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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *ari-
Meaning : to sift, strain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ari (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to sift, separate larger from smaller bodies, separate by washing; n. sifting, separating
Tamil derivates : arippu sifting, separating; arippan_ sifter, one who sifts
Malayalam : arikka
Malayalam meaning : to sift, cleanse rice by washing, filter
Malayalam derivates : arippu sifting, gold wash
Kannada : ari
Kannada meaning : to clear of dregs and impurities, settle (tr.) as turbid water
Kannada derivates : araka the act of cleansing rice from dust and stones by washing; (Bark.) arpɨ- to filter; arpṇe a kind of filter
Kodagu : ari- (ariv, ariñj-)
Kodagu meaning : (liquid) is strained; (Kar. also) (toddy) seeps from tree
Kodagu derivates : (arip-, aric-) to strain (liquid)
Tulu : aripuni
Tulu meaning : to sift, strain, filter
Tulu derivates : aripe sieve, colander, strainer
Number in DED : 0213
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari-
Meaning : to itch (figur.)
Tamil : ari (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to have an acute itching sensation
Tamil derivates : arippu itching
Malayalam : arikka
Malayalam meaning : to itch
Proto-Nilgiri : *arĭ-
Number in DED : 0214
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari
Meaning : rice
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ari
Tamil meaning : rice, paddy, ear of paddy
Tamil derivates : arici rice without husk, any husked grain
Malayalam : ari
Malayalam meaning : grain of rice freed from chaff, seed, grain
Malayalam derivates : (Kauṭ.) arici rice
Kannada : akki
Kannada meaning : rice deprived of its husk, grain that resembles rice
Kodagu : akki
Kodagu meaning : husked rice
Tulu : ari
Tulu meaning : rice freed from husk, any small grain
Tulu derivates : akki rice, corn (only in cpds.)
Proto-Nilgiri : *arkĭ
Miscellaneous : BEL (LSB) argi rice
Notes : PSDR presents evidence for two stems - simple *ari 'paddy' and suffixal *ari-ki 'husked rice' (with a rare case of palatalisation of inlaut -ki- in Tamil: *ariki > arici).
Number in DED : 0215
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari
Meaning : tax
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ari
Tamil meaning : tax, duty
Tamil derivates : appu loan, debt (< Te.)
Kannada : accu
Kannada meaning : to pay unjustly, as rent for land on which the crop has failed; make a payment which is not properly due and on account of which one suffers loss
Kannada derivates : accike paying unjustly
Notes : The comparison between Tamil ari and Kan. accu is justified, although it is somewhat strange that the primary variant arcu is not attested. In Tamil the corresponding verbal stem would have been *aruvu, and this is the exact form that is also found in Telugu.
Number in DED : 0216
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari-
Meaning : beauty; beautiful woman
Tamil : ari
Tamil meaning : beauty
Tamil derivates : arivai woman between the age of 20 and 25, woman, lady
Malayalam : aruva
Malayalam meaning : fine woman
Tulu : aragiṇi (?)
Tulu meaning : a neat or tidy woman
Notes : A Tamil-Malayalam isogloss of obscure origin. The Tulu form, entered here by Burrow & Emeneau, is oddly homonymous with aragiṇi 'talking parrot' and I cannot even exclude a special metaphoric development, especially considering that there is no evidence for a suffix like -giṇi in the language.
Number in DED : 0217
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari
Meaning : eye disease
Tamil : ari
Tamil meaning : lines in the white of the eye
Tamil derivates : ? alari id.
Kannada : ari
Kannada meaning : a disease of the eye
Notes : Further etymological connections unclear.
Number in DED : 0218
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari
Meaning : toddy
Tamil : ari
Tamil meaning : fermented liquor, toddy
Tamil derivates : ariyal, arutti, aruppam toddy
Malayalam : ariyuka
Malayalam meaning : to tap a toddy palm
Notes : Possibly related to *ari- 'to sift, strain' (Burrow & Emeneau's suggestion).
Number in DED : 0219
Proto-South Dravidian : *ari-, *aril-
Meaning : pebble
Tamil : aralai
Tamil meaning : stone broken for roads
Tamil derivates : ari pebbles or gems or pieces of metal put into women's anklets to make them tinkle; aril gravel, small sharp pebble
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar[ǝ]l-
Notes : Several different stems, all of which are possibly derived from other SDR roots; cf. *ari- 'to cut off, chop, chip'; *ari- 'to sift, strain'; *ari 'rice, grain', etc.
Number in DED : 0209
Proto-South Dravidian : *aril
Meaning : interlacing of bamboo
Tamil : aril
Tamil meaning : interlacing as of bamboo stalks growing together, low jungle, thicket, dense bush, bamboo
Notes : The only known parallel is Telugu aralu 'to creep, spread'.
Number in DED : 0207
Proto-South Dravidian : *arisana-
Meaning : turmeric
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : arican_am
Tamil meaning : turmeric
Kannada : arisina, arisiṇa, arasina, arasiṇa, arsiṇa
Kannada meaning : turmeric, Curcuma longa Lin.
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝsǝn
Number in DED : 0220
Proto-South Dravidian : *a[r]ti
Meaning : fig
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : atti
Tamil meaning : country fig, Ficus glomerata
Tamil derivates : ata, atam, atavam, atavu id.
Malayalam : atti
Malayalam meaning : Ficus racemosa
Malayalam derivates : attiŋŋa, acciŋŋa green figs or plantains
Kannada : atti
Kannada meaning : F. racemosa
Kodagu : atti
Kodagu meaning : sp. fig
Tulu : arti
Tulu meaning : F. racemosa
Tulu derivates : attasa F. religiosa
Proto-Nilgiri : *atĭ
Notes : Some typically "plant root" problems with this etymon. In Tamil there are non-geminated forms suggesting a variant like *adá-. Much more interesting is the variant arti in Tulu; in the absolute majority of cases -r- found in Tulu clusters turns out to be original, and thus PSDR *arti is not entirely out of the question.
Number in DED : 0144
Proto-South Dravidian : *aru-
Meaning : to approach; edge
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aruku (aruki-)
Tamil meaning : to approach; n. nearness, vicinity, neighbourhood, place, border, edge
Tamil derivates : arukar, arukal nearness; aruvu (aruvi-) to approach
Malayalam : aru, aruvu
Malayalam meaning : brim, edge, margin
Malayalam derivates : ariku border, edge, brink, neighbourhood, side, adjacent place; arikattu, arikē, arikil near; arika-vaẓi way close by
Kannada : aragu, arigu, arugu
Kannada meaning : vicinity, border, edge, margin
Tulu : aru, arugu
Tulu meaning : brim, edge, margin, border
Number in DED : 0222
Proto-South Dravidian : *aru-i (?)
Meaning : river's mouth
Tamil : aruvi
Tamil meaning : river's mouth
Tulu : aruve (?)
Tulu meaning : mouth of a river, seaport
Notes : Burrow & Emeneau tentatively suggest comparison with *aẓi 'river's mouth'. This is quite possible for Tulu aruve, which may simply be a dialectal variant of aḷuve q. v., but hardly possible for Tam. aruvi. Likewise, Tulu auslaut vocalism -e is not a very good correspondence for Tam. -i, but fits in very well with Kan. aẓave q. v. As for Tam. aruvi, I would suggest that it is historically the same as aruvi 'waterfall, spring at the foot of a hill' q.v., although semantic contamination with *aẓi may have been possible.
Number in DED : 0225
Proto-South Dravidian : *ar[u]-k-
Meaning : not to be willing to pay
Tamil : arukku (arukki-)
Tamil meaning : to show disinclination in a bargain
Tamil derivates : arukkāṇi reluctance to accommodate, closeness in a bargain
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar-ǝk-
Notes : Burrow & Emeneau suggest relationship with *ari 'tax', but this is hardly possible, as the resulting derivative would rather mean 'to tax smb., make one pay'. I would rather view these items as a peculiar semantic shift from *ar- 'rare, scarce' (cf. Tam. arukku 'to make scarce, reduce', possibly > 'to bargain, be miserly'?).
Number in DED : 0223
Proto-South Dravidian : *aruḷ-
Meaning : to favour
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aruḷ (aruḷi-)
Tamil meaning : to be gracious to, favour, speak graciously, command, grant, bestow; n. grace, mercy, favour, benevolence, good deeds, order, command
Tamil derivates : aruḷal liberality, generosity, munificence; aruḷōn_ gracious person
Malayalam : aruḷ
Malayalam meaning : grace, favour, deigning, command
Malayalam derivates : aruḷuka to deign, vouchsafe, grant, command
Proto-Nilgiri : *arǝḷ
Number in DED : 0227
Proto-South Dravidian : *aru-mb-
Meaning : to bud, sprout; bud (n.)
Tamil : arumpu (arumpi-)
Tamil meaning : to bud, sprout, spring forth; n. bud, soft sprouting hair, young beard or moustache
Tamil derivates : arumpi (-pp-, -tt-) to bud, sprout, rise; arumpar bud; aruppam germ of a grain of paddy, first sprouting of a moustache
Malayalam : arimpu
Malayalam meaning : flower bud, first appearance of fruit
Kannada : arumbu
Kannada meaning : flower bud
Notes : A SDR-only isogloss.
Number in DED : 0224
Proto-South Dravidian : *aru-mb-
Meaning : to climb
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : arumbu
Tulu meaning : (B-K.) to climb
Number in DED : 0231
Proto-South Dravidian : *aruv-
Meaning : Tamil
Tamil : aruvā, aruvā-nāṭu
Tamil meaning : [one of the 12] region[s] where a vulgar dialect of Tamil was spoken, possibly a large portion of south Arcot district
Tamil derivates : aruvar, aravar the Tamils
Kannada : arava, aravu, aruvu, arva
Kannada meaning : Tamil
Kannada derivates : aravagitti, aravitti a Tamil woman
Tulu : arava
Tulu meaning : Tamil
Number in DED : 0313
Proto-South Dravidian : *ar_-
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ar_aŋ-kai
Tamil meaning : palm of the hand
Number in DED : 0310
Proto-South Dravidian : *ar_-
Meaning : law, duty
Tamil : ar_am
Tamil meaning : moral or religious duty, virtue, dharma, Yama
Tamil derivates : aravan_ one who is virtuous, god, Buddha, ascetic, etc.; ar_avi virtue, that which is holy, female ascetic; ar_aviya virtuous; ar_aviyān_ virtuous man; ar_an_ sacrificer
Malayalam : ar_am
Malayalam meaning : law, dharma
Kannada : ar_a, ar_u
Kannada meaning : virtue, charity, alms, law, dharma, Yama
Number in DED : 0311
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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