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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *eččar- (?)
Meaning : to be awake, vigilant
Tamil : eccari (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to caution, warn, forewarn
Tamil derivates : eccarikkai, eccarippu caution, warning
Kannada : eẓcar_, eccar_ (eẓcatt-, eccatt-)
Kannada meaning : to awake, be wakeful, vigilant, recover health
Kannada derivates : eccar_isu to awaken, warn, caution; eccar_, eccar_a, eccar_ike state of being awake, waking, vigilance, caution
Kodagu : eccara
Kodagu meaning : carefulness
Tulu : eccarike
Tulu meaning : wakefulness, care, caution, warning
Tulu derivates : eccaripuni, eccarisuni to admonish, caution
Proto-Nilgiri : *etor_- (?)
Number in DED : 0851
Proto-South Dravidian : *eḍḍ-
Meaning : fool, stupid
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : eṭṭan_
Tamil meaning : boor, fool (< Ka.)
Kannada : eḍḍu, heḍḍu
Kannada meaning : stupidity, foolishness; a stupid thing or person
Kannada derivates : eḍḍa, heḍḍa a dull, stupid man; fem. eḍḍati, heḍḍati; eḍḍatana, eḍḍutana, heḍḍatana stupidity; eḍega a good-for-nothing fellow; fem. eḍati
Kodagu : heḍḍë
Kodagu meaning : stupid (< Ka.)
Tulu : heḍḍu, heḍḍa
Tulu meaning : dull, stupid
Tulu derivates : heḍḍe a stupid man; fem. heḍḍi; eḍavaṭṭụ, eḍevaṭṭụ dull, stupid; (B-K.) ēḍe a blockhead
Number in DED : 0792
Proto-South Dravidian : *edir
Meaning : opposite
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : etir
Tamil meaning : that which is opposite, over against, in front, before; obstacle, that which is contrary, adverse, hostile; adv. in front
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to happen, befall, come to pass in future, precede, be opposed, be at variance; oppose, confront, meet; (-pp-, -tt-) to meet face to face, encounter, oppose, withstand, prevent, hinder; etirntōr adversaries, combatants; etirmai happening in future; etirvu meeting, confronting, happening; etiri enemy
Malayalam : etir
Malayalam meaning : opposite, adverse
Malayalam derivates : etirkka to attack, face, resist; etirppu opposition, what crosses one's way, bad omen
Kannada : idir, idaru, iduru, edaru, edir, edur
Kannada meaning : that which is opposite, the front, in front, that which is hostile, opposition
Kannada derivates : idircu, idirisu, edarisu, edirisu, edurisu to face (generally in a hostile manner), oppose, withstand, come into hostile contact; edarāyisu, edirāyisu, edurāyisu to oppose, contradict
Kodagu : edike
Kodagu meaning : in front
Tulu : edụrụ, eduru
Tulu meaning : the front, that which is opposite, presence
Proto-Nilgiri : *edir
Number in DED : 0795
Proto-South Dravidian : *eɣir_-
Meaning : gums
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : īr_u
Tamil meaning : gums
Tamil derivates : eyir_u gums, tooth, tusk of elephant or wild hog; (Koll.) evur, (SATD) ekur gums
Malayalam : ēri
Malayalam meaning : gums
Malayalam derivates : ekir_u, akir_u tooth
Kannada : īr_u, igaru
Kannada meaning : gums
Proto-Nilgiri : *īr
Number in DED : 0554
Proto-South Dravidian : *ej-
Meaning : to know, understand
Tamil : ey (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to know, understand
Tamil derivates : eyyāmai ignorance
Proto-Nilgiri : *ij-
Number in DED : 0806
Proto-South Dravidian : *ej-
Meaning : weary, exhausted
Tamil : ey (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to grow weary, fail in strength, flag as from want of wood; exert oneself
Tamil derivates : eyppu weariness, languor, time of adversity
Malayalam : eccu
Malayalam meaning : exhausted, fatigued
Number in DED : 0807
Proto-South Dravidian : *ej-
Meaning : to arrive
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : eytu (eyti-)
Tamil meaning : to approach, reach, obtain, be suitable
Malayalam : eytuka
Malayalam meaning : to get, obtain
Malayalam derivates : ettuka to stretch as far as, reach, arrive; ettam reach, length; ettal, ettu reaching; ettikka to make to reach
Kannada : aydu, (PBh.) eydu
Kannada meaning : to approach, reach, go to, join, obtain, be suitable
Kannada derivates : ay-tar-, (PBh.) ey-tar- to approach, come, go
Kodagu : ett- (etti-)
Kodagu meaning : to arrive
Tulu : ettāvuni, ettāḍuni
Tulu meaning : to reach, deliver
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) ettụ, ekkụ to reach
Proto-Nilgiri : *ic-
Number in DED : 0809
Proto-South Dravidian : *ej-
Meaning : porcupine
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ey, ey-ppan_r_i
Tamil meaning : porcupine
Malayalam : eyyan, eyyam-panni
Malayalam meaning : porcupine, hedgehog
Kannada : ey, eyyi, eyyu, ēdu
Kannada meaning : porcupine
Kodagu : eppandi
Kodagu meaning : porcupine
Tulu : eyi pañji
Tulu meaning : porcupine
Number in DED : 2776
Proto-South Dravidian : *ejil-
Meaning : fortress, wall
Tamil : eyil
Tamil meaning : fortress, wall, fortification, city, town
Malayalam : eyil
Malayalam meaning : fortress, wall, city, town
Number in DED : 0808
Proto-South Dravidian : *ek-
Meaning : to contract the stomach
Tamil : ekku (ekki-)
Tamil meaning : to contract the abdominal muscles, as beggars do to show hunger, as persons while dressing round the waist, as a cow in refusing to give milk
Malayalam : ekkuka
Malayalam meaning : to contract the stomach
Malayalam derivates : ikkaḷikka to draw in the stomach; ekkaḷikkuka to contract the stomach; ekkaḷippu contracting the stomach; eŋŋuka to become contracted
Kannada : akkuḷisu, akkaḷisu
Kannada meaning : the belly to be drawn in or contracted (on account of hunger, etc.), contract (the muscles of) the belly
Kannada derivates : akkaḷike drawing in the muscles of the stomach, or these muscles being drawn in
Proto-Nilgiri : *eg-
Number in DED : 0774
Proto-South Dravidian : *ekasak-
Meaning : confusion [onom.]
Tamil : ekkaccakkam
Tamil meaning : confusion, disorder, irregularity, awkward predicament
Tamil derivates : ekattāḷi, ekattāḷam mockery, jest, ridicule (< Te.)
Malayalam : ekkaccakkam, ekkaccakku
Malayalam meaning : confusion, doubt
Kannada : ekkasakka, ekkasekka
Kannada meaning : confusion, doubt, perverseness; ridicule, mockery, a joke
Kannada derivates : eksukya, egaciga, ekkatāḷi, egatāḷa, egatāḷi ridicule, mockery, jest; ekkarisu to make faces at, mock, deride
Tulu : ekkụsakkụ, ekkacakka, ekkasakka
Tulu meaning : confusedly, indiscriminately
Number in DED : 0767
Proto-South Dravidian : *ek-k-
Meaning : to pull out; to gin (cotton)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ek_ku (ek_ki-)
Tamil meaning : to pull with fingers (as cotton), search for (as true meaning of a passage), scrutinize
Tamil derivates : ek_kur_u to be pulled thinly with the fingers (as cotton)
Malayalam : ekkuka
Malayalam meaning : to card cotton
Malayalam derivates : ēkku carding cotton
Kannada : ekku, yakku
Kannada meaning : to divide, separate, dress cotton, card wool
Kannada derivates : ekkike dressing cotton, etc.
Tulu : ekkuni
Tulu meaning : to gin
Proto-Nilgiri : *ek-
Number in DED : 0765
Proto-South Dravidian : *ek-k-
Meaning : to reach up, climb
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ek_ku (ek_ki-)
Tamil meaning : to reach up, stretch oneself in reaching for a thing; climb, mount, get up
Tamil derivates : ekku (ekki-) to rise, go up; stand on tiptoe
Malayalam : ekkuka
Malayalam meaning : to come up, stand on tiptoe
Kannada : ekku
Kannada meaning : to come up, stand on tiptoe
Kannada derivates : ekkala high, tall, huge like a demon; (Hav.) ekkaḷsu to reach up
Tulu : ekkalyuni
Tulu meaning : to stretch the body, stoop down in order to catch or pick up anything, spring or jump up
Number in DED : 0766
Proto-South Dravidian : *el-
Meaning : light, to shine
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : el
Tamil meaning : lustre, splendour, light, sun, daytime
Tamil derivates : elli, ellai sun, daytime; ilaku (ilaki-), ilaŋku (ilaŋki-) to shine, glisten, glitter
Malayalam : ilakuka
Malayalam meaning : to shine, twinkle
Malayalam derivates : ilaŋkuka to shine; el lustre, splendour, light; ella light
Number in DED : 0829
Proto-South Dravidian : *el-
Meaning : all
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ellām
Tamil meaning : whole, all (personal as well as impersonal)
Tamil derivates : ellavarum, ellārum all persons; ellēmum, ellōmum we all; ellīrum you all
Malayalam : ellām, ellāvum
Malayalam meaning : all
Malayalam derivates : ellīrum you all
Kannada : ella
Kannada meaning : all, everything, the whole
Kannada derivates : ellarum all persons
Kodagu : ellā
Kodagu meaning : all
Tulu : -la (? -lā)
Tulu meaning : = additive particle *-um (in all usages)
Proto-Nilgiri : *el-
Number in DED : 0844
Proto-South Dravidian : *eḷ-
Meaning : sesamum, ginger oil
Tamil : eḷ, eṇ
Tamil meaning : Sesamum indicum
Tamil derivates : eṇ ṇey gingily oil
Malayalam : eḷ, eḷḷu
Malayalam meaning : sesamum
Malayalam derivates : eṇṇa, eḷḷ eṇṇa gingelly oil
Kannada : eḷ, eḷḷu
Kannada meaning : Sesamum indicum
Kannada derivates : eṇṇe oil
Kodagu : ëḷḷɨ
Kodagu meaning : gingily seed
Kodagu derivates : ëṇṇe, ëḷḷ ëṇṇe gingily oil
Tulu : eṇme
Tulu meaning : gingily oil seed
Tulu derivates : eṇṇe oil
Proto-Nilgiri : *eṇ
Number in DED : 0854
Proto-South Dravidian : *eḷ-
Meaning : plank, rafter
Malayalam : eḷanta, eḷunta
Malayalam meaning : plank
Kannada : eḷe
Kannada meaning : rafter
Number in DED : 0854
Proto-South Dravidian : *eḷ-
Meaning : easy
Tamil : eḷi
Tamil meaning : easy
Tamil derivates : eḷimai ease, facility; eḷiyan_ man easy of access; eḷivu unaffected ease, approachableness; eṇmai easiness as of acquisition or access
Malayalam : eḷutu
Malayalam meaning : easy
Malayalam derivates : eḷuppam facility; easy
Proto-Nilgiri : *eḷ-
Number in DED : 0855
Proto-South Dravidian : *eḷ-
Meaning : to fear
Tamil : eḷku (eḷki-)
Tamil meaning : to fear, be bashful, hesitate
Kannada : eḷar_
Kannada meaning : fear
Number in DED : 0858
Proto-South Dravidian : *elā
Meaning : interj. of addressing
Tamil : elā
Tamil meaning : interj. used in addressing a person in a familiar or friendly manner
Tamil derivates : ellā here, you!; a word used in addressing a woman friend; ellē here, you! used in addressing a woman friend; an excl. of wonder or pity; ellō excl. expressive of surprise or pity; ila excl. used in ancient times in addressing a woman in a familiar manner; eluva (always in vocative), eluval, eluvan_ man-friend; eluvai lady-companion; ēlā excl. of familiar address to a companion, whether man or woman
Kannada : elā, ele, elē, elo, elō
Kannada meaning : excl. of a familiar and friendly character, used in calling or directly addressing any person
Kannada derivates : elage ho! used in calling to females
Tulu : elā
Tulu meaning : interj. of surprise
Proto-Nilgiri : *el
Number in DED : 0831
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