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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār_-
Meaning : slander, to despise
Tamil : ār_ātūr_u
Tamil meaning : slander, calumny
Tulu : ārsāvuni
Tulu meaning : to despise, disparage
Number in DED : 0403
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār_-
Meaning : cool, cold; to extinguish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār_u (ār_i-)
Tamil meaning : to cool, grow cold, be appeased, alleviated, mitigated, be suppressed, heal (as a wound)
Tamil derivates : ār_r_u (ār_r_i-) to cool (tr.), assuage, appease, alleviate, mitigate, comfort, console, soothe, dry (tr., as the hair)
Malayalam : ār_uka
Malayalam meaning : to be extinguished, grow cool, be allayed, calmed, dry up (as land, washed hair, wounds), heal
Malayalam derivates : ār_r_uka to cool, allay, calm, dry (tr.)
Kannada : ār_, ār_u
Kannada meaning : to be extinguished, go out, grow cool, be calmed, allayed, appeased, dry, become dry, heal (as a wound)
Kannada derivates : ār_u state of going out, state of being dried, etc.; ār_isu to cause to go out, allay, dry (tr.); ar_ (art-) to be dried, dry up, disappear; ar_a, ar_u, ar_abu, ar_ubu, ar_avu drought, famine; ār_ike, ar_ike state of growing or being dry or parched
Kodagu : ār- (āri-)
Kodagu meaning : (stream, cloth) dries up
Kodagu derivates : āt- (āti-) to dry (tr.); ara- (arap-, arat-) (water) dries up, become emaciated
Tulu : āruni
Tulu meaning : to grow or be cool, grow or be dry
Tulu derivates : ājuni, ājiyuni to dry up, drain off (intr.); ājāvuni to dry (tr.), drain; ājiḍuni to expose clothes, etc., for drying; arapuni to cool (intr.), become calm; arapu, arapelụ cooling
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_-
Number in DED : 0404
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār_-
Meaning : way, road, path
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār_u (obl. ār_r_u-)
Tamil meaning : way, road, path, means, manner, method
Malayalam : ār_u
Malayalam meaning : way, manner
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_
Number in DED : 0405
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār_
Meaning : six
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār_u
Tamil meaning : six
Tamil derivates : ar_u-patu sixty; ar_u-nūr_u 600; ar_umai six; ar_uvar six persons; avv-ār_u by sixes
Malayalam : ār_u
Malayalam meaning : six
Malayalam derivates : ar_u-patu sixty; ar_u-nnūr_u 600; ar_uvar six persons
Kannada : ār_u
Kannada meaning : six
Kannada derivates : ar_a-vattu, ar_u-vattu, ar-vattu sixty; ar_u-nūr_u, ār_u-nūr_u 600; ar_uvar, ārvaru six persons
Kodagu : ārɨ
Kodagu meaning : six
Kodagu derivates : ārane sixth; aru-vadɨ sixty; ār-nūrɨ 600
Tulu : āji
Tulu meaning : six
Tulu derivates : ājane sixth; ajipa, ajippa, ājipa, ājpa sixty
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_
Number in DED : 2485
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār_āṭ-
Meaning : agony
Tamil : ār_āṭṭam
Tamil meaning : agony of extreme sickness
Kannada : ār_ā̆ṭa
Kannada meaning : the anxiety of a sick man
Number in DED : 0402
Proto-South Dravidian : *ās-
Meaning : fine, minute
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ācu
Tamil meaning : minuteness, fineness, acuteness, trifle, anything small or mean
Tamil derivates : āy (-v-, -nt-) to diminish, be reduced; n. fineness, minuteness, smallness; āyppu being reduced in circumstances, power, energies; āyvu diminution; acai (-v-, -nt-) to be slender, flexible, diminish; accam thinness; ai minuteness, subtleness; ayir subtlety, fineness, fine sand, candied sugar; ? atar fine sand, dust
Malayalam : aśu
Malayalam meaning : thin, slender
Malayalam derivates : ayir, ayiram iron dust
Kannada : asi, asa
Kannada meaning : thinness, leanness, slenderness, minuteness, weakness
Kannada derivates : asidane thinly, minutely, nicely; (PBh.) asidu that which is thin; asiyaN he who is thin; asiyar they who are weak; asiyaḷ slender woman
Number in DED : 0341
Proto-South Dravidian : *ās-
Meaning : sal tree
Tamil : āccā
Tamil meaning : sāl, Shorea robusta
Kannada : āsu, āca, ārse
Kannada meaning : the sal tree, S. robusta Roxb.
Number in DED : 0343
Proto-South Dravidian : *āt-
Meaning : mother
Tamil : āttai, āttāḷ, āttā
Tamil meaning : mother
Tamil derivates : āttai, ātti excl. expr. surprise, fright, or pity; āttāṭi excl. expr. wonder, of restfulness after toilsome work
Malayalam : āttōḷ, āttōl
Malayalam meaning : Nambutiri's wife
Number in DED : 0358
Proto-South Dravidian : *āṬ-
Meaning : woman
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āṭṭi
Tamil meaning : woman, wife
Tamil derivates : āṭavaḷ woman (lex.); ?? aḷaku hen of fowl, peacock, etc.
Kannada : āḍaŋgi
Kannada meaning : a female
Tulu : āḍe
Tulu meaning : a coward
Number in DED : 0400
Proto-South Dravidian : *āt-i
Meaning : mountain ebony
Tamil : ātti
Tamil meaning : common mountain ebony, B. racemosa; holy mountain ebony, B. tomentosa
Tamil derivates : kāṭṭ-ātti mountain ebony; ā ebony
Malayalam : kāṭṭatti, atti
Malayalam meaning : B. tomentosa (Winslow), B. parviflora (Bailey)
Kannada : kāḍatti
Kannada meaning : B. tomentosa L.
Tulu : kāṭarti
Tulu meaning : B. tomentosa
Number in DED : 0372
Proto-South Dravidian : *āt_-
Meaning : to be strong, powerful
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār_r_u (ār_r_i-)
Tamil meaning : to become strong, powerful, be possible, be sufficient, accumulate (as wealth), sustain, carry
Tamil derivates : ār_r_al strength, power, prowess, ability, abundance, endurance, courage; ār_r_a greatly, exceedingly, entirely; ān_r_a excellent, grand, splendid; ān_r_al greatness, dignity, abundance, copiousness; ān_r_avar, ān_r_ār, ān_r_ōr erudite, wise persons; ān_r_ōḷ lady of exalted character
Malayalam : ār_r_uka
Malayalam meaning : to grow richly, thrive
Malayalam derivates : ār_r_am much; ār_r_al growing; healthy, magnificent growth; ān_r_a wide, excellent
Kannada : ār_ (ārt-)
Kannada meaning : to be or become strong, be powerful, able, or competent, be possible, can, may, be adequate, be able for, be able to endure
Kannada derivates : ār_u power, daring, self-will; ārpu might, force, daring, valour; āke power, valour; āpa being strong, being able, being possible
Kodagu : āt- (āti-)
Kodagu meaning : (body) attains maturity (at about 21 years), (fruit, grain) becomes mature but not yet ripe
Kodagu derivates : ātɨ full-grown but not yet ripe (guava, jack, coconut)
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār_-
Number in DED : 0407
Proto-South Dravidian : *āv-
Meaning : quiver
Tamil : āvam
Tamil meaning : quiver; bow-string
Tamil derivates : āva-nāẓi, āva-nāẓikai quiver
Malayalam : āva-nāẓi
Malayalam meaning : quiver
Number in DED : 0390
Proto-South Dravidian : *āv-
Meaning : to yawn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āvi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to gape, yawn, open the mouth so as to express loudly; n. yawn
Malayalam : āvi iṭ-
Malayalam meaning : to yawn
Kannada : ākaḷisu, ākuḷisu, āguḷisu
Kannada meaning : to yawn, gape
Kannada derivates : ākaḷike, ākuḷike, āgaḷike, āguḷike yawning, gaping
Kodagu : āvaḷic- (āvaḷici-)
Kodagu meaning : to yawn
Tulu : āvalụ
Tulu meaning : a yawn
Tulu derivates : āvīḍ- to yawn
Proto-Nilgiri : *āvaḷ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) āvaḷsu to yawn
Number in DED : 0392
Proto-South Dravidian : *āv-
Meaning : to desire
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āvu (āvi-)
Tamil meaning : to desire
Tamil derivates : āval great desire, craving, earnestness; (PR) āvalar lovers; avāvu (avāvi-) to desire, crave for, covet; avā desire for a thing, covetousness; avāvan_ avaricious person; avavu avidity
Malayalam : āvikka
Malayalam meaning : to desire
Malayalam derivates : āval desire; āv-ēr_r_am excessive desire; akāvu gluttony, greediness
Proto-Nilgiri : *āv-
Number in DED : 0394
Proto-South Dravidian : *āvaḍ-
Meaning : cucumber
Malayalam : āṭṭa
Malayalam meaning : bitter gourd
Kannada : āvaḍe
Kannada meaning : a bitter acute-angled cucumber
Number in DED : 0389
Proto-South Dravidian : *āvar-
Meaning : Cassia auriculata
Tamil : āvārai, āvirai
Tamil meaning : tanner's senna, Cassia auriculata; Tinnevelly senna
Tamil derivates : āvākai T. senna
Malayalam : āvīram
Malayalam meaning : C. auriculata
Kannada : āvarike giḍa
Kannada meaning : C. auriculata
Proto-Nilgiri : *āvǝr-
Number in DED : 0391
Proto-South Dravidian : *āv-i
Meaning : to sigh; steam
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āvi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to sigh, let out (as smoke); n. breath, sigh, soul, steam, vapour, smoke
Malayalam : āvi, āvati
Malayalam meaning : breath, life, vapour, steam
Malayalam derivates : āvi iṭ- to sigh
Kannada : āvi, āvari, āviri
Kannada meaning : steam, vapour, heat
Proto-Nilgiri : *āvĭ
Number in DED : 0393
Proto-South Dravidian : *āẓ-
Meaning : to sink; depth, deep
Tamil : āẓ (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to sink, plunge, dive, be deep, be absorbed, immersed, overwhelmed, fall down
Tamil derivates : āẓttu (āẓtti-) to immerse, plunge (tr.); āẓvār one who is deep in meditation on the Supreme Being, the ten Vaiṣṇava canonized saints, title of Jain and Buddhist saints; āẓvān_ the sun; āẓvu, āẓam depth; āẓā (-pp-, -nt-) to be immersed, absorbed; āẓi the sea, as the deep; seashore; aẓuvam depth, pit, deep sea
Malayalam : āẓam
Malayalam meaning : depth, deep place
Malayalam derivates : āẓi the deep, ocean; āẓuka to sink; āẓa, āẓē deeply; āẓttuka, āttuka to sink, immerse (tr.); āẓuvār, āḷvār title of the twelve Viṣṇu saints
Kannada : āẓ (āẓd-), āẓu, āẓdu
Kannada meaning : to sink in a fluid, immerse, dive, sink, be lowered, be deep
Kannada derivates : āẓa state of being deep, depth, being pressed down, humiliation; āẓi depth, craftiness, deceit, trickery; āẓvar title of the twelve Vaiṣṇava saints; aẓ (aẓd-, add-) to sink in a fluid, be immersed
Kodagu : āḷa
Kodagu meaning : depth
Tulu : āḷa
Tulu meaning : depth, deep, profound
Proto-Nilgiri : *āḷ-/*āṛ-
Number in DED : 0396
Proto-South Dravidian : *āẓāk-
Meaning : one-eighth of a mesure
Tamil : āẓākku, aẓakku, aẓākku
Tamil meaning : ollock, one-eighth of a measure
Malayalam : āẓakku
Malayalam meaning : handful, one-eighth of a nāṛi
Kannada : āẓākku
Kannada meaning : one-eighth of a seer
Proto-Nilgiri : *-aṛǝk
Number in DED : 0397
Proto-South Dravidian : *āẓ-i
Meaning : ring, wheel, roundness
Tamil : āẓi
Tamil meaning : circle, ring, wheel, discus weapon
Malayalam : āẓi
Malayalam meaning : roundness (as of disk, ring, etc.); funeral pile
Kannada : āẓi
Kannada meaning : roundness, a circle, a discus
Kannada derivates : āṇi roundness
Number in DED : 0398
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