Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50 100 200
Proto-South Dravidian : *coṭ-
Meaning : lame
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : coṭṭai
Tamil meaning : crookedness, bend as in the sheath of a sword, a crooked club, dent, excavation, furrow, cavity
Malayalam : caṭṭu
Malayalam meaning : lameness
Malayalam derivates : caṭṭa person with bent feet, lame; fem. caṭṭacci; caṭṭan cripple; caṭattuka to limp
Kannada : coṭṭa, coṭṭi, coṭṭu, soṭṭa, soṭṭu
Kannada meaning : crookedness; crooked
Tulu : coṭṭa, coṭṭu, soṭṭa
Tulu meaning : handless, maimed or deformed in the hand
Tulu derivates : coṭṭe man with a maimed hand
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) coṇṭe lame person
Number in DED : 2838
Proto-South Dravidian : *cōg-
Meaning : leaf of palm
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : sōge
Kannada meaning : the peculiar leaf of palms, sugar-cane, and screw-pine, peacock's feather or feathers, peacock's tail, rudder, peacock
Tulu : sōgè, (B-K) cōge
Tulu meaning : the peculiar branch or leaf of the palm species
Number in DED : 2875
Proto-South Dravidian : *cōr-
Meaning : to flow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cōr (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to trickle down as tears, blood, or milk, fall, drop, be dropped, exude, ooze out
Tamil derivates : cōrvu falling, pouring; cōri blood, rain, shower; cori (-v-, -nt-) to flow down, rain, spill, bear in plenty, be abundant, profuse, copious, drop off as dry scales in smallpox, be scattered as rice from the husk; scatter (tr.), pour forth, effuse, shoot as arrows, shed as leaves or fruit, empty, pour out as corn from a sack, dump as sand from a cart, give away in plenty; cura (-pp-, -nt-) to spring forth, stream out, gush, flow, swell morbidly with secretion, increase by steady accumulation of wealth, secrete as milk, pour forth continuously, give abundantly; curappu welling out, flowing out, gushing out, fountain, spring, swelling; curai streaming, flowing as of milk, udder, teat of cow and other animals, milch-cow
Malayalam : cōruka
Malayalam meaning : to flow, ooze, trickle, leak
Malayalam derivates : cōrkka to drop through, melt wax; cōrcca leaking, etc.; cōri, cōra blood; coriyuka to flow down, pour, shower; pour out (tr.), shoot corn, etc., out of a sack; coriyikka to get (rice, etc.) heaped up; coriccal (rudhiram c-) menses of women, bloody flux; curakka milk to form or collect in the breast, spring forth, gush out; curattuka to give milk richly; cura giving milk; corunnal, curannal udder (cf. DED 1962)
Kannada : sōr
Kannada meaning : to drop, drip, trickle, ooze, flow as coconut water, water-drops, juice of fruit, etc., come forth as entrails; n. leaking, dropping, etc.
Kannada derivates : sōruvike, sōruha dropping, etc.; suri to flow, drop, pour as tears, blood, rain, etc.; cause to flow, pour, shower, discharge, throw in profusion, pour out, shoot out, hurl; suriyuvike flowing; surivu to pour, etc.; surisu to cause to flow, pour; sore the milk collected in the udder of cows or buffaloes
Kodagu : cōre
Kodagu meaning : blood
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) cōr- to leak
Tulu : sōruni, tōruni
Tulu meaning : to leak, ooze, run
Tulu derivates : sōrtè oozing; (B-K) suri to dribble; doriyuni to flow, run out or run over as corn from a sack or bundle, fall as rain, shower, feel a limb heavy (or with DED 3523); doripuni to shoot out as corn, etc., from a sack or hundle
Proto-Nilgiri : *corǝ-
Notes : The root has been severely contaminated with other similar roots (*tōr-, *ǯōr-); some of the Tamil/Malayalam forms may go back to *ǯōr- 'to leak'.
Number in DED : 2883
Proto-South Dravidian : *cōr_-
Meaning : boiled rice
Tamil : cōr_u
Tamil meaning : boiled rice, pith
Tamil derivates : cōr_r_i pith of trees; cōcci, con_r_i boiled rice
Malayalam : cōr_u
Malayalam meaning : boiled rice, food, livelihood, brain, marrow, pith
Proto-Nilgiri : *cōr_ (*t-)
Notes : Tamil cōcci is dialectal, obviously due to assimilation; con_r_i is unclear.
Number in DED : 2897
Proto-South Dravidian : *cōṭ-
Meaning : span of the thumb and forefinger
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : coṭṭa-ccāṇ
Malayalam meaning : span of the thumb and forefinger
Kannada : cōṭu, cuṭu
Kannada meaning : the small span of the thumb and forefinger
Kodagu : cūṭɨ
Kodagu meaning : the small span of the thumb and forefinger
Tulu : cōṭu, cōṭṭu, cōṇṭu
Tulu meaning : the small span of the thumb and forefinger
Tulu derivates : cuṭṭi a span
Proto-Nilgiri : *Sōṭ
Number in DED : 2834
Proto-South Dravidian : *cuḍ-
Meaning : to be hot, burn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cuṭu (cuṭuv-, cuṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to be hot, burn; warm (tr.), heat, burn up, roast, toast, bake, fry, cook in steam, burn as bricks in a kiln, cauterize, brand; n. burning, heating, scalding
Tamil derivates : cuṭar light, brilliance, lustre, sun, sunshine, moon, planet, fire, burning lamp, flame, spark; cuṭal drops of burning oil falling from a lamp, charred end of a burning stick; cuṭalai, cuṭu-kāṭu burning-ground; cūṭu (cūṭi-) to brand (as cattle), cauterize; n. that which is heated, burnt, roasted, heat, warmth, feverishness, fomentation, hot temper, anger, brand; cūṭṭu that which is burnt or cooked, a kind of ola torch
Malayalam : cuṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to burn, be hot, feel hot; burn (tr.), make hot, toast, roast, bake, boil
Malayalam derivates : cuṭuvikka to get one to burn; cuṭar fire, brightness; cuṭala the burning-place in the southern corner of the compound, burning or burying place; cūṭu heat, burning; cūṭṭu torch; cūṭṭa top of a coconut branch used as a torch
Kannada : suḍu (suṭṭ-)
Kannada meaning : to burn, roast, bake, fire (a gun); be consumed with fire, burn, feel hot, be roasted; n. burning, etc.
Kannada derivates : suḍuka who has burned; suḍuvike, suḍuha burning; suḍu-gāḍu cemetery; sūḍu burning, cauterization; sūṭe a torch of wisps, etc.; soḍa burning; soḍar, soḍaru, soḍalu lamp; suṇṭage, suṇṭige roast meat, act of burning or roasting; that which is chiefly taken for roasting on a spit, the heart
Kodagu : cuḍ- (cuḍuv-, cuṭṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to burn (tr.)
Kodagu derivates : cuḍɨ gaḷa cremation place; tūḍɨ torch of dry reeds or small splints of wood
Tulu : suḍupini, suḍpini, tuḍupini
Tulu meaning : to burn, be hot, sultry; burn (tr.), bake, toast, roast
Tulu derivates : suḍalè burning a dead body; suḍu, sūḍu act of burning; suḍugāḍụ cemetery; suḍsuḍu a burning sensation in the throat; suḍarụ, tuḍarụ, tuḍārụ lamp; cūḍu heat, warmth, zeal, hot, warm; cūṭè, tūṭè torch made of palm leaves, etc.; soḍarụ smell of burning
Proto-Nilgiri : *tuḍ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) sūḍi torch made of coconut leaves
Number in DED : 2654
Proto-South Dravidian : *cum-
Meaning : heavy; to carry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cuma (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become heavy as debt or interest, be burdened; bear, support, carry a burden, take upon oneself, bear in the womb
Tamil derivates : (Tinn.) cema to carry; cummaṭu burden, load, load pad for head; cumatalai, cumaitalai burden, responsibility; cumati load, burden, abundance; cumattu (cumatti-) to burden, load, impose; cumai bearing, burden, load; cumaiyan_ porter; cummāṭu load pad for head; cummai burden, charge; cimpuri coil of straw used for keeping steady a vessel, load, etc., as on the ground or head
Malayalam : cuma
Malayalam meaning : burden, load
Malayalam derivates : cumakka to carry a burden; cumaṭu, cōṭu burden, load; cumatala charge, duty; cumattuka to load, charge; cummal load; cummāṭu pad for head to carry burdens; cummuka to bear, carry
Kannada : simbi, simbe
Kannada meaning : ring of cloth to be put under a vessel, etc., upon the head; a coil for setting a vessel on the ground; the coil of a snake
Kannada derivates : sivaḍu, sivaḍi, sivuḍi, sivuḍu pad to be put under a load on the head ? (Hav.) tōmpaṭa carrying on the head (or with DED 3540)
Tulu : tumbuni, (B-K) tumbu, sumbu, humbu
Tulu meaning : to bear, carry as a load
Tulu derivates : tumbāvuni to load; tumboṇuni, tummoṇuni to bear or suffer, be patient
Proto-Nilgiri : *tam- (?)
Miscellaneous : BEL (LSB) simbɨ to carry
Number in DED : 2677
Proto-South Dravidian : *cUn-ai
Meaning : plant juice
Malayalam : cuna, cina
Malayalam meaning : juice as of mango stalk after the fruit is broken off
Malayalam derivates : cunekka to ooze out, be acrid
Kannada : sone
Kannada meaning : the watery juice that exudes from the stalk of the mango fruit and of the fruit of the marking-nut tree
Tulu : tuṇè, (B-K also) tune, sune
Tulu meaning : gummy juice exuding from the stalk, etc., of certain fruits
Notes : A clear case of unaccented *-u- here: subject to umlautisation in Kannada. Unexplained t- in Tulu.
Number in DED : 2717
Proto-South Dravidian : *cUn-ai (?)
Meaning : mountain pool
Tamil : cun_ai
Tamil meaning : mountain pool or spring, tank, reservoir, pasture ground with tanks and shady trees
Tamil derivates : cun_aivu rock water
Kannada : ḍoṇe, doṇe
Kannada meaning : a small natural pond in rocks, a hollow, hole
Proto-Nilgiri : *san- (?)
Notes : A very dubious root - Kannada d- is unexplainable, therefore the Kannada form might be better comparable to Tamil tūn_ hole, etc.
Number in DED : 2716
Proto-South Dravidian : *cunc-
Meaning : hair round forehead
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : cuñcu
Kannada meaning : the hair curling round the forehead
Number in DED : 2651
Proto-South Dravidian : *cunḍ-
Meaning : mouse, musk-rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cuṇṭan_
Tamil meaning : grey musk shrew
Tamil derivates : cuṇṭ-eli, (Koll.) cuṇṭān mouse, Mus urbanus; cūr_an_ grey musk shrew; mūñ-cūr_u musk-rat, Sorex indicus
Malayalam : cuṇṭ-eli
Malayalam meaning : mouse, musk-rat
Kannada : suṇḍa, suṇḍ-ili, suṇḍil-ili, soṇḍ-ili, soṇḍil-ili, cuñc-ili
Kannada meaning : musk-rat
Kodagu : ciṇḍ-eli
Kodagu meaning : house-mouse, field-mouse
Tulu : suṇḍ-eli
Tulu meaning : musk-rat
Number in DED : 2661
Proto-South Dravidian : *cUr-ai
Meaning : gourd, water gourd
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : curai
Tamil meaning : calabash climber, Lagenaria vulgaris
Malayalam : cura
Malayalam meaning : pumpkin, water gourd
Kannada : sore, sōre
Kannada meaning : the bottle gourd, Lagenaria vulgaris
Kodagu : tore
Kodagu meaning : gourd
Tulu : turè, surè
Tulu meaning : water gourd, pumpkin
Number in DED : 2690
Proto-South Dravidian : *cur-, *cur-uḷ-
Meaning : to wind, twist
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : curi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be spiral as conch, whirl round, eddy (as water), curl
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to wind spirally, whirl, curl, lie in a circle; n. whirling, spiral, curve, screw, white curl on the forehead of bulls; curiyal curling, curly hair, lock of hair, woman's hair; curuḷ (curuḷv-, curuṇṭ-) to become coiled, roll, curl (as hair); n. rolling, roll, coil, curl, woman's hair curled and tied up in dressing; curuḷal ringlet, coil; curuḷai roll; curuṭṭu (curuṭṭi-) to roll up, coil, curl, fold, twist; n. curling, coiling, anything rolled up, cheroot; curuṭṭai curly hair, curly-haired boy or girl; curuṇai anything rolled up; cūr (-pp-, -tt-) to revolve, whirl round; cūrppu whirling, revolving, bracelet; cūral whirling as of wind
Malayalam : curiyal
Malayalam meaning : a round rattan basket
Malayalam derivates : curuṭṭu a roll, cheroot, a sheaf; curuḷ scroll, roll; curuḷuka to be rolled up, be curled; curuṭṭuka to roll up (tr.)
Kannada : suruḷi, suruḷe, suraḷi
Kannada meaning : a coil, roll
Kannada derivates : suruṭu, suruṇṭu to coil, roll up (intr.); surku, sukku to curl; surku, sukku, suŋku, sokku a curl
Kodagu : turɨḍ- (turɨṇḍ-)
Kodagu meaning : to be rolled up
Kodagu derivates : turɨṭ- (turɨṭi-) to roll up (tr.); tore a string that goes round; (torev-, torand-) (string) is wound round and round; tora- (torap-, torat-) to wind (string) round and round
Tulu : turṭu
Tulu meaning : a female's hair tied into a knot
Tulu derivates : suraḷi, (B-K) suruḷi a coil, roll of anything
Proto-Nilgiri : *curǝḷ-
Number in DED : 2684
Proto-South Dravidian : *cur-u-
Meaning : to shrink
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : curuŋku (curuŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to shrink, contract, shrivel, wrinkle, lessen, dwindle, be reduced, curtailed, be puckered, creased, be furled, closed as flower, etc.
Tamil derivates : curuŋkal anything shrunk, wrinkled, wrinkle, crease; curukku (curukki-) to curtail, reduce, lessen, compress, contract, furl, close, epitomize; n. contraction, reduction, wrinkle, fold, crease, slipknot, noose, epitome; curukkam brevity, conciseness, abbreviation, epitome, shortness, contraction, decrease; cukku (cukki-) to get dry; curuḷ (curuḷv-, curuṇṭ-) to shrivel, shrink (as leaf), droop (as from heat, hunger), be reduced to severe straits; curi (-v-, -nt-) to wrinkle; (-pp-, -tt-) to get dried, contract, shrink, wrinkle; draw in (as a tortoise its head)
Malayalam : curuŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to shrivel, shrink, be contracted, wrinkled, decrease
Malayalam derivates : curukkam contraction, shortness; curukku sliding string, noose; curukkuka to contract (tr.), furl (sails), wrap, fold, reduce, shorten; cukkuka to grow dry, shrivel; cukku dry; cuŋŋuka to grow dry or lean, be reduced; cūḷuka to shrink, contract; cūḷal shrinking; coŋku withered
Kannada : surku, sukku
Kannada meaning : to contract, shrivel, shrink, fade
Kannada derivates : surku, sukku, suŋku, sokku contracting, shrivelling, shrinking, a wrinkle; soragu to wither, grow dry or sapless, sink away, grow lean; soraṭu state of being contracted, shrivelled, as a leaf; suruḷ to contract, shrivel, shrink, fear; suruṭu, suruṇṭu to become shrivelled or contracted; suruḷcu to cause to contract, etc.; (Hav.) cirṇṭelu shrunken
Tulu : suruṇṭuni, suruṭuni, sirṇṭuni, sirnduni
Tulu meaning : to shrivel, contract, shrink
Tulu derivates : suruṇṭu, suruṭu contraction, shrivelling; surugu sinking, sliding; sirkuni, tirkuni to fade, shrivel, become weak, lean, fall off; sirkāvuni, tirkāvuni to cause to fade, make lean, weaken; sirkụ fading, shrivelling, weakness, faintness; juruŋguni to hesitate, be reluctant; nurluni (?) to wind up, fold, shrink
Proto-Nilgiri : *curǝ-
Number in DED : 2687
Proto-South Dravidian : *cUr_-
Meaning : shark
Tamil : cur_avam, cur_avu, cur_a, cur_ā
Tamil meaning : shark, swordfish
Malayalam : cir_āku, cur_ā, tur_āvu, śrāvu
Malayalam meaning : shark
Kannada : cor_a
Kannada meaning : shark
Number in DED : 2710
Proto-South Dravidian : *cur_cur_-
Meaning : expr. a kind of noise
Tamil : cur_u-cur_-en_al, cur_īr-en_al, curīr-en_al
Tamil meaning : onom. expr. signifying hissing (as water when in contact with fire)
Tamil derivates : curu-curu (-pp-, -tt-) to hiss (as dry combustibles when ignited); curu-cur-en_al expr. signifying rapid burning (as of dry combustibles); cuk_r_u, cuk_r_-en_al, cuk_k_r_-en_al onom. expr. of rustling, as of palmyra leaves, spreading fire, etc.
Kannada : cur_u cur_u
Kannada meaning : the hissing or sputtering of boiling water, the spitting and sputtering of heated oil or ghee or of a thing frying
Kannada derivates : curcu, cuccu to burn, consume with fire; curcu burning
Tulu : curucuru
Tulu meaning : a hissing noise caused by frying, burning etc.
Proto-Nilgiri : *Sur-
Number in DED : 2714
Proto-South Dravidian : *cut_-
Meaning : to revolve, twist
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cur_r_u (cur_r_i-)
Tamil meaning : to revolve, circulate, turn around, spin, take a circuitous course, wind about, wander about, be coiled, lie encircling, be giddy or dizzy; encircle, entwine, embrace, encompass, surround, wear round, coil up, roll up, whirl; n. moving round, revolving, rolling, circumference, circuit, roundabout way, surroundings, neighbourhood, coil, roll, toe-ring, surrounding wall
Tamil derivates : cur_r_am friends, attendants, kinsmen, relations, crowd; cur_r_u-mur_r_um all around, on all sides; cūr_u (cūr_i-) to surround, encompass
Malayalam : cur_r_uka
Malayalam meaning : to be about, go about, be giddy, roll round, put on
Malayalam derivates : cur_r_u what is circular, circumference, a ring; cur_r_am what is round about, friendship, love; cur_a a circle, coil, once round; cur_ayuka to turn round, wriggle; cur_ekka to roll up, wind up, tie round; cur_appu tortuosity
Kannada : suttu
Kannada meaning : to surround, encompass, wrap round, wind, roll up, go round, circumambulate; n. that surrounds, enclosure, state of being enclosed, circumference, compass, coil, cheroot, coiled metal ring, a walk round, a turn
Kannada derivates : suttisu to cause to go round, etc.; sutta round about (adv.); sutta mutta all around, completely around; suttal round about, state of being round about; suttuvike turning round, feeling giddy, etc.; cuṭṭi, cuṭṭa a thing rolled up; cheroot; (PBh.) suṭṭare a whirlwind
Kodagu : cutt- (cutti-)
Kodagu meaning : to wind around (intr., tr.), wander about
Tulu : sutta
Tulu meaning : circumference, circuit, round, about
Tulu derivates : (B-K) suttamutta round about; suttuni to wind, roll, wrap, surround (B-K suttu, huttu to wear clothes by tying them around the waist); suttāvuni to cause to wind; sunduni to wind, roll, spool; tuttuni to dress, wear, clothe (or with DED 3319); tuttu dressing; cuṭṭa cheroot, cigar
Proto-Nilgiri : *cut_-
Number in DED : 2715
Proto-South Dravidian : *cuṭ-
Meaning : to point
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cuṭṭu (cuṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to point out, show, designate, indicate, have in view, aim at, desire, think, consider, honour; n. indication, reference, that which is intended or designated, honour
Malayalam : cuṭṭu
Malayalam meaning : pointing
Malayalam derivates : cūṇṭuka to point at, aim; cūṇṭal pointing out; cuṇṭan-viral forefinger
Kannada : suṭṭu
Kannada meaning : to point at with the finger
Kannada derivates : suṭṭumbe the index finger; cūṭi aim
Tulu : cūṭi
Tulu meaning : aim
Tulu derivates : tūṇḍuni to aim, point at; tūṇḍelụ pointing, directing
Number in DED : 2658
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cuval- (?)
Meaning : shoulder, nape of neck
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cuval
Tamil meaning : nape of the neck, upper part of the neck, back, mane
Tamil derivates : cekil upper part of the shoulders
Malayalam : cumal
Malayalam meaning : shoulder
Kannada : tegal
Kannada meaning : shoulder
Notes : Several roots mixed in.
Number in DED : 2696
Proto-South Dravidian : *cūḍ-
Meaning : to wear
Tamil : cūṭu (cūṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to wear, esp. on the head, bear, sustain; be invested as with a title, be crowned, spread, cover, become bent or warped, surround, envelop; n. hair tuft, crest, comb
Tamil derivates : cūṭṭu (cūṭṭi-) to adorn as with garlands, crown, invest with honours, spread over (as army), extend one's sway; n. investing, adorning as with crown, garland, crest, cock's comb, snake's head, felloe of wheel
Malayalam : cūṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to wear on the head, wear over the head as an umbrella
Malayalam derivates : cūṭal putting on the head, carrying an umbrella; cūṭikka to make to wear, crown; cūṭṭuka to put on the head, tie a bundle like a hairlock; cūṭṭu cock's comb, mark on the forehead of cattle
Kannada : sūḍu
Kannada meaning : to put on the head as flowers, etc., receive, obtain
Kodagu : cūḍ- (cūḍi-)
Kodagu meaning : to stick (flower) in hair
Proto-Nilgiri : *tūṭ (*c-)
Number in DED : 2721
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20 50 100 200

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov