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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k'alam-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: straw
Old Greek: kálamo-s m. `Rohr, Schilf, Grashalm', kalámǟ f. `Getreidestengel, Getreidehalm,, Strohhalm, Stoppel'
Slavic: *sólmā
Baltic: *čal̂m-a- (1) c., *čalm-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xalm-a- m., n.
Latin: culmus, -ī m. `Halm, Strohhalm'
Russ. meaning: соломина
References: WP I 464
Proto-IE: *kald-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: log
Old Indian: kāṣṭhá- n. `piece of wood or timber, stick'; kaḍamba- m. `end or point; (L.) stalk of a pot-herb'
Old Greek: kládo-s `Zweig', acc. klád-a, dat. kladí `id.', *kladṓn, -ónos m. = kládos Hsch. (pl. kladónes)
Slavic: *kóldā
Germanic: *xult-a- n., m.
Celtic: MIr caill, gen. -e `Wald'; Cymr celli `Wald', Corn kelli `nemus'
Russ. meaning: бревно
References: WP I 436 f
Proto-IE: *k'alǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hoar-frost; cold
Old Indian: śiśira- `cool, chilly, cold', m.n. `cold, hoarfrost'
Avestan: sarǝta- `kalt', sarǝ-δa- `Kälte bringend'
Other Iranian: NPers sard `kalt', Osset sald `Kälte'
Slavic: *solnā `Reif'
Baltic: *čal̂-n-ā̂ (2) f., *čal̂-n-ia- (2) c., *čal̂-t-a- (2) adj., *čal-ā̂ f., *čal-a- c.
Germanic: *xal-a- n.; *xíxl-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: иней; холодный
References: WP I 429 f
Proto-IE: *kalk-
Meaning: a joint of the leg
Slavic: *kъlkā, *kъlkъ Hüfte, Oberschenkel; *kъlčenogъ
Baltic: *kulk-š-i-, *kulk-š-n-i- c.
Latin: calx, -cis f. `Ferse', calcar, -āris n. `Sporn', calceus, -ī m. `Schuh, Halbstiefel'
Russ. meaning: сустав ноги
References: WP II 597 f
Comments: ? Cf. OInd kaṭa- m., kaṭi-, kaṭī f. `hip'
Proto-IE: *kal-, *k'al-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: pointed stick
Old Indian: śalá- m. `staff; dart, spear', śalya- m., n. `dart, lance, spear, pike, arrow'; śará- m. `a sort of reed or grass; arrow, shaft'
Armenian: saɫart `branch with leaves; long hair'
Old Greek: pl. kē̂la n. `Pfeile, Geschosse (der Götter)'
Baltic: *kel-ja-n n.
Germanic: *xal-an- m.
Celtic: MIr cail `Speer', celtair `Speer(-Spitze)'
Russ. meaning: острая палка
References: WP I 431 f
Proto-IE: *kaln-
Meaning: narrow passage
Slavic: *kolnьcь `ущелье, тесный проход между скалами, горная дорога' ЭССЯ
Germanic: *xall=
Latin: callis, -is m. `schmaler Bergpfad, Triftweg, Gebirgstriften'
Russ. meaning: узкий проход
References: WP I 356
Proto-IE: *kaln-
Meaning: callosity
Old Indian: kiṇa- m. `corn, callosity'
Old Greek: kóllop-s, -opos m. `Wulst am Querholz der Lyra zum Aufspannen der Saiten; Bolzen oder Schraube zum Anspannen derselben; Wulst am Halse der Rinde und Schweine, Rinderschwarte; Hebestange einer Winde'
Latin: callus, -ī m., callum, -ī n. `verhärtete, dicke Haut, Schwiele, Schwarte, Kruste, Knochenverhärtung, harte Haut von Früchten'
Russ. meaning: мозоль
References: WP I 357
Proto-IE: *kalp-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Old Indian: karpara- m. `cup, pot, bowl'
Old Greek: kálpis, -idos, acc. -in f. `Krug, Urne'; kalpó-phóro- `krugtragend'
Germanic: *xal(a)b=
Latin: calpar, gen. -āris n. `Weinfass aus Ton'
Celtic: OIr cilorn, cilurnn `urna'; Cymr celwrn `Milcheimer', Bret kelorn `Kübel'
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP I 447
Proto-IE: *k(')alub-, -ph-
Meaning: cover, shell
Hittite: kaluppa- c. 'Unterkleid' (Tischler 471)
Old Greek: kálüps, -ü̆bos m. (Soph.) = kalǘbǟ; kalǘbǟ 'hut, cabin; bridal bower; sleeping-tent (on the roof of house); cover, screen'; kalǘptō, cf. aor. pass. kalüphẹ̄́s CPR 239.5 (III AD) 'to cover; to hide, conce al'; kălü̆phǟ́ 'submerged land' CPR 32.5 (III AD); kélǖphos n. `sheat, case; pod, shell; encasing membrane; hollow (of the eye)'
Germanic: *xulf-t-ō f., *xulf-tr=
Russ. meaning: оболочка, скорлупа etc.
Proto-IE: *kalVk'-
Meaning: vessel
Old Indian: kaláśa- m. `a water-pot, pitcher, jar'
Latin: calix, -icis m. `tiefe Schale, Secher, Kelch; Schüssel'
Other Italic: Umbr skalc̨e-ta, scalse-to `ex patera', scalsi-e `in patera'
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP I 442
Proto-IE: *kalw-
Meaning: bald
Old Indian: kulva- `bald'; khalatí- `bald-headed, bald', khalvāṭa-, khalliṭa- id.
Avestan: kaurva-
Other Iranian: NPers kal 'haarlos, kahl'
Latin: calvus, -a `kahl(geschoren)'
Other Italic: Osk Kalúvieis `Calvii', Kalaviis `Calvius', Paelign Calauan(s) `Calvanus'
Russ. meaning: лысый
References: WP I 447
Proto-IE: *k'al(w)e- / -e-, *k(')lēw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: warm, hot
Baltic: *čil̂- vb. intr. (1), *čil̃-t-a- adj.
Germanic: *xal-ō- vb.; *xlēw-(i)a- adj., *xliw-ja- adj., *xliw-ja- n., *xlēw-an-ō- vb., *xlū-m-a-/*xliu-m-a- adj., etc.
Latin: calēre `warm, heiss sein, glühen', calidus, -a `warm, heiss', calor, -ōris m. `Wärme, Hitze'
Celtic: Cymr clyd `warm', MIr clithe `apricis'
Russ. meaning: теплый, горячий
References: WP I 429 f
Proto-IE: *k'am-
Meaning: stake, peg
Old Indian: śámyā f. `stick, staff, pin, wedge'
Old Greek: kámaks f. (/m.) `Pfahl zum Stützen des Wein, Stange, Schaft des Speeres'
Germanic: *xam-Vl=, *xum-Vl=
Russ. meaning: кол
References: WP I 385
Comments: Probably = *k'Am- 'part of harness'.
Proto-IE: *k'Am-
Meaning: a part of harness
Avestan: simā 'ein Teil vom Geschirr des mit Pferden bespannten Wagens, vielleicht ein vom Joch ausgehendes, den Hals des Pferdes umfassendes Rundholz'
Germanic: *xam-ō f., *xam-a- n.
Russ. meaning: упряжь (часть ее)
References: WP I 385
Comments: Probably = *k'am- 'stake, peg'.
Proto-IE: *k'am-
Meaning: cover, clothes
Old Indian: śāmulyà- n. `woollen shirt', śamī́ f. `Prosopis spicigera; a legume, pod'
Germanic: *xam-a- m., *xam-ō- vb., *xam-id-an- n., *xum-ō f., *xam-ís-a- m., *xim-Vl=, *xam-íɵ-ja- n.
Celtic: Gaul > Lat camisia `Hemd'
Russ. meaning: покров, одежда
References: WP I 386 f
Proto-IE: *kam-
Meaning: a k. of rodent
Slavic: *xomēstorъ, *xomīkъ (1-я форма и *x- под влиянием герм.)
Baltic: *kam-a- c., *kā̂m-ia- (1) c.
Germanic: *xamustr-ō(n-) f., -a-, -an- m.
Russ. meaning: зверек (зерногрызущий)
References: Fraenkel 212
Proto-IE: *kam-
Meaning: crooked
Old Indian: kmarati 'to be crooked' (D.)
Avestan: kamarā 'Gürtel'
Latin: camur(us), -a, -um, dial. camerus 'gekrümmt, gewölbt'
Celtic: OIr camm 'krumm'
Russ. meaning: кривой
References: Fraenkel 310
Proto-IE: *kam- / -e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bumble-bee, earth-bee
Slavic: *čьmelь; *komārъ, *komārь etc.
Baltic: *kam-u-s, *kam-an-iā̃, -un-iā̃, -en-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xum-l-ō f., *xuml-a- m.
Russ. meaning: насекомое (шмель, земляная пчела)
References: WP I 389
Proto-IE: *k'ama-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to get tired
Old Indian: śamnīte, śamati, śamyati, śāmyati, ptc. śamitá- `to toil at, fatigue or exert oneself'; śamitar- m. `preparer, dresser; killer', śámī f., śámi- n. `labour, toil, work'; śímyati `to cut up, prepare (a sacrificial victim)'
Old Greek: kámnō, aor. ékamon, kamẹ̄̂n, pf. kékmǟka, ptc. kekmǟṓs; va. kmǟtó- `sich mühen, mit Mühe arbeiten od. verfertigen, bauen; mude werden, ermatten, sterben; in Gefahr sein, Not haben'; prs. athem. *kama-mi: a-kámās, -antos `unermüdlich'; kámato-s m. `Ermüdung, anstrengende Arbeit, Ermüdung, Leiden'
Celtic: Gaul Camulos `Kriegsgott'; MIr cuma `Kummer'; cumal `Sklavin'; MBret caffou `Kummer'
Russ. meaning: уставать
References: WP I 387 f
Proto-IE: *k'ama-
Meaning: a k. of fish (sheat-fish ?)
Old Greek: pl. kămăsē̂n-es, gen. -ōn m. 'fish (Emp.), a special k. of fish (AP)
Slavic: *somъ
Baltic: *čam-a- c.
Russ. meaning: рыба (сом)
References: Fraenkel 962
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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