ums Wagenrad; Augenwinkel'
Slavic: *kǭtъ 'внутренний угол' ??
Baltic: *kan̂t-a- c., *kan̂t-ā̂ f. (1) ??
Latin: cantus, -ī m. `eiserner Radreifen, Radfelge' (< Celt ?)
Celtic: *kanto- > Gaul kantem, kantena, kanten `Kreisenfassung, Radreifen, Rand'; Cymr cant `Kreisenfassung, Radreifen, Rand', Bret cant `Kreis'
Russ. meaning: обод
References: WH
Proto-IE: *kap-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Old Indian: kapā́la- m., n. `cup, jar, dish; skull'; kapaṭī f. `measure equal to the capacity of two hands joined' (L.)
Other Iranian: MPers kapārak `Gefäss', kapolī 'Kniescheibe'
Old Greek: kápǟ f. `Krippe'
Germanic: *xáf-an-a- m., *xaf-al-a- m.
Latin: capis, -idis f. `Henkelschale, Opferschale des Pontifex; Schöpf- und Trinkgefäss', capēdō, -inis f. `einfaches tönernes Gefäss im Opfergebrauch', capula f. `kleine Henkelschale ; Schöpfgefäss', capulus m. `Bahre, Sarg', capula Schöpfgefäss, capsa f. `Behältnis, Kapsel, Kasten'
Other Italic: Umbr kapiře `capidi', capif `capides'
Celtic: MIr cap(p) `Fuhrwerk, Bahre'
Albanian: kapasε
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP I 346 f
Comments: In Pok. also under *kap- 'grab'.
Proto-IE: *k'Ap-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sweepings
Old Indian: śā́pa- m. `floating wood or other substances'
Baltic: *čap-a- c.
Russ. meaning: плавник (мусор)
References: WP I 345
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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Back: 1 20 50
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