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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *ina-, *jina-, *jaina-
Meaning: pron. dem.
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: jains
Old Norse: inn, -inn
Old English: geon
English: dial., arch. yon
Middle Dutch: gēne, gōne, guene, geune
Dutch: gene
Middle Low German: jēne
Old High German: jenēr, genēr (9.Jh.), enēr (um 1000)
Middle High German: jener, ener
German: jener
Proto-Germanic: *inkēn; *inka- adj.
Meaning: ache, regret
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ekki m. `Schmerz, Kummer'
Norwegian: ekkje `Mangel, Schade'
Old English: inca, -an m. `doubt, question, cause of complaint, offence, ill-will, fear'
English: inkle
Old Frisian: jinc `erzürnt'
Proto-Germanic: *inkwa-z; *inkwan- vb.; *ankw=
Meaning: swelling
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ökkvin-n `geschwollen', ökkva-st wk. `zusammenballen'; NIsl ökk-ur `Geschwulst'. ökkvi `Knoten durch Entzündung'
Swedish: dial. ink `Blutgescwhür (bei Pferden)'
Danish: -iunc `Hügel' (in ON)
Old High German: { ancweis `Pusteln' }
Proto-Germanic: *inō, *inilō, *fir-inō
Meaning: sin, evil
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *inilō f. (n) `excuse, opportunity'; fɛr-ina f. (ō) `fault, reproach'
Old Norse: firn n. `etwas Aussertordentliches; Frevel, Wunder'; firin- `sehr böse'
Old English: firen; firenian; firin-weorc `Gewalttat, Verbrechen'
Old Frisian: firne, ferne
Old Saxon: firina `Verbrechen'; firin-werc `Gewalttat, Verbrechen'
Old High German: fir-inōn `sündigen'; firina `Verbrechen'
Proto-Germanic: *instra-z, *instrōn; *ai(n)stōn
Meaning: intestines
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: īstr m., īstra f. `Fetthülle der Eingeweide'; eista f. `Hode'
Norwegian: istra; eista
Swedish: ister
Danish: ister
Middle Low German: inster, inser `Eingeweide des Schlachtsviehes'
Low German: inser `animal's inner edible body part'
Proto-Germanic: *inɵVra-n, *inɵVrō
Meaning: intestines
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: pl. iδr, innr n., iδrar f. `Eingeweide'
Norwegian: inder
Old Swedish: pl. idhrar
Danish: dial. inder
Proto-Germanic: *irkna-
Meaning: holly, precious
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: un-ɛrkn-s `unholly'; ɛrkniɵa f. (ō) `genuiness'
Old English: eorcnan-stān (eorcan-, eorclan-, earcnan-) m. `precious stone, pearl, topaz'
Old High German: { erchan `recht, echt' }
Proto-Germanic: *irpa-
Meaning: dark
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: jarp-r `dunkelbraun'
Old English: eorp, earp `dunkelfärbig'
Old High German: { erpf `dunkelfärbig' }
Proto-Germanic: *irp=, *rip=
Meaning: hazel-hen
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: jarpi m. `Haselhuhn'
Norwegian: jarpe, jerpe
Swedish: järpe, hjärpe
Middle Dutch: erpel `Enterich'
Dutch: zuidnl. erpel m. `woerd'
Middle Low German: erpel `Enterich'
Old High German: rep-huon (9.Jh.) `Rebhuhn'
Middle High German: rëphuon st. n. 'rebhuhn'
German: Rebhuhn
Proto-Germanic: *írɵō(n), *árɵō
Meaning: earth
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ɛrɵa f. (ō) `earth'
Old Norse: jɔrδ f. `Erde'
Norwegian: jord
Old Swedish: run. i Aruɵu
Swedish: jord
Danish: jord
Old English: eorɵe, -an f.; eorɵ, -e f. `earth (in opposition to the sea), ground, soil; eart, terrestrial globe'
English: earth
Old Frisian: irthe, erthe, erde
Old Saxon: ertha
Middle Dutch: aerde, eerde
Dutch: aarde f.
Old Franconian: ertha
Middle Low German: ērde
Old High German: erda f. (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: ërde st./wk. f. 'bebautes und bewohntes land; festland, erd-, fussboden; erde als wohnstatt der menschen; erde als stoff'
German: Erde f.
Proto-Germanic: *irwēn, -ōn
Meaning: sand, earth
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: jɔrfi m. `Sand, Sandhügel'
Norwegian: jerve, jörve m., jörva f. `Sandwall, steiniger Boden'
Swedish: ON Järva
Old High German: ero m. `Erde' (9.Jh.)
Proto-Germanic: *irziá-, *írsian- vb.
Meaning: anger, angry
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *ɛrzī-s (ja) `in error', *ɛrzī f. (n) `heresy'
Old English: eorre, -es, { ierre } n. `anger, wrath', eorre (ierre) `angry, enraged, fierced', yrsean (eorsian) `to make angry'
Old Frisian: irre `angry, embittered'
Old Saxon: irri `zornig'; irrean wk `conduse'
Middle Low German: erre
Old High German: irri `umherschweifend, verirrt, unwissend, zügellos' (9.Jh.); irran wk `confuse', irrōn wk. `be confused'
Middle High German: irre, ërre 'vom rechten wege abgekommen, verirrt; erzürnt, aufgebracht, ungestüm, herbe'; irren, md. ërren wk. tr. 'in verwirrung bringen, stören, hindern', intr. 'ungewis sein, irren, in der irre umherlaufen'
German: irr(e)
Proto-Germanic: *is-
Meaning: be
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: 1 sg. im, 2 sg. is, 3 sg ist
Old Norse: em, est, es
Old Swedish: äm, äst, is
Old English: eom (eam, am), eart (earɵ, art, arɵ), is (ys), pl. sind (synd, sint, synt, sient)/earon (earun, earan, aron)
English: am, art, is; are
Old Saxon: is(t)
Middle Dutch: is, sī
Dutch: is
Old High German: ist, sind
Middle High German: ist, sint
German: ist, sind
Proto-Germanic: *itan-, *ēta-z, -n, *ētēn, *ētiēn, *ētō; *ēssa-n; *atjan- vb.
Meaning: eat
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: itan st. `eat'; uz-ēta m. (n) `crib', af-ētja m. (n) `glutton'
Old Norse: eta st. `essen'; āt n. `Speise, Fressen'; etja wk. `ätzen, essen lassen'
Norwegian: eta; ɔt; dial. ättja `Vieh weiden'
Swedish: äta; dial. ǝt
Danish: äde
Old English: etan (ät, ǟton; eten) `eat, consume, devour'; ǟt, -es m., ǟt, -e f. `food; eating'
English: eat
Old Frisian: eta, ita
Old Saxon: etan essen'; āt n. `Speise'; angul-ās
Middle Dutch: ēten; aes; aet
Dutch: eten; aas n.
Middle Low German: ās; eten; āt
Old High German: eʒʒan `essen' (8.Jh.); āʒ n. `Speise' (9.Jh.); ās (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: ëʒʒen st. 'essen'; atz, atze st. m. 'speise, beköstigung; futter, gras'; āʒ st. n. 'speise für menschen und tiere'
German: essen; Aas n.; ätzen
Proto-Germanic: *iudura-n, -ēn, *ūdira-n
Meaning: udder
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: jūgr, jūr n. `Euter'
Norwegian: jur, dial. juver
Swedish: juver
Danish: üver
Old English: ūder `udder, breast'
English: udder
Old Frisian: jāder; ūder
Old Saxon: geder (Oxf. Vergilgl.); ūder m.
Middle Dutch: ūder; vyeren `van een teef', (Kiliaen) (h)uyder, uder, wre, wr, ore, euder, eur, neur
Dutch: pl. uier m.; dial. jadder, jaar, jieder, judder, juur; ujer, uder, udder, uur; oostnl. gier, geer, gedder, gidder
Middle Low German: ūder; jēder, jeier, gedder; nur, nür
Old High German: { ūtar, ūtaro }; ūtir, ūtiro m. (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: ūter, iuter st. m., n. 'euter'
German: Euter n.
Proto-Germanic: *iulēn; *aul=; *ulēn
Meaning: hollow stalk
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: { hvann-jōli m. `Stengel der Engelwurz (A. archangelica)' }, NIsl heim-ula `Rumex domesticus';
Norwegian: aul, aule `hohler Pflanzenstengel'
Proto-Germanic: *ium-jan- n., *(w)ium-jan- vb, etc.
Meaning: crowd; teem
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: { iumjōns n. pl. 'Menge' }
Dutch: wemelen
Old High German: wium(m)en (9.Jh.), wimmen (10.Jh.) 'hervorsprudeln, -quellen (von Flüssigkeiten), voll sein, sich lebhaft bewegen'; wimidōn (10.Jh.), wiumidōn, wimezzen, wamezzen (11.Jh.)'hervorsprudeln, voll sein, wimmeln'
Middle High German: wimelen wk.; md. wimmen wk. 'sich durcheinander hin und her bewegen'
German: wimmeln
Proto-Germanic: *íus=, *wísu-
Meaning: good
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: comp. iusiza `better'; ? iusila f. (ō) `ease'
Old High German: Wisu-rīh, Wisi-mār
Proto-Germanic: *íxwa-z, *i(g)wá-z
Meaning: horse
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *ɛhʷa-tundi f. (jō) `bramble, prickly bush: ? plum, Prunus spinosa'
Old Norse: jō-r m. `Pferd'; Run ehwu, ehe
Old English: eoh, gen. eohes/eoes/ēos m. `war-horse, charger'; eōred (-rod) f.`cavalry, band, legion, troop'
Old Saxon: ehu-skalk `Rossknecht'
Old High German: eha- in PN
Proto-Germanic: *ī(g)wá-z/*ī́xwa-z, *ī(g)wṓ/*ī́xwō, *ī(g)wV́n
Meaning: yew
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ǖ-r m. `Eibe; Bogen (poet.)'
Swedish: üd, üde-trä
Old English: īw (ēow) m. `yew'; ī(o)h, ēoh m. `id.'
Old Saxon: īch, īh
Middle Dutch: ijf, Kil. ieven-boom, ijf-boom
Dutch: ijf m. `Taxus'
Middle Low German: īwe
Old High German: īwa f. (9.Jh.), eiba f. (Hs. 14.Jh.); īgo m. (10.Jh.), īga f.
Middle High German: īwe, ībe st. f. 'eibe; bogen aus eibenholz'
German: Eibe f., schweiz. īche
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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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