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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *nōḍ-, *nōṭ-, *nōk-
Meaning : to look at, examine
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nōṭṭam
Tamil meaning : examination of coins, assaying, scrutiny of gems, precious metals, etc., value, criticism as by a rival artist or workman, attempt at wit, endeavour to excel, hinder or baffle another in speech
Tamil derivates : nōkku (nōkki-) to see, look at, behold, view, consider, reflect, regard, pay attention to, arrange, put in order, keep, protect, save, do, perform, resemble, compare, read, desire; n. eye, sight, look, beauty, meaning, intention, knowledge, greatness, mode, style; nōkkam eye, eyesight, look, gaze, glance, view, aspects of a planet, appearance, expression, cast of countenance, beauty, attractiveness, watch, design, object, intention, aim, sense, intelligence, attention, observation, desire, indication, sign
Malayalam : nōṭṭam
Malayalam meaning : viewing, examination, experienced eye, sharp sight, shroffage, fortune-telling
Malayalam derivates : nōkkuka to look at, view, observe, look after, examine, be in a certain direction, seek, consider, regard, intend; nōkkam view, beauty, eye; nōkkal a look; nōkku look, watchfulness, sight, beauty
Kannada : nōḍu
Kannada meaning : to look, look on, look at, view, behold, look after, examine, consider, take care, see
Kannada derivates : nōḍuvike looking, etc.; nōḍisu to cause to look; nōṭa looking at or on, viewing, beholding, seeing, examination, a sight, spectacle, sight, the power of seeing, a look, appearance; nōṭaka a looker-on, spectator, eyewitness
Kodagu : nōṭ- (nōṭi-)
Kodagu meaning : to look at
Tulu : nōṭa
Tulu meaning : sight, view, vision, aim
Tulu derivates : nōḍaḍruni, nōḍāvuni to point at, show; nūṭāvuni to show
Proto-Nilgiri : *nōṭ-
Notes : The root apparently had both the voiced-auslaut and the voiceless-auslaut variants in PDR. As for Tamil nōkkam, etc., these forms either constitute a separate root or can go back to PDR *nōṭ-k-.
Number in DED : 3794
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńōḷ-
Meaning : saliva
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : ñōḷa
Malayalam meaning : saliva
Malayalam derivates : nōḷa slaver; glutinous fluid in fish, fruit, snails, etc.
Kannada : lōḷa, lōḷi, lōḷu, lōḷe, logaḍi, lodaḍi, lodaḷi, loḍaḷe, lodle, lōyi
Kannada meaning : saliva, slaver, tenacious mucus, phlegm
Kannada derivates : (Bark.) nōḷi sticky (juice)
Tulu : nōṇe
Tulu meaning : saliva, spittle
Tulu derivates : ñōli anything sticky, gummy, glutinous, viscous; saliva; (?) udalè saliva, spittle
Notes : Tulu udalè hardly belongs here; cf. PSDR *odd- 'dampness, wetness'.
Number in DED : 2937
Proto-South Dravidian : *nōḷ-
Meaning : to precede
Kannada : nōḷ
Kannada meaning : to precede, take the lead
Number in DED : 3799
Proto-South Dravidian : *nōn-
Meaning : to endure, suffer; to observe a vow, vow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nōl (nōr_p-, nōr_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to endure, suffer patiently as hunger, practise, do penance, practise austerities; n. a means of attaining salvation
Tamil derivates : nōr_pār ascetics, those who practise religious austerities; nōr_pu bearing, endurance, performing penance; nōn_ (nōn_p-, nōn_r_-) to endure, bear, renounce as secular things, practise austerities; nōn_pi ascetic; nōn_pu, nōmpu ceremonial fasting, abstinence, penance; nōn_mai bearing, endurance, tolerance, power, greatness; nōn_r_al patience, endurance
Malayalam : nōlkka (nōr_r_-)
Malayalam meaning : to fast, lead an austere life
Malayalam derivates : nōnpu, nōmpu penance, fasting; nōlpikka to cause to fast
Kannada : nōn (nōnt-)
Kannada meaning : to observe a vow or religious obligation, perform anything as a meritorious act of devotion or austerity
Kannada derivates : caus. nōnisu; nōmpi, nōmpu any religious act or obligation enjoined by the gods, any meritorious act of devotion or austerity
Kodagu : (?) namme
Kodagu meaning : festival
Tulu : nōmpu
Tulu meaning : any meritorious act of devotion; a festival, esp. the one observed on the 14th day of the 6th lunar month in honour of Ananta
Tulu derivates : nōmbu fasting among the Mohammedans, fast, penance; nōmbuni to fast; nōhi a meritorious act or vow
Proto-Nilgiri : *nōm
Notes : Tam., Mal. nōl are apparently due to dissimilation. The derivative *nōmb- < *nōl-p- can go back to PSDR. Kod. namme is irregular.
Number in DED : 3800
Proto-South Dravidian : *nōnḍ-
Meaning : to stir
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nōṇṭu (nōṇṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to stir, dig up, grub up, root out, pick off as the scab of an ulcer, pick out as wax from the ear, pilfer, pluck as an ear of grain
Malayalam : nōṇṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to stir, dig, tease
Tulu : nōḍaḍruni, nōḍāvuni
Tulu meaning : to rake up, stir
Number in DED : 3795
Proto-South Dravidian : *nōr-
Meaning : to strike
Kannada : nōrpu
Kannada meaning : (K2) striking (?)
Tulu : nōpuni
Tulu meaning : to beat, strike, flog
Number in DED : 3797
Proto-South Dravidian : *nudamb-
Meaning : boiled rice
Tamil : nutampu
Tamil meaning : boiled rice
Tulu : (?) nuppu
Tulu meaning : boiled rice (or with DEDR 600)
Number in DED : 3704
Proto-South Dravidian : *nUg-am
Meaning : yoke
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nukam
Tamil meaning : yoke, burden, power, strength, protecting bar of a door
Malayalam : nukam
Malayalam meaning : yoke, harness which joins the necks of two oxen
Kannada : noga, naga
Kannada meaning : yoke
Kodagu : noga
Kodagu meaning : yoke
Tulu : nuga, noga
Tulu meaning : yoke
Proto-Nilgiri : *nūn
Number in DED : 3694
Proto-South Dravidian : *nUgar-
Meaning : to swallow
Tamil : nukar (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to enjoy, experience as the fruit of actions, eat, drink, do, perform
Tamil derivates : nukarcci, nukarvu enjoyment, experience of pleasure or pain, as from former deeds; eating, feeding; sensation
Malayalam : nukaruka
Malayalam meaning : to swallow
Malayalam derivates : nukarcca sipping, imbibing
Number in DED : 3695
Proto-South Dravidian : *nuḷ-
Meaning : gnat
Tamil : nuḷampu, nuḷḷal, noḷḷal
Tamil meaning : gnat, eye-fly, mosquito
Tamil derivates : nilampi gnat; nuḷḷān_ small biting ant
Malayalam : nuẓampu
Malayalam meaning : a gnat, chiefly an eye-fly
Kannada : noḷa, noḷavu, noṇa, noṇavu
Kannada meaning : a fly
Kannada derivates : (?) noraju, norañju a (mosquito or) gnat, an eye-fly; (Hal.) nɛla a fly; (Gowda) neḷa house-fly; (Hav.) neḷavu house-fly
Kodagu : mūli
Kodagu meaning : gnat, midge
Miscellaneous : (?) KOR (T) nurŋgi mosquito
Notes : The forms with -r- probably go back to another root. Irregular m- in Kodagu (if the form belongs here at all).
Number in DED : 3715
Proto-South Dravidian : *nuḷ-
Meaning : to shatter, break in pieces
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : nuḷgu
Kannada meaning : to reduce to small fragments; be powdered
Tulu : nuliyuni
Tulu meaning : to be broken, shattered
Tulu derivates : nuli a bit, fragment
Number in DED : 3716
Proto-South Dravidian : *nuḷ-
Meaning : to pinch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nuḷḷu (nuḷḷi-)
Tamil meaning : to pinch, nip; n. a pinch, nip
Malayalam : nuḷḷuka
Malayalam meaning : to pinch, pluck
Malayalam derivates : nuḷḷa a pinch, bit; nuḷḷal a pinch, harvest of grains that are picked
Kannada : nuḷḷu
Kannada meaning : (Gowda) to pinch
Proto-Nilgiri : *nuḷ-ĭ-
Number in DED : 3717
Proto-South Dravidian : *nUl-ai-
Meaning : to rot
Malayalam : nulayuka
Malayalam meaning : to rot, moulder
Tulu : (?) nubbu
Tulu meaning : mouldy, musty
Number in DED : 3713
Proto-South Dravidian : *nuṇ-
Meaning : minute, fine
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nuṇ
Tamil meaning : minute, fine, etc.
Tamil derivates : nuṇpu, nuṇmai, nuṇuku, nuṇṇimai minuteness, smallness, slenderness, sharpness, refinement, nicety, exquisiteness (as in workmanship), acuteness, subtlety, discrimination, precision, accuracy, delicacies, dainties, mystery; nuṇṇiyān_ person of acute intellect, quick parts or subtle discrimination, minister; nuṇakkam sharpness, minuteness, subtlety, fineness; nuṇaŋkiyōr persons of subtle or sharp intellect; nuṇaŋku (nuṇaŋki-) to be thin, minute, attenuated, be subtle, fine, refined; n. minuteness, subtlety, fineness; nuṇi (-v-, -nt-) to waste away, be thinned down; (-pp-, -tt-) to sharpen to a point, powder, examine carefully; n. a point; nuṇukkam fineness, minuteness, sharpness, acuteness, acumen, subtlety, exquisiteness (as of work), niggardliness; nuṇukku (nuṇukki-) to make very small (as beads), powder, pulverize, pound, grind, shatter to pieces, write a small hand, be niggardly, stint, sharpen to a point, sharpen the wits, execute minutely or finely (as a work); n. smallness, fineness, subtlety, any small or minute thing, small handwriting; (Ramnad dial., Annamalai, p. 875) uṇukku to powder (= nuṇukku); nuṇuku (nuṇuki-) to be slender, delicate (as a woman's waist), be minute, become thin, be sharp, keen, acute (as one's intellect); nuṇuŋku (nuṇuŋki-) id., be powdered, pulverized, sing softly, as a tune; n. powder; nuṇavai flour of rice and other grains, a ball of sesame confection; nuvaṇai minuteness, fineness, flour; nuṭpam minuteness, fineness, subtlety, insight, acuteness, precision, accuracy, an invisible planet, minute point of time, a figure of speech which expresses an idea by implication, a critical commentary; nuṭaŋku (nuṭaŋki-) to be fine, thin, attenuated; n. thinness, smallness; nuẓai (-v-, -nt-) to be minute, fine, be keen, acute, make innuendoes; n. minuteness, fineness, intellectual sharpness; nuẓaivu minuteness, fineness, keen understanding or perception; nūẓai acuteness, fineness, minuteness
Malayalam : nuṇma
Malayalam meaning : minuteness
Malayalam derivates : nuppam fine texture of cloth
Kannada : nuṇ
Kannada meaning : smoothness, softness, fineness, niceness, neatness, subtilty, gentleness, etc.
Kannada derivates : nuṇupu, nuṇpu, numpu smoothness, delicateness, fineness; nuṇṇage, nuṇṇane smooth, smoothness, state of being powdered, state of being smooth by shaving, baldness, bald; nuṇṇitu, nuṇṇittu that is smooth, etc.
Tulu : noṇṇa, noṇṇagè
Tulu meaning : soft, nice
Proto-Nilgiri : *nun-
Notes : Tamil nuvaṇai is a metathese from nuṇavai; nuṭaŋku may be a secondary formation from nuṭ- in such forms as nuṭpam; the forms with -ṛ-, however, are hard to interpret.
Number in DED : 3700
Proto-South Dravidian : *nun-
Meaning : point, tip
Tamil : nun_i
Tamil meaning : point, tip, minuteness, fineness, smallness
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to sharpen to a point, whet, examine carefully, look intently; nun_ai point, tip, end
Malayalam : nuni
Malayalam meaning : very thin and meagre
Number in DED : 3719
Proto-South Dravidian : *nUṇ-a-
Meaning : to clean out with fingers or tongue
Tamil : nuṇāvu (nuṇāvi-), nuṇācu (nuṇāci-), nuṇai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to rub and feel with the fingers, feel with the tip of the tongue as the gums or palate
Kannada : noṇe
Kannada meaning : to clean with the tongue the teeth of substances lodged between them
Number in DED : 3702
Proto-South Dravidian : *nUṇ-ai
Meaning : calumny, backbiting
Tamil : nuṇai
Tamil meaning : backbiting
Malayalam : nuṇa
Malayalam meaning : calumny, flatter, lie
Malayalam derivates : nuṇayan talebearer, spy, calumniator; nuṇekka to backbite; nuṇattam backbiting
Number in DED : 3703
Proto-South Dravidian : *nuŋ-
Meaning : to swallow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nuŋku (nuŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to swallow, devour, drink in large draughts, take possession of, capture
Tamil derivates : noŋku (noŋki-) to swallow
Kannada : nuŋgu
Kannada meaning : to swallow, devour
Kannada derivates : nuŋguvike, nuŋguha swallowing
Tulu : niŋguni, niŋguḍuni, diŋguni, diŋguḍuni, (B-K also) nuŋgụ
Tulu meaning : to swallow
Proto-Nilgiri : *nuŋ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) nuṇudu, (O) nunu to swallow
Notes : Irregular reflexation in Tulu.
Number in DED : 3697
Proto-South Dravidian : *nuŋ-
Meaning : kernel or pulp of palmira fruit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nuŋku, (Tinn.) noŋku
Tamil meaning : pulpy kernel of a tender palmyra fruit, tender palmyra fruit
Tamil derivates : nukumpu unexpanded tender leaf of palmyra, plantain, etc., palmyra leaf
Malayalam : noŋŋu
Malayalam meaning : unripe pulp of a palmyra fruit; a coconut the kernel of which swells out into a sweet spongy substance through lying for a long time
Number in DED : 3698
Proto-South Dravidian : *nur-
Meaning : mud
Tamil : nurampu
Tamil meaning : mud, mire
Tulu : nurumbu
Tulu meaning : alluvium
Number in DED : 3707
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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