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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-paḍ-
Meaning : [expr.] to rattle, crack
Tamil : paṭapaṭa (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to rattle (as things falling, rolling or breaking)
Tamil derivates : paṭa-paṭ-en_al onom. expr. signifying bursting, breaking, falling with a rattling noise; paṭār-en_al, paṭār-paṭār-en_al onom. expr. signifying cracking, bursting with a sudden noise, report or explosion; paṭīr-en_al onom. expr. signifying a sudden crash or explosion
Malayalam : paṭapaṭa
Malayalam meaning : rattling noise, the report of a gun, etc.
Malayalam derivates : paṭakkam a cracker
Kannada : paḍa, paḍa paḍa
Kannada meaning : sound imitating that of a cracker or squib
Kannada derivates : paṭa, paṭa paṭa, paṭārane, paṭṭane sound imitating the flapping of wings or suspended clothes, of a dog shaking his body, of applying blows or kicks, of bursting; paṭīr, paṭhil bang!
Tulu : paḍapaḍa, paṭapaṭane
Tulu meaning : a flapping or rattling sound
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṭ
Number in DED : 3841
Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-paḍ-
Meaning : [expr.] hasty, sudden
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paṭapaṭa (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be overhasty (as in speech)
Tamil derivates : paṭapaṭappu precipitancy, agitation, overhastiness; paṭa-paṭ-en_al onom. expr. signifying speaking in haste, hurry (as in preparation for a journey)
Kannada : paṭakkane
Kannada meaning : with the sound of paṭak, i.e. suddenly and with a noise
Tulu : paṭakka, paṭāla, paṭṭāla
Tulu meaning : smartly, sharply (as to strike thus)
Tulu derivates : paṭṭa suddenly
Proto-Nilgiri : *paṭ-
Number in DED : 3842
Proto-South Dravidian : *Paḍuv-
Meaning : boil, ulcer
Tamil : paṭuvan_
Tamil meaning : boil, abscess
Malayalam : paṭuvan
Malayalam meaning : small ulcer
Number in DED : 3859
Proto-South Dravidian : *padVr-
Meaning : chaff, husk
Tamil : patar
Tamil meaning : chaff, husk, empty ears of grain; emptiness, wothlessness, worthless person
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to become useless; pataṭi chaff, blighted grain, husk, futility
Malayalam : patir
Malayalam meaning : empty corn-husk, chaff
Malayalam derivates : patirikka rice to be without grain
Kannada : hadir
Kannada meaning : a very young, quite unripe fruit
Number in DED : 3908
Proto-South Dravidian : *pag- (*-ɣ-)
Meaning : to break, split
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paku (pakuv-, pakk-)
Tamil meaning : to be split, divided, be at variance, separate; divide (tr.)
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to distribute, apportion, classify, give, divide, cut into pieces, tear off, root out; pakal dividing, separating; pakavu slice, share; pakir (-v-, -nt-) to divide into shares, distribute, break, split; separate (intr.); n. share, section, piece; pakuti, pak_ti portion, allotment, tribute, rent; pakuppu division, classification; pakai disagreement, hatred, enemy; (-pp-, -tt-) to hate, oppose; pakaiñan_, pakaivan_ enemy; pakaimai enmity; pakku fracture, duplicity; (-pp-, -tt-), pāttu (pātti-) to divide, distribute; pāttu dividing, sharing, share, half; pātti division, section, part, share; pātu portion, share; paŋku share, portion, part, half; paŋkam portion, division; paŋkan_ sharer
Malayalam : pakuka
Malayalam meaning : to be separate
Malayalam derivates : pakuti division, share; pakukka to divide (tr.); pakuppu distribution, portion or section; paka separation, enmity, incompatibility; pakayan enemy; pakayuka to divide; pakekka to oppose, hate; pakappu distance, variance, hostility; pakaṭu a small bit; paŋku part, share; paŋkan partner, husband
Kannada : pagadi
Kannada meaning : tribute, tax
Kannada derivates : page, hage hatred, enmity, enemy; pagekār_a enemy; hagar_(u), hanjar_a a split of bamboo
Kodagu : page
Kodagu meaning : (Shanmugam) enmity
Kodagu derivates : pageyë enemy
Tulu : pagiyuni
Tulu meaning : to split (intr.), rend, fall in pieces, give way
Tulu derivates : pagipuni to rend, split (tr.); pagi, pagtelụ rent, split; pagadi tribute, tax; pagè hatred, enmity; pāŋgu share, proportion; pāŋgaḷa portion, share
Proto-Nilgiri : *pag-
Number in DED : 3808
Proto-South Dravidian : *pagal-
Meaning : day, daytime
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pakal
Tamil meaning : day, daytime, the morning sun, sun
Tamil derivates : pakalavan_, pakalōn_ sun; pakal-mār_u in the daytime; ? pakar (-v-, -nt-) to emit lustre; n. radiance; ? pakaram brightness, splendour
Malayalam : pakal
Malayalam meaning : morning, daytime
Malayalam derivates : pakalvan, pakalōn sun
Kannada : pagal
Kannada meaning : daytime, a day
Kodagu : pōlɨ
Kodagu meaning : daytime
Tulu : pagelụ
Tulu meaning : daytime
Tulu derivates : ? pagarụ time, turn
Proto-Nilgiri : *pagal
Number in DED : 3805
Proto-South Dravidian : *Paganr_-ai
Meaning : a purgative root
Tamil : pakan_r_ai
Tamil meaning : Indian jalap (a purgative root)
Malayalam : pakunna
Malayalam meaning : a purgative root
Number in DED : 3807
Proto-South Dravidian : *pagar-
Meaning : to shift, exchange
Tamil : pakar (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to shift, move (intr.)
Tamil derivates : pakarttu (pakartti-) to transcribe, copy; pakarppu a copy; pakaram instead, in exchange
Malayalam : pakaruka
Malayalam meaning : to change in place, colour, etc., be exchanged; exchange (tr.), barter
Malayalam derivates : pakarcca change as of place, kind, weather; exchange; pakarkka to transcribe, copy; pakarppu, pērppu a copy; pakaram exchange, equivalent; in exchange
Tulu : pagaruni
Tulu meaning : to shift, change place
Tulu derivates : pagapuni to change, exchange, substitute; pagarcè, pagatè exchange, revenge; pagara exchange
Number in DED : 3803
Proto-South Dravidian : *Pagar-
Meaning : to tell, say
Tamil : pakar (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to tell, utter, declare, say, announce, pronounce, publish
Tamil derivates : pakarcci sppech, utterance, word
Number in DED : 3804
Proto-South Dravidian : *pagaẓ-i
Meaning : arrow
Tamil : pakaẓi
Tamil meaning : arrow
Malayalam : pakaẓi
Malayalam meaning : arrow
Tulu : pagari, (B-K also) pagaḷi
Tulu meaning : arrow, dart
Number in DED : 3806
Proto-South Dravidian : *pagel-
Meaning : harmless snake
Kannada : pagelã
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) a harmless snake
Tulu : pagelè
Tulu meaning : a kind of harmless snake
Number in DED : 3809
Proto-South Dravidian : *pag-pag-
Meaning : [expr.] sudden, quick
Tamil : pakk-en_al
Tamil meaning : onom. expr. of (a) being sudden, (b) bursting as with sudden laughter
Kannada : paka
Kannada meaning : imitation of the sound of laughter
Kannada derivates : paka paka(ne) nagu to laugh very loudly, giggle; pakkane suddenly; pakkane nagu to burst out laughing
Tulu : pakapaka
Tulu meaning : quickly
Tulu derivates : pakka, pakkanè suddenly, unexpectedly
Number in DED : 3813
Proto-South Dravidian : *paɣ-
Meaning : resin, gum
Tamil : payirppu
Tamil meaning : resin
Tamil derivates : payan_ juice; payin_ gum, glue
Malayalam : payala, pakala
Malayalam meaning : the pulp inside the shell forming the coconut
Kannada : pagil
Kannada meaning : to be sticky, viscid, glutinous, adhesive, adhere, join
Kannada derivates : paginu, pagina gum, resin, exudation of trees
Tulu : paya
Tulu meaning : gum, resin
Number in DED : 3827
Proto-South Dravidian : *paj-
Meaning : ear of rice; fruit, production
Tamil : paya (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to yield, produce, put forth fruit, be productive
Tamil derivates : payappu profit, advantage; payam id., fruit; payantōr parents
Tulu : paya, payi
Tulu meaning : an ear of rice, etc.
Tulu derivates : payakelụ, payac(c)elụ the time of shooting of the ears of corn; payatāye a thriving man; payā̆vuni to shoot, as an ear of corn; pāya gain, profit; coming into existence, being delivered of a child (as among pariahs); = paya
Number in DED : 3937
Proto-South Dravidian : *paj-
Meaning : slowly, gently
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paiya
Tamil meaning : by degrees, slowly, gently
Tamil derivates : paya-ppaya slowly; (PN) pai gently; paipaya be gentle
Malayalam : payya
Malayalam meaning : gently, secretly
Tulu : payyana
Tulu meaning : gently, softly, quietly
Proto-Nilgiri : *pā̆j-
Notes : Vowel length in Kota unclear.
Number in DED : 3945
Proto-South Dravidian : *paj-
Meaning : a fish
Malayalam : payyatti
Malayalam meaning : a fish
Tulu : paiyyè
Tulu meaning : a kind of fish
Number in DED : 3946
Proto-South Dravidian : *paj-
Meaning : upper
Kannada : pai
Kannada meaning : upper, external, extra, upon
Number in DED : 4451
Proto-South Dravidian : *paj-ān-
Meaning : a k. of plant
Malayalam : payyāna, payyāni
Malayalam meaning : Bignonia longifolia
Tulu : paiyyānè
Tulu meaning : Bignonia longifolia
Number in DED : 3947
Proto-South Dravidian : *Pajil-
Meaning : to train, learn
Tamil : payil (payilv-, payin_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to become trained, accustomed, practise, learn by practice (as an art); n. practice, habit
Tamil derivates : payir_ci practice, training, learning, familiarity; payir_r_u (payir_r_i-) to train, habituate, teach
Malayalam : payiluka
Malayalam meaning : to learn
Malayalam derivates : payar_r_uka to exercise in arms, practise; payar_r_ikka to teach the use of arms, outwit; payar_r_u fencing exercise, a trick
Number in DED : 3942
Proto-South Dravidian : *Pajil-
Meaning : to speak
Tamil : payil (payilv-, payin_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to speak, utter, tell, talk, utter indistinct sound (as bird), call; n. word, secret language, cant
Tamil derivates : payir_r_u (payir_r_i-) to speak, utter, tell; payir (-v-, -nt-) to cry as beasts or birds, summon, call, sound as instruments; n. cry of animals, etc., sound, musical instrument, cant
Malayalam : payiluka
Malayalam meaning : to speak
Number in DED : 3943
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