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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēr
Meaning : plough
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ēr
Tamil meaning : plough, plough and team of oxen, yoke of oxen
Tamil derivates : cēr plough (Jaffna)
Malayalam : ēr
Malayalam meaning : a yoke of oxen, plough with draught oxen
Kannada : ēru, ār
Kannada meaning : pair of oxen yoked to a plough
Proto-Nilgiri : *ēr (?)
Number in DED : 2815
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēr-i
Meaning : large tank; bank
Tamil : ēri
Tamil meaning : large tank, reservoir for irrigation, lake
Malayalam : ēri
Malayalam meaning : stakes to support banking work, bank
Kannada : ēri
Kannada meaning : a raised bank, the bank of a tank, a tank
Kodagu : ēri
Kodagu meaning : parapet of well, bund (in paddy-fields, of tank)
Tulu : ēri
Tulu meaning : a bed for planting vegetables, etc.
Number in DED : 0901
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēr-i
Meaning : hump on bull
Tamil : ēri
Tamil meaning : hump on bull
Malayalam : ēri
Malayalam meaning : hump on bull
Number in DED : 0904
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēr_-
Meaning : to rise
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ēr_u (ēr_i-)
Tamil meaning : to rise, ascend (as the heavenly bodies), mount, climb, abound in number, weight, or measure, increase in price, quality, spread, be diffused (as poison), grow, be laden (as cargo)
Tamil derivates : ēr_a so as to exceed, more than, above; ēr_r_u (ēr_r_i-) to lift up, raise, increase (as price), load (as a cart or ship), eulogize, found, establish; ēr_r_am mounting, ascending, raising up, rising (as the tide), eulogy, increase, excess, preeminence, well-sweep, picottah; ēl (ēr_p-, ēr_r_-; ēlv-, ēn_r_-) to be excessive, abound; awake from sleep; bear, lift up, carry
Malayalam : ēr_uka
Malayalam meaning : to rise, increase, be much, arise, ascend
Malayalam derivates : ēr_a much, more, beyond; ēr_r_uka to raise, embark, multiply; ēr_r_am rising, ascent, increase, climbing, pulling up, what is too much, embarkation; ēr_r_u mounting palm trees, flow of tide; ēlkka (ēr_r_-) to multiply; ēttam machine to draw water
Kannada : ēr_u
Kannada meaning : to rise, increase, ascend, mount, climb; n. rising, etc., rising ground
Kannada derivates : ēr_i an ascender; ēr_ike, ēr_uta, ēr_uvike rising, increasing, etc.; ēr_isu to raise, place upon, etc.; ēta ascent, rise; picottah; rēgu to rise (as dust), be aroused, excited, angry
Kodagu : ē̈r- (ē̈ri-)
Kodagu meaning : (liquor) rises to head, (poison) diffuses and kills; be more than enough, extra; ē̈ra more than enough
Tulu : ēruni
Tulu meaning : to ascend, climb, rise, be increased
Tulu derivates : ērāvuni to raise, increase, load, embark; rēgiyuni to be excited; erkụ rising or accumulation of water; ertè flood-tide; yāta engine for drawing water
Proto-Nilgiri : *ēr_- (caus. *ēt_-)
Number in DED : 0916
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēr_-
Meaning : bull, male
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ēr_u
Tamil meaning : bull, male of certain animals (pig, deer, buffalo, sambar, tiger, lion)
Tamil derivates : ēr_r_ai, (lex.) ēṭṭai male of any animal remarkable for physical strength
Malayalam : ēr_u
Malayalam meaning : bullock
Malayalam derivates : ēr_an bull
Proto-Nilgiri : *ēr_ä
Number in DED : 0917
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēr_-/*ir_-av-
Meaning : honeycomb, beehive
Tamil : ir_avu, ir_āl
Tamil meaning : honeycomb
Tamil derivates : irāṭṭu honeycomb (local dial.)
Kannada : ēri
Kannada meaning : (Hal.) empty beehive
Kannada derivates : (Jēnu Kuruba, LSB) irḷe honeycomb; (Sholiga, LSB) rāḍe id.
Kodagu : tēn-eri
Kodagu meaning : honeycomb
Tulu : edi
Tulu meaning : (Bhattacharya; Brahmin dial.) honeycomb
Number in DED : 0518
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēv-
Meaning : fault; disgust
Tamil : ēvam
Tamil meaning : fault, blemish
Kannada : ēva
Kannada meaning : disgust, dislike, hatred; ugliness
Kannada derivates : ēvaysu to be disgusted or vexed; hēva disgust, repugnance; hēvarisu to feel aversion
Number in DED : 0908
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēv-
Meaning : to command
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ēvu (ēvi-)
Tamil meaning : to command, direct, incite, inspire (as god), speak
Tamil derivates : ēval instigation, command; ēvalan_, ēvar_kāran_ a servant
Malayalam : ēkuka
Malayalam meaning : to say, command
Malayalam derivates : ēkal a command; ēval command, work; ēvalan a servant, attendant
Proto-Nilgiri : *ēvǝl
Number in DED : 0909
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēẓ-
Meaning : to rise, raise
Tamil : eẓu (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to rise (as from seat or bed), ascend (as heavenly body), rise by one's own power (as a bird), appear, originate, be excited, aroused, increase, swell, grow (as a tree, breasts), return to life, awake, spread (as fame, rumour), begin, commence
Tamil derivates : eẓal enthusiasm, elation, originating; eẓucci rising, ascent, elevation, starting (as of an idol in procession), origin, birth, appearance, beginning; eẓuppu (eẓuppi-) to cause or help to rise, erect (a building), awake, rouse, restore to life, excite, stimulate, instigate, agitate, inflame (as the passions), raise (as the voice in speaking or singing); n. rousing, waking; eẓuppam rising, getting up, growth, height, elevation; eẓumpu (eẓumpi-) = eẓu; empu (empi-) to rise, spring up; eẓumai height; eẓuvu (eẓuvi-) to cause to rise; evvu (evvi-) to rise; eṭu (-pp-, -tt-) to take up, raise, bear, carry, hold up, weigh in a balance, undertake, utter or sing in a loud voice, speak highly of, choose, build (as a wall), remove; be inflated (as a monkey's cheeks), be high (as the forehead), be prominent (as nose or ear); eṭukkal lifting; eṭuttal weight, measurement by balance; eṭuttan_ pack-ox; eṭuppu elevation, superiority, undertaking, arrogance, superciliousness; eṭuppu (eṭuppi-) to awake, produce (as harmonious sounds from an instrument), dispel, drive away; eṭai weighing, weight, rousing from sleep, lengthening, increasing; iṭai weight; eṭci rising sign (astrology); ēṭci rising of a heavenly body
Malayalam : eẓuka
Malayalam meaning : to rise, be high
Malayalam derivates : eẓu height, prominence; eẓuma rising; eẓumpuka = eẓuka; eṭukka to raise, lift, take up, build, undertake, choose; become raised, visible, prominent; eṭuppu raising, taking up, harvest; eṭuppikka to get to take up, get built; ēẓuka to rise (hon. of raja's moving)
Kannada : eẓ, ēẓ (eẓd-), ēẓu (edd-)
Kannada meaning : to stand up, rise, awake, spring up, be produced, be obtained
Kannada derivates : eẓ rising; eẓbu, ebbu to rise; eẓbisu, eẓvisu, ebbisu, erbu, ebbu to rouse, awaken, lift up, raise, take away, give life; ēẓisu to cause to rise, raise, etc.; ēẓige, ēẓge, ēẓuvike, ēẓvike, ēẓuha rising, growth, greatness, elation, haughtiness
Kodagu : ē̈ḷ- (ē̈v, ëdd-)
Kodagu meaning : to get up
Kodagu derivates : ëḍɨ- (ëḍɨp-, ëḍɨt-) to raise; ëpp- (ëppi-) to raise up, make to get up
Tulu : erkuni
Tulu meaning : to rise or collect (as water in a place), puff up, swell
Tulu derivates : erkāvuni to tuck up (clothes when wading a river), hold back (as milk by a cow); erpuni to lift up; erkụ rising or accumulation (as of water); adj. exceeding; erke, erkelụ rising; erka fullness; adj. full; ertè flood tide; (D.N.S. Bhat, p. 14) eḷañci, leñci, (B-K.) eñci, ēñcụ ladder
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḍ-ǝv-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) eṇṇɨ to lift; eṇṇalɨ to carry a child
Number in DED : 0851
Proto-South Dravidian : *ēẓ-
Meaning : seven
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ēẓu
Tamil meaning : seven
Tamil derivates : ēẓmai seven; eẓu-patu seventy; eẓu-nūr_u 700; eẓumai seven successive births; eẓuvar seven persons; evv-ēẓu seven each
Malayalam : ēẓu
Malayalam meaning : seven
Malayalam derivates : eẓu-patu seventy; eẓu-nnūr_u 700; eẓuvar seven persons
Kannada : ēẓu
Kannada meaning : seven
Kannada derivates : ēẓ-pattu, eppattu seventy; ēẓ-nūr_u, ēẓu-nūr_u, eḷnūr_u 700; ēẓbar, ēẓvaru seven persons
Kodagu : ē̈ḷɨ
Kodagu meaning : seven
Kodagu derivates : ē̈ḷane seventh; ëḷu-vadɨ seventy; ē̈ḷ-nūrɨ 700; ëvvë seven persons (in songs)
Tulu : ēḷụ
Tulu meaning : seven
Tulu derivates : ēḷane seventh; ēḷverụ seven persons; eḷpa, ēḷpa, erpa seventy
Proto-Nilgiri : *ēṛ
Number in DED : 0910
Proto-South Dravidian : *gaḍ-
Meaning : fixed time, period
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭu, keṭu
Tamil meaning : fixed time, period, term
Malayalam : gaḍu, keṭu
Malayalam meaning : term, instalment
Kannada : gaḍa, gaḍaba, gaḍavu, gaḍi, gaḍu, gaḍuba, gaḍuvu
Kannada meaning : limit, limited time, period, instalment
Tulu : gaḍu
Tulu meaning : a term, fixed time or place
Proto-Nilgiri : *gaḍǝv
Number in DED : 1109
Proto-South Dravidian : *gad-
Meaning : swelling, lump, tumour
Tamil : katu
Tamil meaning : a scar
Kannada : gadu, gaduvu
Kannada meaning : a swelling (as from a blow), a tumour
Kannada derivates : gaddarisu to swell (as the face or limbs); gādari weal
Tulu : gadarụ
Tulu meaning : a lump
Number in DED : 1196
Proto-South Dravidian : *gad-[ar_-]
Meaning : to cry, shriek
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : katar_u (katar_i-)
Tamil meaning : to cry aloud from pain or grief, shriek, scream, roar, yell
Malayalam : katar_uka
Malayalam meaning : to roar, lament
Kannada : gadar_u, gaddar_isu, gaddr_isu, gaddisu
Kannada meaning : to produce a loud sound, thunder, roar, growl, cry, menace, exort with a loud voice
Kannada derivates : gadar_isu to exhort with a loud voice, scare, frighten (as beasts); gadar_u roaring, crying, etc.; gadar_ike loud and earnest exhortation, scaring (of cattle); gaddala noise, din (or with DEDR 1188)
Tulu : gaddala
Tulu meaning : confusion, disturbance, noise (or with DEDR 1188)
Number in DED : 1189
Proto-South Dravidian : *gaḍḍ-
Meaning : beard; chin
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭṭam
Tamil meaning : chin
Tamil derivates : keṭṭam beard (? < Te.)
Kannada : gaḍḍa
Kannada meaning : the beard about the chin, the chin
Kannada derivates : gadda chin
Kodagu : gëḍḍa
Kodagu meaning : beard (? < Ka.)
Tulu : gaḍḍa
Tulu meaning : chin, beard
Number in DED : 1156
Proto-South Dravidian : *gamp-
Meaning : basket
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kemparai
Tamil meaning : basket, grain basket
Kannada : gampe
Kannada meaning : basket
Number in DED : 1243
Proto-South Dravidian : *ganḍ-
Meaning : man, male; hero
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṇṭan_
Tamil meaning : warrior, husband
Tamil derivates : kaṇṭi buffalo bull; kaṇavan_ husband; keṇṭan_ robust, stout man; kiṇṭan_ fat man, strong person
Malayalam : kaṇṭan
Malayalam meaning : the male, esp. of cat
Malayalam derivates : kaṇavan husband; kiṇṭan big; a stout, bulky fellow; kiṇṭappan a stout and robust person
Kannada : gaṇḍu
Kannada meaning : strength, manliness, bravery; the male sex, a male, man
Kannada derivates : gaṇḍa a strong, manly male person, a husband; strength, greatness; gaṇḍasa, gaṇḍasu, gaṇḍusa, gaṇḍusu male person; gaṇḍike prowess; gaṇḍiga a valiant man; (Hav.) geṇḍã husband; geṇḍu male
Kodagu : kaṇḍë
Kodagu meaning : male (of dogs and other animals, mostly wild; not of cats)
Tulu : gaṇḍu
Tulu meaning : male, valiant, stout
Tulu derivates : gaṇḍusu husband; gaṇḍụkāyi, gaṇḍụstana, gaṇḍastana manliness; garṇḍāḷụ a stalwart man, giant; kaṇḍaṇi, kaṇḍaṇye husband; gaṇṭè, gaṇṭapuccè male cat; (Bhattacharya, brahmin dial.) kaṇṭe id.
Proto-Nilgiri : *gaṇḍ-
Number in DED : 1173
Proto-South Dravidian : *gant-
Meaning : to jump
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kenti (-pp-, -tt-), kentu (kenti-)
Tamil meaning : to hop, skip
Kannada : gantu
Kannada meaning : moving about, jumping, dancing
Number in DED : 1212
Proto-South Dravidian : *ganṭ-/*geṇ-
Meaning : joint; ankle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : keṇṭai
Tamil meaning : ankle
Malayalam : keṇippu
Malayalam meaning : joint, articulation
Kannada : giṇṇu, geṇṇu
Kannada meaning : knot, joint, as of sugar-cane, finger, etc.
Kannada derivates : gaṇṭu knot of cord, joint of reed, bamboo, cane, joint or articulation of body
Kodagu : gɨṇṇɨ
Kodagu meaning : joint in wrist or fingers, knot in sugar-cane
Kodagu derivates : kālɨ-gɨṇṇɨ ankle
Tulu : gaṇṭụ, gaṇṭu
Tulu meaning : knot in string, ankle, knot or joint of reed or cane
Notes : This root has certainly contaminated with *gaṇ- 'knot'.
Number in DED : 1946
Proto-South Dravidian : *ganǯaṇig-ai
Meaning : a k. of fragrant grass
Kannada : gañjaṇike, gañjiṇike
Kannada meaning : a species of fragrant grass
Tulu : gañjaṇigè
Tulu meaning : a fragrant grass
Number in DED : 1105
Proto-South Dravidian : *gar_-
Meaning : onom. sound of chewing, crackling
Tamil : kar_akar_a (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to crackle in the mouth (as a crisp cake); utter a rattling sound; n. onom. expr. signifying rattling sound
Tamil derivates : kar_akar_appu crispness; rattling; kar_aŋku (kar_aŋki-) to sound; n. a sound; karakara (-pp-, -tt-) to be crisp in the mouth (as a fried cake); karakar-en_al being crisp in the mouth
Malayalam : kar_akar_ē
Malayalam meaning : imit. of gnashing and biting noises
Kannada : gar_a
Kannada meaning : sound in imitation of that which is produced when very crisp substances (as well-baked happaḷas, etc.) are eaten
Kannada derivates : gar_agu, gar_ugu state of being scorched by heat, fragile, brittle, dry and crumbling as flowers, leaves, grass, etc.; state of being very crisp by frying or baking (as happaḷas, etc.); karakara sound made in gnashing the teeth, in chewing certain substances (as raw cucumbers), in scratching the body, in writing with a pen or an iron style
Tulu : karakara
Tulu meaning : noise made in chewing, sawing, or writing
Tulu derivates : karukuru noise made in chewing any brittle substance
Number in DED : 1386
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