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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kup-
Meaning : to leap, jump
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuppur_u (kuppur_uv-, kuppur_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to traverse, cross, leap or spring across; fall headlong
Kannada : kuppu
Kannada meaning : to leap, jump, leap over, join the feet together and jump
Kannada derivates : kupparisu, kuppaḷisu to fix the feet together and jump, jump over; lift up and throw to the ground; kuppisu to cause (an animal) to jump with joined feet; kippari to jump
Proto-Nilgiri : *kup
Number in DED : 1736
Proto-South Dravidian : *KUpaḷ-
Meaning : bubble, blister
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koppaḷam, koppuḷ, koppuḷam
Tamil meaning : bubble; pustule, blister
Tamil derivates : koppaḷi (-pp-, -tt-), koppuḷi (-pp-, -tt-) to blister, rise in bubbles (as water), puff out the cheeks and blow; koppūẓ pustule, blister; kumiẓ (-pp-, -tt-) to be spherical or conical, form into bubble; kumiẓppu bubbling up; kumiẓi bubble; (-pp-, -tt-) to bubble, rise in bubbles or pustules
Malayalam : koppuḷ
Malayalam meaning : bubble, pustule
Malayalam derivates : kumaḷa, kumiḷa, kuvaḷa bubble; kumaḷekka to bubble up
Kannada : kuppaḷisu
Kannada meaning : to blister
Kannada derivates : (Tipt.) gɔbbe bubble
Tulu : gobbuli
Tulu meaning : bubble
Number in DED : 2106
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-
Meaning : to be emaciated, shrink
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : koragu
Kannada meaning : to become deprived of juice or sapless, shrivel, be emaciated, wane, sorrow; n. sorrow
Kannada derivates : koraṭu, koraṇṭu the state of being checked in growth or stunted
Tulu : kuruṇṭuni, kuraṇṭuni, kurluni
Tulu meaning : to contract, shrivel, sink in
Tulu derivates : kuruṇṭu, kurlụ contraction; (B-K) koraguni to wane, sorrow
Number in DED : 1778
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-
Meaning : pustule, boil
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuru
Tamil meaning : pustule, blister, any eruptive disease such as smallpox, measles, boil, sore, prickly heat, horripilation
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to appear, break out (as prickly heat); kuruppu pimple
Malayalam : kuru
Malayalam meaning : pustule, boil, smallpox
Malayalam derivates : kurukka to break out as smallpox; kuruppu smallpox
Kannada : kuru, kuruvu
Kannada meaning : a protuberance or excrescence on the body, a boil
Tulu : kuri
Tulu meaning : a boil
Tulu derivates : kurni sore on the eyelid
Number in DED : 1780
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-
Meaning : nut, seed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuru
Tamil meaning : nut
Malayalam : kuru
Malayalam meaning : kernel, nut, esp. of jackfruit
Kodagu : kuru
Kodagu meaning : seed (esp. of jackfruit)
Kodagu derivates : nellɨ kuru rice with husk, paddy
Number in DED : 1781
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-
Meaning : brilliant, beautiful
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuru
Tamil meaning : brilliancy, lustre, effulgence
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to glisten; kuruku, kuruttu whiteness; kurumai lustre, brightness; ? kuricil illustrious person
Proto-Nilgiri : *kur-
Number in DED : 1782
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-
Meaning : young
Tamil : kuruku
Tamil meaning : young of an animal
Tamil derivates : kuruman_ the young of certain animals and birds; kuruttu, kuruntu sprout, white tender leaves of a tree, shoots of grain; kuruḷai young of certain animals, young of a snake, child; kurumpai immature coconuts or palmyra nuts, fruit buds; (NTD) kurumpal immature coconut or palmyra nut
Malayalam : kurukka
Malayalam meaning : to sprout, shoot
Malayalam derivates : kurikka breaking out like efflorescence; kurikku, kurukku young fruit; kuruttu, kurunnu sprout, shoot; kuruppu sprouting; kurumpa tender young coconut
Kannada : kuruṇe
Kannada meaning : tenderness
Kannada derivates : kurube, kurumbe a tender young coconut; (Bark., LSB; Hav.) kuruḷe plantain sprout
Tulu : kurulè, kurlè
Tulu meaning : a tender plantain tree, a young pig, the fresh shoots of grain, (B-K) a baby
Proto-Nilgiri : *kur-
Number in DED : 1791
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUr-
Meaning : mud
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kuraññi
Malayalam meaning : mire, mud, fine clay
Proto-Nilgiri : *kor
Number in DED : 2123
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUr-ai-
Meaning : to bark; to cough
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kurai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to bark, jubilate, shout; n. noise, roar, shout
Tamil derivates : kuraippu noise; kukkal, kukkan_ dog
Malayalam : kura
Malayalam meaning : disagreeable sound, cough, barking
Malayalam derivates : kurekka to cough, bark, hem; kūrkka, kūrkkam, kūrkku snoring, war-cry, roar
Kannada : kure
Kannada meaning : an imitative sound
Kannada derivates : kure kure a sound used in calling a dog
Kodagu : kora- (korap-, korat-)
Kodagu meaning : to bark
Kodagu derivates : kūke a snore; kūke bali- to snore
Tulu : korapuni, korepini, korepuni
Tulu meaning : to bark, roar
Tulu derivates : korejuni to make a noise
Proto-Nilgiri : *kor-äp-
Number in DED : 1796
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUral-
Meaning : voice; throat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kural
Tamil meaning : voice, word, throat, windpipe
Tamil derivates : kuravai chorus of shrill sound made by women on festive occasions
Malayalam : kural, kuraḷ
Malayalam meaning : sound, voice, throat, neck of palm tree
Malayalam derivates : kurava shouting (esp. of women)
Kannada : koral, koraḷ, korḷu, koḷ, koḷḷu
Kannada meaning : sound, voice, throat, neck
Kannada derivates : koralcu to call or cry out; kural to cry, shout
Kodagu : kora
Kodagu meaning : gullet, windpipe
Tulu : kurelụ
Tulu meaning : nape of the neck
Tulu derivates : (B-K) kuralụ, koralụ humming of a tune, responding to a call
Number in DED : 1774
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-aŋ-
Meaning : to bend, incline
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuraŋku (kuraŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to bend, incline, droop, wither, hang down, dangle, repose, diminish; n. bending, inclining
Tamil derivates : kuŋku (kuŋki-) to decrease, diminish, sink, be humbled; kūr (-v-, -nt-) to bend (intr.), contract with cold
Malayalam : kuŋkuka
Malayalam meaning : to sink low
Malayalam derivates : kuñcuka to stoop, bow
Kannada : kuggu, kuŋgu, kuñcu, kurgu
Kannada meaning : to sink, become low, be bent down, be depressed, crouch, decrease, cease or stop (as a voice or speech)
Kannada derivates : kuggisu, kurgisu to cause to be depressed, etc.; kurgu state of being bent, etc., a hump; kuẓgu to contort, shrink
Tulu : kugguni
Tulu meaning : to be humbled, depressed, sink
Proto-Nilgiri : *kūg
Number in DED : 1767
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUraŋ-
Meaning : monkey
Tamil : kuraŋku
Tamil meaning : monkey, ape
Tamil derivates : kuraŋkan_ mischievous fellow, as a monkey; kōnti ape (< Te.)
Malayalam : kuraŋŋu, (hon.) kuraŋŋan
Malayalam meaning : monkey, chiefly macaco
Kannada : koraŋgi, kōti
Kannada meaning : monkey
Tulu : kuraŋga, kōti
Tulu meaning : monkey
Proto-Nilgiri : *korǝŋ
Notes : The kōti forms are unclear; probably not related here.
Number in DED : 1769
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur-āl
Meaning : owl
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kurāl
Tamil meaning : a kind of owl
Number in DED : 1777
Proto-South Dravidian : *kurk-
Meaning : a k. of basket
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kukke, kukki
Kannada meaning : small basket made of bamboo
Tulu : kukke
Tulu meaning : basket
Tulu derivates : kurkilụ a kind of basket
Proto-Nilgiri : *kik
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) coṭṭa kurkeli a small basket
Number in DED : 1629
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuruḍ-
Meaning : blind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuruṭu (in cpds. kuruṭṭu-)
Tamil meaning : blindness, dimness in gems, wrong side of a cloth
Tamil derivates : kuruṭan_ blind man; fem. kuruṭi
Malayalam : kuruṭu
Malayalam meaning : blindness
Malayalam derivates : kuruṭan blind man; fem. kuruṭi, kuruṭicci
Kannada : kuruḍu, kuraḍu, kuḍḍu, kuruḷu
Kannada meaning : blindness
Kannada derivates : kuruḍa, kuraḍa, kuḍḍa blind man; fem. kuruḍi, kuraḍi, kuḍḍi
Kodagu : kurɨḍ
Kodagu meaning : (Shanmugam) blind
Kodagu derivates : kurɨḍë a blind man; fem. kurɨḍi
Tulu : kuruḍu, kuruḍa, kurḍu
Tulu meaning : blind
Tulu derivates : kuruḍe, kurḍe, kurute blind man
Proto-Nilgiri : *kurḍ-
Number in DED : 1787
Proto-South Dravidian : *kurud-
Meaning : blood, red liquid
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuruti
Tamil meaning : blood, red colour
Malayalam : kuruti
Malayalam meaning : blood
Kannada : kurudi
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) coloured red water
Tulu : kurdi (BRR), kurudi (Bhattacharya)
Tulu meaning : red liquid prepared by mixing turmeric and lime, used for auspicious purposes
Number in DED : 1788
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuruḷ-
Meaning : to curl
Tamil : kuruḷ (kuruḷv-, kuruṇṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to curl (intr.); n. curl, lock of hair, woman's hair
Tamil derivates : kural, kūral woman's hair, feathers
Malayalam : kuruḷ, kur_uḷ
Malayalam meaning : curls
Kannada : kuruḷ, kurḷu
Kannada meaning : curl, lock of hair, hair
Tulu : kurumbilụ
Tulu meaning : curled hair
Number in DED : 1794
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur_-
Meaning : tribal name
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kur_am
Tamil meaning : Kur_ava tribe, palmistry as practised by Kur_ava women
Tamil derivates : kur_avan_ man of a caste of fowlers, snake-catchers, basket-makers, and fortune-tellers; fem. kur_atti, kur_avi, kur_avañci; kur_avāṇar the Kur_ava tribe of the mountain; kur_iñci hilly tract; kur_icci village in the hilly tract; village; kur_umpar petty chieftains; an aboriginal tribe; hunters; a caste of shepherds who weave blankets; kur_umpu petty chieftains; a class of savages supposed to form a part of the aborigines of south India; village
Malayalam : kur_avan
Malayalam meaning : wandering tribe of basket-makers, snake-catchers, and gipsies
Malayalam derivates : kur_icci hill country; kur_icciyan a hill tribe; kur_umpan shepherd; caste of mountaineers in Wayanāḍu; kur_uppu a chief
Kannada : kor_ava, kor_ama
Kannada meaning : man of a now settled tribe who make blankets, mats, etc., are musicians, etc.
Kannada derivates : fem. kor_avañji, kor_avati, kor_aviti (commonly fortune-tellers); kor_aca a thievish wandering hill tribe that sell wooden combs, etc.; kur_uba man of the shepherd caste; kur_umba a caste of mountaineers; kur_ike village
Kodagu : kurubë
Kodagu meaning : shepherd; (Shanmugam) Kuruba caste man
Kodagu derivates : fem. kurubati
Tulu : korage
Tulu meaning : man of a tribe that feeds on carrion and whose women wear leaves
Tulu derivates : fem. korapaḷu; koraji, koraju a serpent charmer; kurube shepherd
Proto-Nilgiri : *kur-
Number in DED : 1844
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur_-
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kur_u (kur_uv-, kur_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to pound in a mortar, husk
Tamil derivates : kur_r_u (kur_r_i-) to pound, strike, hit, crush (as lice)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kur_-
Number in DED : 1850
Proto-South Dravidian : *kur_-
Meaning : small
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kur_u
Tamil meaning : short, dwarfish, defective
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to become short, contract, shrink; kur_umai shortness, dwarfishness, defectiveness; kur_uku (kur_uki-) to grow short, stumpy, dwarfish, shrink, be reduced, decrease; kur_ukku (kur_ukki-) to shorten, reduce, abbreviate; n. shortness of distance, contraction; kur_ukkam shortness, abbreviation; kur_ukkal reduction, contraction; kur_ukal that which is short; kur_ai (-v-, -nt-) to diminish, dwindle, be reduced, prove insufficient, be defective, droop in affliction, languish from worries, lose courage, suffer defeat; (-pp-, -tt-) to lessen, shorten; n. deficiency, defect, poverty; kur_aiccal deficiency, scarcity, disparagement; kur_aivu lack, deficiency, defect, small quantity, poverty; kur_aẓ (-v-, -nt-) to stoop, bend low; kur_aḷ, kur_il shortness, dwarfishness, smallness; kur_aḷan_ dwarf; fem. kur_aḷi; kur_aḷai dwarfishness, poverty; kur_iyōn_ person of short stature; kur_r_am fault, defect, reproach; kur_r_i stump; kur_r_-uyir state of being half-dead; kun_r_u (kun_r_i-) to decrease, become reduced, droop, languish, become stunted; n. deficiency; kun_r_al diminishing; kuñcam, kuñcan_ a dwarf
Malayalam : kur_u
Malayalam meaning : short, little, brief
Malayalam derivates : kur_utu, kur_iyatu what is short; kur_u nari, kur_ukkan jackal; kur_uka to grow short, be abridged, thicken by boiling; kur_ukku what is short; kur_ukkuka to shorten, diminish, boil down, contract, pull in; kur_uppam shortness; kur_umpu infant; kur_a want, defect, blemish, disgrace; kur_ayuka to dwindle, sink in price, be deficient, short, little; kur_accal want, scarcity; kur_avu deficiency, disgrace; kur_aya, kur_ē little, less, minus; kur_ekka to diminish, lower, disgrace; kur_aḷ shortness; kur_aḷan dwarf; kur_r_am defect, fault, crime; kur_r_i stump, peg
Kannada : kur_u
Kannada meaning : smallness
Kannada derivates : kur_ukuḷi a detractor; kur_ugaṇi state of being diminished, grown short, or worsted; kur_ucu, kur_aci, kūcu, guccu, gujju, gujja smallness, dwarfishness; gujja a dwarf; kur_aḷ shortness, littleness; kor_ate, kor_ante state of being curtailed, deficiency, want, defect, fault; kor_e to grow little or less or short, diminish; n. smallness, shortness, deficiency, defect, remainder; kutta defect, deficiency, fault, trouble, disease; kuttu that is small, etc.; kundu to become small, little, less, become lean, decrease, wane, sink under affliction, faint, cease; n. decrease, deficiency, defect, want, fault, dejection; kundaka defect; kunduvike, kunduha decreasing, etc.; (Hav.) kudka jackal
Kodagu : koru, koravu
Kodagu meaning : defect, deficiency
Kodagu derivates : korate diminishing; kurkë jackal
Tulu : kuru
Tulu meaning : little, small
Tulu derivates : kudike jackal, fox; kora brief, short; korati, koratè defect, want, need; kuccaṭụ shortness, smallness; short, small; kutta sickness; kuddya, kudya shortness; short, small, dwarfish; (B-K) kudke fox; kundu deficiency, defect, fault, want, loss; kunduni to decrease, be reduced, fade, be boiled down; kundāvuni to reduce, boil down, repress; kundelụ deficiency (as in the measurement of grain, etc.); kundri little, small, short; koṭakoṭa deficient, short, little
Proto-Nilgiri : *kur_-
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kudke fox; kudde dwarf
Number in DED : 1851
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