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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *aukan- vb., *aukian- vb., *aukēn, *wōkra-z, -ō; *waxsan-, *waxsian- vb.; *áuxima-, *áuxuma-
Meaning: increase
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: aukan st. `increase'; wahsjan st. `grow'; *wōkr-s `interest'; comp. auhuma adj. `higher', auhumist `höchster',
Old Norse: auka red. `vermehren, vergrössern, übertreffen, erzeugen'; vaxa st. `wachsen', vexa wk. `wachsen machen'
Norwegian: auka; vaksa
Old Swedish: öka, ökia; växa; OGutn auka
Swedish: öka; växa
Old Danish: ökä, ögä
Danish: öge; vokse
Old English: { weaxan }; ēacan (ēoc, ēocon; ēacen) `to be increased, augmented, enlarged, indued', īcan (īecan, īcean, ǖhte) (īhte/īkte) `eke, increase, add to, augmnnt', ēaca, -an `addition, eeking, increase, usury, advantage'; wōcor, -e f. `increase, fruit, offspring'; ǖmost `highest'
English: wax
Old Frisian: wōker `interest'; waxa
Old Saxon: ōkian `vermehren'; wahsan
Middle Dutch: woeker m. `woejer, interest'; wassen (wies); ōken `vermeenderen'
Dutch: woeker m.; wassen
Old Franconian: wahson
Middle Low German: wassen; wōker `rente, woeker'
Old High German: ouhhōn `vermehren'; wahsan (8.Jh.); wuohhar m., n. `Ertrag des Bodens, Leibesfrucht, Nachkommenschaft, Gewinn, Zins, Wucher' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: ouchen wk. refl. 'sich vermeheren, vergrössern'; wahsen st. 'wachsen, auf-, erwachsen'; wuocher st. m., n. 'ertrag, frucht; leibesfrucht, kind, nachkommenschaft; zuchtvieh, zuchstier'
German: wachsen; Wuchs m.; Wucher m.
Proto-Germanic: *aura-n, -z; *auri-z; *ūra-n
Meaning: sand containing iron, ore
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *aurahjōn-s `monuments, tombs'
Old Norse: aur-r `Eisenartiger Sand, Gries', eyr-r f. `flache Küstenstrecke'; ūr n. `Metallschlacke, Abfall'; ǖr-r m. `morsches, sprödes Eisen';
Norwegian: aur, aure
Swedish: ör
Danish: dial. ör `Sandbank'
Old English: ēar `Erde', ēor `Kies'
English: ore
Dutch: { oer `eisenhaltiger Sand' }
Middle Low German: { ūr `oer' }
Low German: { ūr `eisenhaltiger Sand' }
Proto-Germanic: *aura-z, *auraga-, *ūra-n, *ūraga-
Meaning: rain, fog, sea
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ūr n. `Feuchtigkeit, feiner Regen'; NIsl aur, Far eyr-ur `Sumpf'
Norwegian: aur `Sumpf'; ur `Schneewetter'
Swedish: ur `Schneewetter'; dial. örja `Sumpf'
Old Danish: ur `Nebel'
Old English: ēar (ǟr), -es m. `sea, ocean', ūrig-feɵera `wet-feathered, with dewy plumage', ūrig-lāst `making a dewy track'
Proto-Germanic: *áusan- vb.
Meaning: draw (water)
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ausa st. `schöpfen'
Norwegian: ausa
Old Swedish: ösa
Old Danish: ösä
Danish: öse
East Frisian: Fris eaze, eazje, eazgje `hozen, aalt over het land spreiden'
Middle Dutch: ōsen `scheppen, legscheppen, natgooien'
Dutch: hozen
Middle Low German: ȫsen `scheppen, leegmaken'
Low German: ūt-ösen `auschöpfen'
Old High German: ōsen, ȫsen wk. 'leer machen, ausschöpfen; leer, frei machen, lösen; vernichten, berauben'
German: schwäb. öse `Schöpfgefäss'
Proto-Germanic: *áusō/*auzṓ n.; *auziá-n
Meaning: ear
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ausō n. (n) `ear'
Old Norse: eyra n.
Swedish: öra `Ohr; Öhr, Henkel'
Danish: öre
Old English: ēare, -an n., pl. -an `the ear of man or an animal'
English: ear
Old Frisian: āre
Old Saxon: ōra
Middle Dutch: ōre n., f.
Dutch: oor n.
Old Franconian: ōra
Middle Low German: ōr
Old High German: ōra (8. Jh.); ōri (um 1000) `ohrartige Öffnung, längliches Loch am oberen Ende der Nähnadel, durch das der Faden zu ziehen ist'
Middle High German: ōr(e) wk./st. n. 'ohr (bei menschen und tieren); etwas ohrähnliches'; ȫr(e), ōr(e) st. n. 'ohrartige öffnung woran oder worin: nadelöhr; loch in der axt zum einsetzen des stieles; henkelloch, henkel, handhabe'
German: Ohr, Öhr
Proto-Germanic: *austra-n; *austan=; *aust=
Meaning: east
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: austr n. `Osten; nach Osten'; austan `von Osten her'
Old Swedish: oster
Swedish: öster; östan adv.
Old Danish: ostär
Danish: öst(er); 2) östen adv.
Old English: ēast adv. `to the east', ēast, -es m.; ēastan, -an m. `the east', ēast adj. `east, easterly', ēaster (ēastor), gen. ēastres, pl. -o n., ēastre, -an n. `Easter, the fest of E.' etc.
English: east
Old Frisian: āst adv.; āster adv.; fon-āsta
Old Saxon: ōstar `oostelijk'; ōstan(a) `im, von Osten'
Middle Dutch: ooster `östlich', oost `oostelijk, naar of in het oosten', ōsten(e) m.
Dutch: adv. oost; oosten n.; ooster-
Old Franconian: ōster-
Middle Low German: ōst `im Osten', ōster `östlich';
Old High German: ōst (um 800) `im Osten', ōst(a)ra `Osten', ōstarūn `Ostern', ōstana (9. Jh.) `von Osten', ōstar (9. Jh.) `im, nach Osten'
Middle High German: ōsten, ōst st. n., m. 'osten'; ōsten(e) adv. 'nach, im osten', ōster adv. `im osten', adj. 'im osten befindlich, östlich'
German: Ost, Osten
Proto-Germanic: *auɵi-
Meaning: desert, empty
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *auɵī-s ~ *auɵ-s `desert, desolate'; auɵida `desert'
Old Norse: auδ-r `öde'; NGerm > Finn autia
Norwegian: aud `öde'
Old English: īɵe adj. `easy, pleasant'
Old Saxon: ōthi `öde'
Old High German: ōdi (um 1000) `leer, verlassen'
Middle High German: ȫde `leer, öde, unbebaut, unbewohnt; leicht, gering; eitel, schwach u. dgl.'
German: öde
Proto-Germanic: *auɵia-
Meaning: light, easy
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: auδ- `leicht'
Norwegian: aud- `leicht, schnell'
Old English: īɵe adj. `easy, pleasant', adv. ēaɵe (ēɵe, ǖɵe) `easy, smooth'; ēaɵ-mōd `humble, lowly, obedient'
Old Saxon: ōthmōdi `demütig'
Old High German: ōdmuoti
Proto-Germanic: *aux-ia- vb,
Meaning: shout
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: { auhjōn 'lärmen' }
Proto-Germanic: *awíɵja-n, *awidja-n
Meaning: flock, herd
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: awēɵi n. (ja) `herd of sheep'
Old English: ēowd (-wod) `flock, herd, sheepfold', ēowde (-wede, -wode) f. `id.',
Old High German: { ewit, owiti `Schafherde' }
Proto-Germanic: *awi-z, *awistra-n, *awist=
Meaning: sheep
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *awistr n. (a?) `sheepfold'
Old Norse: ǟ-r f. `weibliches Schaf'; ā-sauδr m. `Schaf'
Norwegian: är-saud `Schaf mit Lämmern'
Danish: dial. ɔ-lam `Mutterlamm'
Old English: ēowu, gen. ēowe `Schaf', {äwist}, ēowestre (ēwestre), -es m. `sheepfold', { awēɵi }; { eowde }
English: ewe
Old Frisian: ey
Old Saxon: ewi `Schaf'
Middle Dutch: ooie, ooi, oo, ouwe, ou
Dutch: ooi f.
Old High German: ouwi, ou `Schaf'; ewist, ouwist
Middle High German: ouwe st. f. 'schaf'
German: dial. aue
Proto-Germanic: *awōn; *awēn; *awun-xaim=
Meaning: grandmother, -father, oncle
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *awō f. (n) `grandmother'
Old Norse: āi m. `Urgrossvater' (eig. `Stammvater'); afi m. `Grossvater'
Old English: ēam, -es m. `uncle chiefly on the mother's side'
English: eam
Old Frisian: ēm
Old Saxon: ēam
Middle Dutch: oom `oom; grootvader, zwager'
Dutch: oom m.
Middle Low German: ōm `Mutterbruder, Onkel, Schwestersohn, Neffe; Grossvater, Schwager',
Old High German: ōheim (9. Jh.)
Middle High German: ōheim, ȫheim st. m., -e wk. m. `Mutterbruder, Oheim; Schwestersohn, Neffe, Verwandter'
German: Oheim, Ohm
Proto-Germanic: *áxanō/*agánō; *áxl=/*agl=; *axsa-n, *áxuz; *áxiz; *úxa-n; *agṓ (?)
Meaning: chaff, ear (of cereals)
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ahana f. (ō) `chaff'; ahs n. (a) `ear (of grain)'
Old Norse: ɔgn f. `Spreu'; ax n. `Ähre'
Swedish: ax `Ähre'
Danish: aks `Ähre'
Old English: egenu, -e f. `a husk, chaff'; egl, -e f. `a mote, festūca', egle, -an f. `an ail, awn, beard of barley; ear, -es n. `an ear of corn', north. ähher (eher) `id.'
English: pl. ails `Bärte der Kornähre'; ear `Ähre'
Old Frisian: ār `Ähre'
Old Saxon: ehir n.; ahar `Ähre'
Middle Dutch: aer n., f.; age `Spreu'
Dutch: aar f.; fläm. echel `angel aan het kaf van enige grasgewassen'
Middle Low German: agen `Spreu'; ār `Ähr'
Old High German: agana, ahana `Spreu'; achil `Spreu'; ehir (9.Jh.), ahir (8.Jh.) `Ähre'; oh n. `Ähre'
Middle High German: agene st. f., agen st. m. 'spreu', āne st. f. 'dass.'; ɛher, äher st. n. 'ähre'
German: { Agen, Ahne; Achel } Ähre f.
Proto-Germanic: *áxira-, *áxurna-z, *ḗxurna-z
Meaning: maple
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Danish: ǟr `Ahorn'
Old Saxon: ahorn
Middle Low German: āhōrn, ānhorn, ālhorn
Old High German: ā̆horn (um 800)
Middle High German: { ahorn }
German: Ahorn m.
Proto-Germanic: *axjan- vb.; *agná-n
Meaning: bait
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ǟja wk. `weiden lassen; ausruhen', agn n. `Lockspeise, Köder'
Norwegian: agn `Köder'
Swedish: agn `Köder'
Danish: agn `Köder'
Proto-Germanic: *axsl=; *ōxsl=; *ōxst=; *ōxsVn=; *ōxs=; *oxstVr=
Meaning: arm-pit
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔxl f. `Achsel'; ōst f., ōst-r m. `Halsgrube'
Norwegian: dial. ōster f. `Halsgrube'
Swedish: axel `Achsel'
Danish: aksel `Achsel'
Old English: eaxel (eaxl, exl), -e f.; eaxle, -an f. `shoulder'; ōcusta, ōhsta, -an m. `arm-pit, oxter'; ōxn, -e f. `id.'
English: shotl. oxter `Achselhöhle'
Old Frisian: ax(e)le `oksel, schouder'
Old Saxon: ahsla `Achsel'
Middle Dutch: assel(e); ocsel(e), oecsel(e) `schouder, vleugeholte'
Dutch: oksel m. `Achsel'
Middle Low German: asle, assel `Achsel'
Old High German: ahsla (8.Jh.) `Achsel'; uochisa (um 900); uohsana (9.Jh.) `Achselhöhle'; uohsala (11. Jh.) `Achsel'
Middle High German: ahsel at./wk. f. 'achsel, schulter', uohse, üehse wk. f. 'achselhöhle'
German: Achsel f.
Proto-Germanic: *axsula-z; *axsō
Meaning: axis
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔxul-l m. `Achse'
Swedish: axel
Danish: aksel
Old English: eax (ex, äx), -e f. `an axis, axle-tree'
English: [ axle < NGerm ]
Old Frisian: axe
Old Saxon: ahsa
Middle Dutch: asse
Dutch: as f., m.
Middle Low German: asse
Old High German: ahsa (um 800)
Middle High German: ahse st. f. 'achse'
German: Achse f.
Proto-Germanic: *axtō, *axtau
Meaning: num.: eight
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ahtau
Old Norse: ātta
Swedish: åtta
Old English: ehta, eahta, ahta
English: eight
Old Saxon: ahto
Middle Dutch: achte
Dutch: acht
Middle Low German: acht(e)
Old High German: ahto (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: aht, eht
German: acht
Proto-Germanic: *áxwala-z
Meaning: awl
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: soδ-āl-l m. `Fleischgabel'
Old English: awel `an awl' (точно ӑ- !)
English: awl
Proto-Germanic: *badja-n, -z
Meaning: bed
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: badi n. (ja) `bed'
Old Norse: beδ-r m. `Polster, Federbett'
Norwegian: bed `Bett'; dial. bed `Lager der Tiere, Nest'
Old Swedish: bädhil `Lager der Tiere'
Swedish: bädd
Danish: bed
Old English: bedd `Bett', wyrt-bed `Pflanzenstandort'
English: bed
Old Frisian: bed
Old Saxon: { bedi }, bed `Bett'
Middle Dutch: bedde
Dutch: bed n.
Middle Low German: bedde
Old High German: betti 'Lager, Bett, Federbett, Beet' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: bɛtte, bɛt st. n. 'bett, ruhebett; feld-, gartenbeet'
German: Bett n., Beet n.
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