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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *(a)mē- <PIH *H->
Meaning: to mow
Hittite: hamesh(a)-, hamish- c. 'Frühling' (April, Mai und Juni) (Erntezeit im Vorderen Orient) (Tischler 143 with doubts)
Tokharian: B mātre 'sharp' (Adams 448)
Old Greek: amáō `schneiden; mähen, ernten', ámēto-s m. `Ernte, Erntezeuten', amētǘ-s f. `id.', amētḗr m. `Schnitter', amētǟ́-s m. `Sichel'
Germanic: *mē-ja- vb.; *mē-d-ō, *mē-d-w-ō f.; *ma-d-a- n.; *ma-ɵ-ō f., *ma-ɵ-w-ō f.
Russ. meaning: коcить, жать
References: WP II 259
Proto-IE: *amg'h- <PIH *H->
Meaning: narrow; to tie together
Hittite: hamenk- / hamank- (I) 'binden' (Tischler 142)
Tokharian: A eṃts, B entse (PT *enkse) 'greed, envy' (Adams 87)
Old Indian: aṃhu- (in comp. and in comp. aṃhīyas) `narrow', aṃhú- n. (only abl. sg. aṃhós) `anxiety, distress', aṃhurá- `straitened, distressed'; áṃhas- n. `anxiety, trouble; sin'
Avestan: ązaŋhē `zubedrängen, in Not zu beringen'; ny-āzata `sie schnürt sich', ny-āzayǝn `sie sollten hineinzwängen'; ązah- `Bedrängnung, Not, Gefangenschaft'
Old Greek: ánkhō `zusammenschnüren, erdrosseln'; ankhónǟ `Strick, das Erdrosseln', adv., praep. áŋkhi `nahe', aŋkhóthi, -then, aŋkhọ̄̂; aŋktḗr m. `Zusammenschnürer'
Slavic: *ǭzъkъ(jь), *ǭzostь, *ǭzītī; *vę̄zātī, *ǭzā, *ǭže
Baltic: *añg-š-t-a- adj.
Germanic: *ang-i-, *ang-u- adj., *ang-u-st-u- c.
Latin: ango, anctum, -ere `beengen, würgen, ängstigen'; angi-portus, -ūs `enges Gässchen, Sackgasse'; angor, -ōris m. `Würgen, erstickende Beklemmung, Angst'
Celtic: Bret enk `eng', Ir cach ing `aus jeder Bedrängnis, Klemme'; Cymr ing `bedrängte Lage', Ir cum-ung `eng', Cymr cyf-yng, yng, ing `eng'; *eksnghu- > Cymr ehang `weit, reichlich'
Russ. meaning: узкий; связывать
References: WP I 62 f
Proto-IE: *a(m)p-i-/e-, -b-
Meaning: bee, stinging fly
Old Greek: empís, -ídos f. `Stechmücke'
Germanic: *imb-ia- m.
Latin: apis, -is, pl. gen -ium/-um f. `Biene'
Russ. meaning: насекомое (пчела ~ жигалка)
References: WP I 125
Proto-IE: *am-(r-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sour, tasting sharp
Old Indian: amla- `sour, acid'
Armenian: amokh `süss'
Germanic: *ampr-a- adj., *ampr-ōn- f.
Latin: amārus, -a `bitter; scharf, beissend, herb, verletzend'
Albanian: ɛmbĺɛ `süss'
Russ. meaning: кислый (и вообще резкий на вкус)
References: WP I 179
Proto-IE: *(a)mud-
Meaning: weak, sickly
Old Greek: amüdró- `dunkel, schwer zu erkennen, schwach'
Slavic: *mъdētī `чахнуть, томиться etc.', *mъdītī, *mъdьlā, *mъdьlь, *mъd(ь)lētī `млеть, падать в обморок, чахнуть', *mъdьlъ(jь), *mūdītī `медлить, задерживаться'
Russ. meaning: слабый, чахлый
References: WP II 223
Proto-IE: *(a)muk'-
Meaning: to scratch, to cut, etc.
Old Greek: amǘssō, att. amǘttō `ritzen, zerkratzen'; amükhmǟ́ `Riss, Schramme', amükhmó-s `Wunde', ámügma n. `das Zerraufen', amügmó-s m. `Wunde'; amükhǟ́ f. `Riss, Wunde'; ámüksi-s f. `das Zerkratzen', adv. amǘks = mólis Euph.
Baltic: *muč-ē̂- vb., *mūč-ā̂ f., *mūč-ia- c., *muč-t-aw-ā̂, -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *musk-ian- vb.
Latin: mucrō ( ~ -ū- ?), -ōnis m. `scharfe Spitze (der Sichel, des Speeres, des Schwertes etc.), Schwert, Degen; Schneide, Schärfe, Ende'
Russ. meaning: царапать, резать etc.
References: WP II 255
Proto-IE: *An-
Meaning: pron.: other
Old Indian: anyá- 'other, different', ántara- 'different from, exterior'
Avestan: anya-, ainya- 'anderer'
Other Iranian: OPers aniya- 'anderer'; Osset ändar 'anderer'
Slavic: *vъtorъ/*vъterъ (Czech úterý 'вторник')
Baltic: *añ-tar-a-, *añ-ter-a-, *añ-tr-a- adj.
Germanic: *an-ɵar-a-
Russ. meaning: другой
References: WP II 336 f (differently in Pok. and Vasm.)
Comments: Cf. *en-, *on-.
Proto-IE: *an
Meaning: part. (interrog.)
Old Greek: án Fragepartikel
Baltic: *angV
Germanic: { Got an Fragepartikel usw. }
Latin: an Fragepartikel
References: Fraenkel 10
Proto-IE: *an- <PIH *H->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: grandmother
Hittite: hanna-s `Grossmutter', (but also anna- c. 'Mutter', Tischler 24) Lyk χñna `Großmutter' (Tischler 145)
Armenian: han `Grossmutter'
Old Greek: acc. anōn (Larissa, inschr.); annís = mētròs ḕ patròs mḗtēr Hsch.
Baltic: *an-iā̃ f., *an-ī̂t-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *an-en- m., *an-ō f.
Latin: anus, -ūs (OLat -uis) f. `altes Weib'
Russ. meaning: бабушка
References: WP I 55 f
Proto-IE: *an- <PIH *H->
Meaning: to draw, to pull
Hittite: han- (II) 'schöpfen' (Tischler 144-145)
Armenian: han-em 'ziehe, befördere heraus'
Russ. meaning: черпать, тащить
References: Tischler 144-145.
Proto-IE: *andh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sprout, flower
Old Indian: ándhas- n. `herb'
Old Greek: ánthos n. `Blume'
Celtic: ??? MIr ainder `junges Weib'; Cymr anner `Färse' OCymr enderic `vitulus', Bret ounner `Färse'
Russ. meaning: побег, цветок
References: WP I 67 f
Proto-IE: *andh- <PIH *a-> ?
Meaning: person
Hittite: antuhsa-, antuhha- c. (Tischler 36, all with uncertainty)
Old Greek: ánthrōpo-s
Russ. meaning: человек
References: [Different in Pok. 41].
Proto-IE: *ane-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to breathe, to blow
Tokharian: B añiye m. 'breath', anāsk- 'breathe, inhale' (Adams 7); A āñcäm (obl. āñm-), B āñme (PT *āñc(ä)me) 'self, soul' (41)
Old Indian: ániti, ánati `to breathe, respire', ánila- m. `air, wind', aná- m. `breath, respiration'
Avestan: ɔ̄ntyɔ̄, parɔ̄ntyɔ̄ `des Ein- und Ausatmens'
Old Greek: ánemo-s m. `Wind'; ántǟ <ántai> `ветер' (Hsch.); antǟ́ f. <gen. antás> `дуновение' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *vonь, *vonjā; *ǭxātī
Baltic: ? *an-ō̂- vb.
Germanic: *an-a- vb., *un-m=, *an-d-ō(n-) f., *an-d-an- m., *uz-ún-ɵ-a- n.
Latin: animus, -ī m. `Geist, Seele', anima `Luft(ung), Wind, Hauch, Seele', hālo, -āre `hauchen, duften'
Other Italic: Osk anamúm `animam'
Celtic: *anǝtlo-: OIr anāl `spiritus'; Cymr anadl `Atem'; MBret alazn (Umstellung), Bret holan; *anǝtī-: MCymr eneit, Cymr eneid `Seele'; *anamon-: OIr animm, gen. anman, Ir anam `Seele'
Russ. meaning: дышать, дуть
References: WP I 56 f
Proto-IE: *(a)neig'-
Meaning: illness, desease, to be ill; sick
Avestan: naēza- Name einer Krankheit; Osset nēz, nīz 'Krankheit'
Armenian: ? anic 'Laus' [rather < Cauc.]
Old Greek: anigró- `lästig'
Baltic: *neiǯ-(ē̂-) vb. (Lith CIRC, Lett AC, 2?), neiǯ-a- c. (Lith CIRC), *naiǯ-ā̂ f., -a- c. (Lett AC, 1)
Russ. meaning: болезнь, болеть; больной, тяжкий
References: WP II 332
Proto-IE: *(a)ner- <PIH *a->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: man
Hittite: innarawatar 'life power', innarawant= 'strong', Luw. annar-ummi- 'strong' (Tischler 358ff)
Old Indian: nár-, nára- m. `man, person', nā́rī f. `woman, wife'; nárya- `manly, human'; sū-nára- 'young man; youthful'
Avestan: nā, nar- 'Mann, Mensch', nāirī 'Frau'; nairya- 'mannhaft, männlich'
Armenian: air, gen. arrn `Mann, Mensch', aru `männlich'
Old Greek: anḗr, gen. andrós, acc. ándra m. Mann, Mensch'; ǟnoréǟ 'manliness'
Latin: neriōsus, -ä `resistēns, fortis'
Other Italic: Osk ner, pl. gen. nerum `vir'; Umbr pl. acc. nerf, dat. nerus `procerēs, prīncipēs'
Celtic: *nerto-m: Gaul Nerto-briga, Esu-nertus, etc.; OIr nert `Mannhaftigkeit'; Cymr nerth `Mannhaftigkeit', Corn nerth `Mannhaftigkeit', Bret nerz `Kraft'
Albanian: n'er Mann, Mensch
Russ. meaning: мужчина
References: WP II 332 f
Proto-IE: *anew / *e-
Meaning: prep./adv.: without
Old Greek: áneu̯, áneu̯the(n) 'ohne', áneu̯n, el. áneus, meg. ánis
Germanic: *ēnō, *inō
Russ. meaning: без
Proto-IE: *anǝt-ā-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: jamb
Old Indian: ā́tā, pl. ā́tāḥ `the frame of a door'
Avestan: pl. acc. ąiɵyɔ̄ 'Türpfosten'
Armenian: dr-and `Türpfosten'
Germanic: *and-ṓ f.
Latin: antae pl. `die frei endigenden und vorn etwas verstärkten Wände, die den Pronaos eines Tempels oder die Prostas eines Hauses einschliessen; Türlaibung, vor die die Antepagemente gesetzt werden'
Russ. meaning: косяк
References: WP I 59
Proto-IE: *anǝt-, *nāt-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: duck
Old Greek: nǟ̂ssa, att. nǟ̂tta f. `Ente'
Slavic: *ǭ́tɨ̄, gen. -*ъve; *ǭ́tь; *ǭtīnъ(jь)
Baltic: *an̂t-i- c.
Germanic: *ánid-, *ánud-; *ánid-a- m.
Latin: anas, gen. -itis/-atis, pl. gen. anatum f. `Ente'
Russ. meaning: птица (утка)
References: WP I 60
Comments: Cf. Indoir. reflexes of *ēt-.
Proto-IE: *Ang-
Meaning: small bones of extremities
Old Indian: áṅga- `limb of the body', aṅgúri-, aṅgúli- f. `finger, toe, thumb', aṅgúṣṭha- m. `thumb, great toe'
Avestan: angušta- m. 'Zehe'
Germanic: *ank-iōn- f.; *ank-il-a- m., *ank-al-a- m.; *ank-ul=; *ank-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: мелкая кость конечностей
References: WP I 60 f
Proto-IE: *ang-
Meaning: corner
Armenian: ankiun, angiun `Winkel'
Slavic: *ǭgъlъ
Baltic: *añg-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *ank-ō(n) f., *ank-en- m.
Latin: angulus, -ī m. `Winkel, Ecke, entlegene Gegend'
Other Italic: Umbr anglom-e `ad angulum'
Russ. meaning: угол
References: WP I 60 f
piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-arm,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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