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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : to grope, feel
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : paratuka
Malayalam meaning : to seek groping, chiefly at night
Kannada : paraḍu
Kannada meaning : to scrape together with the hand or a hoe, (PBh.) to grope about, (Hav.) id.
Kodagu : baraj- (baraji-)
Kodagu meaning : to feel for (something), grope
Tulu : paraḍuni
Tulu meaning : to grope
Tulu derivates : paraṇṭuni to grasp, seize, lay hold of; araṇṭuni to grope for, grasp, seek, look for; araṇṭele a greedy person, miser; araṭuni to scramble, fumble; arantuni to feel, grope, grasp at; (? forms with initial a- from Ka. dial.)
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) baraṭɨ to grope; (M) haji to search
Notes : The suffix used in conjunction with this root is hard to determine (the correspondence Mal. -t- - Kan. -ḍ- - Kod. -j- with assimilative voicening *p- > b- in Kod. is unprecedented).
Number in DED : 3956
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : shield; armour
Tamil : param
Tamil meaning : armour for the body; a kind of shield
Tamil derivates : paricai shield, buckler
Malayalam : param
Malayalam meaning : shield
Malayalam derivates : parica a round shield
Kannada : parige, harige
Kannada meaning : shield
Number in DED : 3958
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : grain, pebble
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paral
Tamil meaning : pebble, seed, stone of fruit
Tamil derivates : parukkai, parukkai-kkal small pebbles; paru-maṇal grit, sandstone
Malayalam : paral
Malayalam meaning : grit, coarse grain, gravel, cowry shell
Kannada : paral, paraḷ
Kannada meaning : pebble, stone
Kannada derivates : haraḷu castor oil plant; haraḷ-eṇṇe, (Hal.) hallɛnne castor oil
Kodagu : para
Kodagu meaning : pebble
Tulu : parelụ
Tulu meaning : grain of sand, grit, gravel; grain of corn, etc.; castor seed
Tulu derivates : pareldeṇṇè, (B-K) pareleṇṇe castor oil; par(a)pu a sandbed
Proto-Nilgiri : *par-ǝl
Number in DED : 3959
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : to love
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pari (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be affectionate; n. love, affection
Tamil derivates : parivu affection, love, devotion, piety, delight, pleasure
Malayalam : parivu
Malayalam meaning : love
Kannada : paraḷiga
Kannada meaning : paramour
Number in DED : 3964
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : rough
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paru
Tamil meaning : coarse, rough
Tamil derivates : parukkan_, parumai roughness, coarseness, grossness
Malayalam : parukku
Malayalam meaning : rough surface
Malayalam derivates : (Tiyya) parukkuva to make rough; parupara roughly, harshly; paruparukka to be rough, harsh; paruparuppu roughness, harshness
Kannada : parige, parparike, papparike
Kannada meaning : roughness (of surface), harshness, rough manners
Notes : External data show SDR p- to be secondary. Maybe the forms were heavily influenced by or directly borrowed from Sanskrit paruṣa-.
Number in DED : 3973
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : boil, pustule
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paru
Tamil meaning : pimple, pustule, boil
Tamil derivates : parukk-en_- to blister
Malayalam : paru
Malayalam meaning : boil, ulcer
Proto-Nilgiri : *pap (?)
Notes : It's not likely that Toda pop is indeed related (normally we'd expect *par-up- > *parf-).
Number in DED : 3974
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : to drink, eat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paruku (paruki-)
Tamil meaning : to drink, eat, devour, enjoy
Tamil derivates : parukal drinking, liquid food; parukku (parukki-) to cause to drink
Malayalam : parukuka
Malayalam meaning : to drink, sip, nibble; kiss, enjoy
Tulu : parpini
Tulu meaning : to drink, sip; take food (as a Pariah)
Tulu derivates : parpāvuni to cause to drink; parpāṭa drinking; parpele drunkard; paruvelụ food, meal (as of a Pariah)
Number in DED : 3975
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : dawn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : pare
Kannada meaning : to dawn
Proto-Nilgiri : *par
Number in DED : 3980
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : side
Kodagu : para
Kodagu meaning : side (e. g. appara that side, kē̈kië para eastern side)
Proto-Nilgiri : *par
Number in DED : 3984
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-
Meaning : to sweep; broom
Tamil : perukku (perukki-)
Tamil meaning : to sweep
Tamil derivates : perukkal sweeping; paruvu (paruvi-) to sweep or gather together
Malayalam : perukkuka
Malayalam meaning : to sweep
Kannada : porake, parake, baralu, boralu
Kannada meaning : broom
Notes : Irregular vocalism variations; if we assume the vocalism -a- to be primary, as demonstrated by Tamil paruvu and the Kannada forms, the vowel -e- can be explained by contamination with *per_- 'to pick up, gather'.
Number in DED : 4415
Proto-South Dravidian : *par[a]-
Meaning : to praise; to pray
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paracu (paraci-)
Tamil meaning : to praise, extol
Tamil derivates : paravu (paravi-) id., worship, reverence, adore, sing; paraval praising, worshipping
Malayalam : parikka
Malayalam meaning : a vow
Kannada : parasu
Kannada meaning : to utter a benediction, bless
Kannada derivates : parake, harake, harike benediction, vow
Kodagu : parake
Kodagu meaning : vow
Tulu : parasụ
Tulu meaning : benediction
Tulu derivates : parakè vow made in trouble, beseeching; harasuni to bless, wish well
Proto-Nilgiri : *par-ǝc-
Number in DED : 3951
Proto-South Dravidian : *paraḍ-
Meaning : ankle
Tamil : paraṭu, paraṇṭai, (Ramnad dial.) peraṇṭe
Tamil meaning : ankle
Kannada : paraḍu
Kannada meaning : ankle
Kannada derivates : haraḍi ankle, wrist
Number in DED : 3952
Proto-South Dravidian : *parad-
Meaning : a caste (fishermen)
Tamil : paratar, paratavar, paravar
Tamil meaning : inhabitants of a maritime tract, fishing tribes
Malayalam : paravan
Malayalam meaning : dwellers on the seacoast, a caste of fishermen
Malayalam derivates : fem. paratti
Tulu : parave
Tulu meaning : a man belonging to a low class of devil-dancers
Number in DED : 3957
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-ai
Meaning : film, cataract
Kannada : pare
Kannada meaning : coat of an onion, film on the eye, slough of a snake, web of a spider, lamina, dry scab, dandruff
Kannada derivates : pari spider's web
Tulu : parè
Tulu meaning : cataract or web on the eye
Number in DED : 3981
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-ak-
Meaning : poor; destitute
Tulu : paraki, parki, parkīsụ, parkelụ
Tulu meaning : destitute, wretched
Proto-Nilgiri : *par-
Number in DED : 3950
Proto-South Dravidian : *Paraṇ-
Meaning : loft, upper story
Tamil : paraṇ, paraṇi
Tamil meaning : watch-tower, upper story, (also paraṇai) rack over a fireplace, loft under the roof of a house
Malayalam : paraṇ, paraṇa
Malayalam meaning : loft under the roof, rude ceiling, frame for drying something over the fireplace
Tulu : (?) pareñji, pareji
Tulu meaning : scaffold, temporary platform
Number in DED : 3953
Proto-South Dravidian : *paranḍ-
Meaning : frog
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : paraṇṭụ, poraṇṭụ
Tulu meaning : bull-frog
Number in DED : 3955
Proto-South Dravidian : *Parav-
Meaning : a k. of fish
Tamil : paravey
Tamil meaning : (Ag.) a kind of fish
Malayalam : parava
Malayalam meaning : a kind of fish
Number in DED : 3960
Proto-South Dravidian : *parav-i
Meaning : a k. of vessel
Kannada : paravi
Kannada meaning : earthen water-vessel of the form of the koḍa but larger
Proto-Nilgiri : *parǝvĭ
Number in DED : 3961
Proto-South Dravidian : *par-i-
Meaning : to cut; to scratch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pari (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to separate, be sundered, break off, be destroyed, cut asunder, destroy
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to cut asunder; paruŋku (paruŋki-) to pluck (as fruit), tear off
Malayalam : parikku, parukku
Malayalam meaning : scratch, wound, scar
Malayalam derivates : pariŋŋuka to pluck grass; pariŋŋal scratched surface, hurt skin
Tulu : paripuni
Tulu meaning : to tear, rend
Tulu derivates : pariyuni to rend; partè, partelụ rent, tear (as in clothes); torn, tattered, old; partele man in rags; parluni to cut sharply, as a knife
Proto-Nilgiri : *par-
Number in DED : 3962
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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Back: 1 20 50 100
Forward: 1 20 50 100

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