Kannada meaning :to pay unjustly, as rent for land on which the crop has failed; make a payment which is not properly due and on account of which one suffers loss
Kannada derivates :accike paying unjustly
Notes :The comparison between Tamil ari and Kan. accu is justified, although it is somewhat strange that the primary variant arcu is not attested. In Tamil the corresponding verbal stem would have been *aruvu, and this is the exact form that is also found in Telugu.
Number in DED :0216
Proto-South Dravidian :*ari-
Meaning :beauty; beautiful woman
Tamil meaning :beauty
Tamil derivates :arivai woman between the age of 20 and 25, woman, lady
Malayalam meaning :fine woman
Tulu :aragiṇi (?)
Tulu meaning :a neat or tidy woman
Notes :A Tamil-Malayalam isogloss of obscure origin. The Tulu form, entered here by Burrow & Emeneau, is oddly homonymous with aragiṇi 'talking parrot' and I cannot even exclude a special metaphoric development, especially considering that there is no evidence for a suffix like -giṇi in the language.
Number in DED :0217
Proto-South Dravidian :*ari
Meaning :eye disease
Tamil meaning :lines in the white of the eye
Tamil derivates :? alari id.
Kannada meaning :a disease of the eye
Notes :Further etymological connections unclear.
Number in DED :0218
Proto-South Dravidian :*ari
Tamil meaning :fermented liquor, toddy
Tamil derivates :ariyal, arutti, aruppam toddy
Malayalam meaning :to tap a toddy palm
Notes :Possibly related to *ari- 'to sift, strain' (Burrow & Emeneau's suggestion).
Number in DED :0219
Proto-South Dravidian :*ari-, *aril-
Tamil meaning :stone broken for roads
Tamil derivates :ari pebbles or gems or pieces of metal put into women's anklets to make them tinkle; aril gravel, small sharp pebble
Notes :Some typically "plant root" problems with this etymon. In Tamil there are non-geminated forms suggesting a variant like *adá-. Much more interesting is the variant arti in Tulu; in the absolute majority of cases -r- found in Tulu clusters turns out to be original, and thus PSDR *arti is not entirely out of the question.
Tamil meaning :to approach; n. nearness, vicinity, neighbourhood, place, border, edge
Tamil derivates :arukar, arukal nearness; aruvu (aruvi-) to approach
Malayalam :aru, aruvu
Malayalam meaning :brim, edge, margin
Malayalam derivates :ariku border, edge, brink, neighbourhood, side, adjacent place; arikattu, arikē, arikil near; arika-vaẓi way close by
Kannada :aragu, arigu, arugu
Kannada meaning :vicinity, border, edge, margin
Tulu :aru, arugu
Tulu meaning :brim, edge, margin, border
Number in DED :0222
Proto-South Dravidian :*aru-i (?)
Meaning :river's mouth
Tamil meaning :river's mouth
Tulu :aruve (?)
Tulu meaning :mouth of a river, seaport
Notes :Burrow & Emeneau tentatively suggest comparison with *aẓi 'river's mouth'. This is quite possible for Tulu aruve, which may simply be a dialectal variant of aḷuve q. v., but hardly possible for Tam. aruvi. Likewise, Tulu auslaut vocalism -e is not a very good correspondence for Tam. -i, but fits in very well with Kan. aẓave q. v. As for Tam. aruvi, I would suggest that it is historically the same as aruvi 'waterfall, spring at the foot of a hill' q.v., although semantic contamination with *aẓi may have been possible.
Number in DED :0225
Proto-South Dravidian :*ar[u]-k-
Meaning :not to be willing to pay
Tamil :arukku (arukki-)
Tamil meaning :to show disinclination in a bargain
Tamil derivates :arukkāṇi reluctance to accommodate, closeness in a bargain
Notes :Burrow & Emeneau suggest relationship with *ari 'tax', but this is hardly possible, as the resulting derivative would rather mean 'to tax smb., make one pay'. I would rather view these items as a peculiar semantic shift from *ar- 'rare, scarce' (cf. Tam. arukku 'to make scarce, reduce', possibly > 'to bargain, be miserly'?).