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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *gʷes[e]-, *gʷsē-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to go out (fire)
Hittite: ? kist- 'erlöschen, vergehen' (Tischler 592 ff) (confusion with kast- / kist- 'hunger'?)
Tokharian: A, B käs- (PT *käs-) `erlöschen' (Adams 177)
Old Indian: jásate `to be exhausted or starved'
Old Greek: sbénnǖmi (zdẹ̄́namen = sbénnümen Hsch.), aor. sbé(s)sai̯, pass. sbesthē̂nai̯; med. sbénnumai̯, aor. sbē̂nai̯, pf. ésbēka, va. á-sbesto- `erlöschen, ermatten'; aor. ion. (Herodas) kata-sbō̂sai̯ `löschen' (< *sgʷohásai̯); zdoā̂s `sbéseis' (Hsch.), zdóason `sbéson' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *gāsī́tī, *gāsnǭtī, *gāsātī
Baltic: *gē̃s- (*ges-ja-) vb. tr., *ges- vb. intr., *ges-ī̂- vb., *ges-m-iā̃- f.
Russ. meaning: гаснуть
References: WP I 693 f
Proto-IE: *gʷet-
Meaning: to say
Armenian: kočhem `rufen, nennen, herbeirufen, einladen'
Germanic: *kwiɵ-a- vb., *kwaɵ-ō f., *kwiɵ-ja- m., *kwiɵ-jōn- f., *kwaɵ-ja- vb.; *kwēɵ-ia- n.
Russ. meaning: говорить
References: WP I 672
Proto-IE: *gʷet-er/n-
Meaning: stomach, crop, chest
Hittite: kuttar n. (r/n) 'Partie unter dem Hals und über der Brust beim Menschen, etwa Schulter oder Oberarm' (Tischler 678 f)
Tokharian: A kāts, B kātso (PT *kātsān-) 'belly, stomach, abdomen; womb' (Adams 156)
Germanic: *kwíɵ-u- c. / *kwid=́, *kutt-(i)ō- f. || *kud= (#235)
Latin: botulus, -ī m. `Darm, Eingeweide; Wurst' || guttur n., m. `Kehle; Kropf der Vögel und Menschen; Geschwulst am Halse'
Russ. meaning: зоб, кишки, живот (внутри)
References: WP I 555 f, 560, 671 + REFERNUM 587
Comments: Cf. *gut- 'crop, crest'
Proto-IE: *gʷetw-
Meaning: resin, sticky matter
Old Indian: jatu n. `lac, gum'
Germanic: *kwidw-a- n.; *kwēd-ōn- f.
Latin: bitūmen, -inis n. `Erdpech'; betulla f. `Birke' (< Celt?: bitumen ex ea Galli excoquunt Plin. 16, 75)
Celtic: MIr beithe ( < *betu̯iā) `buxus'; Cymr bedw-en `Birke', OCorn bedew-en `populus', NBret bezv-enn ( < *betu̯ā) `Birke'; Gal betuin EN
Russ. meaning: смола, клейкое вещество
References: WP I 672
Proto-IE: *gʷeud-
Meaning: woollen clothes
Old Greek: bêu̯dos n. 'woman's dress' Sapph., Call., Nicaenet.(?)ap.Parth.
Germanic: *kutt=
Russ. meaning: одежда (шерстяная)
References: WP I 671
Proto-IE: *gʷ[e]y-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: thread, fibre, bow-string
Old Indian: jyā́ f. `bow-string'
Avestan: ǰyā 'Bogensehne'
Old Greek: bió-s m. `Bogen; Bogensehne (?)'
Slavic: *žīcā `нить; пряжа'
Baltic: *gij-ā̂ f., *geĩ-n-ia- c., *gei-k-ā̂
Celtic: Cymr pl. giau `Nerven, Sehnen'
Russ. meaning: нить, волокно, тетива
References: WP I 670
Proto-IE: *gʷeyǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: skin, fur
Old Indian: jīna- n., jīla- m. `leather bag'
Celtic: MIr bïan `Haut, Fell'
Russ. meaning: шкура, мех
References: WP I 666
Proto-IE: *gʷeyǝ-
Meaning: to grow old, to perish
Old Indian: jināti `to become old', jyāni- f. `infirmity, old age', jīna- `old, aged', jyā́yas- 'elder', jívri- `old, worn out, decrepit'
Avestan: prs. ǰināiti `schwächt', inf. ǰayāi; aǰyamna- `sich nicht vermindernd, unversieglich'
Germanic: *kwī-n-a- vb., *kwi-n-ō- vb.; *kwī-m-a- vb.
Russ. meaning: стареть, пропадать
References: WP I 666 f
Proto-IE: *gʷeyǝ-, *gʷyā-
Meaning: power; to overpower
Old Indian: jinā́ti, fut. jyāsyāti, pass. jī́yáte, ptc. jītá- `to overpower, oppress'; jyā́ f. `oppression, excessive demand'; jáyati, pf. jigāya, ptc. jitá- `to win, conquer, defeat'; jayá- `winning', m. `conquest, victory', jayiṣnu- `victorious', jétar- `victorious, m. conqueror'
Old Greek: bíǟ f. `Kraft, Gewält', biáō, biáomai̯ `Gewalt anwenden, bewältigen, erzwingen' || zdǟ̂lo-s `Eifer, Nacheiferung, Eifersucht, Neid, Begeisterung', zdǟtró-s `executioner' Hsch., zdǟmíǟ f. `Busse, Einbusse, Strafe, Verlust'
Baltic: *gī̂- vb. intr.
Russ. meaning: сила; осилить
References: WP I 666 f
Proto-IE: *gʷeyǝ-, (*gʷyē-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: futuere
Other Iranian: NPers gāyad `futuit'
Old Greek: bīnéō, ipf. bineskómǟn `coire, futuere', {3 sg. zdáei = bineî Hsch. - nowhere found!}
Russ. meaning: futuere
References: WP I 666 f
Proto-IE: *gʷēbhǝw-, *gʷeubh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: toad, tadpole
Slavic: *žā́bā A
Baltic: *gabaw-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *kwapp-ō(n-) f.
Latin: būfō, -ōnis m. `Kröte'; būfa [-us?] `giftiges Käfer'
Russ. meaning: жаба (жаба etc.)
References: WP I 675
Proto-IE: *gʷēdh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of muck
Slavic: *žādьnъ(jь) (Slvnz žadnï 'hässlich, absschreckend', OPol żadny 'hässlich, garstig', żadać się 'sich eekeln'); *gādъ; *gɨ̄dъ
Baltic: *gē̂d-ā̂ (1) f.
Germanic: *kwēd=
Russ. meaning: гадость
References: WP I 694 f
Proto-IE: *gʷhai-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: light, bright
Old Greek: phaió-, phái̯dimo- `glänzend, stattlich', phai̯dró- `hell, klar, heiter, fröhlich, vergnügt', phai̯dǖ́nō `hell machen, reinigen, waschen; erheitern, erfrischen'
Baltic: *geĩd-r-ā̂, *geîd-r-ā̂, *gaid-r-ā̂ f., *geĩd-r-a-, *gaĩd-r-u- adj., *gaĩd-s-a- c., *gid-r-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: светлый, яркий
References: WP I 665, Buck 60.
Proto-IE: *gʷhedh-
Meaning: to keep
Old Indian: gádhya- `to be seized or gained as booty', {ā-gadhita- `angeklammert', pari-gadhita- `umklammert' }
Germanic: *gad-ō- vb., *gad=
Latin: mani-festus (~ -ē-) `auf frischer Tat ertappt; handgreiflich; offenbar', īnfestus (~ -ē-) `angreifend, feindlich, bedrohlich'
Russ. meaning: держать
References: WP I 531 f (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *gʷhedh-
Meaning: to wish, to long for
Avestan: ǰaiδyeimi `ich bitte'
Other Iranian: OPers ǰadiyāmiy `ich bitte'
Old Greek: aor. théssasthai̯, ptc. thessámeno-, 3 pl. théssanto `anflehen', théssesthai = aiteîn, hilteúein Hsch., thessómenos = deómenos, zdētoúmenos, hiketeúōn Hsch., va. polǘ-, apó-thesto- `anflehen'; pótho-s m., pothǟ́ `Sehnsucht, Verlangen, Liebe', pothéō `verlangen, sich sehnen, vermissen'
Slavic: *žę̄dāti, *žę̄djǭ; *žę̄djā
Baltic: *ged- vb., intr., *gā̃d-a- c., *gād-u- adj., *gā(d)-m-u- adj., *gā̂d-s-l-u- adj.
Celtic: *gʷhodheje-; *gʷhodhi̯ā; *wo-gedi̯ā; *wo-godīmā > OIr guidim `bitte', pf. ro-gad, s-conj. pl. gessam; guide `Gebet'; Cymr gweddi `Gebet'
Russ. meaning: желать, стремиться
References: WP I 673 f
Proto-IE: *gʷhel-
Meaning: to want, to wish
Old Greek: ethélō, aeol., ion., hell. thélō `wollen'; phalízdei̯ `thélei' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *želētī; *želātī, *željā
Russ. meaning: хотеть, желать
References: WP I 692 f
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)heleg'h-
Meaning: gland
Armenian: pl. geɫʒ-kh `Drüsen'
Slavic: *želzā́
Baltic: *gel̃ǯ-a- c., *geleǯ-ōn-i-, *geleǯ-aun-i-
Russ. meaning: железа
References: WP I 632
Proto-IE: *gʷhen-
Meaning: to flourish, to be full, to swell
Old Indian: ghaná- `compact, solid, dense', m. `compact mass or substance'
Other Iranian: NPers ā-gandan `anfüllen', āganiš `voll'
Old Greek: eu̯-thenéō, eu̯-thēnéō `gedeihe, blühen', eu̯-thēníǟ, eu-thénei̯a `blühender Zustand, Fülle, Zufuhr, annona'; eu̯-thenḗs `eupathôusa, iskhürá' (Hsch.), eu̯-thēnḗs `gedeihend', Kresphónthǟs, Polüphóntǟs = Polüktḗtǟs, Kleophóntǟs; phanā̂n `thélein' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *gonētī `genügen'
Baltic: *gan-ā̂, *gan-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *gan-t-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: процветать, быть полным, распухать
References: WP I 679
Proto-IE: *gʷhen-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to hit, to drive
Hittite: kwen- (I) 'schlagen; erschlagen, töten', Lyd. qãn- / qẽn- (Tischler 604 f)
Old Indian: hanti, hanati, 3 pl. ghnanti `to strike, beat, smite, hit, kill', pf. jaghā́na, ptc. hatá-, inf. hántum; (in comp.) -han-, gen. -ghn-aḥ `killer, slayer'; ghaná- `striking, destroying, m. `club, mace'; OInd saṃ-há-t f. `layer, pile', hati- f. `striking, stroke, blow', hatyā́ f., hatya- n. `killing, slaughter', hántár- `slaying, killing'; ghāta- `killing', m. `blow, slaying, killing', ghātayati `to kill'
Avestan: ǰainti `er schlägt, trifft, tötet', 1 sg. med. ni-ɣne `ich schlage nieder'; ǰana- `schlagend', ǰantar- `der schlägt, tötet', ǰanti- f. `das Schlagen, Erschlagen', -ǰaiti- `das Schlagen'
Other Iranian: OPers aǰanam `ich besiegte'
Armenian: gan, gen. gani `Schläge, Prügel', ganem `schlage, prügle'; ǰin `Stock'; ǰnem `ich schlage', ǰnǰem `töte'
Old Greek: théi̯nō, aor. éthẹ̄na; épephnon; apepéphato = apéthanen (Hsch.); thenẹ̄̂n, thẹ̄̂nas; pf. ps. péphatai̯, inf. pephásthai̯, va. -phato- `schlagen; totschlagen, töten'; phóno-s m. `Totschlag', pl. phonái̯ 'carnage; blood shed by slying' (phonǟ́ sg. Suid. only); andro-phóno- `Männer mordend' etc.
Slavic: *ženǭ, *gъnā́tī; *gonī́tī; *gānjātī; *gonobā, *gānьbā; *gonъ; [*žę̄́tī, *žь̃nǭ; *žę̄́tъvā]
Baltic: *giñ- (*gen-a-) vb., *gin̂- (*gin-a-) vb., *gen-ē̂- vb., *gan-j-aw-ā̂ f., *pa=gan-ā̂ f., *gun-ī̂- vb., *gun̂-d-ī̂-, -in̂- vb., *gan-a- m., *gān-ia- m.
Germanic: *gún-ɵ-i- c., *gun-d-í- adj.; *gún-ɵ-iō f.; *gan-d-á- m.; *gan-[ō]- vb.
Latin: dēfendō, -ere, -dī, -sum `abwehren', offendō, -ere, -dī, -sum `anstossen, anschlagen'; īnfēnsus, -a `feindselich, erbittert'
Celtic: OIr gonim `verwunde, töte', pf. gegon, 3 sg. geguin; guin `Wunde'; benim `schlage'
Albanian: ǵan `ich jage, verfolge'
Russ. meaning: бить, погонять
References: WP I 679 f
Proto-IE: *gʷher[e]-, *gʷhrē-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to heat, to burn
Old Indian: háras- n. `flame, fire', ghr̥ṇá- m. `heat, ardour, sunshine'; ghrṇóti, jigharti `to shine, burn', gharmá- m. `heat, warmth'; ghraṃs-, ghraṁsá- m. `sun's heat, sunshine, brightness'
Avestan: garǝma- `heiss', n. `Hitze, Glut'
Other Iranian: OPers garma-pada- Monatsname
Armenian: ǰer `Wärme, schönes Wetter; warm', ǰernum `wärme mich', ǰerm `warm'; ǰermn, gen. ǰerman `Fieber'
Old Greek: théromai̯, hom. aor. pass. conj. theréō `warm werden, sich wärmen', thérō `wärmen'; théros n. `Sommer; Ernte', thermó- `warm', théretro-n n. `Sommeraufenthalt'
Slavic: *grētī, *grējǭ; *grēna, -ъkъ; *gorḗti, *gorītь; *gorī́tī; *gъrnъ, *gъrno; *žerāvъ(jь); *žārъ; *gorjьkъ; *gārь
Baltic: *gar-a- c., *gar-ē̂- vb., *gār-iā̃, *gār-ē̂-, *gar̂-m-iā̃ (2) f., *gār-ā f.; *grē̂m= (1)
Germanic: *wir-m-ō(n)- f.; *war-m-a- adj.
Latin: formus, -a (nur Gramm.) `warm', formidus, -a Cato; fornāx (/ furnāx), -ācis f. `Ofen', fornus / furnus, -ī m. `Backofen'; fornix, -icis m. `Wölbung; Gewölbe (meis unterirdisch, Bordell); Bogen, Triumphbogen, Schwibbogen'
Celtic: *gor-, *gʷrtu-s, *gʷrens- etc. > OIr fogeir `erwärmt, erhitzt'; grīs `Feuer', grīsaid `feuert an, reizt an'; MIr grith `Sonne, Hitze'; gorim, guirim `erhitze, erwärme, brenne'; Ir gor `Hitze; Brüten; Eiter durch Entzündung hervorgeruggen'; Cymr gori `brüten', gor `Brut'; gwrēs `Hitze'; Bret
Albanian: zjarr `Feuer, Hitze', zjarm `Hitze', ngroh `wärme'
Russ. meaning: греть, гореть
References: WP I 687 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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