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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *ala-, *alla-; *ull=
Meaning: all
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: all-s (a) `all'; ala-man-s m. (cons) `totality of human beings'
Old Norse: all-r `all, jeder'; ɔl-vǟr-r `freudlich'
Norwegian: all
Old Swedish: alder, OGutn aldr
Swedish: all
Danish: al
Old English: eal (eall, all) adj. `all'; { eal-wǟre `zuverlässig' }
English: all
Old Frisian: al
Old Saxon: al; ala-hwīt `ganz weiss'
Middle Dutch: al (all-), OFlam olla; ale-waer, ale-machtich
Dutch: al
Old Franconian: al
Middle Low German: al
Old High German: al `all' (8.Jh.); ala-wāri `freundlich, wohlwollend' (10.Jh.)
Middle High German: al (-ll-) adj. 'all, ganz, jeder'; aleine, -ein adv., conj. 'allein; obgleich, obschon'
German: all; albern
Proto-Germanic: *alan- vb., *aldí-z, *aldṓ, *aldá-, *aldrá-z, comp. *álɵiza-, *alidja-n, *aldian- vb. etc.
Meaning: grow, breed; old
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *alan st. `grow'; *ald-s f. (i) `generation, age'; CrimGot alt adj. `senex'; *aldōmō m. ~ n. (n) `old age'; alɵī-s (ja) `old'; ptc. *us-alɵan-s `sinile', *fram-aldr-s (a) `aged'
Old Norse: ala st. `hervorbringen, zeugen, züchten, nähren'; ɔld f. `Lebenzzeit, Zeitalter', pl. `Menschen'; aldr, gen. aldr-s m. `Alter, Leben, Zeit', ptc. aldin-n `gealtert'; aldin n., aldin-n m. `Baumfrucht'; eldi n. `Nährung, Kind'; comp. ellri; elda wk. `alt machen'
Norwegian: ala vb.; dial. old sbs.; alder sbs.; comp. eldre; elde `Züchtung, Brut'; elda vb.
Old Swedish: ala vb.; alda `fruchttragende Eiche'; aldin, aldon, aallan `Eichel'
Swedish: comp. äldre; ɔlder sbs.; ɔllon `Eichel'
Old Danish: alä vb.; olden `Frucht der Buche oder der Eiche'; comp. äldre; älde-s vb.
Danish: old sbs.; older sbs.
Old English: alan (ōl, ōlon; alen) `to nourish, grow, produce; to appesr', ild, -e f. `age, period of time; age, time of life, years; mature or old age, eld', pl. `age, old people, chief people', ealdor (aldor), -es n. `life; age'; { eald }; { ieldan }
English: eld, old
Old Saxon: ald; pl. eldi `Menschen'; aldar `Greisen-, Lebensalter'
Middle Dutch: out
Dutch: oud
Middle Low German: ōlt; elden `warten, zögern'
Old High German: alt (8.Jh.); altar `Greisenalter, Lebensalter'; elten `alt werden, verzögern'
Middle High German: alt 'alt (im gegensatz von jung)'
German: alt
Proto-Germanic: *alan- (~ *alōn-) vb.
Meaning: flame
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: dial. ala 'lodern'
Proto-Germanic: *alba-z, *albi-z
Meaning: elf
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: alf-r m. `Albe, Elf'
Norwegian: alv
Old Swedish: älf `Albe, Elf'
Old Danish: elv `Albe, Elf'
Old English: älf, -es m., ilf, -e f. `elf'
English: elf
Old Saxon: alf
Middle Dutch: alf m. `boze geest, die de mensen zoekt te bedriegen'
Dutch: alf m.
Middle Low German: alf `Mare, Alp'
Old High German: alb (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: alp (-b-) st. m., n. 'gespenstisches wesen, gehilfe des teufels; alp, das alpdrücken'; md. alf 'tor, narr'
German: Alb m.
Proto-Germanic: *alb=, *alft=
Meaning: something white
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: dial. alf `alkhaltiges Sand unter der Fruchterde'
Old Saxon: 58
Dutch: { alft, elft `Weissfisch' }; alver (visnaam)
Low German: alf, albe `Weissfisch'
Middle High German: albel `Weissfisch' st. m. 'weissfisch'; alber st. m. 'pappelbaum'
German: { Albe `Weissfisch'; dial. Alben `alkhaltiges Sand unter der Fruchterde' }
Proto-Germanic: *albut, *albuti-z, *albiti-z f., *albitjōn, *albitō
Meaning: swan
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔlpt f. `Schwan'; elpt-r f. `id.'
Old English: { älbitu }, ilfetu, -e f., ilfette, -an f. `swan'
Old High German: { albiʒ, elbiʒ }
Middle High German: ɛlbiʒ, albiʒ st. m. 'schwan'
Proto-Germanic: *aldōn, *uldō(n); *ald[u]ɵ=
Meaning: trough
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: alda f. `Talsohle, durch welche ein Bach fliesst'
Norwegian: alda; dial. olda f. Trog
Swedish: dial. ɔlla `längliche Vertiefung'
Old Danish: aldä; ɔlde, olde `Gefäss, Trog'
Old English: ealdoɵ (?) `trough ?, channel ?: aldaht, aldot `alviolum' Txts. 39, 124
German: bair. alden `Furche, Vertiefung im Ackerfelde'
Proto-Germanic: *algí-z m., *ílxa-z, *ílxēn
Meaning: elk
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: elg-r m. `Elch (Cervus alces)'
Norwegian: elg
Swedish: älg
Danish: elg
Old English: eolh, gen. eoles m., eōla (elha), -an m. `elk'
English: elk
Old Saxon: elaho
Middle Low German: elk
Old High German: elahho (9.Jh.), { elho } `Elch, Elentier'
Middle High German: ëlch, ëlhe st./wk. f. 'elch'
German: Elch
Proto-Germanic: *algja-z
Meaning: snowstorm
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: elgjar (in der Kenning alɵjōd elgjar galga (Egill. lv. 15) gen.: `von Schnee' ?; NIsl elgur m. `Schneestöber, das von einer Seute herlange fortdauert und von starkem Frost begleitet ist, halbgeschmolzener Schnee, deep pools of half-melted ice'
Proto-Germanic: *algōn- vb.
Meaning: defend
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: ealgian (algian) (-ode; -od) `to defend'
Proto-Germanic: *ali-z, *aljō, *alinō, *alīnō
Meaning: ell, ellbow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: alīna f. (ō) `ell (distance from bogen to finger tips)'
Old Norse: alin f. `Elle'; ɔln f. `Unterarm, Elle', tvī-eln `zwei Ellen breit'
Norwegian: aln
Swedish: aln
Danish: alen
Old English: eln, -e f. `ell (measure of length - the space from the point of the elbow to the of the middle finger, 18 inches; the ell in A. Sax. - smth. about 24 inches or 2 feet)
English: ell, elbow
Old Frisian: ielne
Old Saxon: elina `Unterarm'
Middle Dutch: elle, elne
Dutch: el f., elleboog m.
Middle Low German: ēle
Old High German: elina (8.Jh.) `Unterarm'
Middle High German: ɛlne, ɛln, ɛlline, ɛllen st. f., ɛle, ɛlle wk./st. f. 'Elle'
German: Elle f.
Proto-Germanic: *alizṓ, *alísō, *aliza-n, *alizja-z, -n; *aluza-z, *aluzja-z, *aluzjō; *ilustria-n, *ilustrō
Meaning: alder-tree
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: [ōri-r m. `Erle']; elri n., elri-r m., alri, ɔl-r m. `Erle', jɔlstr f. `Lorbeerweide'; ilstri n. `id.'
Norwegian: ōr, dial. ore, ɔre, ära, ere, öre, üre, ordre; ilster
Swedish: dial. orr, arre, arder; jolster, dial. jalstr, juster, alster; ilster, hilster `Salix cinerea'
Danish: or; elle(-trä) `Erle'
Old English: alor (aler, alr), -es m. `alder-tree'
English: alder
Old Frisian: ielren adj.
Old Saxon: elis `Erle'
Middle Dutch: else
Dutch: els `Alnus glutinosa', δɨäɫ. ɛɫɫɛʁ
Middle Low German: alre, elre, eller; else `Erle'
Old High German: elira (9.Jh.), erila (10.Jh.) `Erle'
Middle High German: { erle `Erle' }
German: Erle f.; nordd. Eller, dial. hilster, halster `Weide, Salix pentandra'
Comments: EastGerm > Span aliso Erle, Fr alize Elsbeere
Proto-Germanic: *alja-, *aljis-
Meaning: other
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *alji-s (ja) `other'; alja-
Old Norse: Run. Norw alja-markiR m. `der Mann aus einem andern Land, Fremdling'; elliga(r) adv. `sonst'; ella, ellar adv. `anderfalls, sonst'
Norwegian: elles(t) adv.
Old Swedish: ällighär, ällighis adv.
Swedish: eljes(t) adv.; eller adv.
Old Danish: ällär, ällä, älläs adv.
Old English: elles `anders'; ellende `vreemd land'; ellicor, elcor `sonst'
English: else
Old Frisian: ili-lend, ellend, elend `vreemd land'
Old Saxon: elilendi adj.; elilende sbs.
Middle Dutch: ellende `vreemd land, ballingschap'
Dutch: ellende f.
Old Franconian: ele-lendi `ballingschap'
Middle Low German: elende adj., sbs.
Old High German: eli-lenti adj. 'aus der Fremde kommend, nicht einheimisch' (8.Jh.), seit dem 11.Jh. auch 'bedürftig, unglücklich, jammervoll'; elilenti (9.Jh.) 'Fremde, Au fenthalt in der Fremde (im anderen Land), Heimatlosigkeit, Verbannung' (9.Jh.), 'leidvolles Dasein' (um 1000); { Eli-saʒʒo; elichōr `ferner' }
Middle High German: ɛllende, md. ɛn(e)lende 'anderes land, ausland, fremde; leben in der fremde, verbannung', ɛllende adj. 'der in oder aus einem fremden lande, fremd oder in der fremde ist, verbannt'
German: elend, Elend
Proto-Germanic: *aljana-n, -z; *aljanōn- vb.; *aliska-
Meaning: strength, power
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: aljan n. (a) `zeal', aljanōn wk. `strave for'
Old Norse: eljan, eljun n. `Mut, Kraft'; elna wk. `stärker werden, wachsen'; elsk-r `verliebt', elska wk. `lieben'
Norwegian: elna vb.; elska vb.
Swedish: älska vb.
Danish: elske vb.
Old English: ellen, gen. elnes m., n. `strength, power, vigour, valour, courage, fortitude'
Old Saxon: ellian, ellen
Old High German: ellian, ellen
Middle High German: ɛllen, ɛllent (-d-) st. n. 'kampfeifer, mut, tapferkeit'
Proto-Germanic: *alōn, *alúnɵa-z, *alánɵa-z
Meaning: a fish
Old Norse: ɔlun-n m. `Fischart, Makrelle'; NIsl ala `Forelle'
Old Saxon: alund `Weissfisch (Aualius cephalus od. S. leuciscus)'
Old High German: alant, alunt `Leuciscus idus'
Middle High German: alant st. m., f. 'ein fisch'
Proto-Germanic: *altian- vb.
Meaning: drive, press
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: elta wk. `treiben, jagen; kneten'
Norwegian: elta
Swedish: älta
Danish: älte
Proto-Germanic: *alúnɵa-z, *alunda-z
Meaning: a fish
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔlun-n m. `Makrele'
Old Saxon: alund `Weissfisch (Squalius cephalus ~ Leuciscus)'
Old High German: alant, alunt `Leuciscus idus'
Middle High German: alant st. m., f. 'ein fisch'
Proto-Germanic: *alúɵ; *alwa-; *alúɵra-n
Meaning: ale, beer
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔl n. `Bier, Trinkgelage'; ɔl-r `betrunken'; ɔldr n. `Rauschtrank; Trinkgelage'
Swedish: öl
Danish: öl
Old English: ealu (ealo, -a), gen. ealoɵ (-aɵ, -eɵ) / alɵes, dat. ealoɵ (-aɵ, -eɵ) n. `ale; an intoxicating drink'
English: ale
Old Saxon: alo-fat `biervat'
Middle Dutch: ale, ael n. `Bier'
Middle High German: { al-schaf Trinkgefäss }
Proto-Germanic: *álx(i)ō, *ilg=́
Meaning: a bird
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: NIsl hāv-ella `Fuligula glacialis'
Norwegian: dial. hav-al, -ella `Fuligula glacialis', iwiss-elg, birch-ilge
Swedish: dial. ala, alla, alle, all, ala, al `Fuligula glacialis (глупыш)' (> Fin allo)
German: schweiz. wiss-elg, birch-ilge
Proto-Germanic: *alx-s
Meaning: temple
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: alh-s f. (cons) `temple'
Old Norse: Run. alh `Amulet'
Old English: alh (ealh, alhn), -es `a sheltering-placee, temple, fane'; cf. hearh (hearch, herh), -es m., pl. hearge f. `temple, idol'
Old Saxon: alah `Tempel'
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