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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *ō̆ẓ-
Meaning : to flow
Tamil : oẓuku (oẓuki-)
Tamil meaning : to flow, leak, trickle down
Tamil derivates : oẓukal leaking, dripping, leak; oẓukku (oẓukki-) to cause to drop, drip; n. leaking, dripping, flowing; oẓukkal pouring (as into the mouth)
Malayalam : oẓukuka
Malayalam meaning : to flow, run down or off (of blood, water)
Malayalam derivates : oẓukal flowing, being adrift; oẓukkuka to pour, inundate, set afloat; oẓukku current, stream; oẓukkam running, floating; oẓiyuka to run off (as water); oẓivu watercourse; oẓikka to pour; oẓippu discharge; ōẓuka to flow
Kannada : oẓku
Kannada meaning : to flow; n. torrent or strong current of a stream
Kannada derivates : uggu to throw (as water)
Kodagu : okk- (okki-)
Kodagu meaning : to flow, float away, be carried away by stream
Kodagu derivates : obbe an open drain
Tulu : ugguni
Tulu meaning : to spurt
Tulu derivates : uggelụ a well (or with DEDR 761)
Proto-Nilgiri : *ok- (*oṛ-ǝk-)
Number in DED : 1010
Proto-South Dravidian : *[p]ac-
Meaning : to cut in pieces
Kannada : haccu, heccu
Kannada meaning : to cut in pieces
Kannada derivates : (Tipt.) ǝccu to cut into pieces as vegetables; (Gowda) haccɨ to divide (vegetables and fruits)
Number in DED : 0046
Proto-South Dravidian : *pac-
Meaning : sticky, greasy
Tamil : pacai
Tamil meaning : stickiness, paste, glue, glutinous substance in fruits, roots, etc.
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to become glutinous or viscous; stick together (tr.)
Malayalam : paca, paśa, paya
Malayalam meaning : gum, glue
Tulu : pasè, paśè
Tulu meaning : greasiness, oiliness
Proto-Nilgiri : *paS
Notes : The root was strongly contaminated with *paɣ- 'gum, resin' (cf. Mal. paya).
Number in DED : 3827
Proto-South Dravidian : *paC-
Meaning : a k. of tree
Tamil : paccilai
Tamil meaning : Mysore gamboge, Garcinia xanthochymus
Malayalam : paccila
Malayalam meaning : Xanthochymus pictorius
Kannada : paccāri
Kannada meaning : name of a tree
Number in DED : 3832
Proto-South Dravidian : *paCaḍ-i
Meaning : pickle
Tamil : paccaṭi
Tamil meaning : a kind of relish made of minced vegetables (Annamalai, p. 875)
Kannada : pac(c)aḍi
Kannada meaning : a kind of pickle
Number in DED : 3831
Proto-South Dravidian : *pac-pac-
Meaning : [expr.] a spalshing sound
Tamil : paca-pac-en_al (?)
Tamil meaning : onom. expr. signifying (a) itching sensation, (b) chattering, (c) drizzling, (d) staring blankly
Kannada : paca, paca paca
Kannada meaning : sound proceeding from treading or walking in mud
Kannada derivates : pacakkane with the sound of pacak in treading
Tulu : pacakke
Tulu meaning : plash, splash
Tulu derivates : pacapaca licking, a clacking noise (in eating)
Number in DED : 3822
Proto-South Dravidian : *pač-
Meaning : a k. of millet
Proto-Nilgiri : *pac-
Number in DED : 3829
Proto-South Dravidian : *pač-
Meaning : skin
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paccai
Tamil meaning : skin, hide; covering as of the body of a yāṛ
Tulu : pāca
Tulu meaning : (B-K) skin of the leg
Number in DED : 3833
Proto-South Dravidian : *pač- / *pas-V́-
Meaning : green; fresh; wet
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paca (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be green, turn sallow or pale, become golden (as the sky in the evening)
Tamil derivates : pacaṇṭai verdure, moisture; pacappu green colour, sallow complexion (due to lovesickness), moisture; pacalai gold colour, sallowness; pacitu that which is green; pacu green, greenish yellow, yellow; (-pp-, -tt-) to be green; pacuppu greenness, greenish yellow; pacumai greenness, verdure, coolness, moistness, youth, newness, freshness, greenish yellow; pacai moisture, sap, juice; paccai greenness, paleness (as of a maid separated from her lover), unripeness, freshness, coolness; paya (-pp-, -nt-) to change in complexion (as the skin through lovesickness), turn sallow through affliction; payappu change of hue, turning sallow, gold colour; payir growing grain, herbage, tender sprout; pai greenness, freshness, youth, beauty; (-pp-, -tt-) to become green; paital cold, chilliness; paitu, paittu greenness, freshness, moisture; paimmai, paimai greenness; pācavar dealers in betel leaves; pācaval green field; pāci that which is green; moss, lichen, seaweed, mouldiness; pācu greenness, verdure; pācai, pācam moss; pīn_am duckweed, a kind of moss
Malayalam : pacu, pai, paiṃ
Malayalam meaning : tender, fresh, moist, green
Malayalam derivates : paca, paśa, paya moisture; paśima freshness, softness, moisture; pacca greenness, freshness; payir green corn; payiŋŋa unripe fruit, young areca nut; pāśi, pāśār, pāyal, pāyil, pāyi green stuff on stagnant pools, mouldiness
Kannada : pasi, pasu, pasir, pasur, pacce, pace, pacca, paccu, paccane
Kannada meaning : greenness, yellowish colour, golden colour; young sprouts or new leaves, growing corn, freshness, unripeness, rawness, youngness
Kannada derivates : (PBh) paṃ-, in: pandaḷir fresh young leaves (for taḷir, see 3131); pasale young grass, pasturage, a place overgrown with grass; pasuba, pasumba a kind of bird with green plumage; payir green corn, growing crop; pāci, pāsi, pāvase green slime on stagnant water, duckweed, mouldiness, lichen
Kodagu : pacce
Kodagu meaning : green, blue, cold (of water)
Kodagu derivates : pāmañji green scum on stagnant water, lichen on rocks
Tulu : pacca
Tulu meaning : green, fresh
Tulu derivates : paccè id.; greenness, freshness; paji green, fresh, wet, damp; pajirụ grass; pasè, paśè moisture, wetness; pājè, pājeyi, pāśi algae, lichen; pāmaji, pāmaju moss, green substance floating on stagnant water; pairụ standing or growing corn; ? bacc-irè betel leaf (or with 5515)
Proto-Nilgiri : *pac
Number in DED : 3821
Proto-South Dravidian : *[p]aḍ-
Meaning : mud, clay
Kannada : aḍusu, aḍalu, aḍlu, haḍlu, aḍi, aḍe, aṭil, aṭlu
Kannada meaning : mud, clay
Notes : An isolated Kannada form (Telugu aḍusu may be a borrowing from Kan.).
Number in DED : 0082
Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-
Meaning : bamboo door; frame
Tamil : paṭal, paṭalai
Tamil meaning : small shutter of braided palm leaves or thorns, hurdle or wattled frame for sheltering cattle, sunshade
Malayalam : paṭal, paṭala
Malayalam meaning : a rough harrow
Kannada : paḍi
Kannada meaning : leaf or panel of a door, a door
Kodagu : paḍi
Kodagu meaning : door
Tulu : paḍi
Tulu meaning : a thrashing frame, a door or shutter made of slips of bamboos tied together
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-ĭ (?)
Number in DED : 3845
Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-
Meaning : to die; to fall
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paṭu (paṭuv-, paṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to perish, die, set (as a heavenly body), rain
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to lay horizontally, pave, spread out (as bedding), kill, cast down, fell; lie down to sleep or otherwise, roost (as birds); adj. base, low; paṭu-ñāyir_u setting sun; paṭukkai lying down, bed; paṭai bed; layer, stratum; pāṭu lying prostrate, fall, sleep, death, ruin, loss, disaster; pāṭai bier; pāṭṭam shower of rain
Malayalam : paṭuka (paṭṭ-)
Malayalam meaning : to fall, sink
Malayalam derivates : paṭukka to lay stones, build (chiefly a well, tank); piss; lie down; n. bed; paṭa layer in mud walls, course of bricks; paṭavu laying stones, pavement; paṭuppu, paṭappu bed, mat; paṭiññār_u west; pāṭu falling, falling into one's power; peṭuka (peṭṭ-) to fall, get into or under; peṭukka to piss
Kannada : paḍu (paṭṭ-)
Kannada meaning : to lie down, set (as the sun), be spent (as the day), have sexual intercourse, die; n. setting, the west, dying
Kannada derivates : paḍu-nēsar_ the setting sun; paḍuva, paḍaval, paḍuval, paḍuvu the west; paḍal lying or falling down; pāṭu falling, a fall, a declining state, ebb of the tide; pāṭi downfall, ruin
Kodagu : paḍ- (paḍuv-, paṭṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to lie fallow
Kodagu derivates : paḍɨt- (paḍɨti-) to let lie fallow, (Kar. also) send (child) to sleep; paḍɨ-būmi fallow land; paḍi-ñārɨ west
Tulu : paḍa
Tulu meaning : placing or laying
Tulu derivates : paḍḍā̆yi the west
Proto-Nilgiri : *paḍ-
Notes : Tamil, Kan. pāṭu could point to an original *pāṭ- for this root.
Number in DED : 3852
Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-
Meaning : to occur, happen
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paṭu (paṭuv-, paṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to occur, happen, come into existence, rise (as a heavenly body), occur to mind, hit or strike against, touch, be caught (as fishes, birds, or other game), suffer, endure, dash against (tr.), agree to, be connected with, resemble
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to do, make, effect, catch, establish, entrust, cause to grow; paṭuttu (paṭutti-) to cause to suffer, put to trouble, cause to get, effect, bring into existence; paṭṭāŋku natural state, truth; paṭai (-pp-, -tt-) to create, form, produce; acquire, get; paṭaippu creation, acquiring, possessing; pāṭu coming into being, happening, experience, condition, nature, industry, business, concern or affair, affliction, suffering, place, situation; pāṭṭam a turn in the game of tipcat; pāṭṭāḷ, pāṭṭāḷi an industrious person
Malayalam : paṭu
Malayalam meaning : what happens, is common
Malayalam derivates : paṭuka (paṭṭ-) to be obtained, caught, happen, be in a state; paṭṭāŋŋu truth; paṭukka to catch, obtain; pāṭu suffering pain or damage, possibility, place, situation, nature; paṭekka to make, create; paṭappu creation; people; peṭuka (peṭṭ-) to happen, be in, belong to; auxiliary verb; peṭukka to enclose, ensnare; peṭṭu getting into a direction, towards
Kannada : paḍu (paṭṭ-)
Kannada meaning : to get, obtain, catch, incur, undergo, experience, feel, suffer; n. getting, etc.
Kannada derivates : paḍuvike getting, experiencing, etc.; paḍal incurring or suffering; paḍe to get, undergo, experience, acquire, obtain; procreate, bear; n. getting, etc.; paḍapu, paḍeyuvike obtaining, etc.; pāḍu, pāṭu id., suffering, trouble, state, manner, fitness, likeness; (PBh.) pāḍu proper state or form; pāṭi manner, fitness, likeness
Kodagu : paḍ- (paḍuv-, paṭṭ-)
Kodagu meaning : to suffer, (something) hits, (thorn) runs in
Kodagu derivates : paḍɨt- (paḍɨti-) to make to suffer
Tulu : paḍeyuni, paḍevuni
Tulu meaning : to suffer, feel, experience, enjoy
Tulu derivates : paḍepini, paḍapuni to get, acquire, possess; bear, beget; paḍepāvuni to cause, occasion, inflict; pāḍu likeness, mode, form
Proto-Nilgiri : *paḍ-
Number in DED : 3853
Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-
Meaning : tank, pond
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paṭu
Tamil meaning : tank, pond, deep pool
Tamil derivates : paṭukar pit, hole, hollow, tank, ricefield, agricultural tract; paṭuvam slushy field; paṭṭam tank, pond
Malayalam : paṭu
Malayalam meaning : a rough tank
Kodagu : paḍɨ
Kodagu meaning : swamp
Number in DED : 3856
Proto-South Dravidian : *paḍ-
Meaning : refuge
Kannada : paḍu, paḍe
Kannada meaning : place of refuge (for wild animals) between stones or in rocks
Number in DED : 3857
Proto-South Dravidian : *Paḍ-
Meaning : toddy
Tamil : paṭu
Tamil meaning : toddy
Tamil derivates : paṭuvan_ toddy-seller; fem. paṭuvi
Number in DED : 3858
Proto-South Dravidian : *pad-
Meaning : soft, smooth
Tamil : pata (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to become soft
Tamil derivates : patamai softness, tenderness, mellowness, gentleness, mildness, pliancy, smoothness; patavu mildness, gentleness; pataviyatu that which is soft or smooth, mild or gentle; patavicu mildness, humbleness; patam gentleness, sweetness; pati (-v-, -nt-) to be mild, gentle, submissive, quail, flinch; pativu submission
Malayalam : patam
Malayalam meaning : softness, moderation, elasticity, yielding temper
Malayalam derivates : patama, patuma pliancy; patarmma rottenness of rice through damp, softness of mind; patukka to be soft, tender, moderate, pliable; patuppu softness; patuppikka to soften
Kodagu : pada
Kodagu meaning : soft
Tulu : padanuni, padaṇuni
Tulu meaning : to become soft
Tulu derivates : (?) pasiŋkara yielding, softness
Notes : Tulu pasiŋkara rather belongs to *pas- 'fresh, green'.
Number in DED : 3905
Proto-South Dravidian : *pad-
Meaning : proper, right
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : patam
Tamil meaning : proper consistency, required degree of hardness or softness, quality of fitness, cooked rice, sharpness (as of the edge of a knife), tender grass
Malayalam : patam
Malayalam meaning : the right degree of ripeness, temperature, etc.
Kannada : pada
Kannada meaning : proper or good state or condition, proper degree or temperature, the seasoning of any food, the right degree of ripeness, keenness of edge or sharpness
Kannada derivates : padanu (K2), hadanu properness, etc.; paduḷa well-being, prosperity, happiness, tranquillity, security, safety; paduḷiga a happy man; paduḷir to cheer up, become tranquil; paduḷisu to become well or happy, be calmed or soothed, feel refreshed, recover one's strength; (??) hasa niceness, comeliness, charm, beauty, good manner, state, or order, purity; hasana, hasanu beauty, etc.
Tulu : pataŋgelụ
Tulu meaning : harmony, fitness
Tulu derivates : pada abatement, subsidence, tranquility; padana, padanappa well, nicely; hada the proper condition of things, sharpness (as of a knife), forming (as metals) to proper degree of hardness, boiling or cooking to the proper point
Proto-Nilgiri : *pad-
Number in DED : 3907
Proto-South Dravidian : *pad-
Meaning : to hide, to lurk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : patuŋku (patuŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to hide, lie in ambush, crouch, disappear
Tamil derivates : patukku (patukki-) to hide (tr.), secrete; patukkam skulking, crouching; pativu stooping, crouching
Malayalam : patuŋŋuka, patiyuka
Malayalam meaning : to sneak, crouch
Malayalam derivates : patukkuka to conceal; patukkam concealment, skulking; pati an ambush
Kannada : padugu
Kannada meaning : to bend (intr.), bow
Tulu : padeyuni
Tulu meaning : to sink down, become invisible
Tulu derivates : padaŋkara in a stooping posture; padduni to sneak, crouch, hide, lurk
Proto-Nilgiri : *pad-ǝŋ-
Number in DED : 3912
Proto-South Dravidian : *pad-
Meaning : layer, stratum
Kannada : hadi
Kannada meaning : a layer of stone or brick in the ground
Kannada derivates : (Gul.) pǝdrǝ a layer
Tulu : padụrụ
Tulu meaning : a layer, stratum
Number in DED : 3915
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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