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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *iC-
Meaning : fie, interjection of disgust
Tamil : īci
Tamil meaning : fie!, excl. expressive of disgust or loathing
Kannada : is, issi
Kannada meaning : interj. of disgust
Tulu : isụ, isi
Tulu meaning : interj. expr. disgust
Number in DED : 0424
Proto-South Dravidian : *ic- (?)
Meaning : to chew
Irula : icu
Irula meaning : chew
Notes : Irula 113.
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍ-
Meaning : to crack, split
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iṭa (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be cracked, split, be torn off as skin; dig, scoop out, hollow, force a way through as an elephant in battle, root up as a hog, gore as a bull, throw up clods in a furrow
Tamil derivates : iṭappu large cleft, gap; clod of earth thrown out by ploughing; iṭavan_ clod, lump of earth; iṭi (-v-, -nt-) to crumble, fall to pieces, be in ruins (as a wall), become eroded, break in two, part; (-pp-, -tt-) to break to pieces, demolish; iṭical grain bruised in pounding; iṭivu decay, destruction, crumbling down as of an undermined bank
Malayalam : iṭakka
Malayalam meaning : to dig, split
Malayalam derivates : iṭika to crumble, fall to pieces, be split, be powdered, fall, be reduced (as a price); iṭikka to demolish, humble; iṭiccal demolition, ruins, dejection; iṭippu ruination; iṭivu demolition, despondency, degradation
Kannada : iḍi
Kannada meaning : to be powdered, ground, crumble
Kannada derivates : iḍisu to cause to powder; iḍupu breach, crack, hole; iṇḍe crack, slit
Kodagu : ɨḍi- (ɨḍiv-, ɨḍiñj-)
Kodagu meaning : (wall) falls, (land) slips
Kodagu derivates : (ɨḍip-, ɨḍic-) to knock over (wall, something piled or built up)
Tulu : iḍè
Tulu meaning : split, chasm
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍĭ-
Miscellaneous : IRU ḍepisu to cause to break
Number in DED : 0432
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍ-
Meaning : place, room
Tamil : iṭam
Tamil meaning : place, room, spot, opportunity
Tamil derivates : iṭan_ wide space, auspicious time; iṭai place, space, suitable time, opportunity; iṭaviya wide, extensive, spacious; iṭalam width, extent; iṭavai way
Malayalam : iṭa, eṭa, iṭam, eṭam, ēṭam
Malayalam meaning : place, spot, house, time
Kannada : iḍe, eḍe, eḍa
Kannada meaning : place, spot, ground
Kodagu : ëḍe
Kodagu meaning : the company or proximity of a person
Tulu : iḍè
Tulu meaning : place, room, space, abode
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) dekki place, room
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍ-
Number in DED : 0434
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍ-
Meaning : to put, place
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iṭu (iṭuv-, iṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to place, deposit, put in, keep, throw, cast away, discharge (as arrows), give, pour (as rain), put on (as a bangle), compare, bury, lay (as an egg)
Tamil derivates : īṭu applying, putting on, delivering, handling over, appropriateness, fitness, equality, a pledge, security, mortgage
Malayalam : iṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to put, place, plant, wear, cast, throw, give, act in general
Malayalam derivates : iṭuvikka, iṭīkka, iṭukkuka to make to put, etc.; īṭu placing, stability, durability, close texture, equivalent, what is equal, matches
Kannada : iḍu (iṭṭ-)
Kannada meaning : to let go or send from the hand, put down, throw, put, place, apply, set, plant, put on (as ornaments), lay by, keep, produce, perform, effect, make; n. putting, throwing, putting on, an ornament
Kannada derivates : iḍisu to cause to put, etc.; iḍuge, iḍige putting down or on, that is put on, an ornament; iḍuvike putting, applying, planting, producing, etc.; īḍu putting, placing, that is put, an object or mark to aim at, throwing, fitness, proportion, equality, that is equal or matches, an equivalent, a pledge
Kodagu : ɨḍ- (ɨḍuv-, ɨṭṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to drop (tr.); (Kar. also) to wear (not used for sari)
Tulu : iḍpini
Tulu meaning : to place, put down
Tulu derivates : īḍụ a pledge, pawn, an equivalent; dīpini to place, keep, put, reserve, lay by; dīpāvuni to cause to place, keep, put, etc.; dīpāvoṇuni to keep, etc., for oneself; (B-K.) ījụ, īḍụ, jīḍụ, dīḍụ to place
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍ-
Number in DED : 0442
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍ-
Meaning : to beat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iṭu (iṭuv-, iṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to hit against
Tamil derivates : iṭācu (iṭāci-) to strike, collide; iṭi (-pp-, -tt-) to butt, hit against, kill; n. stroke, blow, push
Malayalam : iṭayuka
Malayalam meaning : to hit against, press against, quarrel
Malayalam derivates : iṭaccal a quarrel; iṭaccil conflict; iṭi stroke, blow, shock, bruising, pounding; iṭikka to beat, bruise
Kannada : iḍaku
Kannada meaning : to beat, cuff
Kannada derivates : iḍi to pound, beat; (PBh.) iḍu (iṭṭ-) to hit; ḍikkā, ḍikki, ḍī, ḍīku a butt with the head
Tulu : eḍaŋkuni
Tulu meaning : to hit, kick
Tulu derivates : eḍapuni, eḍupuni, eḍpuni to thump, strike with the fist, pound in a mortar
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍ-
Notes : NB: Kannada lacks umlaut!
Number in DED : 0443
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍ-
Meaning : left
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iṭai, iṭam
Tamil meaning : left side
Tamil derivates : iṭan_ one on the left side; iṭattai, iṭavan_ left ox in the yoke
Malayalam : iṭam, eṭam
Malayalam meaning : left side
Kannada : eḍa
Kannada meaning : left, left side
Kannada derivates : eḍacu state of being left-handed
Kodagu : ëḍate left
Tulu : eḍa, yaḍa
Tulu meaning : left
Tulu derivates : eḍaŋkụ on the left side; yaḍambu left side; damma, datta left
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḍ
Number in DED : 0449
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍ-a-
Meaning : rude words
Tamil : iṭakkar
Tamil meaning : indecent words, terms denoting things or actions too obscene to be uttered in good society
Tamil derivates : iṭakkan_ rude, saucy, disrespectful person; iṭakku vulgar language, captious speech, rudeness, incivility, obstinacy as of a balky horse; iṭaŋkar debauchees, libertines, licentious men
Tulu : eḍaŋkụ pātera
Tulu meaning : an offensive word
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḍ-
Number in DED : 0433
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍ-a-
Meaning : to separate
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to make room, get out of the way, retreat, fall back
Tamil derivates : iṭampu (iṭampi-) to keep aloof
Malayalam : iṭayikka, iṭekka
Malayalam meaning : to disunite, separate
Malayalam derivates : iṭaccal family discord, separation
Number in DED : 0446
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍ-ai
Meaning : interval, space between
Tamil : iṭai
Tamil meaning : middle in space or time, interval, gap, unfilled space, waist
Tamil derivates : iṭuppu waist, side, loins, hips
Malayalam : iṭa, eṭa
Malayalam meaning : interval, place between, interval of time, middle, waist
Malayalam derivates : iṭuppu the hip
Kannada : eḍa, eḍe
Kannada meaning : place or time between, interval, distance, middle, waist, inferiority
Kannada derivates : eḍati middle aged woman
Tulu : iḍè
Tulu meaning : interval, space between, interval of time
Tulu derivates : iḍetara middling, inferior; eḍavaṭṭụ, eḍevaṭṭụ middling, indifferent; dekkārụ the space between the legs
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍä
Number in DED : 0448
Proto-South Dravidian : *Id-ai
Meaning : chest
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : ede, edde, erde
Kannada meaning : chest, breast, courage
Kannada derivates : edegār_a bold man
Tulu : ede
Tulu meaning : heart, chest, bosom
Proto-Nilgiri : *ed[ä]
Number in DED : 0827
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍal-ai
Meaning : wild olive
Tamil : iṭalai
Tamil meaning : wild olive, Olea dioica
Malayalam : iṭala
Malayalam meaning : a wood, burning very rapidly, (ML) Olea dioica
Malayalam derivates : (DCV) eṭala id.
Kannada : eḍala
Kannada meaning : (DCV) wild olive
Number in DED : 0436
Proto-South Dravidian : *(i)ḍamāR-
Meaning : a k. of drum
Tamil : iṭamān_am
Tamil meaning : double drum carried on the back of an animal
Tamil derivates : ṭamāyi kettle-drum mounted on an ox; ṭamāram, ṭamān_am, ṭammāram, ṭammān_am a kind of drum
Malayalam : ṭamānam, ḍhamānam
Malayalam meaning : kettle-drums beaten before princes
Kannada : ḍamāra, ḍamāṇa
Kannada meaning : a pair of kettle-drums
Tulu : ḍamāra, ḍamāna
Tulu meaning : a kettle-drum
Number in DED : 2949
Proto-South Dravidian : *Iḍ-[ar_-]
Meaning : to stumble
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iṭar_u (iṭar_i-)
Tamil meaning : to stumble, strike one's foot against, kick, obstruct; n. obstacle
Tamil derivates : iṭar_al stumbling, obstacle
Malayalam : iṭar_uka
Malayalam meaning : to stumble, trip, falter, hesitate
Malayalam derivates : iṭarcca stumbling, hesitation; iṭampuka to stumble, knock against, oppose, walk with difficulty; iṭampal contrariety; iṭantuka to walk with difficulty
Kannada : iḍar_u, eḍar_u
Kannada meaning : to stumble, trip
Kannada derivates : eḍavu, eḍapu the foot to be struck at a thing so as to cause a person to fall or to be near to fall, strike with the foot against, stumble, trip; eḍacu, eḍagu difficulty, esp. in speaking; (Nanj.) eḍgu to stumble; eḍahu to stumble, commit a mistake; n. stumbling; eḍahuha stumbling, deviating from the right course; (Hav.) ḍaŋku to stumble
Tulu : eṭṭuni
Tulu meaning : to stumble
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) eḍaŋkụ, ḍaŋkụ, daŋkụ, doŋkụ id., hit against; dumpiyuni, (B-K.) dompu to stumble
Proto-Nilgiri : *iḍ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) ḍakkɨ to stumble
Number in DED : 0437
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍḍali
Meaning : a k. of cake
Tamil : iṭṭali
Tamil meaning : a kind of cake prepared by steaming semi-solid dough made of rice mixed with black gram
Malayalam : iṭṭali, iḍḍali
Malayalam meaning : a kind of cake
Kannada : iḍḍali, iḍḍalige, iḍḍaḷige
Kannada meaning : a kind of sour pudding made of rice flour, black gram, cummin seed, ginger, salt, pepper, etc., and boiled in steam
Irula : iṭṭili
Irula meaning : a rice cake
Kasaba : iṭli
Kasaba meaning : a kind of cake prepared by steaming a dough of rice and blackgram
Notes : Irula 113; Kasaba 175.
Number in DED : 0455
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍ-i-
Meaning : to be joined; entire
Kannada : iḍi
Kannada meaning : to be joined or united, be close, be mixed together, crowd; n. state of being close, joined, or together; the whole
Kannada derivates : (PBh.) iḍuvu heap, mass
Kodagu : ɨḍi
Kodagu meaning : the whole
Tulu : iḍi
Tulu meaning : entire, whole
Number in DED : 0440
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍu- (?)
Meaning : to make a fire
Irula : iḍu
Irula meaning : lit fire, to make fire
Notes : Irula 113.
Proto-South Dravidian : *iḍ-uk-
Meaning : to pinch
Tamil : iṭukku (iṭukki-)
Tamil meaning : to take between the fingers or toes, grasp as with pincers, take under one's arm, press or squeeze as between two boards; n. prehensile claws as those of a scorpion or of a lobster
Tamil derivates : iṭukki pincers, tongs, tweezers, steel trap, prehensile chela of a crab or a scorpion; iṭṭiṭai vice in a turner's lathe
Malayalam : iṭukku
Malayalam meaning : claws of lobster
Malayalam derivates : iṭukkuka to press, pinch (as a crab); iṭukki pincers, tongs, forceps
Kannada : iḍaku
Kannada meaning : to pinch, tweak
Kannada derivates : ikkuẓ, ikkuẓa, ikkaẓa, ikẓa pair of tongs, pair of pincers; (PBh.) iẓkuẓi tongs, pincers
Tulu : iḍumbulu
Tulu meaning : (in wrestling) the act of seizing each other tightly with both hands
Tulu derivates : ikkuḷi, ikkuḷe, (B-K.) ikkuḷu pair of pincers or tongs
Proto-Nilgiri : *ik-ǝḷ
Irula : (?) inḍu
Irula meaning : squeeze
Notes : Ir. 114.
Number in DED : 0444
Proto-South Dravidian : *i-g-
Meaning : to leave behind, go away
Tamil : ika (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to leave behind, go away from; to leap over, cross over, transgress, overflow
Malayalam : ikaykkuka
Malayalam meaning : to move away, part with; to transgress
Proto-Nilgiri : *ig-
Number in DED : 0411
Proto-South Dravidian : *ig-
Meaning : to kill, destroy
Tamil : iku (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to kill, destroy, fell, put to rout
Tamil derivates : ikuḷ, ikuḷi thunderbolt
Malayalam : ikukka, ikaykkuka
Malayalam meaning : to conquer
Number in DED : 0415
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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