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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *irant-/*ilant-
Meaning : plum, fig
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iratti, irati, irantai, ilantai, ilatai
Tamil meaning : Zizyphus jujuba
Malayalam : ilanta, lanta
Malayalam meaning : Zizyphus jujuba
Kannada : era, elaci, elci, eḷaci, ilici, egaci, rēgu (< Te.)
Kannada meaning : Zizyphus jujuba
Number in DED : 0475
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir-aŋk-
Meaning : pity, kindness, condescension
Tamil : iraŋku (iraŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to feel pity, condescend, show grace; be aggrieved, distressed in mind; repent
Tamil derivates : irakkam mercy, grace, pity, compassion, regret, sorrow
Malayalam : erakkam
Malayalam meaning : kindness, pity, compassion; wretchedness, affliction, miserable state
Number in DED : 0473
Proto-South Dravidian : *Irāg-i
Meaning : Eleusine coracana
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : irāki
Tamil meaning : Eleusine coracana
Malayalam : rāgi, r_āyi
Malayalam meaning : Eleusine coracana
Kannada : rāgi
Kannada meaning : Eleusine coracana
Kodagu : eri
Kodagu meaning : Eleusine coracana
Tulu : rāgi
Tulu meaning : Eleusine coracana
Proto-Nilgiri : *erg-
Miscellaneous : IRU rāyi Eleusine coracana
Number in DED : 0812
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir-i-
Meaning : to be destroyed
Tamil : iri (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be destroyed, retreat, flee away
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to defeat, destroy, drive away; iriñan_ foe; iriyal running, speeding
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir-ĭ-
Number in DED : 0478
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir-i-
Meaning : to break, wrench, twist
Tamil : irical
Tamil meaning : break, crack
Malayalam : iriyuka
Malayalam meaning : to wrench off, twist off, pluck (as fruits, branches)
Malayalam derivates : iriccal plucking
Number in DED : 0479
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir-k-
Meaning : to lay, put down
Kannada : irku, ikku
Kannada meaning : to lay or put down, put, place, beat, serve up (as food); be put; n. act of putting, etc.
Kannada derivates : ikkuva, ikkuha laying, putting, etc.; irkisu, ikkisu to cause to put
Tulu : ikkuni
Tulu meaning : to put, serve up (as food)
Number in DED : 0492
Proto-South Dravidian : *irp-ai
Meaning : mahua
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iruppai, irumpai, ippai, iluppai
Tamil meaning : mahua tree, Bassia longifolia
Malayalam : irippa, iruppa, ilippa, iluppa
Malayalam meaning : Bassia latifolia
Kannada : ippe, hippe
Kannada meaning : Bassia latifolia Roxb.
Tulu : ippe, (B-K.) irippe
Tulu meaning : the olive tree
Number in DED : 0485
Proto-South Dravidian : *iruḷ-
Meaning : ironwood
Tamil : iruḷ
Tamil meaning : ironwood of Ceylon, Mesua ferrea
Tamil derivates : (DCV) irumpukam ironwood
Malayalam : irimpakam, (DCV) iruḷ
Malayalam meaning : ironwood
Kannada : iruḷ
Kannada meaning : (DCV) ironwood
Tulu : ayirōḷ
Tulu meaning : (DCV) ironwood
Number in DED : 0482
Proto-South Dravidian : *irumb-
Meaning : iron
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : irumpu
Tamil meaning : iron, instrument, weapon
Malayalam : irumpu, irimpu
Malayalam meaning : iron
Kodagu : irɨmbɨ
Kodagu meaning : iron
Proto-Nilgiri : *ib
Number in DED : 0486
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir[u]vēl-i
Meaning : cuscuss grass
Tamil : iruvēri, iruvēli
Tamil meaning : cuscuss grass
Malayalam : iruvēri, iruvēli
Malayalam meaning : Andropogon muricatus
Tulu : irvēri
Tulu meaning : Andropogon muricatus
Irula : (?) irumuḷi
Irula meaning : a plant
Notes : Ir. 114. The Irula word can belong to several etymologies.
Number in DED : 0488
Proto-South Dravidian : *iruv-i
Meaning : Nepal aconite
Tamil : iruvi
Tamil meaning : Nepal aconite
Malayalam : iruvi
Malayalam meaning : a drug, (ML) Nepal aconite
Number in DED : 0487
Proto-South Dravidian : *irVs-
Meaning : axle-tree
Tamil : irucu
Tamil meaning : axle-tree
Kannada : irasu, iracu, iricu, irucu, irci, ircu, era-kōlu
Kannada meaning : an iron axle-tree
Number in DED : 0484
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : to die; to extinguish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_a (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to die, become obsolete, depart
Tamil derivates : ir_akku (ir_akki-) to kill; ir_appu, ir_avi, ir_avu death; ir_u (ir_uv-, ir_r_-) to die, end in; (-pp-, -tt-) to destroy, bring to an end; ir_uti, īr_u termination, end, death, limit; īr_r_-ayal penultimate
Malayalam : ir_akkuka
Malayalam meaning : to die
Malayalam derivates : ir_appu, ir_uti end; īr_u ruin
Kannada : irku, ikku
Kannada meaning : to kill, destroy; n. killing, destroying
Kannada derivates : irkisu to cause to kill
Tulu : irkāvuni, ikkāvuni
Tulu meaning : to extinguish
Tulu derivates : irkuni to be quenched
Number in DED : 0514
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : to break, snap
Tamil : ir_u (ir_uv-, ir_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to break, snap (as a stick), become severed (as a limb)
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to break off (as a branch), snap asunder, smash, break in pieces
Malayalam : ir_uka
Malayalam meaning : to break, snap
Number in DED : 0520
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : to pay as tax
Tamil : ir_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to pay (as a tax, a debt)
Tamil derivates : ir_uppu payment of debt, tax; ir_ai tax on land, duty
Malayalam : ir_a
Malayalam meaning : taxes, tribute, a certain fee for land-tenure
Malayalam derivates : ir_ukkuka to pay as tax; ir_uppu paying a tax or repaying a debt
Number in DED : 0521
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : to strain, drip, percolate
Tamil : ir_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to strain, percolate (as a liquid)
Tamil derivates : ir_r_u-ccoṭṭu to exude and drop at intervals
Malayalam : ir_uka (ir_r_-)
Malayalam meaning : to drip, drop
Malayalam derivates : ir_r_ikka to dribble; (Tiyya) ir_r_u a drop; ir_r_uva to trickle
Kannada : ibbani
Kannada meaning : fog, mist, dew
Kannada derivates : (Tipt., LSB) ircilu fine drops of rain
Number in DED : 0522
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : to tarry, stay
Tamil : ir_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to tarry, stay
Tamil derivates : ir_uppu, ir_ai abiding, tarrying
Kannada : ir_u
Kannada meaning : to stay, hesitate
Kannada derivates : ir_isu to cause to stay, put
Number in DED : 0523
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : tight
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_uku (ir_uki-)
Tamil meaning : to become tight (as a knot), harden (as land dried by the sun, molten, metals when they are cooled), become dry (as mortar or clay), thicken (as phlegm), congeal, coagulate, solidify, become firm, be fixed or rooted in
Tamil derivates : ir_ukku (ir_ukki-) to tighten, tie close or hard, make compact, repress, restrain, drive in (as a nail); n. pressure, coercion, reproof, hard knot; ir_ukkam tightness, compactness, rigidness, niggardliness; ir_ukkan_ miser; ir_ukal contraction; ir_umpu thicket, shrub, bush; ikku danger, trouble; ikkaṭṭu trouble, difficulty, straitened circumstances
Malayalam : ir_ukuka
Malayalam meaning : to become tight, close
Malayalam derivates : ir_ukkuka to tie tight, catch as a crab, (river) to have a narrow bed; ir_ukkam, ir_ukku tightness, covetousness; ikku trouble; ikkaṭṭu straits, difficulty; īr_r_a stinginess, a miser; īr_r_an miser; īr_r_ikka to keep tenaciously, lay up
Kannada : ir_aku, ir_iku, ir_uku, irku, ir_aŋku, ir_iŋku, ir_uŋku, ir_i
Kannada meaning : to be closely confined, be compressed or squeezed; confine, compress, squeeze, press, pinch
Kannada derivates : ir_aku, ir_iku, irku, ikku state of being close, confined, squeezed, or straitened; irkaṭṭu, ikkaṭṭu state of having little room from side to side, narrowness as that of a door, state of being strait or difficult to pass; ir_uku state of being close, etc., a narrow place, a thicket; ir_a, ir_i, ir_u state of being confined, tight, or close; ir_akisu, ir_ikisu, ir_ukisu, ir_uŋkisu, irkisu to press, squeeze; ir_ube, ir_uvu, ir_uve a throng, crowd, large number; ir_umbu a narrow place; hardness, harshness
Tulu : iriyuni
Tulu meaning : to rub or squeeze between the hands, knead
Tulu derivates : ikkaṭṭụ narrowness, difficulty, straitness, poverty; irbuliyuni to curdle as milk
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir- (*-r_-)
Irula : irugu
Irula meaning : become tight
Notes : Ir. 114.
Number in DED : 0524
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ir_-
Meaning : lord, king, ruler
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ir_ai
Tamil meaning : anyone who is great (as one's father or guru or any renowned and illustrious person), master, chief, elder brother, husband, king, supreme god, height, head, eminence
Tamil derivates : ir_aimai kingly superiority, celebrity, government, divinity; ir_aiyavan_ chief, god; ir_aiyān_ Śiva; ir_aivan_ god, chief, master, husband, venerable person; ir_aivi mistress, queen, Pārvatī
Malayalam : ir_ān, rān
Malayalam meaning : sire, used in addressing princes
Kannada : er_e
Kannada meaning : state of being a master or husband; a master
Kannada derivates : er_eya master, king, husband; er_ati a mistress
Number in DED : 0527
Proto-South Dravidian : *ir_-
Meaning : to throw, fling, beat
Tamil : ir_u (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to throw as a spear, fling
Kannada : ir_i (ir_id-)
Kannada meaning : to throw, beat, strike, pierce, kill, butt; throb (as a sore)
Kannada derivates : ir_a, ir_i, ir_u tossing, butting; ir_aku, ir_ike, ir_ata, ir_ita, ir_ipu striking, piercing, goring, etc.
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_-
Number in DED : 0859
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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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