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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *igal-
Meaning : to disagree, hate
Tamil : ikal (ikalv-, ikan_r_-; ikali-)
Tamil meaning : to disagree, hate, be inimical, compete; n. enmity, hatred, battle, war
Tamil derivates : ikalan_ warrior, jackal; ikaliyār enemies; ikalōn_ enemy; ical (icali-) to be in disagreement with one another, wrangle; icali quarrelsome woman; iyal (iyalv-, iyan_r_-; iyali-) to compete, wager; n. rivalry, competition
Malayalam : ikaluka
Malayalam meaning : to hate, reject, vie, compete
Malayalam derivates : ikal fight; iśal resistance
Number in DED : 0413
Proto-South Dravidian : *igaṇ-
Meaning : a k. of tree
Tamil : ikaṇai
Tamil meaning : a kind of tree
Malayalam : ikaṇa(m)
Malayalam meaning : a kind of tree
Number in DED : 0412
Proto-South Dravidian : *igaẓ-
Meaning : to slight, despise
Tamil : ikaẓ (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to slight, despise; be careless, negligent; forget; n. contempt, reproach
Tamil derivates : ikaẓcci disparagement, negligence; dislike; ikaẓvu contempt, scorn
Malayalam : ikaẓuka
Malayalam meaning : to despise, blame, condemn
Number in DED : 0414
Proto-South Dravidian : *iguḷ-
Meaning : woman's confidante
Tamil : ikuḷai
Tamil meaning : woman's confidante; kindred, friendship
Number in DED : 0417
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ij-a-
Meaning : possible; to agree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iyal (iyalv-, iyan_r_-; iyali-)
Tamil meaning : to be possible, befall, be associated with; accept, agree to, approach, resemble; n. fitness, good conduct, likeness, nature, quality
Tamil derivates : iyalpu nature, proper behaviour, goodness, propriety; iyalvu nature, means of attaining; iyar_r_u (iyar_r_i-) to do, effect, cause to act, control the movements of, create, compose; iyar_r_i, iyar_r_al effort; iyar_kai nature, custom; iyai (-v-, -nt-) to be agreeable, agree, harmonize, resemble; (-pp-, -tt-) to join, connect, adapt; iyaipu union, harmony, appropriateness; iyaivu union, joining together; icai (-v-, -nt-) to fit in (as one plank with another), harmonize, consent, agree; (-pp-, -tt-) to bind, resemble; n. union, harmony; icaippu combination, joining so as to fit in, joint; icaivu agreement, consent, suitability
Malayalam : iyaluka
Malayalam meaning : to agree, go fairly, be proper
Malayalam derivates : iyal what is proper; nature, condition; strength, power; iyar_r_uka to cause, induce; ikar_r_uka to cause, effect; iyappu joint, joining together; iyayuka to be agreeable, harmonise; iyaykkuka to join (tr.); iśayuka to agree, join together; iśaykkuka to join (tr.); iśal style, what is proper
Kannada : īlu
Kannada meaning : attachment, as that of animals to men, of children to parents
Kannada derivates : esagu to engage in, undertake, commence, do, make, perform; (PBh.) esaka action, deed, work
Tulu : iyaruni, iyavuni
Tulu meaning : to be sufficient
Number in DED : 0471
Proto-South Dravidian : *iK-
Meaning : to give
Tamil : iku (-pp-, -tt-), (PR) ikai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to give
Kannada : ikku
Kannada meaning : to give (as money, alms, a name, medicine)
Kannada derivates : iŋgu to give
Number in DED : 0416
Proto-South Dravidian : *il
Meaning : house
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : il
Tamil meaning : house, home, place, wife
Tamil derivates : illam house, home; illavaḷ, illāḷ wife, mistress of house; illāḷan_, illāḷi householder
Malayalam : il
Malayalam meaning : house, place
Malayalam derivates : illam house of Nambudiri
Kodagu : illavëN
Kodagu meaning : man who is a relative
Tulu : illụ
Tulu meaning : house, dwelling, family
Number in DED : 0494
Proto-South Dravidian : *il-
Meaning : not to be
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : il
Tamil meaning : non-existence, death
Tamil derivates : illai it is not (in Old Tamil with a complete neg. paradigm), no; illāmai absence, non-existence, poverty, want; illātavan_ one utterly destitute; illān_ poor man; ill-en_al death, negating existence; ilam, ilampai poverty; ili one who is without (at end of cpd.); in_mai total negation of existence, poverty; in_r_iya that which is not
Malayalam : illa
Malayalam meaning : does not exist, there is not; no, not
Malayalam derivates : adj. illā; illāyma not existence, poverty, want
Kannada : illa, illaṃ, illavu
Kannada meaning : is or are not; no, not
Kannada derivates : ila a man who has not, a place that is free from; illade (gerund) not being; illada adj. not being; illave state of not being
Kodagu : ille
Kodagu meaning : be not (for all persons and numbers)
Tulu : ijji, (B-K) iddi
Tulu meaning : not to exist, not to be
Proto-Nilgiri : *il-
Irula : ille
Irula meaning : no
Notes : Ir. 114.
Number in DED : 2559
Proto-South Dravidian : *Il-ai
Meaning : leaf
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ilai
Tamil meaning : leaf, petal
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to become green
Malayalam : ila
Malayalam meaning : leaf
Malayalam derivates : ilaccal foliage; ilakku, elakku a single leaflet of a palm
Kannada : ele, ela
Kannada meaning : leaf
Kodagu : elakaṇḍa
Kodagu meaning : leaf
Tulu : elè, irè
Tulu meaning : leaf
Proto-Nilgiri : *el[ä]
Number in DED : 0497
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḷ-ai-
Meaning : weary, tired
Tamil : iḷai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to grow weary, be fatigued, get exhausted, become worn out, be emaciated, fail before a foe, lag behind a rival, become impoverished, reach the stage of diminishing returns (as land), grow weak and lacking in fruitfulness (as trees), fade or lose vigour (as a plant)
Tamil derivates : iḷaittavan_ poor man, weak man; iḷaippu weariness, fatigue, lassitude, affliction, distress; iḷakkam weariness, faintness; iḷaku (iḷaki-) to grow weary, become tired, fade away (euphemism = die), perish; eḷi (-v-, -nt-) to become feeble, low-spirited; ? ciḷai (-pp-, -tt-) to be wearied, tired
Malayalam : iḷaccal
Malayalam meaning : weariness
Malayalam derivates : iḷappu id., lassitude; iḷaykkuka to be fatigued, get exhausted, grow lean; īḷikkuka to be emaciated, grow lean or thin; (Tiyya) iḷusan a loafer
Kannada : iḷidu
Kannada meaning : the state of wasting away, diminishing, decay
Number in DED : 0512
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḷ-ai-
Meaning : young
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iḷa, iḷam, iḷai
Tamil meaning : young, tender
Tamil derivates : iḷa-nīr tender coconut milk, tender coconut; iḷai youth, tender age; iḷaimai youth; iḷaicci younger sister; iḷaiñan_ younger brother, lad, young man; iḷaitu that which is young and not fully developed; iḷaiyar youths, young men, servants; iḷaiyavar, iḷaiyār young women; iḷaiyavan_ younger person, lad, youth, younger brother; iḷaiyan_, iḷaiyān_, iḷaiyōn_ younger brother; iḷaku (iḷaki-) to sprout afresh, send forth tender shoots; iḷacu that which is young or tender; iḷantai youth, tender years; iḷamai childhood, youth, tenderness, immaturity of knowledge and intellect, amorousness; iḷaval younger brother, lad, son
Malayalam : iḷa
Malayalam meaning : tender, young, weak
Malayalam derivates : iḷa-nīr unripe coconut; iḷappam state of being young, juvenility, tenderness; iḷama youth, tender age, junior rāja; iḷayavan young, younger
Kannada : eḷ, eḷa, eḷe
Kannada meaning : tenderness, youth, weakness, moderation
Kannada derivates : eḷa-nīr water of an unripe coconut; eḷaku young age; eḷatu, eḷadu, eḷedu that is tender, young; eḷetana tenderness, youth
Kodagu : ëḷeë
Kodagu meaning : youth
Tulu : eḷatụ, eḷe
Tulu meaning : tender, green, not fully grown
Tulu derivates : lattụ young, tender, unripe, green, imperfect; ellyāye a youth, junior, minor; lambu tender; lambè a tender fruit
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḷä
Number in DED : 0513
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḷ-ak-
Meaning : to shake
Tamil : iḷaku (iḷaki-)
Tamil meaning : to shake (intr.), agitate
Tamil derivates : iḷakku (iḷakki-) to shake (tr.)
Malayalam : iḷakuka
Malayalam meaning : to move, shake, fluctuate
Malayalam derivates : iḷakkuka to move (tr.), shake, stir, disturb, interrupt; stir (intr.); iḷakkikka to get into motion, set on (e. g. a dog); iḷakkam shaking, fluctuation, irresolution
Kannada : eḷadu, eḷidu
Kannada meaning : moving about, unsteadiness, fickleness
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) eḷagu to be excited
Kodagu : ëḷ- (ëḷi-)
Kodagu meaning : to leave one's position, leave abruptly, be removed from one's position
Kodagu derivates : ëḷak- (ëḷaki-) to make to leave a position, uproot, (god) possesses (man who devil-dances); ëḷaka uprooting from position, violent, shaking (as when possessed by a god)
Tulu : lakkuni
Tulu meaning : to rise, get up, depart, start
Tulu derivates : lakkāvuni to lift, raise, wake, rouse, steal
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḷ-ǝg-
Number in DED : 0509
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḷ-ak-
Meaning : to be loose, relaxed
Tamil : iḷaku (iḷaki-)
Tamil meaning : to become relaxed (as a bowstring), get loose (as screws), become pliable (as melted iron), get reduced in hardness owing to moisture, grow soft, liquefy, lessen in intensity or severity (as wind, rain, sunshine, fever), become tender, mild, yielding, placable
Tamil derivates : iḷakku (iḷakki-) to slacken (tr.), relax (as a spring), loosen (as a rope), moisten (as the throat with liquid), relieve (as the bowels by cathartics), cause to relent, make less firm (as a peg driven into the ground); iḷakkam laxity, relaxation, tenderness, leniency; iḷakkari (-pp-, -tt-) to relax; iḷakkāram laxity, relaxation, indulgence; (Tinn.) eḷa loose
Malayalam : iḷekkuka
Malayalam meaning : to slacken, subside, abate; remit, make to rest
Malayalam derivates : iḷavu leave, holiday, rest
Kannada : eḷakku
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) to unstick
Number in DED : 0510
Proto-South Dravidian : *Il-ar-
Meaning : to enliven
Kannada : elarcu
Kannada meaning : to make vigorous, enliven
Number in DED : 0832
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ilav-
Meaning : silk-cotton tree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ila, ilavam, ilavu
Tamil meaning : red-flowered silk-cotton tree, Bombax malabaricum
Malayalam : ilavam, ilavu
Malayalam meaning : silk-cotton tree, Bombax pentandra
Kannada : elava
Kannada meaning : the seemul or silk-cotton tree, B. heptaphyllum Roxb.
Tulu : āla
Tulu meaning : silk-cotton tree (?)
Number in DED : 0495
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḷ-i-
Meaning : to laugh, grin
Tamil : iḷi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become low-spirited because of being ridiculed by others
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to laugh, scorn, ridicule, disgrace, grin, show the teeth (as in cringing or in craving servilely); n. laughter, derisive laughter, disgrace, contempt, scorn, defect; iḷivu ridicule, disgrace, disgust; ? ici (-pp-, -tt-) to laugh; n. laughter; icippu laughter
Malayalam : iḷi
Malayalam meaning : contemptuous grin
Malayalam derivates : iḷika to fret, as children; iḷikka to grin (as dogs, monkeys), show the teeth; iḷiccal grinning, bashfulness; iḷippu grinning, neighing, nonsensical talk
Irula : iḷi
Irula meaning : show the teeth, laugh
Irula derivates : iḷippu laughter; iḷivu meanness
Notes : Ir. 114.
Number in DED : 0511
Proto-South Dravidian : *Ilumb- (?)
Meaning : hill olive
Tamil : elumpi
Tamil meaning : hill olive
Malayalam : ilumpi
Malayalam meaning : hill olive
Number in DED : 0838
Proto-South Dravidian : *imbi
Meaning : lemon
Irula : imbi
Irula meaning : lemon
Kasaba : imbikkāyi
Kasaba meaning : lemon
Kasaba derivates : imbimar_ā lemon-tree
Notes : Irula 113; Kasaba 176.
Proto-South Dravidian : *im-i-
Meaning : hump
Tamil : imil
Tamil meaning : hump on bull
Malayalam : imi
Malayalam meaning : hump
Number in DED : 0465
Proto-South Dravidian : *in-
Meaning : hereafter, still, yet
Tamil : in_i
Tamil meaning : hereafter, from here onwards (of place)
Tamil derivates : in_n_um, in_n_am still, yet, again, more than this, also, in addition to (in a conjunctive sense)
Malayalam : ini
Malayalam meaning : henceforth, yet, still, more
Malayalam derivates : iniyum again
Kannada : inu, innu
Kannada meaning : still, yet, moreover, hence, hereafter, more
Kannada derivates : innuṃ still more, still
Kodagu : iññi
Kodagu meaning : hereafter, again
Kodagu derivates : iññū still other
Proto-Nilgiri : *in
Number in DED : 0410
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