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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Kud-
Meaning : to jump
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuti (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to jump, leap, bound, frolic, leap over, escape from, splash (as water), spurt out; n. jump, leap
Tamil derivates : kutippu leaping
Malayalam : kuti
Malayalam meaning : leap, gallop
Malayalam derivates : kutikka to jump, skip, boil, bubble up; kutukkuka to take a spring in order to leap
Kannada : gudi
Kannada meaning : to jump, stamp, make a noise with the feet
Kannada derivates : kuduku to trot; n. trotting; (Hav. S.) gudɨku to jump
Tulu : guttu
Tulu meaning : a leap, jump; a stride
Number in DED : 1705
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUḍ-a-
Meaning : a k. of plant
Tamil : kuṭacam, kuṭaca-ppālai
Tamil meaning : Conessi bark, Holarrhena antidysenterica
Malayalam : kuṭaka-ppāla
Malayalam meaning : Echites pubescens
Kannada : koḍasige, koḍisigu, korisigu, kuruṭiga
Kannada meaning : Wrightia antidysenterica R. Br.
Tulu : kuḍeñji-mara
Tulu meaning : Wrightia antidysenterica R. Br.
Number in DED : 1650
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUḍag-
Meaning : Coorg
Tamil : kuṭakam, kuṭaku
Tamil meaning : Coorg
Tamil derivates : kuṭakku west; adj. kuṭa
Malayalam : kuṭakam, kuṭaku, koṭaku
Malayalam meaning : Coorg
Malayalam derivates : kuṭakan, kuṭavan Coorg man
Kannada : koḍagu
Kannada meaning : Coorg
Kannada derivates : koḍaga Coorg man
Kodagu : koḍavɨ
Kodagu meaning : Coorg
Kodagu derivates : koḍavë Coorg man; fem. koḍavati
Tulu : koḍagu
Tulu meaning : Coorg
Tulu derivates : koḍage Coorg man
Number in DED : 1649
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUḍ-ai
Tamil : kuṭai
Tamil meaning : umbrella, parasol, canopy
Malayalam : kuṭa
Malayalam meaning : umbrella
Kannada : koḍe
Kannada meaning : umbrella, parasol
Kodagu : koḍe
Kodagu meaning : umbrella
Tulu : koḍè
Tulu meaning : umbrella
Proto-Nilgiri : *koḍä
Number in DED : 1663
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUdal-
Meaning : to prattle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kutalai
Tamil meaning : lisp, prattle of children, soft talk (as of young girls); simpleton
Tamil derivates : kutalaimai indistinctness as in child's prattle; kutaṭṭu (kutaṭṭi-) to babble, prattle
Kannada : kodalu, kodlu
Kannada meaning : to hesitate in speaking, stammer, mutter with the omission of a syllable; n. (also koḍal) act of stammering
Kannada derivates : kodala stammerer
Tulu : koddè, goddè
Tulu meaning : stammering, lisping
Proto-Nilgiri : *kodǝl
Number in DED : 1702
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḍ-i-
Meaning : to drink
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuṭi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to drink, inhale; n. drinking, beverage, drunkenness
Tamil derivates : kuṭiyan_ drunkard
Malayalam : kuṭi
Malayalam meaning : drinking, water drunk after meals, soaking
Malayalam derivates : kuṭikka to drink, swallow; kuṭippikka to give to drink, soak; kuṭiyan drunkard
Kannada : kuḍi
Kannada meaning : to drink, inhale; n. drinking
Kannada derivates : kuḍisu to cause to drink; kuḍika, kuḍaka drinker, drunkard; kuḍita, kuḍata drinking, a draught; kuḍu, kuḍiyuvike drinking
Kodagu : kuḍi- (kuḍip-, kuḍic-)
Kodagu meaning : to drink
Tulu : kuḍcuni
Tulu meaning : to drink excessively, swallow liquor
Tulu derivates : kuḍcelụ, kuḍicelụ drunkenness; kuḍcele, kuḍicele drunkard
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuḍ-
Number in DED : 1654
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḍ-i
Meaning : house, hut, family
Tamil : kuṭi
Tamil meaning : house, abode, home, family, lineage, town, tenants
Tamil derivates : kuṭikai hut made of leaves, temple; kuṭical hut; kuṭicai; kuṭiñai small hut, cottage; kuṭimai family, lineage, allegiance (as of subjects to their sovereign), servitude; kuṭiy-āḷ tenant; kuṭiyilār tenants; kuṭil hut, shed, abode; kuṭaŋkar hut, cottage; kaṭumpu relations
Malayalam : kuṭi
Malayalam meaning : house, hut, family, wife, tribe
Malayalam derivates : kuṭima the body of landholders, tenantry; kuṭiyan slaves (e. g. in Coorg); kuṭiyān inhabitant, subject, tenant; kuṭiññil hut, thatch; kuṭil hut, outhouse near palace for menials
Kannada : kuḍiya, kuḍu
Kannada meaning : śūdra, farmer
Kodagu : kuḍi
Kodagu meaning : family of servants living in one hut
Kodagu derivates : kuḍië man of toddy-tapper caste
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuḍ-
Number in DED : 1655
Proto-South Dravidian : *kudir-
Meaning : to settle, establish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kutir (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be settled, determined, fixed up
Malayalam : kutir
Malayalam meaning : small mounds of earth in ricefields, on which the rice is sown and after it is grown sufficiently, is transplanted with a hoe
Kannada : kuduru
Kannada meaning : to settle, recover from illness, be set, arranged, fixed, settled, set right, be reformed, become firm, resolute, prosper, succeed; n. (also kudri) settlement, symmetry, orderliness, health, a garden bed, a rim preventing grain flying out of a mortar, a ring of cord to prevent a pot from rolling over
Tulu : kuduruni
Tulu meaning : to recover from sickness
Tulu derivates : kudi fixed, settled
Proto-Nilgiri : *kud-
Number in DED : 1709
Proto-South Dravidian : *kudir-ai
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kutirai
Tamil meaning : horse; cock of a gun
Malayalam : kutira
Malayalam meaning : horse, cavalry
Kannada : kudire, kudure, kudare
Kannada meaning : horse, a knight at chess; cock of a gun
Kodagu : kudɨre
Kodagu meaning : horse
Tulu : kudurè
Tulu meaning : horse; lock of a gun, (B-K.) catch of an umbrella; (B-K.) grasshopper
Proto-Nilgiri : *kudir[ä]
Number in DED : 1711
Proto-South Dravidian : *kujil-/*kugil-
Meaning : cuckoo
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuyil
Tamil meaning : koel, Indian cuckoo, Eudynamis honorata
Tamil derivates : (kuyilv-, kuyin_r_-) to call, whoop, halloo; utter, tell; kuyir_r_u (kuyir_r_i-) to tell, utter
Malayalam : kuyil, kuẓil
Malayalam meaning : Indian cuckoo, Cuculus or E. orientalis
Kannada : kukil
Kannada meaning : cuckoo; vb. to cry as a cuckoo
Kannada derivates : kūgula (Kumt.; U.P.U.) cuckoo
Tulu : kōgilè, kōjilè, (B-K) kuyilụ
Tulu meaning : cuckoo
Number in DED : 1764
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuk-
Meaning : to sit, squat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kukku (kukki-)
Tamil meaning : to sit on one's legs, squat
Kannada : kukkarisu
Kannada meaning : to squat
Tulu : kuŋkuru
Tulu meaning : going on hands and legs, as an infant
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) kokkaru-kuḷḷu to sit on the half-bended knees
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuk-
Number in DED : 1628
Proto-South Dravidian : *kul-
Meaning : cluster, bunch of fruits
Tamil : kulai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to shoot forth in a bunch (as a plantain); n. cluster, bunch (as of fruits, flowers)
Tamil derivates : kuluŋku (kuluŋki-) to be full, abundant (Asher-Radhakrishnan, p. 65)
Malayalam : kula
Malayalam meaning : bunch (esp. of coconuts and plantains, also of flowers)
Malayalam derivates : kulekka to bear fruit
Kannada : gole, gone
Kannada meaning : cluster or bunch of fruits (plantains, mangoes, grapes, coconuts, etc.)
Kannada derivates : konar(u) to get shoots, sprout; n. shoot, sprout, new branch
Kodagu : kola- (kolap-, kolat-)
Kodagu meaning : (plant) shoots against (one who planted it; in a proverb)
Kodagu derivates : kole bunch of plantains
Tulu : gonè
Tulu meaning : a bunch of fruits (as plantains, coconuts)
Tulu derivates : (B-K) kile, kīle a bunch
Proto-Nilgiri : *Kon
Notes : The forms with initial g- and inlaut -n- are irregular; contamination?
Number in DED : 1810
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḷ-
Meaning : tank, pond
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuḷam
Tamil meaning : tank, reservoir, lake
Malayalam : kuḷam
Malayalam meaning : tank
Kannada : koḷa, koḷahe, koṇa
Kannada meaning : pond
Tulu : kuḷa
Tulu meaning : tank, pond
Number in DED : 1828
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḷ-
Meaning : to bathe, wash
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuḷi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to bathe, wash one's body up to the neck, take purificatory bath after menstruation, dive for pearls; n. bath, ablution, diving
Tamil derivates : kuḷippu, kuḷiyal washing, bathing
Malayalam : kuḷi
Malayalam meaning : bathing, ablution
Malayalam derivates : kuḷikka to wash, bathe, plunge into water
Kodagu : kuḷi- (kuḷip-, kuḷic-)
Kodagu meaning : to take bath
Kodagu derivates : kuḷipëkɨ menstruation (lit. need to bathe); kuḷi mane menstrual hut; (Shanmugam) kuḷip bathing; kuḷiyame pregnancy (lit. need not to bathe)
Tulu : kuḷuŋkuni
Tulu meaning : to wet, moisten
Tulu derivates : koḷambè bath (comm. by K.)
Number in DED : 1832
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḷ-
Meaning : cool
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuḷir (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to feel cool (as breeze), be cool, refreshing, get numbed (as in death); n. coldness, chilliness, ague, shivering
Tamil derivates : kuḷircci, kuḷirtti, kuḷutti coolness, cold, act of cooling or refreshing, numbness (as in death); kuḷirppu, kuḷirmai, kuḷumai coolness, kindness; kuḷiri a fan; kuḷḷa-kkuḷir- to be intensely cool and refreshing
Malayalam : kuḷir, kuḷur
Malayalam meaning : coldness, cool, refreshing
Malayalam derivates : kuḷiruka to be chilly, refreshed; kuḷirma freshness; kuḷirppu, kuḷuppam chilliness; kuḷirppikka to chill, quiet, refresh, comfort; kuḷukuḷu intense cold
Kannada : kuḷir
Kannada meaning : to be cool or cold; n. coldness, coolness, cold, snow, frost
Kodagu : kuḷɨ- (kuḷɨp-, kuḷɨt-)
Kodagu meaning : cold feeling is
Kodagu derivates : kuḷɨrɨ kāla cold season
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuḷ-
Number in DED : 1834
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḷ-
Meaning : to sit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuḷir (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to sit, rest; n. sitting, resting
Kannada : kuḷir, kuḷḷir, kuḷḷu, kuṇḍru, kuṇḍaru, kūḍru, kūḍaru
Kannada meaning : to bend, stoop, squat, sit down
Tulu : kuḷḷuni
Tulu meaning : to sit, sit down, lodge, dwell
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) kuḷupu to sit
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kulalɨ, (T) kullɨ, (M) koḷḷanɨ to sit
Number in DED : 1835
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḷ-
Meaning : short; dwarf
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuḷḷam, kuḷḷal
Tamil meaning : shortness in stature, dwarfishness
Tamil derivates : kuḷḷa-nari jackal; kuḷḷan_ short, undersized man; fem. kuḷḷi; kūḷi dwarfishness, shortness
Malayalam : kuḷḷan
Malayalam meaning : short man, dwarf
Malayalam derivates : fem. kuḷḷi; kūḷan young, short, stunted
Kannada : kuḷḷu
Kannada meaning : shortness
Kannada derivates : kuḷḷa a short man
Kodagu : kuḷḷë
Kodagu meaning : (Shanmugam) a short man
Kodagu derivates : fem. kuḷḷi
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuḷ
Number in DED : 1839
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kul-
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kulavu (kulavi-)
Tamil meaning : to bend, curve; n. bend, curve
Number in DED : 2136
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUḷ-a-
Meaning : hoof
Tamil : kuḷampu
Tamil meaning : hoof
Malayalam : kuḷampu
Malayalam meaning : hoof
Kannada : koḷaga, koḷagu, koṇagu
Kannada meaning : hoof
Kannada derivates : (eastern dialects; LSB) koḷbu hoof
Proto-Nilgiri : *koḷǝg
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) kolanci, (T) koḷnci, (M) koḷci hoof
Number in DED : 1829
Proto-South Dravidian : *kUḷag-
Meaning : a k. of measure
Tamil : kuḷakam
Tamil meaning : a dry or liquid measure = 1/8 nāṛi
Malayalam : koḷakam
Malayalam meaning : a measure of 50 Iḍaŋgāṛis in Wayanāḍu
Kannada : koḷaga, kuḷa
Kannada meaning : a measure of capacity = 4 boḷḷas
Kodagu : koḷaka
Kodagu meaning : (Shanmugam) a measure of capacity
Tulu : koḷaga
Tulu meaning : a measure of grain
Miscellaneous : Cf. Toda kwāx.
Number in DED : 1827
Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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