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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir_-a-
Meaning : to transcend, exceed
Tamil : ir_a (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to go beyond, transcend, excel, be pre-eminent, pass by (of time), transgress
Tamil derivates : ir_appa much, exceedingly; ir_appu transgression, passing, excess, abundant
Proto-Nilgiri : *er_-
Number in DED : 0515
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir_-a-
Meaning : to descend
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_aŋku (ir_aŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to descend, alight, fall (as rain), disembark, settle into place, halt, abate (as poison, small-pox, etc., which are supposed to pass away from the head downward), bow respectfully, fall from a high state
Tamil derivates : ir_aŋkal place of descent, of debarkation; ir_akku (ir_akki-) to lower, let down, put down (load), unload; n. unburdening, discharging; ir_ai (-v-, -nt-) to bow before (as in salutation), worship; ir_aiñcu (ir_aiñci-) id., fall down, hang low (as a cluster of coconuts), bow, bend
Malayalam : ir_aŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to descend, go down, disembark, be swallowed
Malayalam derivates : ir_akkuka to put down, unlade, expel, swallow; ir_akkam descending, slope, abatement, ebb; ir_añcuka to adore, make obeisance; ir_ayuka to bow, salute; ir_avu a valley, descending slope
Kannada : er_agu
Kannada meaning : to bow, be bent, crouch, come down, alight, fall upon, attack, enter, join, accrue to; n. a bow, obeisance
Kannada derivates : er_agisu to cause to bow, etc.; er_aka coming down, etc.; er_aguha bowing, coming down, perching, etc.
Kodagu : ëraŋg- (ëraŋgi-)
Kodagu meaning : (food, liquid) slips down throat, goes down slowly
Kodagu derivates : ërak- (ëraki-) to let slip down throat slowly
Tulu : eraguni
Tulu meaning : to bow, fall upon, seize, alight
Tulu derivates : ekkuni to ebb, decline; jappuni to descend, alight; jappelụ descent, slope, ebb; japuḍuni to let down, lower; jāpini, jāpuni to be unloaded; jāpāvuni to put down a load; jāpelụ putting down, as a load
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_ǝ-
Miscellaneous : IRU r_aŋgu /r_āŋgu̇ to descend; BEL (LSB) ija to climb down; KOR (O, T) jāvu to descend
Number in DED : 0516
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir_-ai-
Meaning : eaves
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_ai, ir_appu
Tamil meaning : inside of a sloping roof, eaves of a house
Tamil derivates : ir_avāram eaves of a house
Malayalam : ir_a, ir_akāli, ir_ayar_r_am
Malayalam meaning : eaves of a house
Malayalam derivates : ir_ampu eaves, brow of a hill, edge; ir_avāram veranda
Kannada : er_akil, er_ake
Kannada meaning : a roof, thatch
Kodagu : ërakɨ
Kodagu meaning : eaves
Number in DED : 0528
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir_-av-
Meaning : shrimp
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_avu, ir_ā, ir_āl
Tamil meaning : prawn, shrimp
Tamil derivates : ir_al bivalve shellfish, mussel
Malayalam : ir_āvu
Malayalam meaning : prawn, shrimp
Tulu : ? eṭṭi
Tulu meaning : prawn
Number in DED : 0517
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir_av-
Meaning : a k. of hill tribe
Tamil : ir_avuḷar
Tamil meaning : hill tribes
Malayalam : ir_avan, ir_avāḷar
Malayalam meaning : hill tribe of basket-makers
Kannada : er_ava
Kannada meaning : a hill tribe in Coorg
Number in DED : 0519
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_um-
Meaning : elated; arrogant
Tamil : ir_umā (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be elated, feel exulted; be self-conceited
Tamil derivates : ir_umāppu elation, conceit, arrogance
Malayalam : ir_umānnu
Malayalam meaning : indifferently, arrogantly
Number in DED : 0526
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-uŋk-
Meaning : a k. of maize/millet
Tamil : ir_uŋku
Tamil meaning : great millet (Sorghum vulgare)
Tamil derivates : ir_aṭi Italian millet (Setaria italica), black Italian millet (Panicum indicum)
Malayalam : ir_uŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : a kind of maize
Number in DED : 0525
Proto-South Dravidian : *Is-amb-
Meaning : to sound
Tamil : iyampu (iyampi-)
Tamil meaning : to sound, say, utter
Tamil derivates : iyakku (iyakki-) to cause to sound; iyakkam a musical composition, pitch (of three kinds); iyam sound, word, musical instrument; iyantai an ancient melody type; iyavan_ drummer; icai (-pp-, -tt-) to sound, sound as a musical instrument, express, signify, play as on a lute; n. sound, noise, word, fame, song, music; ? ēe Sāmaveda (or with DEDR 879)
Malayalam : iyampuka
Malayalam meaning : to sound
Malayalam derivates : ica, iśa song, music; iśampuka to say, speak, utter
Kannada : ese
Kannada meaning : (PBh.) to sound
Number in DED : 0470
Proto-South Dravidian : *Is-aŋ- (*-j-)
Meaning : to move, go
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iyaŋku (iyaŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to move, stir, go, proceed, walk about; n. movement, act of going
Tamil derivates : iyakku (iyakki-) to cause to go, train or break in (as a bull or horse); n. motion, going, marching; iyakkam motion, moving about, way; icaŋku (icaŋki-) to go or lead to (as a way); icai (-pp-, -tt-) to bring about; iyal (iyalv-, iyan_r_-; iyali-) to go on foot, dance; n. pace, gait; iyavu way; leading, proceding; iyavuḷ leadership, god, way; iyavai way, path
Malayalam : iyaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to move steadily
Malayalam derivates : iyakkuka to cause to move; iyakkam motion, movement
Kannada : esagu
Kannada meaning : (PBh.) to drive
Proto-Nilgiri : *īj-
Number in DED : 0469
Proto-South Dravidian : *Isar
Meaning : water from boiled rice
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ecar
Tamil meaning : water in a pot set over the fire for boiling rice (< Ka. or Te.)
Kannada : esar, esaru
Kannada meaning : water in a cooking pot when in a state of boiling, water that is strained off from boiled vegetables or pulse, the water with the boiled vegetables, etc., pepper water
Number in DED : 0777
Proto-South Dravidian : *it-i
Meaning : fig tree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : itti
Tamil meaning : white fig, Ficus infectoria; stone fig, F. gibbosa parasitica; tailed oval-leaved fig, F. talboti
Tamil derivates : icci oval-leaved fig; jointed ovate-leaved fig, F. tsiela; icciyāl, iccil jointed ovate-leaved fig; iratti jointed ovate-leaved fig; subserrate rhomboid-leaved fig, F. gibbosa tuberculata; iratakam jointed ovate-leaved fig; iẓali white fig; ir_r_i tailed oval-leaved fig
Malayalam : itti, ittiy-āl
Malayalam meaning : waved leaved fig-tree, F. venosa; a parasitical plant, Loranthus coriaceus
Kodagu : itti
Kodagu meaning : Ficus (? gibbosa)
Number in DED : 0460
Proto-South Dravidian : *Itsaẓ- (?)
Meaning : petal, leaf
Tamil : itaẓ, ataẓ
Tamil meaning : petal, palmyra leaf, eyelid
Malayalam : itaḷ
Malayalam meaning : flower leaf, ovaria of fish
Malayalam derivates : ita sprout, shoot, tender leaf; itaykkuka to sprout
Kannada : esaḷ, (PBh.) esaẓ
Kannada meaning : petal, small twig with leaves
Tulu : esaḷụ
Tulu meaning : petal, leaf
Number in DED : 0459
Proto-South Dravidian : *it_-/*Ir_-ac-i
Meaning : flesh, meat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_acci
Tamil meaning : flesh
Tamil derivates : ir_r_i meat
Malayalam : ir_acci
Malayalam meaning : flesh, meat
Kodagu : eraci
Kodagu meaning : flesh, meat
Number in DED : 0529
Proto-South Dravidian : *iṭ-
Meaning : narrow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Stems: *iṭ- ["narrow"]; *iḍ-ùŋ- ["to shrink"]
Tamil : iṭukku
Tamil meaning : narrow lane, parting between fingers, crevices between the teeth, cleft in split wood, any place where a person or thing may get pressed or wedged in, difficulty, trouble, straits
Tamil derivates : iṭukkam closeness, narrowness of space, trouble; iṭukkal, iṭuval crevice; iṭuŋku (iṭuŋki-), iṭuku (iṭuki-) to shrink, contract; iṭukkaṇ misery, distress; iṭukkaṇi corner, nook; iṭakkar being close and crowded; iṭaŋkar narrow path; iṭaiñcal narrowness, closeness, trouble; iṭṭu small, narrow; iṭṭiṭai smallness, minuteness; obstacle, hindrance; iṭṭiṭaiñcal trouble, straits; iṭṭitu scantiness, slenderness; iṭṭimai smallness, narrowness; iṭṭaḷam crowd, throng, insufficient air-space, difficulty, affliction; iṭṭaḷappaṭu to be brought together as fragments and concentrated within a small area; iṭṭēr_i narrow path between two fields (local)
Malayalam : iṭukku
Malayalam meaning : narrow passage, straitness, difficulty, poverty
Malayalam derivates : iṭuŋŋuka to be straitened, contracted; iṭukkuka to confine; iṭaŋŋu strait; iṭumpu a narrow passage; iṭṭil lane between two hedges; eṭayi a by-way, lane; (Tiyya) eṭa lane, narrow path
Kannada : iḍaku, iṭaku, iṭuku, iḍaŋku, iḍiku, iḍuka, iḍuku, iḍugu
Kannada meaning : narrowness, closeness, straitness, difficulty, trouble
Kannada derivates : iṭṭu state of being close, narrow, pressed, thronged; iṭṭaṇisu, iṭṭaḷisu to be close, thronged, crowded, abundant, assemble in large numbers; iṭṭaṇa, iṭṭaḷa a crowd, throng, mass, abundance
Tulu : iṭṭiḍe
Tulu meaning : narrowness
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) eḍeŋkilụ corner, predicament
Irula : iḍukku
Irula meaning : narrow lane
Notes : Irula 113. Practically all the Kannada nouns go back to *iḍ-ùk-; the -a- in the second syllable is secondary, which explains the lack of forms like *eḍaku. The few forms with initial e- (dial. Mal., Tulu) are probably secondary formations as well.
Number in DED : 0445
Proto-South Dravidian : *iṭigai
Meaning : brick
Kodagu : iṭṭɨge
Kodagu meaning : brick
Irula : iṭṭigegallu
Irula meaning : brick
Kasaba : iḍɨxekkallɨ
Kasaba meaning : brick
Miscellaneous : Prakritism.
Notes : Irula 113; Kasaba 175; Kodagu 83.
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iẓ-a-
Meaning : to desire, long for
Tamil : iẓai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to associate very intimately, have tender emotions (as in love), be together (as husband and wife), copulate (as snakes)
Kannada : eḷasu
Kannada meaning : to desire, long for, take pleasure in
Kannada derivates : ? deŋgu sexual union
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍ-
Number in DED : 0507
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iẓ-ai
Meaning : yarn; thread
Tamil : iẓai
Tamil meaning : yarn, single-twisted thread, darning
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to be reeled, as yarn; (-pp-, -tt-) to spin
Malayalam : iẓa
Malayalam meaning : a single thread, long hair
Malayalam derivates : iẓekka to patch, mend; iḷekkuka to wind up thread
Kannada : eẓe
Kannada meaning : thread
Kannada derivates : eẓtu the string or cord of the warp of the texture of a cot
Tulu : ile
Tulu meaning : a hair, fibre
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) iḷe, eḷe a fibre, thread
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḷ
Number in DED : 0506
Proto-South Dravidian : *iẓ-i-
Meaning : to descend, fall
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iẓi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to descend, dismount, fall, drop down, be reduced in circumstances, be inferior
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to lower, let down, degrade, despise; iẓiccu (iẓicci-) to lower, let down, degrade, despise; iẓiccu (iẓicci-) to lower, let down, remit (as taxes); iẓippu contemptuous treatment; iẓipu, iẓivu inferiority, disgrace, decrease, hollow, pit
Malayalam : iẓika
Malayalam meaning : to descend
Malayalam derivates : iẓikka to lower, take down; iẓivu going down, sinking; iẓuka to fall, sink; iẓal remissness, defect; iḷiyuka to descend, get down
Kannada : iẓi (iẓid-)
Kannada meaning : to come down, descend, alight, go down, set (as the sun), become less, subside, be depressed or humbled, become lean
Kannada derivates : iẓa, iẓi, iẓu coming down, descending, being depressed, being humbled, declining, abating; iẓaku, iẓiku, iẓuku to cause to go down, lower, go down, incline; iẓakisu to cause to lower, etc.; iẓata, iẓita descending, inclining; iẓike descent, humbled condition; iẓipu, iẓapu, iẓupu to cause to descend, let down, lower; iẓiyuvike descending
Kodagu : ɨḷi- (ɨḷiv-, ɨḷiñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to descend, get ready
Kodagu derivates : ɨlɨp- (ɨḷɨpi-), (Mercara) ɨ̄p- (ɨ̄pi-) to lower, get (bullocks) out of shed; ? aḷa- (-p-, -t-) to sit down (? < *iṛay-)
Tulu : iliyuni
Tulu meaning : to fall, tumble, come down
Tulu derivates : iriyuni to fall, drop (as fruits, leaves); iri abatement of intoxication
Proto-Nilgiri : *iṛ-ǝg- (*īg-)
Number in DED : 0502
Proto-South Dravidian : *iẓ-uk-
Meaning : to slip, slide
Tamil : iẓukku (iẓukki-)
Tamil meaning : to slip down from a great height, fall down from a high rank, slip, slide, grow weak; forget, lose, destroy (cf. also 'lose' in DEDR 501); n. evil, disgrace, defect, inferiority, forgetfulness, slippery ground
Tamil derivates : iẓukkam fault, offence, ignominy; iẓukkal slipping, gliding
Malayalam : iẓukuka
Malayalam meaning : to slip, slide
Malayalam derivates : iẓukal sliding, slipping
Tulu : iḷiyuni
Tulu meaning : to slip out or down, slide
Tulu derivates : iḷijārụ a slope, slipperiness
Proto-Nilgiri : *ūg- (*uṛ-ǝg-)
Number in DED : 0503
Proto-South Dravidian : *ī-
Meaning : to give
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ī (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to give to inferiors, agree, consent
Tamil derivates : īkai gift; īkaiyan_ liberal person; īvu giving, gift, distribution; īvi (-pp-, -tt-) to distribute; īvōn_ donor
Kannada : ī (itt-)
Kannada meaning : to give, allow, permit
Kannada derivates : īsu, īyisu to cause to give
Number in DED : 2598
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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