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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *cer-
Meaning : to insert
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ceruku (ceruki-)
Tamil meaning : to insert, slide into
Tamil derivates : cerumu (cerumi-) to sink, pierce through; coruku (coruki-) to put in, insert, tuck in
Malayalam : cerutuka
Malayalam meaning : to shove in, put in
Malayalam derivates : corukuka to tuck in, shove in; terukkuka to tuck, gather up the cloth
Kannada : serku, sekku
Kannada meaning : to shove in, put in, insert, tuck (the end of a garment) into another (part of the garment)
Kannada derivates : sekke insertion
Proto-Nilgiri : *terg- (*c-)
Notes : Tam. and Mal. -o- might be due to contamination with *ćur-.
Number in DED : 2778
Proto-South Dravidian : *cer- (*s-)
Meaning : evil
Kannada : seragu
Kannada meaning : calamity, evil, mischief, sin, crime
Number in DED : 2777
Proto-South Dravidian : *ceruk- (*-r_-) (?)
Meaning : sugarcane
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : ceruku
Kannada meaning : sugarcane
Notes : The Kannada form is almost certainly a Telugu borrowing (affricate before resonant?)
Number in DED : 2795
Proto-South Dravidian : *cet-ai
Meaning : rubbish, dirt; dry grass, hay
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cettai
Tamil meaning : dry rubbish, dried vegetable matter as grass, leaves, etc., hay, straw
Tamil derivates : cettal dry, over-ripe coconut on the tree, shrivelled palmyra or other fruit, dried chillies, plantain trees, vegetables or grass; cetuku rubbish, chaff, dried leaves
Malayalam : cetta, cer_r_a
Malayalam meaning : little sticks or leaves for kindling a fire or covering a hut, what is made of it, screen or wicket of wicker work
Kannada : satte, sade, sedage
Kannada meaning : rubbish, dirt, stuff, trash
Tulu : sedè
Tulu meaning : sweeping, rubbish
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) sada rubbish
Notes : A shift of accent in North-South-Dravidian?
Number in DED : 2770
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cibbal-
Meaning : bamboo lid
Kannada : cibbala, cibbalu, cibbil, cibbul
Kannada meaning : a bamboo lid
Number in DED : 2537
Proto-South Dravidian : *cid-
Meaning : to squeeze out; to injure
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : citai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be injured, spoiled, be broken, become corrupt, prove untrue
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to injure, waste, destroy, ruin, demolish, kill, uproot; citai, citaivu injury, degeneracy, ruin, defeat, fault, defect; citaku (citaki-) to strip off, erase
Kannada : cidaku, ciduku
Kannada meaning : to squeeze the soaked pulse called avare with the fingers and thus remove the skin
Kannada derivates : (?) sindu, sendu to rub out, extinguish, destroy
Number in DED : 2526
Proto-South Dravidian : *ciḷ-
Meaning : branch, bifurcation
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : cilla
Malayalam meaning : (Tiyya, Calicut) small branch of a tree
Malayalam derivates : (Tiyya, Cannanore) illi twig
Kannada : ciḷḷe
Kannada meaning : bifurcation, a fork (as that formed by two branches)
Kannada derivates : ? (Hav.) gellu branch
Tulu : gellụ (?)
Tulu meaning : (B-K) branch, twig
Proto-Nilgiri : *Sil
Number in DED : 2587
Proto-South Dravidian : *cIland-
Meaning : spider
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cilanti, cilampi
Tamil meaning : spider
Malayalam : cilanni
Malayalam meaning : spider
Kannada : seladi, selandi
Kannada meaning : spider
Proto-Nilgiri : *tōl- (*c-) (?)
Number in DED : 2562
Proto-South Dravidian : *cilk-
Meaning : to be entangled
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cikku (cikki-)
Tamil meaning : to become entangled, complicated, be caught, ensnared, be obtained; n. tangle, twist, intricacy, snare, entanglement
Tamil derivates : cikk-en_a firmly, tenaciously, tightly, closely; ciŋku (ciŋki-) to be caught; ikal intricacy, obscurity, involvedness; ? ciṭukku a tangle
Malayalam : cikku
Malayalam meaning : being entangled, intricacy
Malayalam derivates : cikkuka to be entangled
Kannada : sikku, sigu (sikk-), sirku, siliku, siluku, silku
Kannada meaning : to become entangled, be caught, fall into the hands of, be got
Kannada derivates : sikku, sirku, silku state of being entangled, entanglement, intricacy, impediment, obstacle, trouble
Kodagu : cikk- (cikki-)
Kodagu meaning : to become entangled
Tulu : sikkuni, tikkuni
Tulu meaning : to be ensnared, caught, seized, obtained
Tulu derivates : sikkāvuni, tikkāvuni to ensnare, entangle, button; sikkụ, tikkụ entanglement, intricacy, perplexity, distress; sikkaṭṭụ, tikkaṭṭụ labyrinth, intricacy; tikkaṭuni to be matted, be entangled, intricate; silkuni to be entangled, be perplexed; salkuni to be entangled; salkāvuni to entangle; (B-K) tirkụ, sirkụ entanglement, difficulty
Proto-Nilgiri : *cik-
Number in DED : 2498
Proto-South Dravidian : *cin-
Meaning : gold
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cin_n_am
Tamil meaning : coin, gold coin
Kannada : cinna
Kannada meaning : gold
Tulu : cinna
Tulu meaning : gold
Proto-Nilgiri : *sin- (*c-)
Number in DED : 2596
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cin-ai-
Meaning : to form, rise; bud, egg
Tamil : cin_ai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to form, rise, come into being, bud, branch out on all sides, rise in pimples as prickly heat, grow stout, be impregnated; n. embryo, foetus, pregnancy, spawn, eggs, flower bud, branch of a tree, member, component part
Tamil derivates : cin_aippu prickly heat, becoming pregnant, fatness
Malayalam : cana
Malayalam meaning : pregnancy
Malayalam derivates : canekka animals to conceive, branch out; canaccam smaller branch of a tree or antler; cina branching out as an ear of corn; cinekka to branch out, rice to sprout
Kannada : jane
Kannada meaning : yolk of an egg
Kannada derivates : tane, tene embryo of beasts, pregnancy
Tulu : tanè, sanè
Tulu meaning : conceiving, breeding as cattle, sheep, etc.
Tulu derivates : taneyuni cattle or animals to be big with young
Number in DED : 2592
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cip-
Meaning : a k. of grass
Kannada : cippa-kasuvu
Kannada meaning : the fragrant grass Andropogon schoenanthus
Number in DED : 2533
Proto-South Dravidian : *cIr_-aŋ-
Meaning : piece of cloth
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : ser_aŋgu, ser_agu, sar_aŋgu, sar_agu
Kannada meaning : either end of a piece of cotton or silk cloth used as a garment, the loose end of a garment, that end which is put over the shoulder or head, the ornamental coloured cross stripes near each of the ends; cover, protection, refuge
Tulu : seraŋgụ
Tulu meaning : the end or edge of a female's garment
Proto-Nilgiri : *cerǝŋ-
Number in DED : 2796
Proto-South Dravidian : *cī-
Meaning : to tear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : cīntuka
Malayalam meaning : to tear (as paper, leaves)
Malayalam derivates : cīttu a shred, strip; īruka to saw, split (or with DEDR 542)
Kannada : sigi
Kannada meaning : to split (as wood), tear or rend with the teeth as sugar-cane
Kannada derivates : sigasu, sigisu to have split; siguḷu to be split, cleft; split (tr.); sigur_, sigur_u, sibar_u, sivar_u, sivur_u a splinter, a shiver (cf. DEDR 2600); sību bamboo-slit
Tulu : tigipuni, tigupuni, (B-K) sigipu
Tulu meaning : to split, slit, cut, saw, tear
Tulu derivates : tiguruni, tigruni, tiguluni, siguruni to split; tigụtè, tigtè, tigitè a split, splinter, slip, piece; (B-K) tiburu a crack, split
Number in DED : 2491
Proto-South Dravidian : *cīn[d]-
Meaning : to blow the nose
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cīntu (cīnti-)
Tamil meaning : to blow, as the nose
Tamil derivates : cīntal mucous matter of the nose; cintu (cinti-) to blow the nose
Malayalam : cīntuka, cīr_r_uka
Malayalam meaning : to blow the nose
Kannada : sīn (sīnt-, sīnd-), sīnu (sīt-)
Kannada meaning : to sneeze; n. sneezing, a sneeze
Tulu : hīntruni, hīmpuni, (B-K.) sīmpụ
Tulu meaning : to blow the nose
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) cīmpu to clear the nose
Number in DED : 2618
Proto-South Dravidian : *cīp-
Meaning : to suck
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cīppu (cīppi-)
Tamil meaning : to suck
Malayalam : īmpuka
Malayalam meaning : to suck, lip, sick
Kannada : cīpu, sīpu
Kannada meaning : to suck the substance out of anything, suck
Proto-Nilgiri : *Sīp-
Number in DED : 2621
Proto-South Dravidian : *Cī-r-
Meaning : to scratch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cī (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to scratch (as fowls), tear up earth (as pigs)
Malayalam : cīka
Malayalam meaning : to scratch
Kannada : cīru, civaru, civuru
Kannada meaning : to scratch with the nails or claws
Kannada derivates : (K2) sivur_u to scratch
Number in DED : 2601
Proto-South Dravidian : *cīr_- (*s-)
Meaning : to hiss
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cīr_u (cīr_i-)
Tamil meaning : to hiss as a serpent, snort as a horse, sniff, be infuriated, swell with rage, roar and blaze forth as a flame, get angry with; n. anger
Tamil derivates : cīr_r_am anger, fury; cīr_u-cīr_-en_al onom. expr. signifying violent anger; cīntu (cīnti-) to be angry with, hiss (as a serpent)
Malayalam : cīr_uka
Malayalam meaning : to hiss, puff as a snake, foam, rage
Malayalam derivates : cīr_ikka to make to hiss, enrage; cīr_r_am rage; cīr_r_u a hiss, puffing; cīr_r_uka to hiss, rage
Kannada : sīr_u
Kannada meaning : to grow enraged, become angry, be very contentious or quarrelsome; n. raging, fierceness
Kannada derivates : sīvarisu, sīvar_isu to hiss, puff, pass the proper temper, show disgust or disdain; sēr_u to rail at, treat with derision; ? siṭṭu anger, rage
Kodagu : cīr- (cīri-)
Kodagu meaning : to grumble, answer back grumblingly
Tulu : sīruni
Tulu meaning : to hiss
Tulu derivates : śiṭṭu anger, displeasure
Number in DED : 2639
Proto-South Dravidian : *cop-
Meaning : straw
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : soppe
Kannada meaning : straw of various kinds of millet
Miscellaneous : IRU coppu straw
Number in DED : 2847
Proto-South Dravidian : *cot-
Meaning : lame, crooked
Tamil : cotti
Tamil meaning : lameness, crippledom, deformity; lame person
Tamil derivates : cottiyan_ lame person, cripple; cottai defect as in limbs, teeth, fruits, etc., that which is decayed, worm-eaten, injured by insects
Malayalam : cotti-kai
Malayalam meaning : withered hand
Kannada : cottu, sottu
Kannada meaning : crookedness, crooked
Kannada derivates : cotta, sotta a male with crooked, crippled limbs; fem. cotti, sotti
Proto-Nilgiri : *Sot
Number in DED : 2838
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