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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *pand-
Meaning : to move, shake
Kannada : handu, hendu
Kannada meaning : to move, shake, draw back (intr.)
Tulu : panduni
Tulu meaning : to shake, be loose, oscillate, vibrate
Number in DED : 3926
Proto-South Dravidian : *pand-ai (?)
Meaning : coward
Kannada : pande
Kannada meaning : a coward
Number in DED : 3927
Proto-South Dravidian : *pandaj-am
Meaning : contest; bet
Tamil : pantayam
Tamil meaning : contest for prize, stake, wager, prize
Malayalam : pantayam
Malayalam meaning : a stake
Kannada : panta, pandya
Kannada meaning : bet, wager
Tulu : panta
Tulu meaning : bet, wager
Proto-Nilgiri : *pand-
Number in DED : 3921
Proto-South Dravidian : *pand-i
Meaning : cautious
Tulu : pandi
Tulu meaning : reserved, cautious
Number in DED : 3924
Proto-South Dravidian : *Panḍik-ai
Meaning : festival
Tamil : paṇṭikai
Tamil meaning : festival
Malayalam : paṇṭika
Malayalam meaning : festival
Number in DED : 3899
Proto-South Dravidian : *paṇ-i-
Meaning : low, short; to bow
Tamil : paṇi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be low in height, be short, be lowered, be humble, become inferior, fall (as prices, wages), bow, make obeisance to
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to lower or lead down, degrade, reduce (as price); n. bowing, reverencing; paṇippu lowness (as of tone); paṇiyal worship, obeisance; paṇivu submission, humility, veneration, defect, low place, depression
Malayalam : paṇiyuka
Malayalam meaning : to worship, salute, acknowledge superiority
Kannada : hǝnuku
Kannada meaning : (Hal.) to bend, bow
Number in DED : 3888
Proto-South Dravidian : *pan-i
Meaning : bragging
Kannada : panni
Kannada meaning : bragging, self-conceit
Kannada derivates : panne pride, haughtiness
Tulu : panni, panna
Tulu meaning : bragging, self-conceit
Number in DED : 4042
Proto-South Dravidian : *PaniC-
Meaning : gaub
Tamil : pan_iccai, pan_icci-kkāy, pan_iccaŋ-kāy
Tamil meaning : gaub [i.e. sp. Diospyros]
Malayalam : panicci
Malayalam meaning : Diospyros embryopteris, etc.
Number in DED : 4036
Proto-South Dravidian : *paṇij-
Meaning : cake
Tamil : paṇiyāram
Tamil meaning : cakes, pastry, fritters
Tamil derivates : paṇṇiyam cakes, pastry, confectionery; (?) paṇṭam cake
Kannada : paniyāṇa, panivāra
Kannada meaning : sweet cake, fritter
Number in DED : 3889
Proto-South Dravidian : *pan-/*paṇ-i-
Meaning : to say
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paṇi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to speak, say, declare (used of a superior), order, command; n. saying, word, command
Tamil derivates : paṇippu command, order; palukku (palukki-) to be pronounced clearly, boast, speak (< Te.); pan_n_u (pan_n_i-) to speak, say, talk, sing; pan_uval word, discourse
Malayalam : paṇikka
Malayalam meaning : to speak
Kannada : panavu
Kannada meaning : place appointed for meeting
Kannada derivates : (Hal.) hǝlupu to speak like a madman while asleep; halǝbu to talk foolishly; halǝvǝru to speak while asleep
Tulu : paṇpini
Tulu meaning : to say, tell, inform, narrate, teach
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṇ-ǝd-
Miscellaneous : BEL (LSB) haṇɨ to say
Notes : Two roots? An alternation like Tamil paṇi-/pan_n_u does not seem to be regular.
Number in DED : 3887
Proto-South Dravidian : *panr_-i
Meaning : pig
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pan_r_i
Tamil meaning : hog, swine, pig
Tamil derivates : van_r_i id.
Malayalam : panni
Malayalam meaning : hog, pig
Kannada : pandi
Kannada meaning : hog, pig
Kodagu : pandi
Kodagu meaning : hog, pig
Tulu : pañji
Tulu meaning : hog, pig
Proto-Nilgiri : *pad_-ĭ
Number in DED : 4039
Proto-South Dravidian : *pa(n)s-
Meaning : to divide; share
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : payal
Tamil meaning : half, share
Kannada : pañcu, pasu (pacc-)
Kannada meaning : to divide, separate, part, distribute, share; be divided, etc.
Kannada derivates : pacci, paccu part, portion; pasuge dividing, separation, division; pampa equal share or division
Kodagu : pappɨ ɨḍ-
Kodagu meaning : to share out game (or with 3929)
Tulu : pasalụ
Tulu meaning : the share of the fisherman
Tulu derivates : hañcuni to distribute, divide
Notes : Kannada pacci, etc., probably derived from the past stem. The nasal forms are somewhat dubious, unless the original form is indeed *pans- and Tamil payal, etc., are the unaccented forms (i.e. *păns-ál > > *pas-al > payal, etc.).
Number in DED : 3936
Proto-South Dravidian : *pant-
Meaning : torch, lamp
Tamil : pantam
Tamil meaning : torch, lamp
Malayalam : pantam
Malayalam meaning : torch
Tulu : pantyè
Tulu meaning : small lamp
Number in DED : 3920
Proto-South Dravidian : *panǯ-
Meaning : famine; poor
Tamil : pañcam
Tamil meaning : scarcity, famine, dearth
Tamil derivates : pañcai famine, poverty; poor person, weak, emaciated person
Malayalam : pañcam, paññam
Malayalam meaning : famine, scarcity, poverty
Kannada : pañje
Kannada meaning : poor, helpless, weak person
Kannada derivates : pañjetana poverty
Tulu : pañja
Tulu meaning : scarcity, famine
Proto-Nilgiri : *panǯ-m
Number in DED : 3825
Proto-South Dravidian : *Panǯar- (?)
Meaning : to importune
Tamil : pañcari (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to press, importune, talk at length
Tamil derivates : pañcali (-pp-, -tt-) to upset mentally
Malayalam : pañcarikka
Malayalam meaning : to importune
Notes : A dubious root, especially considering its structure.
Number in DED : 3835
Proto-South Dravidian : *panǯ-i
Meaning : cotton
Tamil : pañci, pañcu
Tamil meaning : cotton, cloth, cotton cushion
Malayalam : paññi
Malayalam meaning : cotton
Kannada : pañji, pañjike
Kannada meaning : ball of cotton from which thread is spun
Proto-Nilgiri : *pa(n)ǯ
Number in DED : 3836
Proto-South Dravidian : *paŋ-
Meaning : bifurcation, division
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : paŋga
Kannada meaning : state of being astride or forked, forked branch of a tree
Kannada derivates : paŋgaḍa astride, apart, distinct; bagaṭu to disjoin the legs, open the legs, straddle
Tulu : paŋgaḍa
Tulu meaning : distinct, apart
Tulu derivates : paŋgaḍipuni to straddle, place apart; bagaṭuni to straddle, stand astride
Number in DED : 3818
Proto-South Dravidian : *paŋ-
Meaning : obligation
Kannada : paŋgu, haŋgu, aŋgu
Kannada meaning : the state of being obliged or indebted
Kannada derivates : paŋgiga one who is indebted or obliged
Tulu : haŋgụ, aŋgụ
Tulu meaning : obligation; the state of being in the power of another; duty
Number in DED : 3820
Proto-South Dravidian : *pap-
Meaning : carcass
Kannada : happu
Kannada meaning : a piece of flesh
Kodagu : pappɨ ɨḍ-
Kodagu meaning : to share out game (or with 3936)
Tulu : pappu
Tulu meaning : carcass, carrion
Number in DED : 3929
Proto-South Dravidian : *papaḍ- (?)
Meaning : a k. of cake
Tamil : pappaṭam, appaḷam
Tamil meaning : wafer of flour of black gram with bicarbonate of soda
Malayalam : pappaṭam
Malayalam meaning : wafer of flour of black gram with bicarbonate of soda
Kannada : pappaḍi, pappaḷa, appaḍa, appaḷa
Kannada meaning : wafer of flour of black gram with bicarbonate of soda
Tulu : pappaḍa, pappaḷa, appaḍa, appaḷa
Tulu meaning : a very thin cake made of pulse, salt, etc.
Notes : Probably borrowed from Skt. parpaṭa-.
Number in DED : 3928
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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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