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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *nāmb-
Meaning : sprout; creeper
Tamil : nāmpu
Tamil meaning : a small climber
Malayalam : nāmpu
Malayalam meaning : a sprout
Malayalam derivates : nampu shoot, sprout; the scion of a family
Number in DED : 3649
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāṇ-
Meaning : shame
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nāṇ, nāṇmai
Tamil meaning : sense of shame, bashfulness, modesty
Tamil derivates : nāṇam shyness, coyness (as a feminine quality), bashfulness in certain relationships (as the mother-in-law towards her son-in-law, as a man in a gathering of women), embarrassment, delicate regard, esteem, respect, shame, sensitive dread of evil, shrinking as a sensitive plant to the touch, shying as a startled animal; nāṇu (nāṇi-) to be shy, feel bashful, embarrassed, be abashed, shrink back, feel repugnance or dislike; nāṇal feeling bashful, modest; nāṇi (-pp-, -tt-) to be shy, bashful; n. bashful person
Malayalam : nāṇam
Malayalam meaning : shame, feeling of honour, modesty, bashfulness, disgrace
Malayalam derivates : nāṇikka to be ashamed, bashful; nāṇippikka to make ashamed; nāṇuka to be ashamed
Kannada : nāṇ
Kannada meaning : bashfulness, sense of shame, embarrassment, shame, modesty; inherent excellence, grace; that is a cause of shame, an organ of generation
Kannada derivates : nāṇcu, nāñcu, nācu to become abashed, ashamed or embarrassed; caus. nāṇcisu, etc.; nāñcike, nācike, nācige bashfulness, sense of shame, shame, modesty, decorum, inherent excellencɛ, grace
Kodagu : ñāṇa
Kodagu meaning : shame
Tulu : nāṇu, nāṇa
Tulu meaning : nakedness, nudity, the buttocks
Tulu derivates : nācuni to blush, be ashamed; nācikè, nācigè shame, modesty, blushing
Proto-Nilgiri : *nāṇ-
Number in DED : 3639
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāṇal-
Meaning : a k. of grass
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nāṇal
Tamil meaning : kaus, a large and coarse grass, Saccharum spontaneum; penreed grass, S. arundinaceum; bulrush (= kōrai); lalong grass, Imperata arundinacea
Malayalam : ñāṇal, ñāŋŋaṇa
Malayalam meaning : a reed
Kannada : nānal, naḷḷu
Kannada meaning : a kind of reed
Number in DED : 2909
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńānr_-
Meaning : day
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñān_r_u, nān_r_u
Tamil meaning : time, day, at the time of
Tamil derivates : ñān_r_ai at the time of
Malayalam : ñānnu
Malayalam meaning : day
Malayalam derivates : mini-ñānnu, muni-ñānnu day before yesterday
Kodagu : moniāndɨ
Kodagu meaning : day before yesterday
Kodagu derivates : ninnāndɨ yesterday
Number in DED : 2920
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāṇuv-am
Meaning : common myna
Tamil : nāṇuvam
Tamil meaning : common myna, Gracula tristis
Malayalam : nāṇuvam
Malayalam meaning : common myna, Gracula tristis
Number in DED : 3641
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāŋūẓ-
Meaning : earthworm
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nāŋkuẓu, nāŋkūẓ
Tamil meaning : earthworm
Tamil derivates : nākku-ppūci earthworm, roundworm, tapeworm
Malayalam : ñāŋŋūl, ñāññūḷ, nāññūl, nākku pāmpu
Malayalam meaning : earthworm
Kannada : nakkɨlɨ-huḷa (Bark.), nǝñjuli (Hav.)
Kannada meaning : earthworm
Tulu : nakkuru, (D. N. S. Bhat, p. 13) ñakkuḷu
Tulu meaning : earthworm
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) nakuḷu earthworm
Number in DED : 2906
Proto-South Dravidian : *nār-
Meaning : rope
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nār
Tamil meaning : fibre, string, cord, rope
Tamil derivates : nāri bow-string, fibrous covering at the bottom of a leaf-stalk, as of a coconut palm; nāram cord
Malayalam : nār
Malayalam meaning : fibres of bark, strings and ropes from fibre
Kannada : nār
Kannada meaning : fibre, hemp of plants, cloth made of fibres or hemp
Kannada derivates : nāri bow-string, the web which surrounds the stipes of a palm-tree branch
Kodagu : nārɨ
Kodagu meaning : fibre of plant
Tulu : nārụ, nāru
Tulu meaning : fibrous bark or hemp of plants
Proto-Nilgiri : *nār
Number in DED : 3651
Proto-South Dravidian : *nār-
Meaning : orange
Tamil : nārattai, nāram
Tamil meaning : orange
Tamil derivates : narantam flower of bitter orange
Malayalam : nāram
Malayalam meaning : (Tiyya) lemon plant
Kannada : nārivāṇa, nāruḷi
Kannada meaning : (K2) the lime fruit (?)
Tulu : nāraŋgāyi, nāreŋgi
Tulu meaning : a kind of orange
Number in DED : 3653
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńār-ai
Meaning : a k. of crane or pelican
Tamil : nārai
Tamil meaning : pelican ibis, Tantalus leucocephalus; common crane, Grus cinerea; white stork, Ciconia alba; a small heron, Ardeola leucoptera
Malayalam : ñāra, nāra
Malayalam meaning : Tantalus ibis
Tulu : nōrè
Tulu meaning : a kind of crane
Tulu derivates : naraye a kind of crane
Notes : Irregular vocalism in Tulu.
Number in DED : 2911
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńār_-
Meaning : to smell
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñār_u (ñār_i-)
Tamil meaning : to emit smell, an odour
Tamil derivates : nār_u (nār_i-) to emit a sweet smell, give forth perfume, stink; smell (tr.); nār_al stinking, stench; nār_r_am smell, scent, odour, sense of smell, offensive smell, stench, toddy; nān_am fragrant substance, musk, musk deer, civet, ungruents for the body, perfumed oil for bathing, scented hair-oil, fragrant powder; nar_u fragrant; nar_umai odour, perfume; nar_a, nar_avam, nar_avu, nar_ā, nar_ai odour, fragrance, honey, toddy, incense; nan_avu, nan_ai toddy, honey
Malayalam : nār_uka
Malayalam meaning : to yield a smell, stink
Malayalam derivates : nār_r_am smell, bad smell; nār_r_uka to smell; nār_r_ikka to spread a smell; nar_u fragrance, odour; fragrant; nannam scent as of a dog, smell; nannikka to sniff; nappu scent, tracing a theft, etc.
Kannada : nār_u
Kannada meaning : to yield a smell, smell, stink; n. smell
Kannada derivates : smell; nāta, nātu, nānta smell in general, a bad smell; nar_u, nar_a fragrance, odour, scent, smell
Kodagu : nār- (nāri-)
Kodagu meaning : (something) smells
Kodagu derivates : nāta smell (usually bad smell); (Shanmugam) nāt- to make to smell
Tulu : nāduni
Tulu meaning : to smell, stink
Tulu derivates : (B-K also) nārụ to emit foul smell; nāta smell, odour, stink, stench
Proto-Nilgiri : *nār_-
Number in DED : 2918
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńār_-
Meaning : to sprout, grow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñār_u (ñār_i-)
Tamil meaning : to appear, arise
Tamil derivates : nār_u (nār_i-) to sprout, shoot forth, come into being, be born, appear, rise; nār_u seedlings reared for transplantation, shoot, sprout; nār_r_u seedlings reared for transplantation; nār_r_am origin, appearance
Malayalam : ñār_u
Malayalam meaning : young plant fit for transplanting
Malayalam derivates : nār_uka to grow up
Kannada : nāṭu
Kannada meaning : (Gul.) to sprout
Kannada derivates : nāṭgi a sprout
Kodagu : nē̈r- (nē̈ruv, nē̈nd-)
Kodagu meaning : (person or thing) rises up or comes to view, (plant) becomes tall, straighten oneself so as to become tall
Kodagu derivates : nē̈t- (nē̈ti-) to lift
Tulu : nēji
Tulu meaning : nursling, young plant of rice, etc.
Proto-Nilgiri : *nāt
Number in DED : 2919
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāt-
Meaning : husband's sister
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nāttan_ār, nātti, nāttūṇ
Tamil meaning : husband's sister
Malayalam : nāttūn
Malayalam meaning : husband's sister, brother's wife
Kannada : nādani, nādini, nāduni
Kannada meaning : husband's sister, brother's wife; (Spencer) husband's younger sister, wife's sister, younger brother's wife
Proto-Nilgiri : *nātuṇ-ĭ
Number in DED : 3644
Proto-South Dravidian : *nāval-
Meaning : a k. of plum
Tamil : nāval
Tamil meaning : jamoon plum, Eugenia jambolana; Arnott's mountain black plum, E. arnottiana
Tamil derivates : navval, nalaval, nampu, nākai jamoon plum
Malayalam : ñāval
Malayalam meaning : Syzygium jambolanum
Number in DED : 2914
Proto-South Dravidian : *nā(v)-[lVg-]
Meaning : tongue
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nā, nākku, nāvu
Tamil meaning : tongue
Tamil derivates : nāvu (nāvi-) to thrust out the tongue and move it sideways, mock by thrusting out the tongue
Malayalam : nā, nākku, nāvu
Malayalam meaning : tongue
Kannada : nālage, nālige
Kannada meaning : tongue
Kannada derivates : (Hal.; Kumt., U.P.U.) ñālige tongue
Kodagu : nāvu
Kodagu meaning : tongue
Tulu : nālā̆yi
Tulu meaning : tongue
Proto-Nilgiri : *nā-
Number in DED : 3633
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńāẓal-
Meaning : a name of tree
Tamil : ñāẓal, nāẓal
Tamil meaning : n. of various plants (Cassia sophera, Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Cochlospermum gossypium, Crocus sativus)
Malayalam : ñāẓal
Malayalam meaning : Milnea montana, priyaŋgu
Kannada : nēẓal, neẓal
Kannada meaning : a certain tree; priyaŋgu
Number in DED : 2915
Proto-South Dravidian : *neḍ-i
Meaning : pungent odour
Tamil : neṭi
Tamil meaning : pungent odour causing a choking sensation, as of fried chillies; strong pungent smell, stench
Kannada : niḍi
Kannada meaning : a strong, pungent, stifling smell, as that of tobacco or tobacco smoke, of cayenne pepper or its vapour when being roasted
Number in DED : 3737
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńeg-
Meaning : loose, relaxed; to slip
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ñekiẓ (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become loose, slip off as bangles, languish, faint, be tender-hearted, blossom, melt as wax, become thin, emaciated
Tamil derivates : ñekiẓam, ñekiẓi a tinkling anklet; nekiẓ (-v-, -nt-) to be injured, ruined, become loose, slip off as a garment, grow lean and weak, expand, blossom, become soft and mashy as over-boiled rice, lack cohesion as earth wet by rain, melt, relent as the heart in pity, exude, flow out (as tears from the eyes, milk from the breast), be reduced to powder, give way, yield as to the axe in cutting, forsake; (-pp-, -tt-) to make loose, relax, cause to expand or open as a blossom, separate, detach, crush, bruise, discharge as an arrow; nekiẓcci loosening, slackening; tenderness of feeling; neku (nekuv-, nekk-) to become soft, relaxed, loosened, soaked and ready to break, melt, relent (as the heart), slip off, be ruined, scattered, broken, be ground well, macerated; nekkal that which is relaxed, overripe fruit, anything rotten or decayed; nekku being soaked as the ground after rain, relaxing, dissolving, being broken in pieces; (?) nukai (-v-, -nt-) to become lax, loose (as a garment), become soft (as the earth from rain); (-pp-, -tt-) to relax, loosen, slacken, mitigate, soften
Tulu : (?) nuguruni
Tulu meaning : to loosen, slacken, make loose
Tulu derivates : nugupuni to loosen
Proto-Nilgiri : *nig-ĭ-
Notes : Tamil nukai, Tulu nuguruni probably do not belong here.
Number in DED : 2923
Proto-South Dravidian : *ne(g)g-
Meaning : full; to fill up
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : nikakka, nikaḷuka, nikaẓuka
Malayalam meaning : to fill up as a hole
Malayalam derivates : nikappu filling up, levelling; nikattuka, nikarttuka to fill up, level, mend, perfect; nikaẓttuka to fulfil
Kannada : nigi
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) to fill a hole
Tulu : neggi, neggya, niggyụ, niggya
Tulu meaning : full, complete
Tulu derivates : nigiyuni to be levelled, be filled up as a pit; nigipuni to level; nigipāvuni to cause to level; nugiyuni, nuggiyuni to be filled up; nugipuni, nugupuni to fill up, as a pit
Number in DED : 3658
Proto-South Dravidian : *ne(g)g-
Meaning : to suffer
Tamil : neku (nekuv-, nekk-)
Tamil meaning : to suffer, be distressed
Kannada : negaru
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) to suffer in sickbed
Tulu : neggi, negi
Tulu meaning : shyness, shame
Tulu derivates : (B-K) nigarụ, negarụ to linger as a sick person
Proto-Nilgiri : *neg-
Number in DED : 3733
Proto-South Dravidian : *ńegiẓ-
Meaning : firebrand
Tamil : ñekiẓi
Tamil meaning : firebrand, piece of wood used for kindling fire by friction, fire, fuel
Tamil derivates : nekiẓi fire; nekiṭi fire lighted to give warmth or keep off wild beasts
Number in DED : 2924
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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