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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *ā(n)ḍVl-
Meaning : a k. of bird of prey
Tamil : āṇṭalai (?)
Tamil meaning : fabulous bird of prey with a head like a man's
Kannada : āḍēlu
Kannada meaning : night hawk, screech owl; Turdus ginginianus
Number in DED : 0349
Proto-South Dravidian : *āṇ-i
Meaning : excellence, superiority
Tamil : āṇi
Tamil meaning : excellence, superiority
Tamil derivates : āṇi-ppon_ gold of the finest quality; āṇi-muttu pearl of the finest quality
Malayalam : āṇikkaram
Malayalam meaning : the choicest of any thing
Malayalam derivates : āṇi-pponnu finest gold
Kannada : āṇi
Kannada meaning : excellence, superiority, preciousness
Kannada derivates : āṇi-pon gold of the first quality
Number in DED : 0354
Proto-South Dravidian : *āŋ-
Meaning : to obstruct; wedge
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āppu
Tamil meaning : wedge used in splitting wood, peg, stake
Malayalam : āppu
Malayalam meaning : wedge, plug, what stops a crevice
Malayalam derivates : āppu, āppam wad of gum
Kannada : āpu
Kannada meaning : restraint, stoppage
Kannada derivates : aŋke an order, command, control, restraint; (PBh.) āŋke opposition; (Hav.) āpu a peg
Tulu : āŋkè
Tulu meaning : force, compulsion, power, control, support
Proto-Nilgiri : *ā-p
Notes : The derivative *āp- < *āŋ-p- goes back to PSDR, obviously.
Number in DED : 0340
Proto-South Dravidian : *ā̆pa-
Meaning : cake
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : appam, āppam
Tamil meaning : round cake of rice flour and sugar fried in ghee, thin cake, wafer, bread
Tamil derivates : appacci sweetmeat (nursery)
Malayalam : appam, āppam
Malayalam meaning : fried cake, wafer, bread
Kannada : appa
Kannada meaning : rice cake
Kannada derivates : appacci a cake (term used by children)
Tulu : appa
Tulu meaning : a kind of cake fried or baked
Proto-Nilgiri : *ap
Number in DED : 0155
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : to shout
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to shout, roar, bellow; slander, vilify
Tamil derivates : ārppu loud, tumultuous noise, laughter, joy; āravāram loud noise, shouting, roaring, bustle; āravāri (-pp-, -tt-) to roar, shout; āri (-pp-, -tt-) to sound; ārppāṭam uproar, loud, cry, boisterous behaviour; arar_r_u (arar_r_i-) to lament, cry, bewail, shout with excitement, sound; n. lamentation; arar_r_al twang of the string of a lute
Malayalam : ārkkuka (ārttu)
Malayalam meaning : to cry aloud, roar, shout
Malayalam derivates : ārppikka to make to shout; ārppu shout, noise, cry, roaring; āravāram clamorous multitude
Kannada : ār (ārd-), ārcu, ācu
Kannada meaning : to cry aloud
Kannada derivates : āraḍi publicity, report, infamy, scandal; āravāra a great outcry, bawling; ārbu, ārpu, ārubu, āruha, ārbaṭa, ārbāṭa crying aloud, etc.; ārbaṭisu, arbisu to cry aloud, roar; arbu crying; abbara, abbaraṇe a loud cry, noise, sound; abbarisu to cry aloud, whoop, bark, howl
Kodagu : ara- (arap-, arand-)
Kodagu meaning : to make loud hoarse noise, moo
Tulu : ārkuni
Tulu meaning : to cry out, shout
Tulu derivates : ārbaṭa, arbhaṭa, ārbhaṭe fearful noise, uproar, a joyful cry, triumph; arabāyi, arabai violent clamour, crying aloud, lamentation; araṭuni to make a grating noise, interrupt, blab; ara-giṇi a talking parrot; abbara, abbaraṇè sound, noise, cry
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār-
Number in DED : 0367
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : full; stout; satisfied
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become full, spread over, be satisfied, eat, drink; n. fullness, completeness
Tamil derivates : ārttu (ārtti-) to fill, complete, feed; ārvu fullness, abundance, eating and drinking; āra fully, abundantly; aruntu (arunti-) to eat, drink, experience; aruttu (arutti-) to feed, cause to experience; ari (-pp-, -tt-) to feed, browse, eat away
Malayalam : āruka
Malayalam meaning : chiefly the inf. āra richly, satisfactorily
Kannada : ār
Kannada meaning : to be united, abound, be filled, teem
Kannada derivates : āra to the full of; āru fullness, abundance; to the full of, fully
Tulu : āruni
Tulu meaning : to distend, grow stout
Tulu derivates : āruṇe contentment, satisfaction
Number in DED : 0368
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : to wear, put on
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to wear, put on
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to bind, tie, gird, put on, wear; ārppu tie, bondage
Malayalam : āruka
Malayalam meaning : to put on (as clothes or jewels)
Tulu : arkalụ, arkaḷụ, (B-K.) arkaṭụ
Tulu meaning : a knot, tie
Number in DED : 0369
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : to fight
Tamil : ār (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to fight, make war
Tamil derivates : ārppu battle
Number in DED : 0370
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : sharpness; splinter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ār
Tamil meaning : sharpness, pointedness
Tamil derivates : ārmai keenness, sharpness
Malayalam : ār
Malayalam meaning : chip, splinter (as of bamboo)
Malayalam derivates : āru splinter, needle-like splinter in the stem of coconut tree and other palm trees
Number in DED : 0371
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : Bauhinia tree
Tamil : ār, āram, ārai, ārcci, (DCV) ārtti
Tamil meaning : common mountain ebony, Bauhinia racemosa
Malayalam : ār
Malayalam meaning : Bauhinia tree
Kannada : āre
Kannada meaning : B. racemosa Lin.
Number in DED : 0372
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : to jump
Proto-Nilgiri : *ār-
Number in DED : 0373
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-
Meaning : a k. of aquatic plant
Tamil : ārai
Tamil meaning : aquatic cryptogamous plant, Marsilia minuta coromandelica
Malayalam : āral
Malayalam meaning : Marsilea quadrifolia
Number in DED : 0380
Proto-South Dravidian : *ā̆r-
Meaning : love
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ārvam
Tamil meaning : affection, love, desire, hankering, devotion
Tamil derivates : ārvalan_ lover; ārvu desire
Malayalam : ārōmal
Malayalam meaning : darling; pleasantly, happily
Malayalam derivates : (Tiyya) ārti greed
Kannada : arume, arame
Kannada meaning : love, affection, a kiss, a fickle or libidinous state of being
Kannada derivates : abbara desire, craving; abbarisu to desire
Tulu : arti
Tulu meaning : fondness (or with DEDR 281)
Number in DED : 0381
Proto-South Dravidian : *āral-
Meaning : a k. of fish
Tamil : āral
Tamil meaning : brownish or greenish sand-eel, Rhynchobdella aculeata
Tamil derivates : ārāl id.; rich brown thorny-backed eel, Mastacembalus armatus
Malayalam : āral, ārōn
Malayalam meaning : eel, Clitoria ternatea
Tulu : āroḷụ-mīnụ
Tulu meaning : a kind of fish
Number in DED : 0375
Proto-South Dravidian : *āral-
Meaning : fire
Tamil : āral
Tamil meaning : fire (lex.)
Malayalam : āral
Malayalam meaning : (DCV, ML) fire
Number in DED : 0376
Proto-South Dravidian : *ārāj-
Meaning : to think, observe, examine
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ārāy (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to investigate, examine, consider, seek
Tamil derivates : ārāycci research, investigation
Malayalam : ārāyka
Malayalam meaning : to seek, examine
Malayalam derivates : ārācca, ārācci, ārāycci, ārāẓcca, ārāẓcci search, examination, investigation
Kannada : āray, ārayu, ārayyu
Kannada meaning : to search, investigate, take care of, ponder
Kannada derivates : ārayisu, āraysu to look for, look to, desire; ārayike, ārayke searching, observing; āre taking care of, etc.; ārekār_a a man who fosters; ? ārisu to collect, gather, pick out, select
Tulu : āraisuni
Tulu meaning : to expect, look for, desire
Tulu derivates : āraikè, ārēkti care of, nourishing, protection
Proto-Nilgiri : *ārj-
Number in DED : 0377
Proto-South Dravidian : *ā̆rā̆ndal-
Meaning : tender wild jack
Tamil : arāntal
Tamil meaning : (DCV) tender wild jack [i.e. tree or fruit]
Malayalam : ārantal
Malayalam meaning : (DCV) tender wild jack
Notes : An obscure Tamil-Malayalam isogloss with irregular correspondences, attested only in the Dravidian Comparative Vocabulary of 1959.
Number in DED : 0208
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-āṭ-
Meaning : to lull to sleep
Tamil : ār-āṭṭu (-āṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to lull to sleep
Tamil derivates : ōr-āṭṭu to lull, lullaby
Malayalam : ār-āṭṭuka, ār-āṭikka
Malayalam meaning : to soothe or lull a child to sleep
Number in DED : 0374
Proto-South Dravidian : *ār-i-
Meaning : hail
Kannada : āri-kal, āri-varal (< paral), āre-kal
Kannada meaning : hailstone
Kodagu : āri-kāy
Kodagu meaning : hailstone
Proto-Nilgiri : *ā̆r-kal
Number in DED : 0378
Proto-South Dravidian : *ārik-
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : ārike
Kannada meaning : the Indian millet, Panicum italicum
Kannada derivates : hāraka, hāraku Paspalum scrobiculatum Lin.
Number in DED : 0379
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