Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50 100
\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *gʷūt-, -d-
Meaning: a k. of bird of prey
Germanic: *kūt-iō f., -ian- m.
Latin: būteō, -ōnis m. `eine in der Auguraldisziplin bedeutsame Falkenart, Bussard (?)'
Russ. meaning: птица (хищная)
References: WP II 112
Proto-IE: *gʷord-
Meaning: sluggish, staid, proud
Old Greek: bradǘ- `langsam, träge'
Slavic: *gъrdъ(jь)
Latin: gurdus, -a `stumpf (vom Eisen, Blei); dumm, tölpelhaft'
Russ. meaning: медлительный, степенный
References: WP I 641
Proto-IE: *ibh- (~ -p-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: ivy
Old Greek: ípso-s or ipsó-s m. 'cork-oak, Quercus suber ?' (Thphr.); = kissós Hsch. (at Thurii)
Germanic: *ibVx(w)=, *ibVg(w)=; *i[b]V-laup=
Russ. meaning: растение (плющ)
References: WP I 163
Proto-IE: *ig'hu-, *ing'hu- (*dl-, *g'h-, *d-, *t-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: tongue
Tokharian: A käntu, B kantwo `Zunge' (PT *käntwo) (Adams 139)
Old Indian: jihvá- m., jihvā́- f., juhū́- f. `tongue'
Avestan: hizvā, hizū, hizvah- 'Zunge'
Armenian: lezu, gen. lezui; lizu (seit 10. Jh.) `Zunge'
Slavic: *ję̄zɨ̄kъ
Baltic: *leĩǯuw-i-s, *inǯuw-i-s
Germanic: *tung-ōn- f.
Latin: lingua, OLat dingua f. `Zunge; Sprache; Landzunge', demin. lingula
Celtic: OIr tenge; Cymr tafod, MCymr tafawt, OCorn tauot, MCorn taves, tavas, MBret teaut, NBret teod `Zunge' (cf. Ir ligur `Zunge')
Albanian: gjúhë, pl. -ë f. 'tongue, speech)'
Russ. meaning: язык
References: WP I 792 f
Proto-IE: *i-, *ey-; *yo- (Greek h-)
Meaning: pron. dem./relat.
Old Indian: ayám 'he', idám 'id.', iyám, acc. sg. m. imam ; relat. ya-ḥ
Avestan: īm (= iyǝm) 'sie, ea'; gath ayǝ̄m, jat. aēm 'er'; relat. yō
Other Iranian: OPers acc. m.iyam, imam, f. imām usw.
Old Greek: cypr. ī̆n 'eum, eam', lesb., thess., hom ía 'una'; hó-s 'welcher'
Slavic: *jь, *ī, *ye; *jь-že; -jь (in adj.)
Baltic: *ji-, *jei-, *jī f.
Germanic: *iz 'er', acc, *inan, *ita 'es' usw.
Latin: is, ea, id usw.
Celtic: OIr ē, hē 'er' (< *eis), ed (hed) 'es'
Albanian: e 'eum, eam', dat. i 'ei', i 'eos, eas, u 'eis'
Russ. meaning: мест. указ./относит.
References: WP I 97 ff
Proto-IE: *iKs-
Meaning: groin
Old Greek: *ī́lio-n n. ~ í-: ília = dō̂ra günaikeîa Hsch.; ílion = tò tē̂s günaikòs ephḗbaion dēloî, kaì kósmon günaikeîon parà Kṓiois Hsch.; iksǖ́-s (~ ī-), -ǘos f. `die Weichen, die Lendengegend'
Latin: īlia, -ium pl. n. `die Weichen, der Unterleib, Eingeweide; Mutterleib; Schamgegend'
Russ. meaning: пах
References: WP I 163 f
Proto-IE: *ikʷ[e]r-
Meaning: fish-egg
Slavic: *jьkrā
Baltic: *ikr-a- (1) c.
Celtic: *ikʷōr, *ikʷr-: MIr iuchair, gen. uchrach f. `Fischrogen'
Russ. meaning: икра (рыбы)
References: WP I 205 f
Comments: The frequently quoted OPrus. yccroy "Fischrogen" means 'Wade' (Voc. 142); may belong to the 'liver' root *yekʷ-.
Proto-IE: *is-
Meaning: clay, dough
Hittite: is(sa)na- c. 'Teig' (Tischler 406-407)
Tokharian: B isćem 'clay, brick' (Adams 67)
Old Indian: íṣṭakā f. `brick'
Avestan: ištya- n. `Ziegel, Backstein'
Other Iranian: OPers. išti-, Pers. xišt
Russ. meaning: глина, тесто
References: Adams, Tischler (Pok.: < *idh-s-?)
Proto-IE: *isu- <PIH *-sHʷ->
Meaning: arrow
Hittite: ishuwa- (II) 'schütten, (hin)werfen' (Tischler 393ff)
Old Indian: íṣu- m.f. `arrow'
Avestan: išu- m. 'Pfeil'
Old Greek: īó-s, pl. īói̯/īá m. `Pfeil'
Russ. meaning: стрела
References: WP I 107
Proto-IE: *it-
Meaning: part.: so
Old Indian: íti 'so'
Baltic: *itV, *ītV
Latin: ita 'so'
Russ. meaning: так
Proto-IE: *it-er/-en- <PIH *i->
Meaning: way
Hittite: itar `Gehen, Weg'
Tokharian: A ytār f., B ytārye f. `Weg' (PT *yätār) (Adams 516)
Latin: iter, itineris n. `Gang, Weg, Reise'
Russ. meaning: путь
References: WH, Tischler 445ff
Comments: May be an old derivation from *ey- 'to go' #1306
Proto-IE: *īg'h-
Meaning: to wish, to long for
Tokharian: A yśaläm, B yśelme (PT *yśe-lme) '(sexual) pleasure'; A ykāssäññe 'sexual pleasure, concupiscence' (Adams 515, 521)
Old Indian: īhate `to endeavour to obtain, to aim at, to long for', īha- m. `attempt', ehá- `desirous, wishing', ehas- n. `anger; rivalry'
Avestan: izyati `strebt, verlangt wonach', aēza- `verlangend', aēzah- n. ` Verlangen'
Old Greek: īkhanáō `begehre, trachten, streben', ī̂khar (? /íkhar) n. `Begierde'
Russ. meaning: желать, стремиться
References: WP I 195 f
Comments: Cf. *yag(')h-.
Proto-IE: *īlokʷ-
Meaning: a thorny plant (holly ?)
Old Greek: ai̯g-ílōp-s, -ōpos (~ -ī́-) m. eine Eichenart
Latin: īlex, gen. -icis f. `Steineiche; Kermeseiche'
Russ. meaning: растение (колючее - падуб)
References: WP I 10 (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *īl-u-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: silt
Old Greek: īlǖ́-s, -ǘos f. `Schlamm, Kott, Morast'
Slavic: *jī́lъ
Baltic: *ī̂l-u- (1) adj.
Russ. meaning: ил
References: WP I 163
Proto-IE: *īs- (?)
Meaning: pelvis, hip, hip-bone
Old Greek: iskhío-n n. `Hüftgelenk, Hüfte', ískhi = osphǘs (Hsch.)
Germanic: *ī́s=
Russ. meaning: тазобедренное что-то
References: WP I 102 f
Proto-IE: *kabeir-o-
Meaning: a deity
Old Indian: Kúbera- {(< *kabera-, Patronymicum Kāberaká-)} `a chief of the evil beings or spirits of darkness; god of riches and treasures'
Old Greek: pl. kábei̯ro-i̯ m. Ben. chthonischer Gottheiten, die bes. auf Samothrake und Lemnos Lemnos ebenso wie in Böotien verehrt wurden
Russ. meaning: мелкое божество
References: WP I 349
Proto-IE: *kab-, *kam-
Meaning: horse
Slavic: *komъnь; *kobɨ̄lā
Baltic: *kumel-iā̃ f., *kamnet=
Latin: cabō, gen. -ōnis 'Wallach'; cabōnus, -ī (gl.) m. `caballus (magnus)'; caballus, -ī m. `Pferd, Gaul, Klepper'
Celtic: Gaul Caballos EN; OIr, Ir capall
Russ. meaning: лошадь
References: WP I 348
Proto-IE: *k'ad-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to fall
Old Indian: śad-, pf. śaśāda, ft. śatsyati `to fall, fall off or out'
Armenian: chacnum `fallen'
Latin: cadō, -ere, cecidī, cāsūrus `fallen, sinken'
Other Italic: Osk anṭkaḍun `occidionem ?'
Celtic: MIr casar `Hagel; Blitz'; Cymr cesair `Schlossen'; Corn keser, Bret kasarc'h `Hagel'
Russ. meaning: падать
References: WP I 339 f
Proto-IE: *k'ad-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to be distinguished
Old Indian: pf. śāśadúḥ, ptc. śāśadāna- `to distinguish oneself, be eminent or superior'
Old Greek: ep., poet. pf. kékasmai̯, plqpf. (e)kekásto, ptc. kekasméno-, kekadméno- (Pind.)`sich auszeichnen, übertreffen, sich rüsten'; kádmos = dórü, lóphos, aspís (Cret.) Hsch.
Russ. meaning: выделяться качествами
References: WP I 340
Proto-IE: *kad-
Meaning: to injure, to harm
Old Indian: kadana- n.`destruction, killing, slaughter'; cakāda kadanam `to kill or hurt'
Old Greek: hom. kekadṓn `beraubend', ft. kekadḗsei̯ `er wird berauben', aor. kekadē̂sai̯ `вредить etc. (`blápsai, kakō̂sai, phéisasthai, sterē̂sai', Hsch.); hüpò ... kekádonto `sie wichen zurück' Hom.), ekekǟ́dei̯ (Konjektur) = hüpe<ke>khōrḗkei' Hsch., {apokadéō = asthenéō Hsch. - wanted!}; {kǟ́dō `verletze, schädige' -wanted!}
Latin: calamitās, -tis f. `Schaden; Hagelschlag, Kornbrand, Misswachs; Unheil, Verderben'; incolumis, -e `unversehrt, heil'; cadamitās (Mar. Victorin. gr. VI 8:15) = calamitās
Russ. meaning: вредить
References: WP I 341
piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1 20 50 100

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
238224339098
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov