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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *ánsiō
Meaning: hole (for passing smth. through)
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ǟs f. `Loch am obern Rande des Schuhleders zum Durchziehen der Riemen, Schnurloch'
Norwegian: äs `Loch, in welches etwas eingefügt wird'
Middle Low German: ȫse f. `ringförmige Handhabe, Schlinge zum Festhalten'
Proto-Germanic: *ánsu-z, *ánsi-z (*ans-s)
Meaning: deity
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: Lat acc. pl. ansis = sēmideōs (Iordanes 76:13)
Old Norse: ās-s, ōs-s m. `Gott, Ase'; Run. Norw asu-gasδir
Old Danish: Run. asu-gisalas
Old English: ōs `divinity, god'
Old Saxon: ās- in PN
Old High German: ansi-, ans- in PN
Proto-Germanic: *anɵara-
Meaning: second, other
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: anɵar
Old Norse: annar-r
Old English: oɵer
English: other
Old Saxon: ōδar
Middle Dutch: ander
Dutch: ander
Middle Low German: ander
Old High German: ander (8.Jh)
Middle High German: ander
German: ander
Proto-Germanic: *ánɵjan; *and=; *und=; *únɵ=; *andi-; *andia-z, -n
Meaning: forehead; end
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: and prp. `along, through, over'; anda-, and- prf.; und prp. `up to, for'; andiz-uh conj. `either'; andī-s m. (ja/i) `end', *andi-laus `endless'
Old Norse: enni n. `Stirn; and-; und-, unn-; adv. endr `wieder, zum 2. Mal, früher'; endi m., endir m.
Norwegian: ender `wieder'
Swedish: änne `Stirn'; ända, ände
Old English: and-; oɵ; end `formerly, of old'; ende, -es m. `end; cornert, part, sort'
English: end
Old Frisian: ande, and, ende, end; ende
Old Saxon: and-; endi `früher, vormals'; endi
Middle Dutch: einde, ende
Dutch: einde m.
Old Franconian: ende, endi, einde
Old High German: andi, endi n. `Stirn'; ant-, int-; enti, inti `früher, vormals'; anti, enti m., n. (8.Jh.) `Ende, Endpunkt, Zielpunkt'
Middle High German: ɛnt-; ɛnde st. n., m. 'ende, ziel; richtung, seite'
German: ent-; Ende n.
Proto-Germanic: *anxtō
Meaning: fate, destiny, fear
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: ōht, -e f. `fear, terror; hostile pursuit, persecution, active enmity'
Old High German: āhta (um 1000) `(durch Rechtsspruch angeordnet) verfolgung, Friedlosigkeit'
Middle High German: āhte, ǟhte st. f. 'verfolgung, acht'
German: Acht f. (опала, изгнание)
Proto-Germanic: *ánxulō
Meaning: belt
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ōl f., āl f. `Riemen, Band'
Old Swedish: öl `Riemen'
Danish: ɔl `Weidenhaspe'
Old English: ōl-ɵwang, -es m. `strap'
Proto-Germanic: *ánxul=; *ang=
Meaning: pointed end
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: { āla }
Old Norse: ōl-l, āl-l m. `Sprössling, Keimblatt, Keim'
Norwegian: dial. ange Keim, Spitze
Swedish: dial. ɔl
Proto-Germanic: *apla-z, -n, *apli-z, *aplu-z m., *apalja-n; *apVldri-z, -ōn
Meaning: apple
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: CrimGot apel `pomum'
Old Norse: epli n. `Apfel', apald-r m. `Apfelbaum'; apal-grār `apfelgrau'
Norwegian: eple; apall
Old Swedish: apald, apuld
Swedish: äpple `Apfel'; apel `Apfelbaum'
Danish: äble; abild
Old English: äppel (äpl, appel, apl, eapl), -es, pl. äpplas m., pl. äppla n. `apple', apulder (-or), -es f., apuldre (-der ?), -es m. `apfel', apuldre, -an f. `apple-tree', { äppuldre }
Old Frisian: appel `oogappel'
East Frisian: Fris apel `appel'
Old Saxon: appul, apl; apeldere
Middle Dutch: appel, apel `Apfel'
Dutch: appel m.
Middle Low German: appel `Apfel'
Old High German: aphul (9.Jh.), apful, afful `Apfel', apfoltra, affoltra `Apfelbaum'
Middle High German: apfel, ɛpfel, öpfel st. m. 'apfel; augapfel', apfalter, affalter, affolter st./wk. f. `Apfelbaum'
German: Apfel
Proto-Germanic: *arba-n, *arba-z, *arbia-n, *arbiēn, *arbōn; *arbna- (> *abma-), *urba-n; *arbējidi-z (< *arbēn- vb.)
Meaning: heir, inheritance, work
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: arbi n. (ja) `inheritance'; arbja m. (n) `heir'; arbjō f. (n) `heiress'; *ga-arbja m. (n) `coheir'; arbaiɵ-s f. (i) `work', *arbaidjan wk. `work'
Old Norse: arf-r m. `das Erbe'; arf-r, arfuni m. `Ochs', arfi m. `der Erbe' (Run. Norw. arßijano), { arfa `die Erbin' }, erfi n. `Leichenfeier, Erbe' (Run. Norw. arbija); erfiδi n. `Mühe, Arbeit'; aum-r `arm, elend'; eyma wk. `elend machen; jammern'
Norwegian: arv `das Erbe'; erve
Old Swedish: arver `das Erbe'; arve `der Erbe'; ɔrve; ömber adj.; öma `Mitleid fühlen'
Swedish: aarv `das Erbe'; orf `Erbe an fahrender Habe'; öm adj.; ömma `schmerzen'
Danish: arv `das Erbe'; arve `der Erbe'; arm adj.; öm `empfindlich, zärtlich'; ömme sig `jammern'
Old English: { ierfa m. }; irfe (ierfe, yrfe), -es n. `inheritance, property', irfan (-de) `to inherit'; orf, -es n. `cattle, live stock' , in-orf, -es n. `household goods', earfoɵ, -es n., earfeɵe, -es n. `hardship, labour, difficulty, trouble, suffering, woe', { arf `Vieh, Hornvieh }
Old Frisian: arbeid, arbed n.; erve; erva `erfgenaam'
Old Saxon: arbed, arbid f., arbedi, arbidi, arbithi n.; ervi
Middle Dutch: arbeit m., f. `arbeid, inspanning, moeite, leed, baringsnood'; erve n., f. `erfenis, erfgoed, erf'; erve m. `erfgenaam'
Dutch: arbeid m.; erf n.
Old Franconian: arbeit m., f., arvith n. `werk, leed'; ervi
Middle Low German: erve, arve n.; erve m.; arbēt m., n., f.
Old High German: arbi; erbi n. (9.Jh.) ``Hinterlassenschaft, Vererbung, Erbschaft', { arpeo }, erbo m. (8.Jh.) `der Erbe', arbeit f., arbeiti n. `Mühsal, Plage, Anstrengung, Ertrag der Arbeit' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: ɛrbe st. f., n. 'erbe; grundeigentum; vererbung, erbschaft'; ɛrbe wk. m. 'nachkomme, erbe'; ar(e)beit, er(e)beit st. f., n. (/ m.) 'arbeit; mühe, mühsal'
German: Erbe n.; Erbe m.; Arbeit f.
Proto-Germanic: *arbō(n)
Meaning: a tree
IE etymology: IE etymology
German: { Arbe, Arfe `Pinus cembra' }
Proto-Germanic: *ar[d]uga-
Meaning: high, firm
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔrδug-r, ɔrδig-r `hoch, steil'
Proto-Germanic: *ard[u]-z
Meaning: nature, fate
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ein-arδ-r `aufrichtig, freimütig', ein-ɔrδ f. `Zuverlässigkeit'
Old English: eard `Lage; Schicksal'
Middle High German: art st. m., f. 'herkunft, abkunft'
German: { Art und Weise }
Proto-Germanic: *arēn, *arnu-z, *arni-z, *arna-z
Meaning: eagle
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *ara m. (n) `eagle'
Old Norse: ari m. `Adler', ɔrn m. `id.'
Norwegian: rnare; ö
Old Swedish: ari
Swedish: örn
Danish: örn
Old English: earn, -es m. `eagle'
East Frisian: Fris earn
Old Saxon: { aro }; arn
Middle Dutch: arent, aren, a(e)rn
Dutch: arand m.
Middle Low German: ārn(e), ār(e)nt
Old High German: aro m., arn m. (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: ar wk. m. 'adler', arn st. m. 'ds.'; adelar, adlar, adler wk. m. 'adler'
German: Aar m.; Adler
Proto-Germanic: *arga-, *argi-
Meaning: weak, timid
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: { aragan `traag' }
Old Norse: arg-r `feige, unmänlich; unsittlich', rag-r `feig; weiblich'
Norwegian: arg
Old Swedish: argher, ragher
Swedish: arg `böse'
Danish: arg `böse'
Old English: earg (earh) `inert, weak, timid, cowardly; evil, wretched, vile'
Old Frisian: erg `slecht, kwad, erg'
Middle Dutch: arch, erch `kwaad, waardeloos'
Dutch: erg
Middle Low German: arch, arich `slecht'; arch `Böses, Unheil, Bosheit, Schaden'
Old High German: arg `(moralisch) verderbt, sclecht, böse; feige, unzüchtig, geizig' (8.Jh.); arg n. `das (moralisch) Schlechte, Böse, Verworfenheit, Schlechtigheit' (8.Jh.); Langob arga `nichtswürdiger Faulenzer' (Paul. Diac.)
Middle High German: arc `arg, nichtswürdig, schlechtböse'; arc (-g-) st. n. 'böses, übel'
German: arg; Arg n.
Proto-Germanic: *arjan- vb., *arɵō, *árɵl=, etc.
Meaning: plow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: arjan irreg. st. `plow'
Old Norse: erja wk. `pflügen'; arδ-r m. `Pflug, Hakenpflug'; ɔrδ `Ertrag, Ernte, Saat'
Norwegian: ard
Old Swedish: arɵer
Swedish: dial. ärja vb.; ɔrder `Holzpflug'
Old English: erian (erigan, erigean) (-ede; -ed) `to plough, ear'; { eard; earɵ, yrɵ `das Pflügen, Bodenarbeitung, Ernte'; eardian }
English: ear
Old Saxon: erian; ard `Wohnplatz'; ardon
Middle Dutch: aert `Ackerbau'; ēren vb.
Middle Low German: ārt `Ackerbau'; ēren vb.
Old High German: erien, erren (um 800) `pflügen'; art `das Pflügen, Ackerbau' (12.Jh.); artōn `den Boden bearbeiten, pflügen, wohnen' (um 800)
Middle High German: ɛrn, ɛren, ɛrren wk./red. (ptc. gearn, garn) 'pflügen, ackern'; arl st. f. `kleiner pflug, pflugmesser'; art st. m., f. 'ackerbau sowie dessen ertragnis, land'
German: Arl, Arling `Pflug'
Proto-Germanic: *arma-
Meaning: poor
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: arm-s (a) `pitiable, poor'arm-r `arm'
Old Norse: arm
Old Swedish: armber adj.
Swedish: arm adj.
Old English: earm (ärm, arm) `poor, miserable, helpless, pitiful, wretchad'
Old Frisian: erm adj.
Old Saxon: arm
Middle Dutch: arm, aerm, arem
Dutch: arm
Middle Low German: arm
Old High German: arm (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: arm, arn 'arm, besitzlos, dürftig mi; ärmlich, armselig, elend; von geringen stande, leibeigen'
German: arm
Proto-Germanic: *armi-z, *arma-z
Meaning: arm
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: arm-s m. (i) `arm'
Old Norse: arm-r m. `Arm'
Old Swedish: armber
Swedish: arm
Danish: arm
Old English: earm, -es m. `arm, the limb extending from the shoulder to the hand; foreleg of an animal; anything projecting from a main body, as inlet of the sea or ocean'
English: arm
Old Frisian: erm
Old Saxon: arm
Middle Dutch: arm, aerm, arem
Dutch: arm m.
Old Franconian: arm
Middle Low German: arm
Old High German: ar(a)m (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: arm, arn st. m. 'arm (von menschen u. tieren); ranken, zweige; wasserarm; meerbusen, -enge'
German: Arm m.
Proto-Germanic: *arnēn-, *arnōn- vb.
Meaning: earn, merit
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: earnian (-ode/-ade/-ede; -od/-ad) tr. `to earn, merit, deserve, get, attain, labour for'
English: earn
Old High German: arnōn, -ēn `erwerben, verdienen, ernten'
Middle High German: arnen wk. 'ernten, einernten, verdienen; entgelten, büssen für; entgelten lassen, strafen'
Proto-Germanic: *ársa-z
Meaning: buttocks, arse
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ars, ras-s m. `Arsch, After''
Norwegian: rass
Old Swedish: ars
Danish: ars
Old English: ears (ärs), -es m. `breech, buttocks, hind part'
English: arse
Old Frisian: ers
Old Saxon: ars
Middle Dutch: ers, aers , eers, ars
Dutch: aars m., naars m.
Middle Low German: ārs, ēres
Old High German: ars (um 1000)
Middle High German: ars st. m. 'arsch'
German: Arsch m.
Proto-Germanic: *artian- vb.
Meaning: tease, excite
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: erta wk. `aufreizen, necken'
Norwegian: erta `reizen'
Swedish: ärta `necken'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-mlg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-odan,germet-oengl,germet-osax,germet-ohg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-oswed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-eastfris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-oengl,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-eastfris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,
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