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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *ner_-
Meaning : vital organ
Tamil : nir_am
Tamil meaning : bosom, breast, middle place, vital spot, body, skin
Kannada : ner_a
Kannada meaning : vital point, member or organ, a secret
Kannada derivates : ner_u vital organ, etc.
Tulu : neravu
Tulu meaning : the privities of the male sex
Tulu derivates : niravu anus
Proto-Nilgiri : *ner_-
Number in DED : 3681
Proto-South Dravidian : *ner_-i
Meaning : way; properness
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ner_i
Tamil meaning : way, road, path; religion, precept, rule, principle, path of virtue, righteousness, style of poetic composition, order, row, series, line, lineage, method, means
Tamil derivates : ner_imai rule, rectitude, honesty; usage, literary usage
Malayalam : ñer_i
Malayalam meaning : way
Malayalam derivates : ner_i straight path, rectitude; ner_ivu proper road, equity
Kannada : ner_i, nir_i
Kannada meaning : orderly arrangement, beauty, fineness, elegance
Kannada derivates : nir_i, nir_u to be properly arranged or prepared, be ready; nir_ate, nīr_ate properness, beauty, charm, prettiness, elegance; nir_isu to arrange, adjust, prepare; n. arrangement, display; nir_ige, nir_uge arrangement, properness; nīr_a a fine, handsome man, beau; fem. nīr_e
Number in DED : 2934
Proto-South Dravidian : *ner_-i-
Meaning : fold; wavy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ner_i (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be wavy, curly (as the hair of a person)
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to contract (as the brows in anger), curl in ringlets (as hair); n. bend, curve, turning of the road, curliness of hair; ner_ippu knitting of the brows
Malayalam : ñer_i
Malayalam meaning : fold, tuck
Malayalam derivates : ñer_iyuka to tuck or fold a cloth, esp. as for idols; wrinkle, frown; ner_ivu folded front of a Musulman's gown
Kannada : ner_i, nir_i, ner_ige, nir_ige, nar_ige, ner_e, nīr_ige
Kannada meaning : foldings, folds of a garment, as of a dōtra or sīre, to be tucked into the waistband in front, plaits or folds made by drawing a thread through cloth, gathers
Tulu : neri, nerige
Tulu meaning : a fold or gather in clothes, wrinkle, crease
Proto-Nilgiri : *ner_-ĭ
Number in DED : 2935
Proto-South Dravidian : *ner_-i-
Meaning : to press down
Tamil : ner_i (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to press firmly with hand
Tulu : nesipuni
Tulu meaning : to press down, make tight
Number in DED : 3757
Proto-South Dravidian : *net- (?)
Meaning : gambling
Kannada : netta, letta
Kannada meaning : dice, gambling
Number in DED : 3742
Proto-South Dravidian : *net_-
Meaning : to thrust, dash
Tamil : ner_r_u (ner_r_i-)
Tamil meaning : to thrust, dash, strike a mark (as with balls)
Tamil derivates : neṭṭu (neṭṭi-) to thrust, push, strike as a stone or ball; n. pushing, thrusting, striking, skipping as a stone or ball
Kodagu : nëṭṭ- (nëṭṭi-)
Kodagu meaning : to give a sharp shake (intr.), (sleep) is suddenly broken
Notes : Both Tamil neṭṭu and Kodagu nëṭṭ- are borrowings from Telugu.
Number in DED : 3760
Proto-South Dravidian : *net_-i
Meaning : forehead
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ner_r_i
Tamil meaning : forehead, front, top, summit
Tamil derivates : ner_i temples
Malayalam : ner_r_i
Malayalam meaning : forehead
Malayalam derivates : ner_uka crown of the head
Kannada : netti
Kannada meaning : forehead, head, crown of head
Kodagu : netti
Kodagu meaning : forehead
Tulu : netti
Tulu meaning : forehead, crown of head, front, (B-K) the peak of a mountain or hill
Proto-Nilgiri : *net_ĭ
Notes : The variant *nĕr_- is also present in Tamil and Malayalam.
Number in DED : 3759
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńeṭ-
Meaning : stalk
Tamil : neṭṭu
Tamil meaning : stalk, peduncle
Malayalam : ñeṭṭu, ñeṭṭi
Malayalam meaning : footstalk of a leaf or fruit
Number in DED : 2925
Proto-South Dravidian : *neṭ-
Meaning : long
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : neṭu
Tamil meaning : long
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to be long (as time), continue (as rain), become tall; neṭumai length, extension, tallness, height as of a person or tree, continuation, protraction, greatness, boundlessness, excessiveness, depth; neṭi (-pp-, -tt-) to make delay; neṭitu after a long delay; neṭippu long time; neṭiyōn_ tall person, great person, Viṣṇu; neṭil length, long vowel, that which is great or excessive; neṭukku length, as of a wall; neṭuka lengthwise, longitudinally, straight on, continuously; neṭuku (neṭuki-) to extend, be lengthened, grow tall, high or long, be protracted, delayed; neṭuppam length, height; neṭuman_ anything long; neṭumi tall woman, tall tree (as palm-tree); neṭṭa-neṭumai great length, excessive tallness or height; neṭṭam tallness, length; neṭṭāŋku lengthiness; neṭṭāyam stretchers, piling up bricks perpendicularly or upright; neṭṭu length, tallness, long distance, extent, as of the breadth of a pial; neṭṭai tallness
Malayalam : neṭu
Malayalam meaning : long
Malayalam derivates : neṭukkam tallness; neṭuŋkan tall; neṭuppu, neṭuppam length, height; neṭumpu pride; neṭumpan arrogant; neṭuman tall man; neṭuma, neṭumānam tallness; neṭṭan tall man; neṭṭāyam a straight part in a river; a stretcher (brick or stone); niṭu long, tall, straight; niṭiyōn tall person; niṭuppam tallness; niṭṭal, niṭṭaŋ-kāl shin
Kannada : niḍu, niṭṭu
Kannada meaning : state of being drawn out in length, stretched or extended, that of being long, length, that of being tall, extensiveness, greatness, bigness
Kannada derivates : niṭṭ-eluvu backbone; niḍidu that which is extended, long, etc., length, etc.
Tulu : niḍi
Tulu meaning : straight, high, lofty
Tulu derivates : niḍu long, tall, high; niḍuppa tallness, length; niṭṭ-usurụ a deep sigh; neḍi long
Proto-Nilgiri : *neḍ-
Notes : The irregular -e-/-i- alternations in some languages are due to contamination with *nīḷ-/*nīḍ- 'long'.
Number in DED : 3738
Proto-South Dravidian : *neṭ-
Meaning : perpendicular, erect
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : neṭṭam
Tamil meaning : perpendicularity
Tamil derivates : naṭṭam erectness
Malayalam : niṭṭ-ena
Malayalam meaning : in a standing position, perpendicularly
Kannada : neṭṭage, neṭṭā̆na, neṭṭā̆ne, neṭṭanna
Kannada meaning : straightly, straight, erect, regular, proper, orderly, rightly, properly, nicely, neatly, plainly, clearly, distinctly
Kannada derivates : neṭṭi, naṭṭi niceness, beauty, charm; nīṭa, nīṭu straigthness, state of standing upright; properness, neatness, elegance, beauty, tidiness; nīṭugār_a a tidy man; fem. nīṭugāti; nēṭu straightness, directness, truth
Tulu : neṭṭage
Tulu meaning : straight, upright; straightly, properly
Tulu derivates : niḍpa, nidpa, niṭṭa straight, upright, erect; straightly, erectly; nīṭa upright, straight, direct; nīṭānīṭi straightly
Proto-Nilgiri : *neṭ-
Notes : The forms with the long vowel (nīṭ-) may be borrowings from Marathi nīṭ 'straight'; as for the other irregular variants, Tamil naṭṭam is probably influenced by *naḍ- 'to fix, plant', while forms with -i- have contaminated with *nil- 'to stand'.
Number in DED : 3739
Proto-South Dravidian : *neṭil-
Meaning : bamboo
Tamil : neṭṭil, neṭil
Tamil meaning : a bamboo
Tulu : neḍilụ
Tulu meaning : a kind of bush
Notes : Unclear variations of the inlaut consonant.
Number in DED : 3740
Proto-South Dravidian : *neǯ-i
Meaning : gums
Kannada : nedi
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) gums (of teeth)
Kannada derivates : (Gowda, Dr. Ling.) niji gums (of teeth)
Tulu : nijji
Tulu meaning : gums (of teeth)
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) necci gums (of teeth)
Number in DED : 3741
Proto-South Dravidian : *nēC-
Meaning : asthma
Tulu : nēsa
Tulu meaning : asthma
Number in DED : 3765
Proto-South Dravidian : *nēg- (*-ɣ-)
Meaning : beauty
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : nēga
Tulu meaning : beauty, nicety; beautiful, nice, fair
Number in DED : 3735
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńēl-
Meaning : to hang
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñāl (ñālv-, ñān_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to hang, decline, descend (as the sun)
Tamil derivates : ñār_r_u (ñār_r_i-) to hang up, suspend; nāl (nālv-, nān_r_-) to hang, swing, be suspended, hung up, hang oneself; nār_r_u (nār_r_i-) to hang, suspend, hang a person; nār_ci hanging
Malayalam : ñāluka
Malayalam meaning : to hang, swing
Malayalam derivates : ñāli suspended; a hanging tendril of the pepper or betel vine, the common betel vine; ornament for a sword hilt; ñēluka to hang as an ornament, be dejected; ñēr_r_uka, ñēttuka to let dangle (as a tassel); ñēr_r_am, ñēttam ornamental hangings
Kannada : nēl
Kannada meaning : to be suspended, hang, swing, dangle
Kannada derivates : nēlisu to suspend; nelahu network for suspending things; ēlu to hang, dangle; ner_al to hang down motionless or powerless, faint; ner_e to hang down, be suspended; ner_i to suspend; (K2) nēr_u to hang
Kodagu : nēr- (nēruv-, nēnd-)
Kodagu meaning : to hang (intr.)
Kodagu derivates : nēt- (nēti-) to hang (tr.); nēle, nēle kērɨ rope over which clothes are hung, pair of ropes with loops in which to hang gun or cradle (kērɨ rope)
Tulu : nēluni
Tulu meaning : to hang, be suspended, swing, vibrate, hang on, stick
Tulu derivates : nēlike hanging, swinging; nēlāvuni to hang, suspend; nelpuni to be hung, suspended; nelpuḍuni to hang (tr.); nētāṭa hanging, swinging; nētāḍuni to be pendent, hang, swing; nēla, nēlaŋgụ a hanging rope
Proto-Nilgiri : *nēn-
Number in DED : 2912
Proto-South Dravidian : *nēm[b]-
Meaning : to winnow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nēmpu (nēmpi-)
Tamil meaning : to winnow
Tamil derivates : nōmpu (nōmpi-) to separate by winnowing (as stones from rice); (?) nāvu (nāvi-) to winnow and clear grain from stones
Malayalam : nēmpuka
Malayalam meaning : to winnow rice grain
Malayalam derivates : (?) nāvuka to cleanse rice from stones
Notes : While Tamil nōmpu can be considered dialectal (assim. to the following labial), Tam./Mal. nāvu is probably not related here.
Number in DED : 3769
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńēṇ-
Meaning : string, rope
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñāṇ
Tamil meaning : string, cord, bow-string
Tamil derivates : nāṇ string, bowstring, woman's necklace containing the marriage badge, waist-string; nāṇi bow-string
Malayalam : ñāṇ
Malayalam meaning : bow-string, other strings and cords
Kannada : nēṇ(u)
Kannada meaning : cord, rope
Tulu : nēṇa, nēṇu
Tulu meaning : cord, rope, bowstring
Proto-Nilgiri : *nēṇ
Miscellaneous : KURU (LSB) nūṇɨ rope
Number in DED : 2908
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńēŋVl
Meaning : plough
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñāñcil, nāñcil
Tamil meaning : plough
Malayalam : ñēŋŋōl, nēññil
Malayalam meaning : plough-shaft
Kannada : nēgal, nēgil, nēgila
Kannada meaning : plough
Kodagu : nēŋgi
Kodagu meaning : plough
Tulu : nāyerụ
Tulu meaning : plough
Proto-Nilgiri : *nēlg-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) nēveri plough
Number in DED : 2907
Proto-South Dravidian : *nēr-
Meaning : to meet, approach; to assemble; to learn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nēr (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to meet, approach, come near to, obtain, agree, consent, resemble, equal, be fit, appropriate, seize, take hold of, grant, bestow, happen, occur, transpire, appear, come to view, oppose, resist, encounter, attack, consecrate, dedicate, resolve, take a vow, entreat, pray
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to resemble, equal, oppose, resist, encounter, attack; n. resemblance, similarity, comparison, agreement, consent, settlement, opposition; nērcci adaptation, fitness, appropriateness, consent, agreement, harmony, vow, friendliness, amity, love; nērtti vow; nēr-paṭu to meet, be in conjunction with (as planets), occur, be appropriate, worthy, fall in one's way, appear, come in front, meet, be in harmony or on good terms, learn well; nēr-pāṭu chance, occurrence, means, method, consent, compliance; nērpu meeting, occurrence, happening; nērmai harmony, agreement; nērvu happening, consent, giving, soliciting, opposing, fighting; nēra a particle of comparison; neri (-v-, -nt-) to be crowded together; (-pp-, -tt-) to approach; neruŋku (neruŋki-) to be near, approximate, be close together, crowd, be close as a relationship or connexion, approach, go near; nerukkam nearness, closeness; nerukku (nerukki-) to set thick; nirai (-v-, -nt-) to crowd, swarm; make full, crowd; (-pp-, -tt-) to crowd, cluster, swarm, crowd together, form an assembly; n. collection, pack, herd
Malayalam : nēr
Malayalam meaning : what is even or like, agreement
Malayalam derivates : nēralar enemies; nēr-iṭuka to face, meet, oppose; nēruka to agree, vow; nērcca, nērvu vow; nērkka to meet in fight
Kannada : nēr
Kannada meaning : to accord, agree, yield assent, agree to
Kannada derivates : nere to join, be united, come together, assemble, associate with, have sexual intercourse with; n. adjoining, proximity, neighbourhood, union, company; nera, neravu, nerevu being next to, nearness, joining, assistance; neravi, neravu union, mass, meeting, crowd, multitude, flock; nerapu, nerahu, nerayisu, nerasu, nerepu, nerevu to bring or put together, join, collect; nerpu, neppu a place of coming together
Kodagu : nera mane
Kodagu meaning : neighbouring house
Tulu : neriyuni, nerevuni
Tulu meaning : to assemble, be attached, be in coitu
Tulu derivates : nirè, nerè neighbourhood; neighbouring, adjoining
Proto-Nilgiri : *nēr
Number in DED : 3770
Proto-South Dravidian : *nēr-
Meaning : thin, lean
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nēr (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to grow thin, lean, be emaciated, be soft, yield to the touch; n. minuteness, smallness, fineness, slenderness
Tamil derivates : nērmai fineness, thinness, minuteness
Malayalam : nēr
Malayalam meaning : thin, delicate
Malayalam derivates : nēruka to be fine; nērkka to become thin, fine; nērcca fineness; nērppu fineness, thinness, liquefaction; nērppikka to make thin, fine, attenuate; nērmma fineness, softness, delicacy; nēriya fine, thin (as cloth, flour)
Tulu : nērè
Tulu meaning : thin, delicate
Tulu derivates : nērmè, nervè fine, thin, delicate
Number in DED : 3771
sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,
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