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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *vaẓ-i
Meaning : road
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vaẓi
Tamil meaning : way, path, road, origin, source, means, remedy, homage, manner, method, mode, posterity, descendants, race, family, lineage, relative, dependant, series, line, succession, impression, footprint, trace, usage, antiquity, boon, gift; afterwards
Malayalam : vaẓi
Malayalam meaning : way, road, path, succession and the way you came, backwards, manner, means, usage, custom
Kannada : baẓi
Kannada meaning : way, road, place, spot; way, mode, order, regularity, proper course, right behaviour, race, lineage, passing on, following, later or succeeding time, after, afterwards, further, and, a gift, present
Kannada derivates : baẓika after, afterwards, further, and
Kodagu : bay pō- (?)
Kodagu meaning : to wander aimlessly
Kodagu derivates : bayya behind; bayyañji after some time
Tulu : bari
Tulu meaning : lineage, descent
Proto-Nilgiri : *vaḷ-ĭ (*p-)
Number in DED : 5297
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaẓ(u)k-ai
Meaning : pulp of a tender coconut
Tamil : vaẓukkai
Tamil meaning : pulp of a tender coconut
Malayalam : vaẓukka
Malayalam meaning : pulp of a tender coconut
Number in DED : 5300
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaǯ-
Meaning : sweet flag
Tamil : vacam, vacampu, payampu
Tamil meaning : sweet flag, Acorus calamus
Malayalam : vayampu
Malayalam meaning : sweet flag, Acorus calamus; orris root
Kannada : baji, baje, vace, vaje
Kannada meaning : Acorus calamus
Tulu : bajè
Tulu meaning : Acorus calamus
Notes : There are some problems with this root: Mal. -y- might be dialectal, but Tamil payampu, with an initial voiceless, is strange, and Kannada vace, vaje can only be borrowed from Telugu vaca.
Number in DED : 5213
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāḍ-
Meaning : (roast) meat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vāṭṭu
Tamil meaning : roasted or fried flesh or vegetable
Kannada : bāḍu
Kannada meaning : flesh
Kannada derivates : bāḍisu to scorch or singe by the fire as slices of dried flesh or leaves
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāḍ-
Notes : Tamil vāṭṭu is irregular, probably due to analogization with the oblique stem (cf. nāḍu 'country', obl. nāṭṭu-).
Number in DED : 5345
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāḍ- (caus. *vāṭ-)
Meaning : to wither
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vāṭu (vāṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to wither, fade, dry up, be emaciated, become weak, pine away, turn pale, be defeated, perish, be removed, diminish, decrease, fall short in weight; n. faded flower
Tamil derivates : vāṭṭu (vāṭṭi-) to cause to wither or fade, dry, scorch, roast, vex, afflict, mortify, injure, destroy, wash as cloth; n. affliction; vāṭṭam fading, withering, dryness, leanness, trouble, distress; vāṭṭaravu weariness, fatigue, withering, fading
Malayalam : vāṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to become lean, fade, wither, pine away, lose colour
Malayalam derivates : vāṭikka to cause to wither, dry; vāṭṭam decay, withered state; vāṭṭuka to cause to dry or wither
Kannada : bāḍu
Kannada meaning : to wither, fade as flowers, die away as shrubs, etc., grow dry as wounds, grow weary or languid, become weak and feeble, pine away, lose colour, be dispirited, downcast or sad
Kannada derivates : bāḍisu to cause to fade
Kodagu : bāḍ- (bāḍi-)
Kodagu meaning : to fade, wither, (face) is downcast
Tulu : bāḍuni
Tulu meaning : to fade, shrivel, wither, die
Tulu derivates : bāḍi faded, withered; bāḍaŋkelụ, bāḍantelụ withering, leanness, dejection, paleness, decay
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāḍ-
Number in DED : 5342
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāḍ-ai
Meaning : scent
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vāṭai
Tamil meaning : fume, scent
Malayalam : vāṭa
Malayalam meaning : scent of dogs
Number in DED : 5343
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāḍc-i
Meaning : adze
Tamil : vācci, vāycci, vāṭci
Tamil meaning : adze
Malayalam : vācci
Malayalam meaning : adze, scraper
Kannada : bāci
Kannada meaning : adze
Tulu : bāci, bāji
Tulu meaning : adze
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāḍc-
Number in DED : 5339
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāg-
Meaning : perfection
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vākku
Tamil meaning : perfection, correctness; refined form, shape
Tamil derivates : vāku beauty, light, brightness, niceness, fitness, orderliness, propriety, skill; vākan_ fair, handsome man; fem. vāki
Number in DED : 5332
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāg-ai
Meaning : acacia
Tamil : vākai
Tamil meaning : sirissa, Albizzia, fragrant sirissa
Tamil derivates : karu-vākai fragrant sirissa, Albizia odoratissima
Malayalam : vāka
Malayalam meaning : Acacia odoratissima
Kannada : bāge
Kannada meaning : Acacia (or Mimosa) seeressa Roxb. = Albizzia lebbeck Benth.
Tulu : bāge-mara
Tulu meaning : the sirissa tree, Acacia speciosa
Number in DED : 5333
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāg-/*vāk-
Meaning : to pour
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vākku (vākki-)
Tamil meaning : to pour (tr.)
Tamil derivates : vākkal boiled rice from which conjee has been poured
Kannada : bāgu
Kannada meaning : to pour off water from boiled rice, etc., by inclining the vessel
Kodagu : bāk- (bāki-)
Kodagu meaning : to pour off water from cooked rice
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāg-
Notes : The form vāg- is found in the proper intransitive meaning in Toda. In Kannada we would expect bāku, so the form is dialectal.
Number in DED : 5334
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāɣil
Meaning : doorway
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vāyil, vāyal, vācal
Tamil meaning : doorway, entrance, gate, place, king's court
Tamil derivates : vāytal doorway, entrance (?)
Malayalam : vātil (?)
Malayalam meaning : doorway, entrance, gateway
Kannada : bāgil, bāgal, bākal, (inscr., Gai 221) vākkil
Kannada meaning : gate, doorway
Tulu : bākilụ
Tulu meaning : door, gate
Tulu derivates : bādhaḷa door
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāl
Notes : Tamil vāytal, Mal. vātil probably do not belong here; they seem to be derived from *vāj 'mouth, opening'.
Number in DED : 5354
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāj-
Meaning : to flourish, to swell
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vāy (-v-, -nt-; -pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to flourish, be luxuriant, be over-luxuriant in growth
Tamil derivates : vāyppu fertility
Malayalam : vāykka
Malayalam meaning : to swell, increase, thrive
Malayalam derivates : vāypu growth
Kannada : bā, bāyu
Kannada meaning : to swell, tumefy
Kannada derivates : bāvu, bāhu swelling; bāsuẓ, bāsuẓa, bāsuẓi, bāsuẓe, bāsuṇḍe, bāsaẓike a wale; bāsuẓisu to produce a wale or wales
Tulu : bāpuni
Tulu meaning : to swell
Tulu derivates : bāpāvuni to cause to swell; bāpu swelling, tumour, abscess; bāpelụ, bāpaŋgelụ swelling, inflammation, sore, swollen; basūla wale, stripe
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāv-
Notes : Kannada bāsuṛ and der., and Tulu basūla may belong otherwise.
Number in DED : 5350
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāj-
Meaning : to succeed; to agree
Tamil : vāy (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to succeed, be gained, happen with certainty, come true, be fit or suitable, excel, surpass, obtain, possess, consent to, agree
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to succeed, be gained, happen with certainty, come true, be fit or suitable, excel, surpass, be appropriately situated or formed; n. truth, excellence; vāyppu favourable circumstance, good chance or opportunity, that which is appropriately formed or situated, fitness, suitability, beauty, surpassing excellence; vāymai truth
Malayalam : vāykka
Malayalam meaning : to agree, fit, be what may be
Number in DED : 5351
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāj
Meaning : mouth
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vāy
Tamil meaning : mouth, beak of birds, mouth as of cup, bag, ulcer, etc., mouthful, lip, edge, rim, edge as of a knife, word, speech, hole, orifice
Malayalam : vāy, vā
Malayalam meaning : mouth, opening, juncture, edge of a sword
Kannada : bāy(i)
Kannada meaning : mouth, mouth of a vessel, bag, drain, etc., head of a drum, edge of any cutting instrument
Kodagu : bāy
Kodagu meaning : mouth
Tulu : bāyi
Tulu meaning : mouth, edge of a knife, sword, etc., opening, speech, utterance
Tulu derivates : ? bāmbelụ a large mouth; crack, hole
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāj
Number in DED : 5352
Proto-South Dravidian : *vājiṇṭ- (?)
Meaning : a k. of plant
Kannada : vāyiṇṭe
Kannada meaning : a kind of plant
Notes : Dubious, especially since Kannada has v-.
Number in DED : 5353
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāj-[V]p-
Meaning : debt
Tamil : vāyppai
Tamil meaning : debt
Malayalam : vāypa, vāyippa
Malayalam meaning : a loan
Number in DED : 5355
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāk-
Meaning : side; edge
Tamil : vākku
Tamil meaning : side, direction
Malayalam : vakkal
Malayalam meaning : side
Malayalam derivates : vakku brim, edge
Notes : Probably two roots with unclear structure (cf. Tel. vaŋka, vā̃ka).
Number in DED : 5208
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāl-
Meaning : white, pure
Tamil : vāl
Tamil meaning : whiteness, purity, goodness
Tamil derivates : vālāmai uncleanness, impurity, ceremonial impurity or pollution, menstrual impurity; vālitu that which is pure, that which is white, that which is good or excellent; vāliyan_ holy person; vāliyōn_ Balarama as white in colour; vālai purity; mercury; vān_mai purity, whiteness
Malayalam : vāl
Malayalam meaning : purity
Malayalam derivates : vālāyma impurity of women and cows after birth, etc.
Number in DED : 5364
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāl-
Meaning : long
Tamil : vāl
Tamil meaning : anything long or elongated
Proto-Nilgiri : *vāl
Number in DED : 5365
Proto-South Dravidian : *vāl-
Meaning : to flow
Tamil : vāli
Tamil meaning : drizzle
Malayalam : vāluka
Malayalam meaning : to run, drip, be strained, be distilled
Malayalam derivates : ōluka to flow, ooze; vāl spittle; vār_r_u straining, distilling; vār_r_uka to strain, drain off, distil
Tulu : bāluni
Tulu meaning : to run over, go out
Notes : Mal. ōluka contaminated with *ol- 'to flow'.
Number in DED : 5367
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

Pages: 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200
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Forward: 1 20 50

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