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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *paṭiṇ-
Meaning : fasting, starvation
Tamil : paṭṭin_i
Tamil meaning : fasting, abstinence, starvation
Malayalam : paṭṭini, paṭṭiṇi
Malayalam meaning : privation of food, starvation
Kodagu : paṭṭaṇi
Kodagu meaning : starvation
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṭ-
Number in DED : 3872
Proto-South Dravidian : *paṭ-pagal-
Meaning : broad daylight
Tamil : paṭṭa-ppakal
Tamil meaning : open day, broad daylight
Malayalam : paṭṭā-pakal
Malayalam meaning : broad daylight, noon
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṭ-
Number in DED : 3867
Proto-South Dravidian : *pavaṇ-
Meaning : to join, thread
Kannada : pōṇisu, pavaṇisu
Kannada meaning : to couple, unite, string together, thread (as a needle)
Kannada derivates : pavaṇige joining, being threaded
Number in DED : 4584
Proto-South Dravidian : *pavaẓ-
Meaning : red coral
Tamil : pavaẓam, pavaḷam, paḷakam
Tamil meaning : red coral
Malayalam : pavaẓam, paviẓam
Malayalam meaning : coral
Kannada : pavaḷa
Kannada meaning : coral
Kodagu : paḷuva, pavva
Kodagu meaning : coral
Tulu : pakaḷa, pakala, pavaḷa, pavala
Tulu meaning : coral
Notes : Chaotic reflexation, typical for a plant name.
Number in DED : 3998
Proto-South Dravidian : *pay-
Meaning : child
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : payal, paiyal, paital, pacal
Tamil meaning : boy
Tamil derivates : paiyan_ boy, son; paical small boy, urchin; pacalai infancy, tenderness; (PN) payalai young one
Malayalam : paital, paśakan
Malayalam meaning : child
Malayalam derivates : paśuŋŋaḷ children
Kannada : pasuḷa, pasuḷe
Kannada meaning : child
Kannada derivates : pasuḷetana childhood; haykaḷu male or female children; hayda a boy; (K2) peyya calf
Kodagu : pajja
Kodagu meaning : Holeya girl
Tulu : pasi
Tulu meaning : boy, child
Tulu derivates : paiyya child; paiyyè, paiyerụ, paiyyerụ child, boy; Pariah's child
Proto-Nilgiri : *paj-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T, LSB 9.4) payalɨ child
Notes : Some of the forms in this root can only be traced back to *pas- (cf. Mal. paśakan and esp. Kan. pasuḷa, etc.). However, external data does not seem to indicate *-s- as the original variant in this case. We have to suppose a contamination with *pas- 'green, raw, young'.
Number in DED : 3939
Proto-South Dravidian : *pay- (?)
Meaning : house
Proto-Nilgiri : *paj
Number in DED : 3948
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-
Meaning : to use; to practice; accustomed
Tamil : paẓaku (paẓaki-)
Tamil meaning : to practise, become initiated; become acquainted, be familiar; become fitted, tempered, wholesome (as a utensil or tool), become broken or trained (as an animal)
Tamil derivates : paẓakku (paẓakki-) to train, domesticate; paẓakkam training, exercise, use, habit, practice, custom; tameness, domesticity; puẓaŋku (puẓaŋki-) to practice, exercise, put to use; be conversant or acquainted, associate with; puẓakkam familiarity, practice, use
Malayalam : paẓakuka
Malayalam meaning : to be accustomed, acquainted
Malayalam derivates : paẓakkam long habit, acquaintance, experience; paẓakkuka to practise anything, inure oneself to
Kannada : paẓaka
Kannada meaning : use, practice, habit, custom
Kannada derivates : paẓagu to become used to, be trained; be in use; paẓakisu, paẓagisu to accustom, make familiar by use, train; practice; use
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṛ-ǝg-
Number in DED : 4000
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-
Meaning : to blame
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paẓi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to blame, censure, ridicule, revile, slander; n. blame, ridicule, slander, fault, sin, revenge
Tamil derivates : paẓicai scorn; paẓippu scorn, blame, guilt, defect; paẓutu defect, fault
Malayalam : paẓi
Malayalam meaning : fault, false accusation, deadly vengeance
Malayalam derivates : paẓikka to scold, blame, abuse
Kannada : paẓi
Kannada meaning : to revile, scold, rebuke, scorn, upbraid, deride; n. (also paṛivu) blame, rebuke, fault, guilt
Kodagu : paḷi (paḷiv-, paḷiñj-), paḷe- (paḷev-, paḷand-)
Kodagu meaning : to speak ill of
Kodagu derivates : ? paḷame talk, gossip
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṛǐ-
Number in DED : 4002
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-
Meaning : to praise; to announce, tell
Tamil : paẓiccu (paẓicci-)
Tamil meaning : to praise, worship, bless, announce, tell; n. praise, adoration
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṛd-
Number in DED : 4003
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-
Meaning : rib; side of body
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paẓu
Tamil meaning : rib, side of the body
Kannada : paẓke
Kannada meaning : (DCV) rib
Number in DED : 4005
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-a-
Meaning : old
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paẓa
Tamil meaning : old
Tamil derivates : paẓacu that which is old or damaged by time; paẓam very aged person; paẓamai, paẓaimai oldness, antiquity, that which is ancient, that which is old-fashioned, what is obsolete, old saying, long-established intimacy, decay from age, ancient history, long-established custom; paẓaitu, paẓaiyatu that which is old; paẓaiya old; paẓaiyar the ancients; paẓaku (paẓaki-) to be old; paẓutu anything rotten, state of being a corpse; paṇṭu, paṇṭai antiquity, former time
Malayalam : paẓa
Malayalam meaning : old
Malayalam derivates : paẓama oldness, old age, old times, acquaintance with customs, history; paẓaya ancient, stale; paẓavan old man, ancestor; paẓakuka to grow old, be worn out, delay; paẓakkam oldness, delay; paṇṭu antiquity
Kannada : paẓa, paẓe
Kannada meaning : old, worn-out, ancient
Kannada derivates : paẓatu that is old, worn out, faded or decayed; paẓasu to become old or worn out, decay, go to ruin, be spoiled; paẓeyaṃ old man
Kodagu : paḷe
Kodagu meaning : old, old-fashioned (of a person)
Kodagu derivates : paḷēdɨ an old thing; paḷañ-jollɨ old saying; paṇḍɨ antiquity, years past, former time; (Shanmugam) paḷayë an old man
Tulu : para, paratụ
Tulu meaning : old, worn out
Tulu derivates : parkụ, parkaṭṭụ, parkatè, parkaṭṭè id., ragged; paraŋguni to become stale, musty, decay; paraŋgelụ, paraŋgụ staleness, decay; stale, decayed, decrepit; paraṇṭè an old buffalo; paḍeŋgi old; (B-K) parab(b)é old man; parab(b)u old woman; ? paré, parayé, palayé, paḷayé elder brother; paḷi, pardi elder sister; alasụ old, worn out
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṛ-ä
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) harngɨ stale; hariye elder brother; hareddɨ elder sister; (O) pareḍɨ elder sister
Notes : Tamil, Mal. paṇṭu, Kod. paṇḍɨ 'antiquity' hardly belong here, as the regular reflexes for *-ṛ-nd- are different (see *paṛ- 'to ripen' for that).
Number in DED : 3999
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-, *paẓ-nd-
Meaning : to ripen
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paẓu (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to ripen (as fruits, grain), grow mature, arrive at perfection (as in knowledge, piety), become old, come to a head (as a boil), change colour by age, become pale or yellowish (as the body by disease), become flexible, pliant; n. (also paṛuppu) ripeness, yellowness (of fruits), leaf turned yellow with age
Tamil derivates : paẓunu (paẓuni-), paẓun_u (paẓun_i-) to grow ripe, become mellow, mature, be full or perfect; paẓam ripe fruit; paṇṭam fruit
Malayalam : paẓukka
Malayalam meaning : to grow ripe, become well-tempered, suppurate, decay; n. fruit put to ripen
Malayalam derivates : paẓuppu ripening of fruit; paẓuppikka to ripen artificially; paẓam ripe fruit, ripe plantains
Kannada : paṇ
Kannada meaning : to be produced (ripe fruit); n. (also paṇṇu) ripe fruit, ripeness
Kodagu : paṇṇɨ
Kodagu meaning : fruit
Tulu : palkuni, paḷkuni
Tulu meaning : to be very soft (as an overripe fruit), be pliant, flexible
Tulu derivates : parnduni to be ripe, mature, (hair) turns grey; parndāvuni to ripen (tr.); parndụ ripeness, ripe fruit, ripe plantains; ripe, grey; palu ripening (as of fruit), half-ripe; pandaḍè fructification, productiveness of a tree
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṛ-ǝp-
Miscellaneous : IRU pammu, pāmu ripe fruit
Notes : Apart from the suffixless form *paṛ-, present in most SDR languages except for Kannada and Kodagu, we have to reconstruct a suffixal form *paṛnd- with a vowel-less -nd- suffix. The ensuing cluster *-ṛnd- resulted in: Tamil -ṇṭ- (paṇṭam), Irula -m- (pammu), Kota -ṇ- (paṇ), Toda -m- (pum), Kan. -ṇ- (paṇ), Kod. -ṇ- (paṇṇɨ). Only in some Tulu dialects the old cluster is preserved (parndụ, etc.).
Number in DED : 4004
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-paẓ-
Meaning : [expr.] rattling, pattering
Kannada : paẓa, paẓapaẓa (?)
Kannada meaning : sound in imitation of the rattling or pattering of the fall of loose or single things, as of hail-stones
Kannada derivates : paẓapaẓane with the repeated sound paẓa; paḷa, paḷapaḷa sound of rain or tears falling in big drops, of fruits falling in numbers when shaking a tree, of leaves agitated by wind; paḷapaḷane with the repeated sound paḷa
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṭ
Number in DED : 4001
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓ-uk-
Meaning : to lie down, repose
Kannada : paẓke, pakke
Kannada meaning : lying down, reposing; place for reposing, dormitory; cow-pen or herd of kine
Kannada derivates : hakke place for reposing, bed
Tulu : parkè
Tulu meaning : bedding; sleep, rest
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṛǝk-
Number in DED : 4007
Proto-South Dravidian : *paẓuv-
Meaning : forest
Tamil : paẓuvam
Tamil meaning : forest
Malayalam : paẓuvam
Malayalam meaning : forest
Kannada : paẓu, paẓuva
Kannada meaning : forest, jungle
Number in DED : 4006
Proto-South Dravidian : *pāC-
Meaning : eye of a needle
Tamil : pācam
Tamil meaning : eye of a needle, sewing, thread
Proto-Nilgiri : *pāc
Number in DED : 4055
Proto-South Dravidian : *pāc- (?)
Meaning : to suit
Proto-Nilgiri : *pāc-
Number in DED : 4059
Proto-South Dravidian : *pāč-i
Meaning : milk
Tamil : pācci
Tamil meaning : milk, mother's milk (nursery word)
Malayalam : pācci
Malayalam meaning : milk
Kannada : pāci
Kannada meaning : milk
Number in DED : 4058
Proto-South Dravidian : *pāḍ-
Meaning : garden; field
Tamil : (?) pāṭṭam
Tamil meaning : garden
Malayalam : pāṭam
Malayalam meaning : range (esp. of ricefields), rice-land
Tulu : paḍpu
Tulu meaning : a plain
Proto-Nilgiri : *pāḍ-
Notes : Unexplainable -ṭṭ- in Tamil.
Number in DED : 4062
Proto-South Dravidian : *pāḍ-am
Meaning : oil-dish
Malayalam : pāṭam
Malayalam meaning : oil-dish
Tulu : pāḍa
Tulu meaning : an oil vessel
Number in DED : 4061
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

Pages: 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140
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