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Germanic etymology :

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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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\data\ie\germet
Proto-Germanic: *abniz, *a[f]nia-n, *abnian- vb., *ōbōn, -ēn, *ōbian-; *u[f]a-n, *u[f]ra-n; *ō[f]ōn; *úfjōn
Meaning: material; to execute
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ufjō f. ~ n. (n) `superfluity'?, adv.?
Old Norse: ōfa f. `Übermut ?, Streitbarkeit ?'; ȫf-r `wild, rasend', efna (efndi) `ausführen, leisten, helfen', efni n. `Stoff, Material; Grund, Ursache'; of n., ofr n. `grosse Menge'
Norwegian: öva `aufhetzen', emna `leisten', emne `Material'
Swedish: ämna `beabsichtigen', ämne `Material'
Old Danish: evne `Material', öve `plagen'
Old English: efnan (-ede, -de; -ed) `to perform, execute, labour, achieve', and-efn, -es n. ``equality, proportion, measure, amount', land-efne, -es n. `amount of landed property'
Old Frisian: ōfnia, ōvonia, ōvenia `beoefenen, uitvoeren'
Old Saxon: ōvian `feiern', ungiōvid `ungepflegt, vernachlässigt'; land-ōvo `inwoner'
Middle Dutch: oefenen `oefenen, beoefenen, bewerlen, eer bewijzen (aan een god), verzogern, gebruiken', limb. oeven `beoefenen'
Dutch: oefenen
Middle Low German: ōven `(be)treiben, bearbeiten, bauen, pflegen, ehren', ōfnen, ōffenen, ōfenen, ōvenen `beoefenen, vereren'
Old High German: ebanōn `ausführen'; uobo m. `Landbebauer' (um 900), lant-uobo `Bauer' m. (um 900); uoben `Landbau üben, (aus)üben, verrichten, treiben, verehren' (9.Jh.); uoba f. `Feier' (13.Jh.)
Middle High German: ëbenen wk. refl. 'in ordnung bringen, einen streit beilegen; sich rüsten, anschicken'; uop (-b-) st. m. `Landbau; Treiben, Handlungsweide; Gebrauch, Übung, Sitte'; üeben, uoben wk., md. ūben, ndrh. ūven tr. 'als landsmann bauen, kultivieren; verehren, anbeten; ins werk setzen', abs. 'siene kräfte gebrauchen, sich tätig erweisen'
German: üben
Proto-Germanic: *abra-
Meaning: great, very
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: abr-s (a) `great', adv. abraba `very', *bi-abrjan wk. `be astonished'
Old Norse: afar- `besonders, sehr'
Proto-Germanic: *adas-an- m.
Meaning: axe
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: adesa, adosa 'Axt, Beil'
Proto-Germanic: *afala-z, -n, *áfal-ō- vb.
Meaning: power
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: afla `ausführen, ausrichten, erwerben'; afl n. `Kraft, Macht; Stimmenmehrkeit'; afli n. `Stärke, Macht, rtrag, Vorrat, Baumfrüchte', afl m. `Esse', efla `stärken, ausführen, vermögen '
Norwegian: dial. avl `Kraft'
Old Swedish: afl `Kraft'
Swedish: avel `Kraft'
Old English: afol, -es n. `power'
Old Saxon: aval `Kraft'
Old High German: afalōn `zuwege bringen, arbeiten'
Middle High German: afel st. m. 'die eiternde materie in den geschwüren; entzündete stelle überhaupt'
Proto-Germanic: *áfa; *fana-, *funa-
Meaning: praep./part. 'from'
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: af (prf., praep.) 'von, von-weg, von-her',
Old Norse: af adv., praep.; OIsl au-virδi n. 'verächtliche Person'
Old English: äf, of
Old Frisian: fɔn 'von',
Old Saxon: af; fana, fan,
Dutch: van
Old High German: aba, ab- 'von, von--weg'; abo; fona, fon 'von'
German: von
Proto-Germanic: *agíɵō, *agjan- vb.
Meaning: rake, harrow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: egeɵe, egɵe `a rake, harrow', ecgan, prt. egede `to harrow'
Old Saxon: egitha `Egge', eggian `eggen'
Middle Dutch: eghe; eghede
Dutch: eg, egge, eegde; eggen vb.
Middle Low German: ēgede, eyde; egen wk.
Old High German: egida (8.Jh.) `Ege'; eggen (10. Jh.) `eggen'
Middle High German: ɛgede, eide wk. f. 'egge'; ɛggen, ɛgen wk. `eggen'
German: Egge f. (seit 15.Jh. < Verb), eggen schw. v.
Proto-Germanic: *agiz-; *agēn; *ōg=
Meaning: fear, frighten
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: agis, gen. agisis n. (a) `fear, terror'; *agan: un-agands `sich nicht fürchtend'; af-agjan wk. `move, frighten', us-agjan `frighten', *in-agjan `censure'; *ōgan prs.-prt. `fear'; ōgjan wk. `frighten'
Old Norse: agi m. `Schrecken, Unfriede; Furcht; Züchtigung; Seegang'; ōa-st wk. `sich fürchten'; ōgn f. `Schrecken; Drohung, Streit', ōtti n.`Furcht'
Norwegian: age; oa-st; ogn
Old Swedish: aghi; ogn
Swedish: aga; dial. oa
Old Danish: oe sig om for `auf etwas Acht geben'
Danish: ave
Old English: ege (äge, eige), -es m. `fear, terror, dread, awe'; egesa (egsa, ägsa), -an m. `fear, terror, dread', ōga, -an m. `the feeling which is excited in a person (terror, dread, horror, great fear); the exciting cause of suca a feeling'
English: awe
Old High German: egis-līh `schrecklich', egi sōn `erschrecken'; agiso, egiso m., egisa f. `Schrecken, Schreckgestalt'; egī
Middle High German: ɛge st. f., m. `Furcht, Schrecken'; ɛgeslīch 'schrecklich, furchtbar', ɛgesvar 'schrecklich gefärbt'
Proto-Germanic: *agjō, *agja-n; *agi=; *ug=
Meaning: edge
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: egg f. `Ecke, Shneide'; Nerm > Finn agja;
Norwegian: dial. agge `Zacke, Zahn, Spitze'; dial. ugg `Dorn, Stachel, Pike, Ängstigung', ugge `Flosse' (плавник)
Swedish: egg
Danish: egg, eg
Old English: ecg, -e f. `an edge, a sharpness, blade, sword'
English: edge
Old Frisian: egge, eg `scherpe kant, zwaard, hoek, partij'
Old Saxon: eggia `Schneide, Kante'
Middle Dutch: egghe `Schneide, Kante'
Dutch: eg, egge f.
Old High German: egga (um 1000), { ekka } `Spitze, Kante, Schwertschneide'
Middle High German: ɛcke, ɛgge st./wk. f., st. n. 'schneide einer waffe; spitze; ecke, kante, winkel'
German: Ecke f., Eck n. `Spitze, Kante, Winkel'
Proto-Germanic: *agli-, *aglu-
Meaning: hateful, to offend
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: agl-s (a) `disgraceful'; *agljan wk. `harm'; aglu-s (ü) `difficult'
Norwegian: egla wk. `molest, offend'
Old English: eg(e)le `troublesome, hateful, loathsome, horrid', eglian (eglan, elan) (-ode/-ade; -od/-ad) tr. impers. `to trouble, pain, grieve'
Middle Low German: egelen `Gram verursachen'
Proto-Germanic: *agl=
Meaning: troublesome, hateful, usw.
Gothic: agl-s `aiskhrós, schimpflich', aglō `Drangsal', us-agljan `bedrängen, plagen', aglus, adv. agluba `dǘskolos, düskólōs, schwierig'
Old English: egle `troublesome, hateful, loathsome, horrid', eglian (eglan, elan), prt. -ode, -ade, ptc. -od, -ad `to trouble, pain, grieve' `Schmerz zufügen'
English: ail `schmerzlich empfunden werden'
Middle Low German: egelen (Gram.) `verursachen'
Proto-Germanic: *agú-z; *augu-z; *augVra-z; *ugVra-z; *agila-z
Meaning: a fish
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔg-r m. `Flussbarsch', NIsl ögur m. `Rotbarsch'; aug-r m.; augur-r m. `Rotbarsch'
Norwegian: auger; uver, uer
Old Swedish: agh-borre
Middle High German: { ag `Barsch' }; { egle, eglinc }
German: schweiz. egel, demin. egli
Proto-Germanic: *ag(w)i-ɵaxsiō(n) (*ɵaxsu-z `badger')
Meaning: lizard
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: āɵexe, -an f. `lizard, newt'
Old Saxon: egithassa, ewidehsa
Middle Dutch: eghedisse, haghetisse
Dutch: hagedis f.
Middle Low German: gedisse, 65 egidesse
Old High German: egidehsa, ewidehsa (8.Jh.),
Middle High German: egedëhse, eidëhse st./wk. f. 'eidechse'
German: Eidechse
Comments: *ɵaxsu-z: Norw svin-toks `Dachs'
Proto-Germanic: *a(g)wnōn-, *a(g)wnian- vb.
Meaning: to yean
IE etymology: IE etymology
Swedish: gotl. ōna, dial. vara i ōn `drachtig zijn'
Old English: ēanian (ēanigan) (ēanode; ēanod) `yean, bring forth as a ewe', ge-ēan adj. `yeaning'
English: yean `of a ewe, bring forth' < *ge-ēanian
East Frisian: Fris eandsje, inje `lammen'
Dutch: dial. onen `lammeren werpen', dial. oonschap `schaap dat moet lammeren'
Proto-Germanic: *a(g)wṓ; *áxwō; *ō(g)wjá-z; *a(g)wjṓ
Meaning: river, waters
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ahʷa f. (ō) `river, waters'
Old Norse: ō f. Name eines Gehöftes, ON; ā f. `Fluss'; ǟgir `Meer, Gott des Meeres'; ey, gen. eyjar f. `Insel'
Old Swedish: ā `Fluss'; (run.) auiu `Insel'
Swedish: ö `Insel'
Old Danish: ā `Fluss'
Danish: ɔ `Fluss'; ö `Insel'
Old English: ēa (ǟ) f. `running water, a stream, river, water'; ǟg-weard `sea-ward, sea-guard or guardianship'; eagor `Meer, Flut'; ēg, -e f. `water, sea', īg, -e f. `Insel'
Old Frisian: ā, ē `Flus'
Old Saxon: aha `Fluss'; oi-land `Insel'
Middle Dutch: ei-land `Insel'
Dutch: a, aa f., m. naam voor kleine riviertjes en beekjes
Middle Low German: ō, ōge, ōch, ouwe, ou `Waaser(lauf), Insel (im Fluss), feuchtes Wiesenland' , LFrank ei-land; oog `Insel'
Old High German: aha f. `Fluss'; ouwa (10.Jh.), -awa `Wasser, Strom'; `Halbinsel im Flusse, wesserriches Wieseland'
Middle High German: ahe st. f. 'fluss, wasser'; ouwe, owe st. f. 'wasser, strom; von wasser umflossenes land, insel od. halbinsel'
German: { Ache }; Aue, Au f.
Comments: Far ǟgi `Meer'
Proto-Germanic: *aibra-; *aibra-n; *aibrī
Meaning: sharp, bitter, vehement, dire
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: āfor adj. `vehement, dire, hateful, rough, austere'
Old High German: eibar, eivar 'scharf, bitter, widerwärtig, heftig' (8.Jh.); eivar n. `Bitteres, Erbitterung' (um 1000); eivarī f. `Bitterkeit, Erbitterung' (um 1000)
German: Eifer m.; nsächs., fachsprächl. eifer 'bitter, scharf'
Proto-Germanic: *aida-z, *áisōn, *ísōn, *aistō; *aidla-z
Meaning: flame, spark
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: eisa f. `glühende Asche, Feuer'; eld-r m. `Feuer'
Norwegian: dial. eisa `Feuerställe'; dial. e(i)ld, e(i)ll
Swedish: ässja, dial. ajsa `Herdfeuer'; eld `Flamme', dial. äild
Danish: esse `Esse'
Old English: ād, -es m. `funeral pile, pile, heap'; āst, -e `kiln'
English: oast `Hopfendarre'
Old Saxon: ēd `vuur, brandstapel'
Middle Dutch: eest(e), ēst(e)
Dutch: eest m. `droogoven'
Middle Low German: eiste; ēse f. `Esse, Feuerherd'
Old High German: eit m. `Glut, Scheiterhaufen'; essa `Brandstätte, Schmelzofen' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: eit (-t-) st. m. 'feuer, ofen'; esse st. f. `esse, feuerherd'
German: Esse f.
Proto-Germanic: *aigVn=, *áixVn=
Meaning: grain, sprout
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: eigin n. `eben hervorgesprosster Saatkeim'
Norwegian: eigind
Swedish: dial. eien, äje, ägel, äjel m.
Middle Low German: īne `Granne'
Proto-Germanic: *aik=
Meaning: excited
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: eikinn `gewaltsam, wütend, rasend', NIsl `unverträglich (von Rindern)'
Norwegian: eikja, eikla `unafhörlich mit Angriffen, Widersprüchen, Behauptungen plagen', eikjen `steitsüchtig'
Old English: ācol (ācul, ācl) `excited, excited by fear, frightened, terrified, trembling''
Proto-Germanic: *aikō, *aikila-z
Meaning: oak
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: eik f. `Eiche; Schiff (poet.)'
Norwegian: eik
Swedish: ek f. `Eiche'
Danish: eg
Old English: āc (ǟc), -e f. `oak'
English: oak
Old Frisian: ēk
Old Saxon: ēk f. `Eiche'
Middle Dutch: eike, ēke f. `Eiche'; eikel, ēkel m. `Eichel'
Dutch: eik m. `Eiche', eek `eikenschors'; eikel m. `Eichel'
Middle Low German: ēk f./m., ēke f. `Eiche'; ēkel `Eichel'
Old High German: eih, eihha (8.Jh.) f. `Eiche'; eihhila (9.Jh.) `Eichel'
Middle High German: eich, eiche st. f. `Eiche'; eichel wk. f. `Eichel'
German: Eiche, Eichel
Proto-Germanic: *ailō, *ailōn
Meaning: ditch
IE etymology: IE etymology
Norwegian: dial. eil f. rinnenförmige Vertiefung
Swedish: dial. ela rinnenförmige Vertiefung
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Total of 1991 record 100 pages

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Forward: 1 20 50

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