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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōl-
Meaning : beauty, form, figure
Tamil : kōlam
Tamil meaning : beauty, colour, form, shape, costume, attire as worn by actors, ornament
Malayalam : kōlam
Malayalam meaning : form, figure (chiefly of masks, dresses); idol, body, beauty
Kannada : kōla
Kannada meaning : ornament, decoration, form, figure (chiefly of masks, dresses, etc.)
Tulu : kōla
Tulu meaning : a devil-dance
Number in DED : 2240
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōḷ-
Meaning : calumny
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōḷ
Tamil meaning : calumny, aspersion, tale-bearing, falsehood
Tamil derivates : kōḷan_ tale-bearer; koḷuttu (koḷutti-) to slander, calumniate; koṇṭi, koṇṭiyam tale-bearing, backbiting; kuṇṭani, kuṇṭuṇi slander, calumny
Malayalam : kuṇṭaṇi
Malayalam meaning : backbiting
Kannada : kōḷ
Kannada meaning : calumny, false imputation
Kannada derivates : koṇḍeya, koṇḍe, koṇḍega backbiting, calumny, slander, abuse, an informer, slanderer, defamer; koṇḍisu to slander, defame
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōḷ
Number in DED : 2251
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōl-i
Meaning : sp. privet
Tamil : kōli
Tamil meaning : sp. privet, Ligustrum perrotettii
Kannada : kōli
Kannada meaning : (Lush.) sp. privet, Ligustrum neilgherrense
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōl_-ĭ
Number in DED : 2245
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōmaḷ-
Meaning : to romp; to jest
Tamil : kōmāḷam
Tamil meaning : romping as of fat bullocks
Tamil derivates : kōmāḷi buffoon, jester; kummāḷam jumping, romping, moving sportively (as children, calves, etc.); kummaṭṭi romping, jumping
Malayalam : kōmāḷam
Malayalam meaning : jesting
Malayalam derivates : kōmāḷi jester
Tulu : kōpāro
Tulu meaning : (?) (B-K) jesting, buffoonery
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōmāḷ-
Number in DED : 2222
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōmaṭ-
Meaning : a k. of tribe
Tamil : kōmaṭṭi
Tamil meaning : Telugu-speaking merchant caste
Malayalam : kōmaṭṭi
Malayalam meaning : a tribe of Lingaite merchants, e. g. in Wayanāḍu
Kannada : kōmaṭi, kōmaṭiga
Kannada meaning : a Vaisya shopkeeper
Tulu : kōmaṭi, kōmaṭige
Tulu meaning : a class of merchants
Number in DED : 2220
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōṇ
Meaning : corner; crooked
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōṇ
Tamil meaning : crookedness, angle, crossness of disposition
Tamil derivates : kōṇu (kōṇi-) to be bent, curved, be crooked, deviate, be perverse; kōṇam curve, curvature, scimitar, angle, corner; kōṇal obliquity, hump, crookedness (as of mind); kōṇan_ humpback; kōṇai curvature, crookedness, cruelty; kuṇaku (kuṇaki-) to become bent, crooked; kuṇakku (kuṇakki-) to bend (tr.); n. crookedness, curvature, crossness; kuṇalai bending of the body through bashfulness; kuṇukku (kuṇukki-) to bend (tr.)
Malayalam : kōṇ
Malayalam meaning : corner, angle
Malayalam derivates : kōṇuka to bend (intr.); kōṇam corner; kōṇi corner of a piazza
Kannada : kōṇ, kōṇa, kōṇe, kōna
Kannada meaning : angle, corner
Tulu : kōṇa, kōṇè
Tulu meaning : angle, corner
Tulu derivates : kōŋgaṇṇụ a squint eye
Proto-Nilgiri : *gōṇ
Notes : PN *g- irregular; has to be explained yet.
Number in DED : 2209
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōnṭ-
Meaning : corner
Tamil : kōṭi
Tamil meaning : corner
Malayalam : kōṭi, kōṭu
Malayalam meaning : corner
Kannada : gōṭu
Kannada meaning : angle, corner, point of the compass, edge
Kannada derivates : gōṇṭu corner, etc., point of the compass
Tulu : kōḍi
Tulu meaning : corner
Tulu derivates : kōṇṭu angle, corner, crook
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōnṭ-
Notes : Kannada g- probably by analogy with gōṭu 'border'.
Number in DED : 2054
Proto-South Dravidian : *Kōr-
Meaning : to eat (?)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kōruka
Malayalam meaning : to eat greedily
Kannada : koḷḷu
Kannada meaning : (Hav. S., p. 78) to drink
Number in DED : 2233
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōr-/*kUsar-
Meaning : to desire, wish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōru (kōri-)
Tamil meaning : to request, wish
Tamil derivates : kōrikkai request, wish; kocur_u, kucar anything extra obtained from a shopkeeper as a bargain
Malayalam : kōr_uka
Malayalam meaning : to wish, hope, purpose, think
Malayalam derivates : kōr_u a wish
Kannada : kōr_u, kōru
Kannada meaning : to purpose, think, wish, desire
Kannada derivates : kōr_ike wishing, desiring; kosaru to demand an article gratis or into the bargain; be greedy, desire, hanker; n. anything asked for and given to boot; eagerness, cupidity; kosarike hankering after, desire
Tulu : kōruni
Tulu meaning : to desire, hope, expect
Tulu derivates : kōrikè, kōrigè hope, desire, wish; kusuri, kusri, kosarụ anything given to boot when a person buys commodities
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōr-
Number in DED : 2232
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōr_-
Meaning : to scratch
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōr_ai
Tamil meaning : a scratch, as on the body
Malayalam : kōr_uka
Malayalam meaning : to tear the flesh by thorns
Malayalam derivates : kōr_u cutting, tearing
Kannada : kōr_e
Kannada meaning : cutting, sharpness, pointedness; a tusk, fang
Kannada derivates : gōr_u to scratch
Kodagu : kōre
Kodagu meaning : tusk of elephant or boar
Tulu : kōruni, gōruni
Tulu meaning : (?) to dig out or up
Number in DED : 2257
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōṬ-
Meaning : buffoon; pleasantry
Tamil : kōṭṭi
Tamil meaning : pleasantry, joke, mimicry, grotesque gestures
Tamil derivates : kōṇaŋki clown in a play
Malayalam : kōṭṭi, gōṣṭhi
Malayalam meaning : grimaces, pranks
Malayalam derivates : kōṭaŋki buffoon, harlequin
Kannada : kōḍaŋgi
Kannada meaning : buffoon, harlequin
Tulu : koḍaŋgye
Tulu meaning : buffoon, harlequin
Number in DED : 2206
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōṭ-ai
Meaning : fort
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōṭṭai
Tamil meaning : fort, castle
Tamil derivates : kōṭu stronghold
Malayalam : kōṭṭa
Malayalam meaning : fort, residence
Malayalam derivates : kōṭu fort
Kannada : kōṭe
Kannada meaning : fort, rampart
Kannada derivates : (PBh.) kōṇṭe fort
Kodagu : kōṭe
Kodagu meaning : palace
Tulu : kōṭè
Tulu meaning : fort
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōṭä
Number in DED : 2207
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōṭal-
Meaning : pain, distress
Tamil : kōṭṭālai
Tamil meaning : distress, torment
Tamil derivates : kōṭṭi trouble, vexation, annoyance
Malayalam : kōẓa
Malayalam meaning : (?) violence
Kannada : kōṭale, kōṭle
Kannada meaning : trouble, affliction, pain
Kannada derivates : kōṭaliga man who causes trouble
Tulu : kōṭalè
Tulu meaning : pain, sickness, hardship
Tulu derivates : ? kōra measles
Number in DED : 2204
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōv-
Meaning : crucible
Tamil : kuvai, kukai
Tamil meaning : crucible
Malayalam : kuva
Malayalam meaning : crucible
Kannada : kōve
Kannada meaning : crucible
Tulu : kōvè
Tulu meaning : crucible, mould
Number in DED : 1816
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōẓ-
Meaning : bashfulness, fear
Tamil : kōẓai
Tamil meaning : bashfulness, timidity; bashful person
Malayalam : kōẓa
Malayalam meaning : bashfulness
Kannada : kōḍu
Kannada meaning : to shrink, fear; n. shrinking, fear; a wonderful thing, wonder
Proto-Nilgiri : *koj- (?)
Number in DED : 2250
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōẓ-i
Meaning : fowl
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōẓi
Tamil meaning : gallinaceous fowl
Malayalam : kōẓi
Malayalam meaning : fowl
Kannada : kōẓi
Kannada meaning : a cock, a hen, a fowl in general
Kodagu : kōḷi
Kodagu meaning : fowl
Tulu : kōri, (B-K also) kōḷi
Tulu meaning : fowl
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōṛĭ
Number in DED : 2248
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuc-
Meaning : stump
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuccu
Tamil meaning : splinter, bit of stick, stalk
Tamil derivates : kucci splinter, peg, stick
Malayalam : kuccu
Malayalam meaning : chip, piece of straw
Kannada : kutti
Kannada meaning : (Hav.) stump
Tulu : kucci, kutti
Tulu meaning : the stump of a shrub
Number in DED : 1640
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḍ-
Meaning : pot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuṭam
Tamil meaning : waterpot, hub of a wheel
Tamil derivates : kuṭaŋkar waterpot; kuṭantam pot; kuṭantai Kumbakonam (old name); kuṭukkai coconut or other hard shell used as vessel, pitcher; kuṭikai ascetic's pitcher; kuṭuvai vessel with a small narrow mouth, pitcher of an ascetic
Malayalam : kuṭam
Malayalam meaning : waterpot
Malayalam derivates : kuṭukka shells (as of gourds) used as vessels, small cooking vessel with narrow mouth; kuṭuka, kuṭuva small vessel
Kannada : koḍa
Kannada meaning : earthen pitcher or pot
Kannada derivates : kuḍike small earthen, metal, or wood vessel; guḍuvana, guḍāṇa large water-vessel, used also for storing grain; earthen pot used for churning
Kodagu : kuḍike
Kodagu meaning : pot in which food (esp. rice) is cooked
Tulu : kuḍki, kuḍkè, guḍke
Tulu meaning : small earthen vessel
Proto-Nilgiri : *kuḍĭkǐ
Number in DED : 1651
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḍ-
Meaning : a k. of basket
Tamil : kuṭalai
Tamil meaning : long cylindrical basket of palmleaf, ring of wickerwork for a well, cover of palmleaf carried as protection against rain
Kannada : kuḍpu
Kannada meaning : (Gowda) small basket
Tulu : kuḍupu
Tulu meaning : a strainer made of wicker-work
Number in DED : 1653
Proto-South Dravidian : *kuḍ-
Meaning : to excavate; hole
Tamil : kuṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to work through as bees gathering honey, scoop, hollow out, bore, perforate, penetrate; n. anything hollow, ola basket for eating and drinking from
Tamil derivates : kuṭaivu hollow, cavity; kuṭā cavity, cavern; kuṭavu cave
Kannada : koḍe
Kannada meaning : to hollow, excavate, scoop, scrape out, remove with the finger or a pick (as ear-wax)
Kannada derivates : koḍacu, koḍasu to remove the ear-wax with the finger or with a pick, remove the impurities from out of a vessel by rubbing its inside with the hand; kuḍite, kuḍate, kuḍute palm of the hand, esp. hollowed or held as a cup; goḍagu, goḍugu hollow, hole; goṭ(a)ru hole, hollow in a wall, tree, etc.
Tulu : kuḍè, guḍè
Tulu meaning : a rat's hole
Proto-Nilgiri : *kud_-ĭ (?)
Miscellaneous : KOR (O goḍe a rat's hole
Number in DED : 1660
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