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Long-range etymologies :

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\data\eura\globet
Borean (approx.) : HVWV
Meaning : be satiated (?)
Eurasiatic : *HVwV
Afroasiatic : *ḥay/w-
Amerind (misc.) : ? *ʔayu 'good' (R 323) [+ A]
Notes : The relationship to *HigU in Eurasiatic has to be cleared up.
Borean (approx.) : HVWV
Meaning : bird
Eurasiatic : *HVwjV
Afroasiatic : *yawn- ?
Borean (approx.) : JVKV
Meaning : light, shine
Eurasiatic : *jVḳV
Afroasiatic : *yVḳ- (Ar., Bln., Eg.)
Reference : ND 2628.
Borean (approx.) : JVKV
Meaning : drink
Eurasiatic : *jVgU
Afroasiatic : Cush. *ʕVg- drink, Sem. *ʕgw- suckle, force to drink [ND 118, 2623]
Austric : PAA *ʔu:k / *ʔǝ:k drink, suck
Borean (approx.) : JVLKV
Meaning : louse
Afroasiatic : Berb. *yallik louse
Notes : An isolated Berb. root.
Borean (approx.) : JVMV
Meaning : sea, water
Eurasiatic : *jamV
Afroasiatic : *ham-
Austric : PAA *ʔVm, MY *ʔvom water, Tai ʔam wet
Amerind (misc.) : *jume 'water' (GE 78)
Reference : GE 78 *yami.
Borean (approx.) : JVNV
Meaning : to live, stand
Austric : *ʔjVŋ (*nVŋ) dwell, stand
Notes : No certain parallels outside Austric.
Borean (approx.) : JVNV (WVNV)
Meaning : speak, say, sound
Eurasiatic : *jVnV
Afroasiatic : *yVn- 'say' (Eg., Berb., Cush., Chad.)
Sino-Caucasian : *ʔwēnɨ (~ -u)
Amerind (misc.) : *wuni 'cry' (R 154); ? *wen 'name; call' (R 494) [+ A]
Reference : ND 2635.
Borean (approx.) : JVRV
Meaning : two, pair
Eurasiatic : *jVŕV
Notes : A specifically Nostr. isogloss.
Borean (approx.) : KV
Meaning : interrogative pronoun
Eurasiatic : *ḳV
Afroasiatic : *kV (Cush., Om., Chad.)
Sino-Caucasian : *x_V
Austric : *kU
Amerind (misc.) : *ki ~ *ka ~ *ku 'interrogative' (R 395) [+ A K]; *xa 'interrogative' (R 397) [+ A K]; *yak 'interrogative' (R 402) [+ A]
African (misc.) : Bantu *kí 'what?'.
Reference : ND 981; GE 8 *ku(n) (+ ?Khois., NiC, NS, ?Austral., Nahali).
Borean (approx.) : KV
Meaning : demonstrative pronoun
Eurasiatic : *ḳV
Afroasiatic : *kV 'this' (Cush., Omot., Sem., Chad.); here probably also some Cush. and Omot. words for 'one'
Sino-Caucasian : *gV
Austric : PAA *kV / *gV that, Thai khau, kha:
Amerind (misc.) : *ki ~ *ko 'this' (R 745) [+ A K]; *ga(s) 'this' (R 749) [+ A]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-ká 'which'.
Reference : ND 982; GE 85 *ko.
Borean (approx.) : KV
Meaning : take
Eurasiatic : *ga
Sino-Caucasian : PNC *-iq_ʷV hold, take
Austric : *KVʔ
Amerind (misc.) : *ko(n) 'carry' ? (R 112); *ko 'finger, hand; take' (R 253) [+ A]; cf. also *yak 'give' (R 308) [+ A], *ʔukʷ 'give' (R 309) [+ A K]; *ʔaqa 'hand' (actually 'give, take' R 352 [+ A])
Reference : Peiros 1989, 127.
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : scratch, scrape
Eurasiatic : *ḳVSV
Afroasiatic : ? *guḥas-
Sino-Caucasian : *qVčV / *čVqV
Austric : *kVs
African (misc.) : Cf. Bantu *-kúc- 'to rub'.
Notes : For Afroasiatic cf. Dolg. *ḳwVŝ- (-ĉ-) 'scratch, scrape' (Sem., Omot., Chad.).
Reference : ND 1003, 1211 etc. (many roots); Guthrie 1186.
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : dog
Eurasiatic : *KUCV ?
Afroasiatic : *ḳVĉ-, *gVʒ- 'hyena, dog' (Sem., Berb., Eg., Cush.)
Sino-Caucasian : PNC *gwăǯē 'bitch, dog'
Amerind (misc.) : *kucu 'dog' (R 180) [ + A]
African (misc.) : Cf. Sandawe gwece 'wild dog'.
Reference : ND 978, 1004.
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : basket
Eurasiatic : *ḳoćV
Afroasiatic : *kaʔ/wac-
Sino-Caucasian : *xq̇HwéčwV
Reference : МССНЯ 345; ND 993.
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : bone
Eurasiatic : *ḳaCV
Afroasiatic : *ḳ(ʷ)as-
Sino-Caucasian : EC *kŏc̣a (~-e) 'a k. of bone' (cf. also *gwǝćV 'arm')
Amerind (misc.) : *kuc 'hand' (R 347) [+ A K] (also many forms in GE 5)
Reference : ND 999; GE 5 (but Khois., NS, IP and many Amer. forms should be rather put to KVNTV); GE 73 *kaṭi (with a lot of confusion).
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : direction, road, pass
Eurasiatic : *gwVCV
Afroasiatic : *gVʒVʕ- (Sem., Cush.)
Reference : ND 705.
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : sand
Eurasiatic : *kiCV
Afroasiatic : *q̇ac̣-/*q̇VwVc̣- (ND 954: Berb. *kwẓ, various Chad.; 1103: Ar. qaδ̣δ̣-, various Cush., Chad.; 990a : Sem. *ḳic̣c̣-, some Chad.)
Sino-Caucasian : ? EC *GoʒV 'dirt'
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : to cut
Eurasiatic : *ḳVć`V
Afroasiatic : *ḳac̣-/*ḳuc̣-
Sino-Caucasian : *q̇ăc̣ɨ̆ (~-ŭ)
Amerind (misc.) : *ḳaCi (under *ḳaṭi R 89) [+ A]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-kèc-.
Reference : ND 989; GE 79 *ḳaci (with diff. SH).
Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : man
Eurasiatic : *ḳaćV ( ~ -ć`-)
Sino-Caucasian : *GĀc̣Ĕ
Austric : PAN *-kas 'swift, strong, energetic', PAA *kVt 'brave'
Amerind (misc.) : *ḳači 'boy, child' (GE 80)
Reference : GE 80 *ḳaci.
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Total of 1152 records 58 pages

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Back: 1
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