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Long-range etymologies :

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\data\eura\globet
Borean (approx.) : CVHV
Meaning : tongue
Sino-Caucasian : ND *cū̀ʔ
Notes : A ND isolate of unknown origin.
Borean (approx.) : CVHV
Meaning : seed; to sift
Eurasiatic : *sVjHV
Sino-Caucasian : *=ásA
Amerind (misc.) : ? *icu 'seed' (R 616) [+ K]
Borean (approx.) : CVJV
Meaning : to blink, shine, shade
Eurasiatic : *CajV
Afroasiatic : *ĉ̣uḥay- ?
Sino-Caucasian : *c̣ăjɨ̆
African (misc.) : Cf. Macro-Khoisan *ʒ́o[a] "ashes".
Reference : ОСНЯ 1, 199 (*c̣äjħa)
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : big, thick
Eurasiatic : *č`oḳV ( ~ -q̇-)
Afroasiatic : ? Sem *čḳl 'weigh, heavy' (?+ Berb. *ẓ(H)k- 'heavy' in ND 2040); Cush. *č̣Vḳ- 'full'
Sino-Caucasian : *č̣HǝqwV́
Austric : *CVk
Reference : ND 385 (Nostr-Sem.); Peiros 1989, 127. Cf. Ain. sik 'full'.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to pierce
Eurasiatic : *CoḳV (cf. also *čVḳV)
Afroasiatic : ??? Ar. ɵqb- 'percer, forer'; cf. also Berb. *-skir, Cush. *cVḳ- 'fingernail, claw'
Sino-Caucasian : *č̣wǝ̆ḳwV
Austric : *CVk
Amerind (misc.) : *cikʷ 'cut' (R 157) [+ A]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-còk- 'poke in'.
Reference : МССНЯ 344, (ND 384 Nostr.+Ar.); GE 71 *ṭiḳ (?). One of several similar roots; cf. Peiros 1989, 127.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : frozen snow
Eurasiatic : *čVgV
Afroasiatic : Agw. *caḳ- 'rainy season', Ar. ṣaqīʕ 'hoar-frost' or saqṭ- 'snow, dew'.
Sino-Caucasian : *čŏ́w(x)qɨ̄
Amerind (misc.) : ? *caḳ 'cold' (under *iṭaḳ R 136); ? cf. also *sukʷ 'blow' (R 856) [+ A]
Notes : Cf. also PAfAs *sVḳ-?
Reference : ND 333.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : small
Eurasiatic : *CVḳV
Afroasiatic : Cf. Omot. *č̣Vḳ-
Sino-Caucasian : *šdĭ́ḳwĂ
Reference : ND 334 (Omot.-Nostr.).
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : arm, leg
Eurasiatic : *ćVḳV
Afroasiatic : *c/c̣uḳl-
Sino-Caucasian : *č̣V́[l]xḳwV
Amerind (misc.) : *saka 'hand' (R 350) [+ A K]; *caka 'leg' (R 428) [+ A]
African (misc.) : Cf. Macro-Khoisan *c̮qa "lower leg, shin".
Reference : ND 356 (Nostr+SH, but SH somewhat differently); GE 43 *tsaku (+ NC, NS, IP, dubious Austric).
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : part of shoulder, joint
Eurasiatic : *čVKV
Afroasiatic : *čVkVm-
Sino-Caucasian : *c̣VḳV ( ~ ś-,-k-)
Reference : ND 383.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to bend
Eurasiatic : *cVḳV
Afroasiatic : *ĉ̣VkVʕ- 'squat', lie down (Sem., Chad.)
Sino-Caucasian : NC *č̣ü̆kwV / *č̣ü̆ḳwV 'be hooked, curved'
Reference : ND 477.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : mouse, squirrel
Eurasiatic : *CVḳV (cf. also *cwVkV ( ~ čw-))
Afroasiatic : *Sakw-; ?? Gz ṣǝḳʷǝnḳʷǝn 'field mouse'
Sino-Caucasian : *[c]ā́r[xg_]wV̆ ( > Kartv. c̣iq̇w-)
Notes : The ST form also resembles scattered Nostr: TM *siŋere, PFU *šiŋere 'mouse'.
Reference : ND 354.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : nape, back
Eurasiatic : *śVKV
Afroasiatic : *ʒig/k-; Cush. *zVg- 'back', Chad. *ʒVg- 'shoulder' (etc.)
Sino-Caucasian : *ʒV[k]wV
Reference : Blazh. DA, LB, ND 2024, 2711, 2717.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to see, know
Eurasiatic : *šVḳV ( ~ *ć`w-)
Afroasiatic : Sem. *škħ- 'find', ECush. *sag-/*sog- 'predict'; Sem. *ŝkw/y 'look, expect'
Sino-Caucasian : *ćV[q]V ( ~ ć̣-, č-, č̣-) ?
Austric : PAA *sa:k / *cɔ:k 'look for', Tai zak, Lao sok 'ask'
African (misc.) : Bantu *-càk- 'search for, desire'.
Notes : Here Ain. siki 'eye'? In SC cf. also PST *sɨāk 'search, demand'.
Reference : ND 2030, 2191.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to plait
Eurasiatic : *źVḳV
Afroasiatic : *saḳ- (also Sem. *ziḳḳ- 'fetters' in ND 2663)
Sino-Caucasian : *c̣VxḳwV́̄ ( ~ sṭ-)
Amerind (misc.) : *c̣akʷ (?) 'rope' (R 580) [+ A K]
Reference : ND 2031, 2663.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : sour, ferment
Eurasiatic : *sVḳV ( ~ ś-, š-, ć`-)
Afroasiatic : *sVḳʷ- (or to Nostr. *SiḳV- 'urinate, pour' 814?)
Sino-Caucasian : *c̣ǟ́xḳwV
African (misc.) : Cf. Macro-Khoisan *c̮ku "dew" or *cVkV "sap".
Reference : ND 2036, 2042
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : meat
Eurasiatic : *sUḳV
Afroasiatic : *ŝVk- (Cush., Chad.) 'meat'
Sino-Caucasian : *š_ēḳV̆
Reference : ND 2188a.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to cut, split
Eurasiatic : *śVḳV
Afroasiatic : Sem. *ŝḳḳ + Chad., Cush. 'split, crack'
Sino-Caucasian : ST *śēk 'cleave, split'
Reference : ND 2190.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : thorn
Eurasiatic : *ʒ́wVgV
Afroasiatic : *zVḳw- 'sharp point' (Sem., Chad.)
Sino-Caucasian : *šíḳV ?
Reference : ND 2707.
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to move, step
Eurasiatic : *ćeKV
Afroasiatic : *ʒak-/*ʒik- ?
Sino-Caucasian : *ČV́QV
Austric : PAN *anzak 'stamp, dance, tread', (?) PAA *cVʔ 'step on'
Amerind (misc.) : *caq 'go out' (R 317) [+ A]
Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : hair
Eurasiatic : *cVḳV
Afroasiatic : *c̣ag- (?)
Sino-Caucasian : *c̣Ăq̇wĀ
Austric : Cf. Austric: PAA *sok 'hair', PAN *buSek / *buSuk / *bukeS 'head hair'.
Notes : A lot of confusion. Originally probably at least two different roots: *CVq̇wV 'temple, hair on temple' (whence frequently 'ear': besides Eurasiatic cf. also Berb. *mǝẓẓūg 'ear', ND *ǯēx 'ear' and PAA *cVk 'ear; crest, comb') and *CVḳwV 'long hair' (cf. NC *[c]V̆ḳwV̆ 'long hair', ND *cīḳ 'hair of head'). A third root (*kVswV) may be represented by Austric *sVk / *kVs, IE *kais- and PNC *k(w)iśwɨ (cf. KVCV)
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