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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *par-i-
Meaning : to run
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pari (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to run, go out, escape
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to run, proceed; n. motion, speed, rapidity, pace of a horse, a horse; parippu motion; pariyal going fast
Malayalam : pari
Malayalam meaning : horse
Kannada : pari, hari
Kannada meaning : to run, flow, proceed (as work), go away, disappear, be discharged (as a debt); n. moving, running, flowing, stream
Kannada derivates : parike, pariya running; parivu id., flowing, current
Tulu : pariyuni, hariyuni
Tulu meaning : to run, flow
Tulu derivates : aryuni to flow, run (as water); parapuni to flow (as water); parapu flowing, running; ? pari path, way; ? payyerụ horse; payyolụ, payyoli id., riding, galloping; bayyelụ running, riding; bayyoḷi a walk
Proto-Nilgiri : *par-ĭ-
Number in DED : 3963
Proto-South Dravidian : *Par-i-
Meaning : troubled; grief
Tamil : pari (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be troubled, distressed, suffer; n. trouble, distress
Tamil derivates : parippu distress, sorrow; (PN) paravaral distress
Malayalam : pariŋŋal
Malayalam meaning : grief, distraction
Number in DED : 3965
Proto-South Dravidian : *Par-i-
Meaning : perplexed, deluded
Tamil : pari
Tamil meaning : delusion, deception
Malayalam : pariŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to be perplexed
Malayalam derivates : pariŋŋikka to confound
Number in DED : 3966
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-i-
Meaning : nature, manner
Tamil : paricu
Tamil meaning : quality, nature; manner, way, method
Malayalam : paricu
Malayalam meaning : nature, manner; proper manner
Malayalam derivates : pari way, manner
Kannada : pariju, (K2) parije
Kannada meaning : manner; form, shape
Kannada derivates : pari way, manner, kind; (K2) parice quality, nature
Number in DED : 3968
Proto-South Dravidian : *Pari-
Meaning : brideprice
Tamil : pariyam, paricam
Tamil meaning : brideprice, hire of a prostitute
Tamil derivates : paricil gift, donation, present; paricilar solicitors of gifts; paricu gift, donation, present, boon
Malayalam : pariyam
Malayalam meaning : token given by bridegroom to bride
Number in DED : 3970
Proto-South Dravidian : *Parimal- (?)
Meaning : shipyard
Tamil : parumal
Tamil meaning : yardarm
Malayalam : parimaram
Malayalam meaning : yard of a ship
Number in DED : 3979
Proto-South Dravidian : *Parinǯ-
Meaning : hilt of a sword
Tamil : pariñcu
Tamil meaning : hilt of a sword
Malayalam : pariññu
Malayalam meaning : hilt of a sword
Number in DED : 3969
Proto-South Dravidian : *parivāṇ- (?)
Meaning : a k. of plate
Tamil : aruvāṇam
Tamil meaning : copper tray
Kannada : pariyā̆ṇa, pariyaḷa, parivāṇa, paryā̆ṇa, hariyaṇa, harivāṇa, arivāṇa
Kannada meaning : a plate-like vessel of metal or wood
Tulu : hariyāṇa, harivāṇa, arivāna
Tulu meaning : metal dish
Notes : Both the Tamil and the Tulu forms are obviously borrowed from Kannada, and the root is hardly proto-South-Dravidian.
Number in DED : 3971
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-/*per_-
Meaning : rice
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : parukkai, porukku
Tamil meaning : single grain of boiled rice
Tamil derivates : per_ukkal rice; poruku boiled rice
Notes : Two roots?
Number in DED : 3982
Proto-South Dravidian : *parund-
Meaning : kite, hawk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paruntu
Tamil meaning : common kite
Tamil derivates : (Tinn.) perāntu, (CTD) perāndu vulture
Malayalam : paruntu, parantu
Malayalam meaning : kite, Accipiter nisus
Kannada : pardu, paddu
Kannada meaning : kite, hawk, falcon, vulture
Kodagu : paddɨ
Kodagu meaning : eagle, vulture, kite
Proto-Nilgiri : *pard
Number in DED : 3977
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-up-
Meaning : peas, split pulse
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paruppu
Tamil meaning : soft or inner kernel of beans, almonds, etc., kernel of Cajanus indicus (dal)
Malayalam : parippu
Malayalam meaning : peas, pulse skinned in water, halved and dried; kernel of corn
Kannada : pappu
Kannada meaning : split pulse of any kind, split almonds, etc.
Number in DED : 3978
Proto-South Dravidian : *parut-i
Meaning : cotton
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : parutti
Tamil meaning : Indian cotton plant, Gossypium herbaceum; cotton
Tamil derivates : (?) pāram cotton plant
Malayalam : parutti
Malayalam meaning : cotton
Kannada : parti, paẓti, patti
Kannada meaning : cotton in the pod, cotton in general
Kodagu : parati
Kodagu meaning : cotton cloth
Tulu : parti
Tulu meaning : cotton
Proto-Nilgiri : *part-ĭ
Number in DED : 3976
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_-
Meaning : rough, harsh; shaggy
Tamil : par_aṭṭai
Tamil meaning : tangled locks, shaggy bushy hair
Tamil derivates : par_aṭṭai-ttalai head with shaggy, untidy hair; par_aṭṭaiyan_ person with shaggy hair; fem. par_aṭṭaicci; par_aṭṭai-kkīrai wild colewort
Malayalam : par_u
Malayalam meaning : rough, harsh
Malayalam derivates : par_u-tala, par_an-tala curly hair; par_aṭṭa-ccīra wild cole, Justicia madurensis
Kannada : par_aṭe
Kannada meaning : state of being rough, harsh, bristled, bushy, or curly
Number in DED : 4022
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_-ai-
Meaning : to speak
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : par_ai (-v-, -nt-; -pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to speak, say; n. word, saying, statement
Tamil derivates : par_aiccal talk, speech; par_aivu speaking, talking, chattering, proclaiming
Malayalam : par_ayuka
Malayalam meaning : to say, speak, tell
Malayalam derivates : par_accal speech
Kannada : par_e
Kannada meaning : abuse, censure
Kannada derivates : parcu, paccu to whisper; parisu to speak, chat; haraṭu to talk idly, prate; haraṭe idle talk, prate, jabber; (Hav.) parañcu to mutter
Kodagu : pare- (parev-, parand-)
Kodagu meaning : to utter
Tulu : pareñcuni
Tulu meaning : to prate, prattle, find fault with
Tulu derivates : parañcena, parañcelụ prattling, grumbling, murmuring; parañcele prattler, babbler, grumbler; paraṇṭele prattler, grumbler; paraṇḍa murmuring, grumbling; haraṭuni to prate, blabber; (h)araṭè blabbing, prate, jabber
Proto-Nilgiri : *par- (?)
Number in DED : 4031
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_-ai
Meaning : drum
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : par_ai
Tamil meaning : drum, a measure of capacity, Par_aiya caste
Tamil derivates : par_aiyan_ member of the Par_aiya caste; fem. par_aicci
Malayalam : par_a
Malayalam meaning : drum, a rice measure, disk, circle
Malayalam derivates : par_ayan a Pariah; fem. par_ayi, (Shanmugam) par_acci
Kannada : par_e
Kannada meaning : drum
Kodagu : pare
Kodagu meaning : drum (large, doubleheaded barrel drum beaten by Mēdë)
Proto-Nilgiri : *par_-
Number in DED : 4032
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_-ai-
Meaning : worn out, thin
Tamil : par_ai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be wasted, worn out, impaired
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to remove, destroy
Kannada : par_akalu, par_e
Kannada meaning : leanness, thinness, weakness
Number in DED : 4033
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_amb-
Meaning : cunning, deceitful
Tamil : par_ampi
Tamil meaning : deceitful, cunning woman
Tulu : parame
Tulu meaning : clever man, cunning, tricky fellow
Tulu derivates : pamma fraud, trick
Number in DED : 4025
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_amb-
Meaning : mountain, plateau
Tamil : par_ampu
Tamil meaning : hill, mountain
Tamil derivates : par_antalai desert, village in a desert tract
Malayalam : par_ampu
Malayalam meaning : higher or dry ground laid out in terraces, all fields too high for rice cultivation, orchard, garden
Kannada : (?) padavu
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) a hilltop
Kodagu : parambɨ
Kodagu meaning : large flat pasture land without trees
Tulu : padavu
Tulu meaning : plateau, tableland
Notes : It's unclear if Kan. and Tulu padavu really belong here. While Tulu -d- can go back to *-r_-, Kannada -d- (even in the Havyaka dialect) cannot; so either the Havyaka form is borrowed from Tulu or both go back to a separate root (*pad-).
Number in DED : 4026
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_-i-
Meaning : to pluck
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : par_i (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to pluck, crop, pick off with twist, weed, eradicate, pull out (as an arrow), take by force, rob, destroy
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to be loosened (as bonds), be cut off, torn apart (as roots); n. plucking, picking off, seizure, plunder; pār_u (pār_i-) to be torn in pieces; (inscr.) par_ippu hollow dug out (in bank of tank)
Malayalam : par_i
Malayalam meaning : pulling, tearing off
Malayalam derivates : par_iyuka to get loose, come off, tear, be scratched; par_ikka to pluck off, gather plants or fruits, pull out, rob; par_ippu plucking, gathering fruits, robbery
Kannada : par_i
Kannada meaning : to break off (as fruits, etc. from a tree), tear asunder, tear, rend, cut asunder, cut off, sever, cut; be torn asunder, be torn, etc.; n. tearing, etc.
Kannada derivates : par_ivu tearing, rending, etc.; har_ita, har_ata, harta cutting, sharpness; par_aku, par_uku rag; (Hav.) harmbu to pluck leaves; hari to be sharp; haritta sharpness
Kodagu : pari- (parip-, paric-)
Kodagu meaning : to pluck
Tulu : paraŋkuni, parŋkuni, parkuni
Tulu meaning : to pluck out
Tulu derivates : parpuni to pluck, pull out (as roots, grass, etc.); parpāvuni to have pulled out, cause to pluck or pull out; pari opening, gap, (B-K) sharpness; partè sharpness, edge; sharp; (also partelụ) a rent, tear, as in clothes; torn, tattered
Proto-Nilgiri : *par_ĭ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) hajji to be torn
Notes : Tamil pār_u can point towards an older long vowel in this root; however, the vowel length is not confirmed by external data.
Number in DED : 4027
Proto-South Dravidian : *par_-i-
Meaning : to decorate
Kannada : par_i
Kannada meaning : to adorn, decorate; n. ornament, decoration, embellishment
Proto-Nilgiri : *par_-ĭ-
Number in DED : 4028
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