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Long-range etymologies :

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\data\eura\globet
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : to burst, split (many roots)
Eurasiatic : *paḳV
Sino-Caucasian : ST *puak 'to pierce, burst open', *phāk 'to dismantle', *phjǝ̆k 'to destroy', *phōk 'beat, hit'
Austric : *pVk 'cut, split'; *PVk 'pound, beat'
African (misc.) : Bantu *-bég- 'break, snap' or *-pàká 'boundary'.
Reference : ND 367.
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : to rub, scratch
Eurasiatic : *ṗIḳV
Afroasiatic : *PVḥVḳ-
Sino-Caucasian : *bVxV ( ~ -xg-,-xq̇-)
African (misc.) : Bantu *-pàk- 'to rub'.
Reference : (NDD 1680, 1683).
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : dust, dirt
Eurasiatic : *böḳa
Afroasiatic : *buḳ- (also *bubuk earth, dust)
Sino-Caucasian : *bʕṓqwV
Austric : PAN *apuk 'dust', *la(m)bug 'turbid', PAA *bʔok 'rotten'
Amerind (misc.) : *pok 'ashes' (R 25) [+ A]
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : liver
Eurasiatic : Alt. *pi̯ā̀ki liver
Notes : A local Alt. root.
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : to pour, wash
Afroasiatic : *baḳʷ-
Amerind (misc.) : *puk 'bathe' (R 12-13); *paku 'water' (R 827) [+ A]
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : hard, firm
Eurasiatic : *pVKV
Amerind (misc.) : *pak 'bone' (actually - 'hard, dry') (R 81) [+ K]; *pake 'stone' (R 699) [+ A]
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : bow
Eurasiatic : *büḲa
Afroasiatic : *pVg-
Amerind (misc.) : *poḳu 'bow' (R 88)
Reference : GE 32 *bu(n)ka (+ NC, NS, IP, Austral.)
Borean (approx.) : PVKV
Meaning : to be mad, stupid
Eurasiatic : *buḳV
Austric : *bVk
Borean (approx.) : PVLCV
Meaning : hair (feather; whiskers)
Sino-Caucasian : *bilʒ́V́
Notes : So far attested only in SC.
Borean (approx.) : PVLKV
Meaning : leaf
Sino-Caucasian : *ʕapālxq̇wĔ́
Austric : PAN *paqpaq, *palaqpaq 'midrib of coconut leaf'
Borean (approx.) : PVLMV
Meaning : foot, knee
Eurasiatic : *bVl(m)V
Sino-Caucasian : *ṗɨ̆mɫV̆́
Borean (approx.) : PVLNV
Meaning : palm of hand, handful
Eurasiatic : *ṗVlŋV
Austric : PAA *pa:ŋ, MY *phaŋ handful
Amerind (misc.) : *pel 'hand' (R 358) [+ A]
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : shine, burn (several roots?)
Eurasiatic : *belV
Afroasiatic : *bVlVg- / *bVlVḳ-
Austric : PAN *balar 'pale, albino', *balaR 'pale, white'
Amerind (misc.) : *pali 'sun, shine' (R 705) [P H C Pa An E MP MG]; *pole 'white' (R 843) [Pa MT E MP]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-bád- 'shine'.
Reference : МССНЯ 363; ND 204; in ND 207 (*bäĺ[X]V 'boil, cook' a non-existent Alt. root is compared with Cush. *bll- 'boil' which may also be related somehow); GE *bel (+ NS); Guthrie 17.
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : many, full
Eurasiatic : *ṗalV
Afroasiatic : Sem. *pVlħ-; Angas pil (?)
Sino-Caucasian : *bVɫV
Austric : PAN *pǝlpǝl 'fill'
Amerind (misc.) : *pala 'big' (R 56) [ + A]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-bụ̀d- 'become plentiful' (?).
Reference : ND 1709, 1710; Peiros 1989; Guthrie 224.
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : to fear, be angry
Eurasiatic : *belHi
Afroasiatic : *bihal- ( + *nVbel- 1458)
Reference : МССНЯ 331-332, ОСНЯ 2, 98-99 (but PIE *pelǝ- 'shake', PD *pir_V- 'tremble, fear' and AA forms with *p- should be kept apart).
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : to swallow, throat; pipe
Eurasiatic : *balʕ[u]
Afroasiatic : *balVʕ/ɣ- (cf. also *balaʕ- 'eat, swallow')
Sino-Caucasian : *HpēɫV̄ ?
Reference : МССНЯ 336, ОСНЯ 1, 173; ND 200.
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : burn
Eurasiatic : *ṗaĺV
Afroasiatic : *fiyal-; Cush. *bul- 'warm' (ND 195)
Sino-Caucasian : *bVlV ( ~ -ɫ-)
Amerind (misc.) : *apali 'firewood' (actually 'fire, burn, hot') (R 268)
Reference : МССНЯ 337; ND 195, 1726; GE 103 *pal.
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : leaf tree
Eurasiatic : *ṗVlV
Afroasiatic : ? Akk. bulaʔu 'firewood', Irq paʔal-mo 'board' (ND 1724)
Sino-Caucasian : *pħɨ̄́ɫV̄
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : flat, level
Eurasiatic : *ṗVlHV
Afroasiatic : *palaḥ- (+ *nVpVl- ~ *pVlan- 1691) (+ Berb. in ND 1708); also Cush. *balḍ- and Berb. *fltɣ in 1719.
Sino-Caucasian : ST *phrĕŋ 'straight, level'
Amerind (misc.) : *paƛa 'broad' (R 96) [+ A K]
Reference : ND 1689, 1708.
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : fly, flea
Eurasiatic : *ṗVlV
Afroasiatic : *pVy/ʔVl-
Reference : ND 1694a.
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Back: 1 20
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