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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *adaḷ-
Meaning : to rebuke, scold, reprimand
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ataṭṭu (ataṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to rebuke authoritatively, frighten with a vehement or sudden noise; n. rebuke, ranting
Tamil derivates : atampu (atampi-) to speak intemperately, rebuke; atakaṭi menace, threat, hectoring
Malayalam : ataṭṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to rebuke, reprimand, frighten with sudden noise
Kannada : adaṭu
Kannada meaning : to tremble, shake; to scold, reprimand, menace
Kannada derivates : adapu to speak intemperately, reprove
Tulu : addalipuni
Tulu meaning : to rebuke, frighten
Notes : Burrow & Emeneau place this in the same entry with *adir- 'to shake, tremble, intimidate, etc.'. While the semantic link is possible (atir also has the meaning 'rebuke'), the morphological ties are harder to understand. The form ataṭṭu is an obvious causative, but it cannot be from *adir-tu (which should have yielded Tamil atirttu); it can only be from *adaḷ-tu. The stem *adaḷ- is not, however, attested directly; there is Tulu addalipuni, with an unclear geminate, and possibly also Kan. adalu 'to tremble', if -l- dial. < *-ḷ-. As for the other Tamil forms, atampu (= Kan. adapu) < *adaḷ-mbu; atakaṭi is an unclear expressive formation.
Number in DED : 0137
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍal- ~ *aḍav-
Meaning : a k. of fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭal
Tamil meaning : a kind of fish
Tamil derivates : aṭalai a marine fish
Malayalam : aṭava
Malayalam meaning : a kind of marine fish
Tulu : aḍamīnu
Tulu meaning : a kind of fish
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) aḍāvu id.
Notes : It is unclear which variant (with *-l- or *-v-) is primary. Obviously Tam. aṭalai = Mal. aṭava, but whether this is dialectal variation or a case of morphological restructuring is unknown.
Number in DED : 0068
Proto-South Dravidian : *adaḷ[i]
Meaning : noise, tumult
Tamil : ataḷi
Tamil meaning : noise, tumult
Malayalam : ataḷi
Malayalam meaning : noise, tumult
Kannada : atala, attala
Kannada meaning : tumult
Notes : An expressive form with irregular correspondences (Kan. adal- should be expected). Outside SDR met in Telugu (atalakutalamu 'confusion'), but hardly qualifiable for PDR status.
Number in DED : 0135
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍamb-
Meaning : a k. of creeper
Tamil : aṭampu, aṭappaŋ-koṭi, aṭumpu
Tamil meaning : hare-leaf, Ipomoea biloba
Malayalam : aṭampu, aṭumpu
Malayalam meaning : Convolvulus pes caprae
Kannada : aḍumbu-baḷḷi
Kannada meaning : a creeping plant, I. biloba Forsk.
Tulu : aḍumbu
Tulu meaning : the creeper I. maritima
Number in DED : 0065
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍar-
Meaning : to burst, crack
Malayalam : aṭaruka
Malayalam meaning : to burst, crack, slit off, fly open
Malayalam derivates : aṭar a splinter; aṭarcca splitting, a crack; aṭarttuka, aṭattuka to split, tear off, open (an oyster)
Tulu : aḍaruni
Tulu meaning : to crack (intr.)
Number in DED : 0066
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍar-
Meaning : twig
Kannada : aḍaru
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) twig
Kannada derivates : (Bark.) aḍɨrɨ small and thin branch of a tree; (Gowda) aḍǝrɨ small branches
Tulu : aḍaru
Tulu meaning : twig
Number in DED : 0067
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍāpiḍi
Meaning : violence, confusion
Tamil : aṭāpiṭi
Tamil meaning : violence (coll.)
Tamil derivates : aṭāvaṭi outrage, violence; aṭipiṭi broil, fray, scuffle (loc.)
Malayalam : aṭāpiṭi
Malayalam meaning : violence, outrage, quarrel, uproar
Malayalam derivates : aṭipiṭi quarrel, scuffle, affray
Kannada : aḍāvuḍi
Kannada meaning : alarm, confusion, quarrel, riot, fright
Notes : Expressive.
Number in DED : 0071
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍḍa-
Meaning : a money unit
Kannada : aḍḍa
Kannada meaning : two aṇas and four pays, seven duḍḍus
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-ǝm
Notes : Probably borrowed from IA (Skt. ardha-, Pali addha- 'half') along with Telugu aḍḍuga.
Number in DED : 0104
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai-
Meaning : to shut, close; to obstruct
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to shut, close, obstruct, block (as a passage), stop up, put in, pack, lock, fasten, imprison, conceal; to be obstructed (as the ear, throat)
Tamil derivates : aṭaiccu (aṭaicci-) to shut, close; aṭaippu shutting, closing, fence, obstruction, plug; aṭṭam opposition, cross direction, enmity, rivalry; aṭṭi hindrance, obstacle, delay; aṭṭaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇai-kkāl folded legs in sitting cross-legged
Malayalam : aṭa
Malayalam meaning : a lock
Malayalam derivates : aṭayuka to be shut, shut up, be enclosed; aṭavu stoppage, block, obstruction; aṭekka to shut, obstruct, block up, lock; to be shut, rendered impervious; aṭeppu, aṭappu obstruction, whatever covers or closes a hole, stopper; aṭappam, aṭappan a stopper, cork; aṭeppikka to cause to lock or shut; aṭṭam what is across, transverse, thwarting
Kannada : aḍe
Kannada meaning : to be enclosed, barred, shut up, choked; to shut, lock, obstruct, close up, enclose, confine, imprison, stop the passage
Kannada derivates : aḍavu an impediment, anything to obstruct; aḍa, aḍḍa, aḍḍā, aḍḍe state of being across, transverse, or in the way, state of being broadwise or horizontal, crosswise; obstructing, an obstruction; state of being contrary or perverse; aḍḍane, aḍane across, transversely; aḍḍayisu, aḍḍagisu, aḍḍaysu, aḍḍavisu to move obliquely or obstructingly, make opposition, obstruct, impede, intervene, conceal; aḍḍayisuha obstruction, opposition; aḍḍaysuha going transversely, concealment; aḍḍal crossing, obstructing, obstacle, across, sideways; aḍḍi an obstacle, opposition, delay; aḍḍana, aḍḍaṇa a shield; āṭaŋka, ātaŋka obstruction, obstacle, restraint
Kodagu : aḍe- (aḍev-, aḍand-)
Kodagu meaning : (gap) is stopped
Kodagu derivates : aḍa- (aḍap-, aḍat-) to stop (gap, hole); aḍḍa crosswise; aḍḍa būḷ- to prostrate oneself (lit. fall horizontal)
Tulu : aḍepuni, aḍevuni, aḍeŋguni
Tulu meaning : to shut, close
Tulu derivates : aḍepu act of shutting, clossing, finishing; aḍakụ, aḍaka, aḍēke, aṭaka, aṭakāvu obstacle, hindrance; aḍḍa id., horizontal, intervening; across, athwart; rafter; aḍḍakaṭṭè a dam; aḍḍakāru the bent knee; aḍḍa boruni to prostrate, bow down; aḍḍa kaṭṭuni to dam up, shut in, hinder, prevent, screen; aḍḍi obstacle, opposition; aḍḍaṇa, aḍḍaṇè, aḍana a shield; āṭaŋkụ, āṭaŋka hindrance, obstacle
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ[ḍ]-
Number in DED : 0083
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍḍagVl-
Meaning : breadth
Tulu : aḍḍagela
Tulu meaning : breadth, diameter (i.e. aḍḍa + agela)
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍejḷ-
Notes : Burrow & Emeneau suggest analyzing this compound as *aḍḍa-+ *agal-, and there is little reason to disagree.
Number in DED : 0103
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍḍātiḍḍ- (?)
Meaning : clumsy, awkward, perverse
Tamil : aṭṭātuṭṭi, aṭṭātuṣṭi, aṭṭātuṣṭam, aṭātuṭi
Tamil meaning : perversity, abusive language
Kannada : aḍḍatiḍḍa, aḍḍatiḍḍi, aḍḍātiḍḍi, aḍḍādiḍḍi, aḍḍāduḍḍi
Kannada meaning : awkwardness, perverseness, impropriety; awkwardly, etc.
Tulu : aḍḍādiḍḍi
Tulu meaning : awkward, clumsy, topsy-turvy
Notes : Expressive lexicon.
Number in DED : 0094
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍḍi-
Meaning : necklace
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭṭiyal
Tamil meaning : closely fitting necklace
Tamil derivates : aṭṭikai closely fitting necklace of gold wires or of precious stones (< Ka.)
Malayalam : aṭṭika
Malayalam meaning : a closely fitting necklace
Kannada : aḍḍike, aḍḍige
Kannada meaning : one of the pieces of gold of which the necklace called aḍḍike is composed, a necklace composed of aḍḍikes
Kodagu : aḍḍige
Kodagu meaning : gold necklace
Number in DED : 0095
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍi
Meaning : foot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭi
Tamil meaning : foot, footprint, base, bottom, source, origin
Tamil derivates : aṭimai slavery, servitude, slave, servant, devotee; aṭitti, aṭicci maidservant; aṭiyavan_, aṭiyān_, aṭiyōn_ slave, devotee
Malayalam : aṭi
Malayalam meaning : sole of foot, footstep, measure of foot, bottom, base
Malayalam derivates : aṭima slavery, slave, feudal dependency; aṭiyān slave, servant; fem. aṭiyātti
Kannada : aḍi
Kannada meaning : foot, measure of foot, step, pace, base, bottom, under
Kannada derivates : aḍime slavery; aḍiya slave
Kodagu : aḍi
Kodagu meaning : place below, down
Tulu : aḍi
Tulu meaning : bottom, base
Tulu derivates : kār aḍi footsole, footstep; aḍi kai palm of the hand
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍĭ
Number in DED : 0072
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍi-
Meaning : to sweep
Malayalam : aṭi
Malayalam meaning : sweeping the house
Malayalam derivates : aṭikka to sweep the ground; aṭippu sweeping
Tulu : aḍipuni
Tulu meaning : to sweep
Tulu derivates : aḍipu sweeping
Notes : Cf. *aḍi- 'to flap, blow'?
Number in DED : 0073
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍi-
Meaning : to flap, twitch, tremble
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to flap, twitch, move spasmodically, blow (as the wind)
Tamil derivates : aṭuppu fear
Kannada : aḍalu
Kannada meaning : to be shaken, tremble, be afraid; n. tremor, whirling confusion of mind, fear
Number in DED : 0074
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍi-
Meaning : thirst
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : nīr-aḍike, nīr-aẓke
Kannada meaning : thirst
Kannada derivates : nīr-aḍisu to be thirsty
Notes : See the PDR entry for comments.
Number in DED : 0109
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍi-gara(i)
Meaning : earthen pot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : aḍigera
Kannada meaning : (Gowda) a pot
Tulu : aḍḍyara
Tulu meaning : earthen jar or pot
Notes : Probably a former compound, but both parts are unclear.
Number in DED : 0075
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍikai-vīẓ-
Meaning : a k. of creeper, climber
Kannada : aḍke-bīẓubaḷḷi
Kannada meaning : a woody climber, climbing and rooting on the stems of trees, Pothos scandens Lin.
Tulu : aḍike-būru, arke-būru
Tulu meaning : a kind of creeper, P. scandens
Notes : Kan. bīẓu-, Tulu būru = PSDR *vīẓ- "to fall". As for the main part of the compound, it may or may not be related to as *aḍai-kāj (phonetically the same, but semantically rather hard to pin down). No parallels outside SDR.
Number in DED : 0090
Proto-South Dravidian : *adir-
Meaning : to shake
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : atir (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to shake, quake, tremble (as by an earthquake, the fall of a tree, the rolling of chariots), be startled, alarmed, resound (as thunder), reverberate, sound (as a drum), roar (as beasts)
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to alarm by shouting, intimidate, rebuke, thunder, roar (as the sea); atircci quaking, shaking, trembling, loud noise or report, roaring; atirppu trembling, echo; atirvu shaking, trembling, tremolo
Malayalam : atiruka
Malayalam meaning : to fear, tremble
Kannada : adir, adaru, aduru, adru
Kannada meaning : to tremble, shake, shiver, fear; n. trembling, tremor
Kannada derivates : adirpu trembling, fear; adalu = adir vb.; adarisu, adalisu to make tremble, shake
Tulu : adụruni, adaruni, aduruni
Tulu meaning : to tremble, quake
Tulu derivates : adụrāvuni to shake, agitate; adụrāṭa shaking, trembling; adụrụpadụrụ shaking and trembling; adarpuni to cause to tremble, admonish, rebuke
Notes : For Kan. adal- cf. *adaḷ-.
Number in DED : 0137
Proto-South Dravidian : *adir-
Meaning : boundary, limit
Tamil : catir
Tamil meaning : boundary, limit
Malayalam : atir
Malayalam meaning : boundary, limit
Kannada : adɨrɨ
Kannada meaning : (Gowda) border
Tulu : adirụ, adụrụ
Tulu meaning : a limit, boundary wall
Notes : The origins of Tamil c- are unclear (hypercorrection?)
Number in DED : 2325
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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