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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *drakjan-
Meaning: torment
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: drecca `reizen, quälen, plagen'
Proto-Germanic: *drauga-z
Meaning: tree
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: draug-r m. `Baum, Baumstamm' (poet., in Umschreibungen für `Mann')
Proto-Germanic: *drauga-z, *gi-druxti-; *drauma-z
Meaning: ghost; deceive, dream
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: draug-r `Gespenst, Wiedergänger', draum-r `Traum'
Norwegian: dial. draug; draum
Swedish: dröm
Old Danish: drog `Gespenst'
Danish: dröm
Old English: drēag `larva mortui'; drēam `Freude, Jubel, Gesang'
Middle English: drēm
English: dream (Bed. < NG)
Old Saxon: driogan `betrügen'; gidrog 'Trugbild'; drōm `Traum'
Middle Dutch: gedroch `Trugbild'; droom; drieghen st. v.
Dutch: droom m.
Middle Low German: drēgen '(be)trügen, (sich) täuschen, sich verlassen auf'; drōm
Old High German: triogan `(be)trügen, täuschen' (8.Jh.); gitrog 'Trugbild, Gespenst' (9.Jh.) { n. `Betrug, teufliches Blendwerk'}; troum (9.Jh.) `Traum'
Middle High German: triegen st. '(be)trügen, täuschen', refl. 'sich täuschen, sich irren'; troum st. m. 'traum'
German: trügen, Traum m.
Proto-Germanic: *drēkō(n); *drak=
Meaning: stripe
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: drāk f., drāka f. `Streifen'
Norwegian: drɔk `Streifen'
Swedish: dial. drakig `gestreift'
Old Danish: draget `gestreift'
Proto-Germanic: *drēna-z, -ēn, *drinēn, *drunēn
Meaning: an insect
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: drönare, dial. drönje
Old Danish: drene
Danish: drone
Old English: { drǟn, drān f. }
English: drone
Old Saxon: drān m., drāna f. `(Arbeits)biene, Drohne'
Middle Dutch: dorne f.? `broedbij, hommel'
Dutch: dar m. `mannetjebij'
Middle Low German: dorne m. `hommel', drāne, drone m. `Drohne, Taugenichts'
Old High German: trēno m. (9.Jh.) `Brutbiene, Drohne, Hummel'
Middle High German: trɛn, trien wk. m. 'brutbiene, drohne; hummel'
German: [ Drohne f. < LG ]
Proto-Germanic: *drēɵēn, -ō(n), [ *trōt= ]
Meaning: besom, fringe
IE etymology: IE etymology
Dutch: troetel m. `kwast, sabelkwast'
Old High German: trādo m., trāda f. `Faden, Franse, Saum, Quaste' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: EaHG tradel (15.Jh.), traddel (16.Jh.), obd. trodel 'Quaste; Zusammengedrehtes, Verfitztes'
German: Troddel f.
Proto-Germanic: *driugan- vb.; *druxti-z; *druxsti-
Meaning: guard, army
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *driugan st. `wage, carry', ga-drɔht-s m. (i) `soldier'; drauhti-witōɵ `campaign'
Old Norse: drōtt f. `Kriegsschar; Gefolge'; drǖgja wk. `ausführen, ausrichten, aushalten'
Norwegian: drügja vb.
Swedish: dröja vb., dial. drüga ut vb.
Danish: dröje `zögern'
Old English: drēogan `sich anstrengen, aushalten', gedrēag `Schar'; dryht `Gefolge'
Old Frisian: dracht, drecht `Volk, Schar'; drusta `landdrost'
Old Saxon: druht-golk `Heer'
Dutch: drossaard m., oostnl. drost
Middle Low German: drosete, droste, druste `landdrost, hofmaarschalk'
Old High German: { truht `Trupp, Schar', truhsaʒʒo `hofmaarschalk'; trust `Kriegerschar' }
Middle High German: truht, druht st. f. trupp, schar, haufe, volksmenge, kriegerschar'; trüster, drüster st. n. 'haufe, schar; monstrum'
German: { Truchsess }
Proto-Germanic: *drītan- vb., *draitian- vb., *dritō, -ēn
Meaning: shit
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: drīta wk. `cacare'; dreita wk. `zum Scheissen nötigen'
Norwegian: drita vb.
Swedish: dial. drita
Danish: drite, dritte vb.
Old English: drītan
Middle English: dirt
English: dirt
Old Frisian: drīta vb.
Middle Dutch: drīten `zijn gevoeg doen'; dreet, drēte m. `wind, scheet'
Dutch: drijten; dreet f., fläm. drits, trets
Middle Low German: drīten; drēt
Low German: drīten; wfäl. driǝt `Schiss'
Old High German: trīʒan
German: { ndrhein. drīʒen }
Proto-Germanic: *drūska-; *driusan- vb.; *drausian- / *drauzian- vb.; *drausnō; *drauzḗn
Meaning: fall, throw
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *driusan st. `fall'; af-drausjan wk. `throw down'; *driusō f. (n) `cliff'; *us-drust-s f. (i) `rough road'; pl. drauhsnōs f. (ō) `fragments, crumbs'
Old Norse: dreyri m. `strömendes Blut'; dreyra wk. `bluten'
Norwegian: dial. drjosa `fallen', drüsia `herabrieseln'
Old English: drēosan `fallen'; drēor `Blut'
Old Saxon: driosan `fallen'; drōr `tropfende Flüssigkeit'
Middle Dutch: druusc, ghedruusc `gedruis, geraas, vaart', druust `vaart, snelheid, kracht'
Dutch: druisen, dial. druistig `onbesuisd'
Low German: drusen, drusken `met geraas vallen'
Old High German: { trōren `tröpfeln, triefen m., abwerfen'; trōr `tropfende Flüssigkeit' }
Middle High German: trōren wk. intr. 'triefen, tröpfeln', tr. 'beträufeln, übergiessen; vergiessen'
Proto-Germanic: *dubila-z, *dubb=, *dub=
Meaning: beat, hit
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: dubb
Old English: dubbian `zum Ritter schlagen'
English: dub
Old Frisian: dubben `stossen, schlagen', dufen, duven `stossen, drücken, pressen'
Dutch: deuvel m. `houten pin waarmee de bodem van een vat bevestigd', deuvik m. `stop in het spongat'
Middle Low German: dȫvel
Low German: dövel `Klotz, Pflock, Zapfen, Nagel', dövicke `Zapfen', deuvik `Zapfen'
Old High German: tubil (9.Jh.), (gi)tubili (10.Jh.) `Auschnitt, Fuge', gituvili n.
Middle High German: tübel st. m. 'dübel, pflock, zapfen, nagel; stössel'
German: Dübel m. [D- < LG ]
Proto-Germanic: *dudēn, *dudirōn-m, *dudd=, etc.
Meaning: shake; tire
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: doδi m. BN, Norw DN; NIsl doδi `Gefühllosigkeit', doδma `gefühllos w.'; dotta `vor Müdigkeit nicken'
Norwegian: dodra `zittern'
Danish: dude, (älter) dudde `Taumellolch'
Old English: dyderian `täuschen'
Middle English: doten `suffen'
English: dote `suffen'; dodder `Briza media, Zittergras'; dial. dudder `verwirren', dodder `zittern, wackeln', dother `schudden, beven'
Old Frisian: dud `Betaubung', dudslek `slag waarvan men duizelt'
East Frisian: dutten `schlafen, träumen, wackeln', duddern, dudden `bedwelmd, doezelig zijn' Fris dodsje `dutten'
Middle Dutch: dodderen `dutten'dutten `verrückt s.'; Theut. dod `geg', dodden `voor de gek houden'; Kil. dutten, doten `delirare'
Dutch: bedotten, Kil. bedodden `betrügen, täuschen'; dutten
Middle Low German: vordutten `verwirren'
Low German: dudendop, -kop `schläfriger Mensch'
Middle High German: tūʒe adv. 'stille, sanft, ruhig', tūʒen wk. 'sich still verhalten; sich trauern'; tützen 'zum schweigen bringen, beschwichtigen', { vertuʒʒen, -tussen, -dussen; -tuschen, -tüschen intr. 'betäubt werfden, vor schrecken verstummen, ausser fassung kommen', tr. 'zum schweigen, zum aufhören bringen; bedecken, verbergen', betützen 'heimlich hintergehen'
Proto-Germanic: *dulga-z
Meaning: debt
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: dulg-s m. (a?) `debt'; *dulga-haitja m. (n) `creditor'
Proto-Germanic: *dun=, *dunja-z, *dunjan-, *dunōn- vb.
Meaning: shout
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: dün-r m. `Lärm'; dünja wk. `dröhnen, lärmen'; duna wk. `dröhnen'
Norwegian: dial. dün, dun; dünja vb.; duna vb.
Old Swedish: dünia vb.
Swedish: dön, dɔn; dial. duna vb.
Old Danish: dunne, dönne vb.
Danish: dön
Old English: dyne m. `Gedröhne'; dynian, dynnan `dröhnen'
English: din
Old Saxon: dunian (dunida) `dröhnen'
Middle Dutch: done, doon m. `deun, toon, geluid'
Dutch: deun m.
Middle Low German: don(e) m., döne n., f. `deun, aard'
Old High German: { tuni `Lärm' }
Proto-Germanic: *dunsta-n
Meaning: dust
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: dust n. `Staub'; dusti m. `id.'
Norwegian: dust `Staub'
Swedish: dust `Staub'
Danish: dust `Staub'
Old English: dūst `stof'
Old Frisian: dūst `Spreu, Staub'
East Frisian: fris.-holl. duist `stuifmeel'
Middle Dutch: donst, dunst `plantenhaar, eerste kinhaar'
Dutch: dons n.
Middle Low German: dūst `kaf, zemelen, stof'
Old High German: tunist, dun(i)st m. `storm, adem'
Middle High German: dunst, tunst st. m., f. 'dampf, dunst'
German: Dunst
Proto-Germanic: *duri-z, *duru-z, *dura-n
Meaning: door, gate
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: dɔr n. (a) `door (with single wing)'
Old Norse: pl. dürr f. `Tür'
Norwegian: dür
Swedish: dörr
Danish: dör
Old English: duru, -e, pl. -a f. `opening, door, door of a house', dor, -es n. `large door'
English: door
Old Frisian: dure, dore `Tür', dor `Tor'
Old Saxon: duru, dora `Tür'; dor `Tor'
Middle Dutch: dore, dure, doere
Dutch: deur f.
Old Franconian: duri
Middle Low German: dōr; dȫre
Old High German: tor `Tor' (um 800), turi `Tür' (8.Jh.), tura (später) `id.'
Middle High German: tür(e) st. f. 'tür; öffnung, eingang'; tor st. n. 'tor, tür'
German: Tor n.; Tür f.
Proto-Germanic: *dúrɵ-u- c., *ɵurt-u- c.
Meaning: darnel
IE etymology: IE etymology
Norwegian: turt `Sonchus alpinus' (осот sp.)
Old English: durɵ 'Dort, Durt, Trespe, ein Unkraut im Getreide'
Old High German: { turd, turth, durd 'Dort, Durt, Trespe, ein Unkraut im Getreide' }
Middle High German: turd st. m. 'Trespe, Lolch'
German: { Dort }
Proto-Germanic: *dū[f]an-/*diu[f]an- vb., *dubala-, *dū[f]ōn, *dau[f]ian- vb., *dū[f]ian- vb. etc.
Meaning: sink
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: dūfa f. `Welle', dǖfa wk. `tauchen', deyfa wk. `tauchen, taufen'
Old Swedish: dūva st. V.? `tauchen'
Old English: ā-dīefan; dǖfan `tauchen'; dūfan `tauchen'
English: dive
Old Saxon: bi-dōvian
Middle Low German: be-dūven `überschüttet, bedeckt werden', bedoven `niedergesunken', dobbe `niedriges und sumpfiges Land'
Old High German: tobal `enges Tal'
Middle High German: tobel st. m. 'waldtal, schlucht'
German: { Tobel }
Proto-Germanic: *dūjan-
Meaning: shake
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: dǖja wk. `schütteln'
Proto-Germanic: *dūnō
Meaning: hill, dune
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: dūn `Hugel, Berg'
English: down
East Frisian: snie- düen `Schneehügel'
Middle Dutch: dūne, duyn `vom Wind aufgeworfener Sandhaufen am Meeresufer'
Dutch: duin f.
Middle Low German: dūne `duin'
Old High German: { dūna `promontorium, rupes in maris litore prominens; Düne, Sandbank - not OHG! }
German: [ Düne < LG ]
Proto-Germanic: *dū́sō(n)
Meaning: shrubs
IE etymology: IE etymology
Middle High German: zūsach st. n. 'gestrüppe', zūse st./wk. f. 'gestrüppe; haarlocke, haarstrang'
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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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