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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k(')ag(')hl-
Meaning: gravel
Old Greek: kákhl[ǟ]ks, -[ǟ]kos m. `Steinchen, Kiesel im Flussbett'
Germanic: *xagl-a- m., n.
Russ. meaning: гравий
References: WP I 338
Proto-IE: *kagʷh-
Meaning: fence; box
Old Indian: kákṣā f. `a surrounding wall, place surrounded by walls'
Germanic: *xag-a- m., n., *xag-an- m., *xag-ja- m., *xag-an-a- m.; *xag-in-ō- vb.
Latin: cavea `Gehege, Käfig, Bienenstock', pl. caulae f. `Gehege oder Schranken um Altäre und Tribunale, Schafhürden'; cōlum, -ī n. `Seihkorb, Seihgefäss, Durchschlag; Fischreuse'
Celtic: OBret pl. caiou `munimenta', Cymr cae `saepes, clausum', Corn kē `Gehege', MBret quae, NBret kae `Dornhecke, Zaun'
Russ. meaning: загородка, коробка
References: WP I 337 f
Proto-IE: *kaid- (kh-)
Meaning: to beat, to hew
Old Indian: khidáti, khindati, {skhidáti} `to strike, press, press down', khedayati `to press down, molest', ptc. khinna-; khédā f. `an instrument for splitting', kheda- m. `lassitude, depression; pain, distress'
Latin: caedō, -ere, cecīdī, caesum `(ab-, nieder-)hauen, schlagen, schlachten', caedēs, -is f. `Niederhauen, Gemetzel, Fällen, Schlagen', caementum n. `Bruch-, Mauerstein', caelum, -ī n. `Meissel, Grabstichel des Ziseleurs', caia f. `Prügel', caiāre `hauen, schlagen'
Russ. meaning: бить, рубить
References: WP II 538
Proto-IE: *kaik-
Meaning: blind, blind in one eye
Old Indian: kekara- `squint-eyed'
Germanic: *xai[x]-a- adj.
Latin: caecus, -a `blind, unsichtbar, dunkel, ziellos'; cacilia f. `Blindschleiche'
Celtic: OIr caech `einäugig'; Cymr coeg `vacuus, deficiens', coegdall `einäugig', OCorn cuic `luocus vel monophthalmus'; MIr leth-chaech `schielend'
Russ. meaning: слепой, одноглазый
References: WP I 328
Proto-IE: *kAip-
Meaning: spite, anger
Old Indian: képi- `trembling, shaking; unclean'
Germanic: *xai[f]-ist-i- c., *xaif-t=
Russ. meaning: злоба
References: WP I 364 f
Comments: For Germ. cf. alternatively OInd śībham `schnell', śī́bhya- `schnell fahrend'.
Proto-IE: *kais-
Meaning: hair, mane
Old Indian: késara- m./n. `hair, mane' (s instead of ṣ from *kesra-; but in later lit. usually keṣara-)
Germanic: *xizd-ōn- f., *xaizd-ōn- f.
Latin: caesariēs, -ēi f. `Haupthaar, Haar'
Russ. meaning: волосы, грива
References: WP I 329 f
Proto-IE: *kAis-
Meaning: sprout, ear
Armenian: khist (gen. khsti, instr. khstiv) `Kornähre'
Germanic: *xáis=, *xais-tr-a- m.
Russ. meaning: побег, колос
References: WP I 329 f
Proto-IE: *k(')ait-
Meaning: forest, waste land, pasture
Germanic: *xáiɵ-i- c., *xáiɵ-iō f.
Latin: bū-cētum `(Kuh-)Trift'
Celtic: OCymr coit, NCymr coed `Wald'; OCorn cuit, MCorn coys, cos `ds.', Bret coet, coat `Wald, Gehölz'; Gaul (in Greek) kaitó-brix, Cēto-briga, Eto-cētum u. dgl.
Russ. meaning: лес, необработанная земля, пастбище
References: WP I 328 f, Buck 47.
Proto-IE: *kaiw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: pit, hole
Old Indian: kévaṭa- m. `cave, hollow'
Old Greek: LS 858: kái̯adas, -ọ̄ dor. a m. 'a pit or underground cavern in Sparta, into which state-prisoners or their corpses were thrown' Th., Paus; kai̯átas, kai̯étas Eust. 1478.45; kai̯etós m. 'fissure produced by earthquake' Str. 8.5.7.; Lakedái̯mona kaietáessan 'full of hollows or abysses' (read by Zenod. for kētṓessan in Od. 4.1.; boeot. kaiéta = kalamínthē Hsch., kai̯étas in Apoll. Lex. s.v. kētṓessan; gen.pl. kai̯atō̂n Anon. Lond. 36.57 [kái̯ata Hsch. doesn't exist!]
Russ. meaning: яма
References: WP I 327 f
Proto-IE: *kai(w)-
Meaning: to make empty, to let alone
Old Indian: kévala- `alone, mere, sole, exclusively one's own'
Slavic: *cēglъ(jь) 'allein', *cēvātī, -ētī, *cīvātī 'austrocknen, abmagern'
Baltic: *kaiw-in̂- vb.
Latin: caelebs, -ibis `ehelos'
Russ. meaning: опустошать, оставлять одного
References: WP I 326
Proto-IE: *kak'-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: insignificant
Avestan: kasu- 'klein, gering'
Old Greek: kakó- `schlecht, hässlich, böse, schlimm, feig'
Slavic: ? *čāxlъ(jь), *čāxnǭti
Baltic: *kač-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *xag-r-á- adj.
Russ. meaning: ничтожный
References: WP I 336
Proto-IE: *kak- (IndoIr. *k'-)
Meaning: to help, to reach
Old Indian: śaknoti, ptc. śaktá- `to be powerfule, able'; śáktí- f. `power, might', śakrá- `strong, mighty', śagmá- `id. or helpful'; śacī f. `rendering of help, assistance, Hilfe', śā́ka- m. `power, might, help', śāká- m. `helpful, helper'; śā́kman- n. `power, help', śākvará- `mighty, powerful, strong'
Slavic: *kāčītī (> Bulg кача, качвам 'erheben, den Preis steigern, hängen', Skr ókačiti 'anstreifen', zákačiti 'anhaken')
Baltic: *kak- vb. intr., *kak-ē̂-, -in̂- vb.
Germanic: *xag-á- adj., *xag-á- m., *xag-á- vb., *xag-ṓ- vb., *xōg-á- adj., *xōg-í- adj., *xax-t-u- c.
Russ. meaning: помогать etc.
References: WP I 333 f
Comments: Cf. also: Av čagǝd- (mit rafǝδrǝm) `Hilfe gewährend', čagǝman- n. `Geschenk', čagvah- `bietend, gewährend'
Proto-IE: *k'ak- (-kh-)
Meaning: boar-spear, fork
Old Indian: śā́khā f. `branch', śákala-, śákara- m./n. `chip, splint, log', śakti- f. `spear, lance'
Armenian: chax `Zweig'
Slavic: *soxā́ `рогатина; соха'
Baltic: *čak-ā̂ f., *čak-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xṓx-an- m., *xṓx-il=
Celtic: MIr gēc, Ir gēag `Ast'; OIr cēcht `Pflug'
Russ. meaning: рогатина
References: WP I 335
Proto-IE: *kakab-
Meaning: partridge
Hittite: {.......}
Old Indian: {kúkubha- m. wilder Hahn, Fasan}
Old Greek: kakkábǟ f., kakkabís f. `Rebhuhn', kakkabízdō `gackern (vom Rebhuhn)'
Latin: cacabāre `gackern (vom Rebhuhn)'
Russ. meaning: птица (куропатка)
References: WH
Proto-IE: *kak-, *kakud-
Meaning: top
Old Indian: kakúd-, kakúbh- f. `peak, summit', kakúdmant- `having a projection or elevation'; ? kākúd- f. `hollow of the mouth, palate'
Germanic: *xag-il-a- n.~m.
Latin: cacūmen, -inis n. `Spitze, Gipfel'
Russ. meaning: вершина
References: WP I 370 f
Proto-IE: *kakk- (kh-, -kkh-)
Meaning: to laugh
Old Indian: kakhati `laugh' (L. also kakkhati, khakkhati)
Armenian: xaxankh `cachinnus'
Old Greek: kakházdō, kakkházdō, kaŋkházdō, aor. kakhásai̯ `laut lachen'
Slavic: *xoxotъ, *xoxotātī
Germanic: *kaxx-it-ja-/*gakk-it-ja- vb.
Latin: cachinnus, -ī m. `schallendes Gelächter', cachinnāre `hell auflachen'
Russ. meaning: смеяться
References: WP I 336
Proto-IE: *kal-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: beauty, healthy
Old Indian: kalya- `healthy, vigorous', kalyā́ṇa- `beautiful, agreeable'
Old Greek: kaló-, ep., ion. kāló-, böot. kalwos; kállos n. `Schönheit', peri-kallḗs `sehr schön', kállimo- `schön'
Russ. meaning: красивый и здоровый
References: WP I 356
Proto-IE: *k'al-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: stone, rock
Old Indian: śilā́ f. `stone, rock, crag'
Armenian: sal, gen. sali `Steinplatte, Amboss'
Russ. meaning: камень
References: WP I 454 f
Proto-IE: *kAl-
Meaning: emaciate(d)
Slavic: *o-kolētī
Baltic: *kal-ē̂- vb., *kal̃-d-an-a- adj., *kal̃-t-ia- c., *kal̃-t- vb. inch., *kal̃-t-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *xal-ja- adj.
Russ. meaning: худой, истощенный
References: Fraenkel 208
Proto-IE: *kal- / -e-
Meaning: spot (on the skin)
Old Indian: kalmaṣa- n. 'stain, dirt; darkness', kalmā́ṣa- 'variegated, spotted', kalmāṣī f. 'speckled cow'; kaluṣa- `turbid, foul, dirty'; kalaṅka- m. `stain, spot, mark, soil', kalana- n. (L.) `stain, spot'
Old Greek: k[ǟ]lī́s, -ī̂dos f. `Fleck, Blutfleck, Schandfleck'; kēlás = aíks, hḗtis katà tò métōpon sēmeîon ékhei tüloeidés Hsch.
Baltic: *kalī̂b-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xil-m=
Latin: callidus/cālidus, -a `mit einer Blässe auf dem Stirn versehen'
Other Italic: Umbr (buf) kaleřuf `(boves) cal(l)idos'
Celtic: OIr caile, MIr gaile `Flecken'
Russ. meaning: пятно на коже
References: WH
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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