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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *gʷhīnsl-
Meaning: tendon
Armenian: ǯil, ǯiɫ `Sehne, Schnur'
Slavic: *žī́lā
Baltic: *gīn̂sl-ā (2)
Latin: fīlum, -ī n. `Faden (aus Lein, Wolle zum Nähen, Flicken); Spinngewebe; Staubfaden; Saite'; ? fibra f. `Faser (an Pflanzen, Wurzeln); Haarfransen; Lappen (der Leber), Flügel (der Lunge), Eingeweidefasern'
Albanian: dell, pl. dej m. 'vein, sinew'
Russ. meaning: жила
References: WP I 670
Proto-IE: *gʷhren-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: diaphragm; intelligence
Old Greek: phrḗn, -enós, pl. phrénes, -enō̂n f. `Zwerchfell', `Sinn, Seele, Geist, Verstand, Herz', phronéō `gesinnt sein, denken, verständig sein', phróni-s f. `Einsicht, Kunde'; phrontís, -ídos f. `Nachdenken, Sorge, Besorgnis', á-phrōn `unverständig, töricht', eu̯-phrái̯nō `froh machen, erheitern'; sṓ-, pró-phrōn
Germanic: *grun-a- m.; *grun-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: диафрагма; соображение
References: WP I 699
Proto-IE: *gʷhrē-
Meaning: to smell
Old Indian: jíghrati, ghrāti `to smell, perceive odour; perceive', ptc. ghrātá-; ghrāṇa- m., n. `smelling; smell, odour; nose', ghrāti- f. `smelling, perception of odour'
Old Greek: os-phrái̯nomai̯, aor. att. ōs-phrésthai̯, va. os-phrētó- `riechen, wittern'; ós-phrēsi-s f. `Riechen, Geruch'
Russ. meaning: нюхать
References: WP I 697
Proto-IE: *gʷog-
Meaning: to shake, to swing
Germanic: *kwak=
Celtic: MIr bocaim `ich schüttele, schwinge', Ir bogadh `schütteln'
Russ. meaning: трясти, колебать
References: WP I 671
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)ol-
Meaning: branch
Armenian: koɫ `Ast, Zweig'
Slavic: *golь `сучок, ветка' (ЭССЯ 7:16-17, спутано с *golъjь) [также *galǫzъ, -a, -ь], *golьje `ветки' (ibid. 18)
Russ. meaning: ветка
References: WP I 555 f
Proto-IE: *gʷol-
Meaning: sole, palm (of hand), side
Armenian: koɫ, koɫmn `Flanke, Seite'
Latin: vola f. `die Höhlung der Hand, die hohle Hand; Höhlung des Fusses, die hohle Fusssohle'
Russ. meaning: подошва, ладонь, бок
References: WP I 301, 556
Proto-IE: *gʷol-
Meaning: wing
Old Indian: garut m.n. `wing of a bird', garútmant- `winged', m. `the Garuḍa bird'
Latin: volāre `fliegen', volucer, -cris `geflügelt'
Russ. meaning: крыло
References: WH
Proto-IE: *gʷow-
Meaning: cow
Hittite: *guwau- 'Rind' (Tischler 701)
Tokharian: A ko, B keŭ `cow' (Adams 189)
Old Indian: gáu-ḥ m. `ox', f. `cow'
Avestan: gāu- `ox, cow'
Other Iranian: NPers gāv `cow'
Armenian: kov `Kuh'
Old Greek: bôu̯-s, boós, acc. bō̂-n / bôu̯-n f., m. `Rind, Kuh, Ochse'
Slavic: *govę̄do, *gòvędь/*gòvedь f.; *govьnõ n.; *gumьnõ n. (*gū-/*gov-, <минусовый> циркумфл. корень)
Baltic: *gō̃w-i- c.
Germanic: *kō-, *kū- f.; *kw-īj-ō f.; *kw-īg-á- m., *kwī-g-ṓn- f.
Latin: bōs, gen. bovis m., f. `Rind'
Other Italic: Osk Búvaianúd; Volsk bim `bovem'; Umbr bum `bovem', bue `bove', buf `boves'
Celtic: OIr bō, pl. bai (< *gōu̯es) `Kuh'
Russ. meaning: скот (корова, бык - домашние)
References: WP I 696 f
Proto-IE: *gʷō-
Meaning: to graze
Old Greek: bóskō 'weiden'; botḗr, bṓtōr 'Hirt'; sü̆-bṓtǟ-s, sü̆-bótǟ-s 'Schweineheirt', botó-n n. 'Weidevieh'; botánǟ 'pasture'
Baltic: *gō̂-t-a- c.
Russ. meaning: пасти
References: Fraenkel 177
Proto-IE: *gʷrandh-/-e-
Meaning: strong, big, tall
Old Greek: bréntho-s m. `Stolz', brenthǘomai̯ `sich brüsten, stolz gebärden, anmassend auftreten'
Slavic: *grǭdь `грудь; возвышение', *grǭdъ `возышенность'
Latin: grandis, -e `gross, grossgewachsen, alt; erhaben'
Russ. meaning: крепкий, большой, высокий
References: WP I 699
Comments: Cf. *bhrenth-
Proto-IE: *gʷrats-
Meaning: thick
Latin: grossus, -a `dick; unreif'
Celtic: *bras- > OIr bres `grossus', MIr bras `grossus'; Corn bras `grossus'
Russ. meaning: толстый
References: WH
Proto-IE: *gʷredh-
Meaning: toad, frog
Old Greek: bátrakho-s m., dial. bótrakho-s, brótakho-s, pl. bratákhọ̄s Hsch., bǘrthakos, pl. brǘtikoi (Hes), {bathǘrako-s - not found!} `Frosch'
Germanic: *krad-ōn- f.; *krid-ōn- f.; *krud-(i)ōn- f.
Latin: bruscus `ranae genus', ruscus `Kröte'
Russ. meaning: жаба, лягушка
References: WP I 698 f
Proto-IE: *gʷreg'(h)-
Meaning: beautiful
Baltic: *greǯ-n-a-, *graǯ-u-, *graǯ-n-a- adj.
Celtic: OIr breg, Ir breagh 'schön'
Russ. meaning: красивый
References: Fraenkel 165
Proto-IE: *gʷreig'-
Meaning: to sleep, to dream
Old Greek: brízdō (~ -ī́-), aor. bríksai̯ `schläfrig sein, einnicken', a-bríks (~ -ī́-) `egrēgórōs' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *grēzā, *grьzā
Russ. meaning: спать, видеть сны
References: WP I 698
Proto-IE: *gʷrem-
Meaning: watery (mud); eye-pus
Slavic: *grьmēdjь `глазной гной' (ЭССЯ 7:158-159 - невероятный анализ)
Baltic: *grim̂- (1) vb. intr.
Germanic: ? *kwramm-a- adj.
Latin: grāmiae pl. `Augenbutter', grammōsus [oculus] `Triefauge'
Russ. meaning: жидкий (о грязи); глазной гной
References: WP I 654
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)rīw-ā-
Meaning: back of the head, withers
Old Indian: grīva- m., grīvā́ f. `neck, nape'
Avestan: grīvā `Nacken'
Slavic: *grī́vā
Baltic: *grī̂v-ā̂, -iā̃ (1) f., *grī̂w-ia- (1) c.
Russ. meaning: затылок, загривок
References: WP I 682 f
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)rn-
Meaning: back, shoulders, croup
Armenian: kurrn, gen. krran `Rücken'
Old Greek: ?? LS: gárkon n. 'axle-pin' (EM) = gárnon Poll., Hsch. {= to ésō tē̃s plḗmnēs sidḗrion, hò tòn áksona tríbei (Hsch.) - not found!}
Baltic: *gur̃n-a- c.
Celtic: ? Ir gorūn, -ūin, gurrūn `Hüfte, Keule eines Tiers'
Russ. meaning: спина, плечи, круп
References: WP I 555 f
Proto-IE: *gʷrogh-
Meaning: throat; to swallow
Old Greek: aor. hom. bróksai̯, ana-, kata-bróksai̯ `wieder einschlucken, verschlucken', pass. hom. ana-brokhén, hom. ana-bébrokhen; brókhtho-s m. `Schluck, Schlund'
Germanic: *krag-an- m., *krag-a- m., *kra(g)w=
Celtic: *brāg- > OIr brāgae `Hals, Nacken', *brg- > OCymr abal-brouannou `gurgulionibus', Cymr breuant `Luftröhre', OCorn briansen `guttur', OBret Brehant-Dincat gl. `guttur receptaculi pugnae'
Russ. meaning: горло; глотать
References: WP I 682 f
Proto-IE: *gʷrūg'h-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to gnaw, to grit the teeth
Armenian: krčel atámani `Zähnenklappern'; krcem `nage'
Old Greek: brǘkhō (~ -ǖ́-) `mit den Zähnen klappern', brügmó-s m. `Zähnenknirschen', brǖkhetó-s, brúkheto-s `kaltes Fieber' (Hsch.); brükhǟ́ (~ -ǖ-) f. `das Zähneklappern'
Slavic: *grɨ̄zǭ, *grɨ̄́ztī; *grɨ̄zjā; *grūzъ ( > Pol gruz 'Trümmer, zerschlagenes Mauerwerk, Ruinen', gruzeɫ, gruzɫa 'Klump, Klümpchen')
Baltic: *graûǯ- (2) vb. tr., *graûǯ-a- c., -ia- c., *grūǯ-t-i- c.
Celtic: *brugnos, *bruggos > MIr brocc `Kummer'; Ir brōn `Kummer'; Gael brōg `Kummer'; Cymr brwyn `stechender Schmerz'
Russ. meaning: грызть, cкрежетать зубами
References: WP I 697
Proto-IE: *gʷrw-, *gʷrū-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: heavy
Tokharian: A krāmärts 'heavy', B krāmär 'weight, heaviness' (PT *krāmär) (Adams 214)
Old Indian: gurú-, comp. gárīyān `heavy, important'; gru-muṣṭí- `a great handful', gariman- m. `heaviness, weight'; garva- m. `pride, arrogance'
Avestan: gouru-zaoɵra- 'des Weihegüsse schwer, zähflüssig sind'
Other Iranian: NPers girān 'schwer' (*grāna-)
Armenian: ker `Kraft, Macht', kari `gross, sehr viel, gewaltig'
Old Greek: barǘ- `schwer(wiegend), tief (vom Ton)', báros n. `Schwere, Last'
Baltic: *grū̂-t-a- (1) adj.
Germanic: *kur-u- adj.
Latin: gravis, -e `schwer, gewichtig, drückend; lästig, beschwerlich; wichtig, bedeutend' || brūtus, -a `schwer; schwerfällig; unvernünftig'
Celtic: [ MIr bair `schwer', baire `Kummer' ]; bruth `Gewicht, Masse'; Cymr bryw `stark, Stärke'
Russ. meaning: тяжелый
References: WP I 684 f
piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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