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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *barka-, *braka-
Meaning: bitter, raw
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: dial. bark `eingesinniger, unfreundlicher Mensch', barkun `rauh'
English: brack `bitter, salzig'
Middle Dutch: brac
Dutch: brak `bitter, salzig'; brak `Salzwasser'
Proto-Germanic: *barkēn
Meaning: gullet
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: barki m. `Luftröhre, Kehle'
Norwegian: barke `Luftröhre, Kehle'
Proto-Germanic: *bar=
Meaning: log, beam
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: berlings-āss `dicker Stock'
Norwegian: dial. berling `kleiner Balken in einem Fahrzeug'
Swedish: bärling `Handspeiche'
Old Frisian: ber `Angriff'
Old High German: { bara `Balken, Schranke; eingehegtes Land' }
Middle High German: [barre st. f. 'riegel, schranke; querbalken des wappens' < OFr barre < Celt ?], bar, bār st. f. 'Balken, Schranke, Querbalken im Wappen'
German: Barre f.
Proto-Germanic: *baruga-z, *barúxa-z
Meaning: pig
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: bɔrg-r m. `Eber' (poet.)
Norwegian: barre `Widder'
Swedish: dial. barre `Widder', dial. bässe `verschnittener Eber'
Old English: bearg
English: barrow
Old Saxon: barug
Middle Dutch: barch, barech
Dutch: barg m.
Old Franconian: OLG barug
Old High German: { barug, barah `Barch, verschnittener Eber' }
Middle High German: barc (-g-) st. m. 'männliches verschnittenes schwein'
German: { Barch }
Proto-Germanic: *barwa-z
Meaning: coniferous forest
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: bɔr-r m. `Nadelholzbaum'
Old English: bearo (bearu), gen. bearwes, dat. bearwe (-rowe, -ruwe) m. `grove, wood'
Old High German: baro `Wald, Hain', bara-wāri `Priester' (< Waldwart)
Proto-Germanic: *barzá-n/bárs=, *burz=, *burstō, *bursti-z, *bursta-z, -n
Meaning: pricky animal/tree, bristle
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: barr n. `Nadelbaum; Laub, Baum'; bu(r)st f. `Borste; Dachrücken'; bu(r)sti m. `Bürste'
Norwegian: bar `Nadelbaum'; dial. borren, bürren `stolz, herausfordernd'; bust
Old Swedish: bar `Nadelbaum'; agh-borre `Barsch'
Swedish: barr `Nadelbaum'; borre `Klette', sjö-borre `Igel', dial. borra ut sig `die Federn sträuben (von Vögeln)', borre `strenger Mensch'; borst
Old Danish: bar `Nadelbaum'
Danish: burre `Klette'; börst
Old English: bärs (bears), -es m. `perch'; byrst, -es n. `bristle'; { brystl f. }
Middle English: bure, borre `Klette; Rauhheit in der Kehle'
English: burr, bur; bristle; barse
Old Saxon: bars; bursta f.
Middle Dutch: baerse; borstel, burstel m. `varkenshaar'
Dutch: baars m.; borstel m.
Middle Low German: borstel m. `varkenshaar, borstel'
Low German: barsch (seit 16.Jh.) `scharf, streng, rauh, (older) rauh, von Stoffen; herb, von Geschmack'
Old High German: { barrēn `starr emporstehn', parrunga `Stolz, Hochmut' }, bars (11.Jh.) `Barsch', burst, borst n. (10.Jh.), borsta f. (10/11.Jh.) `Borste', burst f. (um 1000)
Middle High German: { bars `Barsch' }, bürste wk. f. 'bürste'; borste f., burst, borst st. n., m., borste wk. f. 'borste'
German: Barsch m., Borste f., Bürste, barsch
Proto-Germanic: *bat-iz, *bōtō, *batēn
Meaning: better, best
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: comp. *batiza `better', sup, batista `best'; *ga-batnan wk. `obtain an advantage'; *bōta f. (ō) `aid'; *bōtjan wk. `be of use, do good'
Old Norse: betr adv. `besser'; comp. betri, sup. betz-r, batzt-r adj. `besser'; bati m. `Besserung, Nutzen'; batna wk. `besser werden'; bōt `Besserung, Ersatz; Busse'
Norwegian: beter adv.; betre adj.; batna vb.; bot
Old Swedish: bäter adv.; batna vb.
Swedish: bättre adj.; battna vb.; bot
Old Danish: bätär, beder adv.; Run but
Danish: bedre adj.; bod
Old English: adj. bet; bet(e)re, betera, betest; bōt `Verbesserung, Schadenersatz'
English: better, best; (arch.) boot
Old Frisian: bata m. `Vorteil, Gewinn'; betera, best; bōte
Old Saxon: { betera }, betara, bezt; adv. bat, bet; bōta `Besserung, Busse'
Middle Dutch: bēter, best; adv. bat, bet; { boete }
Dutch: beter, best; { boete }
Old Franconian: betera
Middle Low German: bēter, best; bōte; { bate `Verbesserung' }
Old High German: beʒʒiro, beʒʒisto (9.Jh.); baʒʒēn `besser w.'; buoʒa, buoʒ (9.Jh.) `Vergütung, Besserung, Heilung'; adv. baʒ
Middle High German: buoʒɛ st. m. 'busse', buoʒ st. m.? 'bessserung, abhilfe'; bɛʒʒer, baʒʒer adj. 'besser', bɛʒʒist, bɛst adj. best'
German: besser, best; Busse f.
Proto-Germanic: *baud=
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: bauɵ-s (-d-; a) `deaf, dumb; tasteless'
Proto-Germanic: *baugian-
Meaning: sweet (out)
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: us-baugjan wk. `sweet out'
Proto-Germanic: *bau(g)wá-z
Meaning: an insect
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: bēaw `gadfly', bēaw-hyrnet `bee-hornet, gad-fly, horse-fly'
English: bee-hornet
Low German: dial. bau `Bremse'
Proto-Germanic: *bauk=, *būkōn-, *biukōn- vb.
Meaning: *oak, *beech
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: NIsl bauk-ur `Büchse' < `Buchenholz'; beykir `Küfer, Bötcher' < `Verfestiger von buchenen Fässern'; beyki n. `beuk'
Middle Dutch: būken, buyken `in beukenloog wassen'
Middle High German: būchen, biuchen wk. 'mit lauge waschen'
German: { bauchen, bäuchen }
Proto-Germanic: *bauma-z, *bagwma-z; *biwwá-n
Meaning: tree
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: bagm-s m. (a) `tree'
Old Norse: baδm-r m. `Baum'; bügg n. `Gerste, Getreide'
Norwegian: bügg
Old Swedish: bagn `Stock'
Swedish: bjugg, dial. bju, bügg
Danish: büg
Old English: bēam; bēow `Getreide, Gerste', beo `Gerste', beowod `Ernte'
English: beam
Old Frisian: bām; bē `Gerste'
Old Saxon: bōm
Middle Dutch: boom
Dutch: boom m.
Middle Low German: bōm
Old High German: boum (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: boum st. m. (/boun, bōm, bōn, bām) 'baum'
German: Baum m.
Proto-Germanic: *baunō(n) < *babnō
Meaning: bean
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: baun f. `Bohne'
Norwegian: bauna
Swedish: böna
Danish: bönne
Old English: bēan (bīen), -e f. `bean'
English: bean
Old Frisian: bāne
Old Saxon: bōna
Middle Dutch: bōne
Dutch: boon f.
Middle Low German: bōne
Old High German: bōna (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: bōne st./wk. f. 'bohne'
German: Bohne f.
Proto-Germanic: *bazá-
Meaning: bare, naked
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ber-r `entblösst, nackt; sichtbar, deutlichL'
Norwegian: berr
Swedish: bar
Danish: bar
Old English: bär m.n., bärre f. `bare, naked, open'
English: bare
Old Frisian: ber-fōt
East Frisian: Fris bar, adv. bare `erg'
Old Saxon: bar
Middle Dutch: baer `naakt, open', bar `erg'
Dutch: baar, barre-voets
Middle Low German: bār
Old High German: bar (10.Jh.) `nackt, bloss, unverhüllt, offen daliegend, frei von, ohne etw., rein, nichts als'
Middle High German: bar 'nackt, bloss; leer, ledig, inhaltslos; sichtbar, offenbar, kund'
German: bar
Proto-Germanic: *bēgian-, *bēgan-, *bēgēn- vb., *bēga-, *bēga-z, *bagōn- vb.
Meaning: press, compel
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: baga wk. `drücken, hindern'; bǟgja wk. `stossen, fortschaffen, bedrängen'; bāga vb. `id.'; bāg-r `Widerstand, Kampf'; bāg-r `schwierig, verdriesslich'; bāgr `schwierig, verdriesslich, hinderlich'; begla f. BN `eine widerspenstige Person'
Norwegian: bagga `plagen, hindern'; bɔg `unwillig, lästig'; bägja vb.; begla `hindern', begla f. `eine widerspenstige Person'
Swedish: dial. bɔg `mürrisch'
Old Danish: bag `ungünstig, hindernd'
Danish: bag `hinderlich'
Old Saxon: bāg m. `Prahlerei'
Old High German: { bāgan, bāgēn `zanken, streiten'; bāga `Zank, Streit' }
Middle High German: bāc, gen. -ges st. m. 'lautes Schreien; Zank, Streit; Prahlerei'; bāgen red. v./wk. 'laut schreien, streiten; sich rühmen'
Proto-Germanic: *bibēn- vb., *bibr=
Meaning: shiver
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: bifa wk. `beben, zittern'
Norwegian: biva vb.
Swedish: bäva vb.
Danish: bäve vb., bävre `beben'
Old English: bifian, beofian
Old Frisian: bevia, bivia, beva vb.
East Frisian: NrFris bevern
Old Saxon: bivōn
Middle Dutch: bēven
Dutch: beven; bibberen
Old High German: bibēn 'beben, zittern' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: biben, bibenen 'beben'
German: beben
Proto-Germanic: *bibru-z
Meaning: beaver
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: bjōr-r m. `Biber; Biberfell'
Norwegian: dial. bjōr `Biber'
Swedish: dial. bjur `Biber'
Old Danish: biävär, biauär `Biber'
Old English: beofer (beofor), -es m. `beaver'
English: beaver
Old Saxon: bivar, bevar
Middle Dutch: bēver
Dutch: bever
Old Franconian: bever
Middle Low German: bēver
Low German: bever m.
Old High German: bibar (9./10.Jh.)
Middle High German: biber st. m. 'biber'
German: Biber m.
Proto-Germanic: *bidjan- vb.; *bidō
Meaning: pray, beg
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: bidjan/bidan st. `request, pray'; bida f. (ō) `prayer, demand'
Old Norse: biδja st. `bitten'; bīδa, biδill
Norwegian: bidja vb.
Old Swedish: biɵia, bidha vb.
Swedish: bedja vb.
Danish: bede vb.
Old English: biddan; bedu
Old Frisian: bede
Old Saxon: biddian `verzoeken'; beda
Middle Dutch: bidden; bede
Dutch: bidden `verzoeken, bedelen, bidden'; bede f.
Old Franconian: biddan `verzoeken'; beda
Old High German: bitten `(er)bitten, flehen, (an)beten' (8.Jh.); beta `Bitte, Gebet'
Middle High German: biten, bitten st. `(er)bitten, flehen, (an)beten; (vor Gericht) laden, wünschen, heissen, befehlen'
German: bitten
Proto-Germanic: *bid= (~ -ɵ-)
Meaning: vessel
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: { biδa f. `Milchkübel' }
Norwegian: bidl n. `Butterfass', bidne `Gefäss'
Proto-Germanic: *bilisō, *bilVn=, *bulVm=, *bulin=
Meaning: a plant
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: bolm-ört
Old Danish: bölme
Danish: (older) bülne, biln-urt
Old English: belene (beolone, belone), -an f. `henbane, henbell'
Middle Dutch: beelde
Middle Low German: billen-
Old High German: bilisa
German: { Bilsenkraut, dial. Bilme }
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