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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *aǯara
Meaning : a k. of moss, undershrub
Kannada : ajara-nīli, ajura-nīli
Kannada meaning : a low undershrub, perhaps Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl.
Tulu : ajara
Tulu meaning : a kind of moss (?)
Number in DED : 0044
Proto-South Dravidian : *aǯǯ-
Meaning : father, grandfather
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : accan_
Tamil meaning : father
Tamil derivates : acci Nāyar woman (< Ma.); acciyar women ascetics; accō excl. of pity or of wonder
Malayalam : accan
Malayalam meaning : father, lord
Malayalam derivates : acca mother; acci id., Nāyar woman; accō interj. of surprise or pain
Kannada : acci
Kannada meaning : mother, a Malayāḷa woman
Kannada derivates : ajja grandfather; ajji grandmother
Kodagu : ajjë
Kodagu meaning : grandfather
Kodagu derivates : mutt-ajjë great-grandfather
Tulu : ajje
Tulu meaning : grandfather
Tulu derivates : ajji grandmother
Proto-Nilgiri : *aǯ
Number in DED : 0050
Proto-South Dravidian : *aǯǯa(i)
Meaning : opportunity
Kannada : ajja
Kannada meaning : time or circumstance favourable for the purpose, opportunity
Notes : Also found in Telugu, but not anywhere else.
Number in DED : 0053
Proto-South Dravidian :
Meaning : interjection
Tamil : ā
Tamil meaning : interj. expr. pity, regret; wonder, admiration; contempt
Malayalam : ā
Malayalam meaning : ah!
Kannada : aḥ
Kannada meaning : interj. expr. astonishment or admiration, (also akh) contempt or unconcern
Kannada derivates : ā, āḥ interj. of surprise or pain
Tulu : ah, aha
Tulu meaning : ah! eh!
Number in DED : 0332
Proto-South Dravidian : *ā-
Meaning : cow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ā, ān_
Tamil meaning : female of ox, sambur, and buffalo
Tamil derivates : āy the cowherd caste; āyan_ herdsman; fem. āytti; āyam a herd of cows; ā-ppi cowdung
Malayalam : ā, ān
Malayalam meaning : cow
Malayalam derivates : āyan cowherd; fem. āyi, ācci
Kannada : ā (pl. ākal), āvu
Kannada meaning : cow
Kannada derivates : ākaḷ, ākaḷa a cow
Kodagu : atta
Kodagu meaning : (pl.) cattle
Tulu : ambi
Tulu meaning : cowdung
Proto-Nilgiri : *āv
Number in DED : 0334
Proto-South Dravidian : *āc-
Meaning : hilt, handle
Tamil : ācu
Tamil meaning : hilt
Kannada : āyuga
Kannada meaning : handle of a sword
Number in DED : 0342
Proto-South Dravidian : *āḍ-
Meaning : a k. of nut
Tamil : āṭātōṭai
Tamil meaning : Malabar-nut, Justicia adhatoda
Malayalam : āṭalōṭakam
Malayalam meaning : J. adhatoda or bivalvis
Kannada : āḍasō̆ge, āḍusōge
Kannada meaning : J. adhatoda
Tulu : āḍalōḍu
Tulu meaning : J. adhatoda
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) āḍasōge a plant whose leaves are so bitter that even goats avoid it
Number in DED : 0346
Proto-South Dravidian : *āḍ-
Meaning : to move; to dance, play
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āṭu (āṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to move (intr.), wave, swing, shake, dance, act a part or play, play, sport, cohabit, fight, go, wander about; say, do, enjoy
Tamil derivates : āṭal shaking, moving, dancing, trouble, doing, play, coition, saying, fight; āṭi dancer; āṭicci a woman of the acrobat community; āṭṭu (āṭṭi-) to move (tr.), wave, swing, shake, drive away, harass, conquer, cause to dance; n. dancing, play; āṭṭam motion, vibration, swinging, play, game, one's turn in a game, dance, moving about; āṭṭai turn in a game; āṭṭi one who makes to dance (in cpds., e. g. pāmp-āṭṭi); aṭu (-pp-, -tt-) to dance
Malayalam : āṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to wave, swing, rock, shake, totter, dance
Malayalam derivates : āṭikka to make to dance (e. g. a snake); āṭal shaking, trembling, agitation, grief, dancing; āṭṭuka to press oil, hunt, drive away; āṭṭam play, dance; āṭṭu swinging, dance, play, hunting
Kannada : āḍu, āṭu
Kannada meaning : to be in motion, move about, wag, wave, swing, shake, play, dance, act on stage, speak, sound (as a musical instrument), abuse; n. motion, playing, etc.
Kannada derivates : āḍisu to cause to move, set in motion, cause to play, cause to dance or act, cause to speak; āṭisu to set (the mind) in motion, long for, hanker after; (PBh.) āṭar (āṭand-) to fall upon; āḍi that moves, plays, performs, speaks; āḍike, āṭike motion, play, talk; āḍiga one who moves about, etc., actor; āḍitana, āḍuvike, āḍuha, āṭalu, āṭale, āṭlu, āṭle moving, playing, etc.; āḍisuvike causing to move, etc.; āṭa, āṭu motion, play, dance, gambling, speaking; āṭaka sport, amusement; āṭavika, āṭi player, actor, gamester; āṭa(ŋ)guḷi player, gambler, dancer; āḍukuḷi, āḍuŋguḷi person addicted to play
Kodagu : ād- (āḍi-)
Kodagu meaning : to move violently, dance
Kodagu derivates : āṭ- (āṭi-) to make to move violently, drive (cattle); āḍɨ a dance
Tulu : āḍuni
Tulu meaning : to move (intr., tr.), swing, shake
Tulu derivates : āḍāvuni to agitate, shake; āḍēvuni to be moving, vibrating; āḍele an unsteady man, a vagabond; āṭa amusement, sport, game, a play
Proto-Nilgiri : *āḍ-
Number in DED : 0347
Proto-South Dravidian : *āḍ-
Meaning : to rub, besmear
Tamil : āṭu (āṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to rub, besmear (as sandal paste)
Number in DED : 0348
Proto-South Dravidian : *ādāḷ-i
Meaning : noise
Tamil : ātāḷi
Tamil meaning : noise, bustle, roar, agitation, boasting
Malayalam : ātāḷi
Malayalam meaning : noise, bustle, uproar
Malayalam derivates : ātuḷi noise, buzz
Number in DED : 0357
Proto-South Dravidian : *āguḷ-
Meaning : a k. of small drum
Tamil : ākuḷi
Tamil meaning : a kind of small drum
Malayalam : ākuḷi, ākati
Malayalam meaning : a kind of small drum
Number in DED : 0337
Proto-South Dravidian : *āj-
Meaning : to search; to choose
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āy (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to search, examine, select, pluck, gather
Tamil derivates : āymai spirit of investigation; āyntōr wise men, brahmans; āyvu investigation, research
Malayalam : āyka
Malayalam meaning : to select, cull, gather, array
Kannada : āy (āyd-), āyi
Kannada meaning : to collect, gather, select, cull; n. collecting, etc.
Kannada derivates : āykuḷi, āyikuḷi a collector (of alms), beggar; choosing, selecting, picking up
Kodagu : āy- (āyuv-, āñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to choose
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) āyv choosing, research
Tulu : āyuni
Tulu meaning : to select, choose, gather, pick up
Tulu derivates : āyāvuni to winnow; ajapuni to select, choose; ajappu selection
Proto-Nilgiri : *āj-
Number in DED : 0363
Proto-South Dravidian : *āj
Meaning : mother; woman
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āy, āyi, yāy, ñāy
Tamil meaning : mother
Tamil derivates : āycci, ācci mother, grandmother; āccāḷ mother; āyāḷ mother, grandmother, old woman; (yāy my mother, ñāy thy mother; Kur_unt 40); tāy mother; tāycci wet nurse, pregnant woman; tāyār mother, Lakṣmī; tāymai motherhood
Malayalam : ācci
Malayalam meaning : mother, grandmother
Malayalam derivates : tāyi mother
Kannada : āyi, tāy, tāyi, tāye
Kannada meaning : mother
Kodagu : tāyi
Kodagu meaning : grandmother
Tulu : tāyi
Tulu meaning : mother
Proto-Nilgiri : *t-āj
Number in DED : 0364
Proto-South Dravidian : *āj-
Meaning : width, measure
Tamil : āyvu
Tamil meaning : width, breadth
Tamil derivates : āyakkaṭṭu the entire extent of land irrigated by a tank, measurement of land determining the boundaries of a village; deceitful fabrication, false statement
Kannada : āya
Kannada meaning : measure, extent, rule, standard, propriety, fitness; craftiness, deceit
Kannada derivates : āyata, āyatta fitness, proper way, readiness; āyakaṭṭugār_a a man who does his work properly; āyagār_a a clever man; fem. āyagārti
Tulu : āya
Tulu meaning : measure, proportion
Tulu derivates : āyatta readiness; āyakaṭṭụ, āyikaṭṭụ fixing the limits of a field, etc., regulation, arrangement
Number in DED : 0366
Proto-South Dravidian : *āj-
Meaning : inside
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āyam
Tamil meaning : secret
Kannada : āya
Kannada meaning : āya the inside, privacy, secret, private parts, a vital part of the body, particulars, details, a part of the body, the breast
Number in DED : 007
Proto-South Dravidian : *ājin-
Meaning : bread-fruit tree
Tamil : āyin_i, ācin_i
Tamil meaning : bread-fruit tree, Artocarpus incisa
Tamil derivates : añcali jungle jack, A. hirsuta
Malayalam : āyini, āññali, āññili
Malayalam meaning : A. pubescens or hirsuta
Malayalam derivates : ayaṇi, ayani, ayini, ānūṇi, āmini, āyani, āvani, āvini A. hirsuta
Number in DED : 0365
Proto-South Dravidian : *āk-
Meaning : leaf
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : āku
Kannada meaning : leaf, young rice not yet transplanted, young sprouts of corn, any filament
Number in DED : 0335
Proto-South Dravidian : *āk-
Meaning : swamp, flat land
Kodagu : āka
Kodagu meaning : biggest flat land of a man's holdings
Proto-Nilgiri : *āk
Number in DED : 0336
Proto-South Dravidian : *ā-, *ā-g-
Meaning : to be
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Stems:
Tamil : ā (ān_-, āyi-), āku (āki-)
Tamil meaning : to come into existence, happen, be, be fit, agreeable, be like, equal
Tamil derivates : ā becoming; ā (-pp-, -tt-) to cause, bring about; ākku (ākki-) to effect, make, cause to be, create, arrange; n. creation; ākkam creation, increase, prosperity; ākkan_ that which is artificial; ākkiyōn_ creator, author of a book; ākkum perhaps, indeed; āka completely, in that fashion; adverbial suffix; ām yes, so, expressing assent, recollection (< ākum); ākātu no
Malayalam : ākuka
Malayalam meaning : to be that, become that, be what it ought to be, be right, be possible
Malayalam derivates : ākkuka to make to be that; place, put, employ; ākkikka to cause to make; ākkam what one puts, contentment, strength, continuance; āka altogether, being, so as to be; ākum it will be thus, just so; ām id., interj. of agreeing
Kannada : āgu (ān-, āy-, etc.), agu
Kannada meaning : (rare) to come into existence, happen, become, prove to be, be, etc.; n. becoming, coming to pass
Kannada derivates : āgisu to cause to become, bring about, perform; āguvike, āguha becoming, happening, etc.; -āgi adverbial suffix; āṃ interj. of assent of reconciliation
Kodagu : āg-
Kodagu meaning : (irregular with stems āy-, ān, ā-) to become
Kodagu derivates : āku yes, all right; āk- (āki-) to make to stay in a place; aynɨ (? āynɨ) genuine, true; aynɨ mane central house of family
Tulu : āpini
Tulu meaning : (irregular forms, including 2 sg. neut. past āṇḍụ) to be, become, grow, happen, occur, fit, suit, be possible, be related to
Tulu derivates : āvu it may be or may happen; yes
Proto-Nilgiri : *ā-
Number in DED : 0333
Proto-South Dravidian : *āl
Meaning : banyan
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : āl, ālam, āla-maram
Tamil meaning : banyan, Ficus bengalensis
Malayalam : āl
Malayalam meaning : F. indica
Kannada : āl, āla, āle
Kannada meaning : banyan, F. indica Roxb. = F. bengalensis Lin.
Kodagu : ālɨ
Kodagu meaning : banyan
Proto-Nilgiri : *āl
Miscellaneous : IRU ēlamara banyan
Number in DED : 0382
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