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South Dravidian etymology :

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Total of 4692 records 235 pages

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *koṭ-
Meaning : shed; house
Tamil : koṭṭakai
Tamil meaning : shed with sloping roofs, cow-stall; marriage pandal
Tamil derivates : koṭṭam cattle-shed; koṭṭil cow-stall, shed, hut; (STD) koṭambe feeding place for cattle
Malayalam : koṭṭil
Malayalam meaning : cowhouse, shed, workshop, house
Kannada : koṭṭage, koṭige, koṭṭige
Kannada meaning : stall or outhouse (esp. for cattle), barn, room
Kodagu : koṭṭɨ
Kodagu meaning : shed
Tulu : koṭṭa
Tulu meaning : hut or dwelling of Koragars
Tulu derivates : koṭya shed, stall
Number in DED : 2058
Proto-South Dravidian : *koṭ-
Meaning : to beat, strike
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koṭṭu (koṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to beat (as a drum, tambourine), hammer, beat (as a brazier), clap, strike with the palms, pound (as paddy); n. beat, stroke, drumbeat, time-measure
Tamil derivates : koṭṭān_, koṭṭan_ mallet; koṭṭi time-measure; koṭṭaṇam pounding or husking paddy; koṭu (-pp-, -tt-) to thrash, abuse roundly; koṭai blows, round abuse
Malayalam : koṭṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to beat so as to produce a sound (as drum, metals, bells), clap hands
Malayalam derivates : koṭṭu beating a drum, clapping hands, buffet, knocking of knees against each other; koṭṭi mallet; koṭṭaṇam beating the husk from paddy in a slovenly manner; koṭukka to flog
Kannada : koḍati, koḍanti
Kannada meaning : a wooden hammer
Kannada derivates : koṭṭaṇa beating the husk from paddy; koṭṭuha beating; kuḍu to beat
Kodagu : koṭṭ- (koṭṭi-)
Kodagu meaning : to tap, beat (drum)
Tulu : koḍapuni
Tulu meaning : to forge, hammer
Tulu derivates : koḍapāvuni to weld, forge together; (B-K) kuḍapu to hammer metallic objects; korpini to beat
Proto-Nilgiri : *koṭ-ǝk-
Number in DED : 2063
Proto-South Dravidian : *koṭ-
Meaning : to sting
Tamil : koṭṭu (koṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to sting (as a scorpion, wasp); n. stinging; hoe with short handle, weeding-hoe, spade
Tamil derivates : koṭukku sting of a wasp, hornet, scorpion, claws of a crab, lobster; tēṭ-koṭṭān_ a green insect whose touch produces the same sensation as a scorpion-sting; tēṭ-kuṭicci a black bee
Malayalam : koṭṭuka
Malayalam meaning : to sting (of scorpion)
Malayalam derivates : koṭukka scorpion's sting
Kannada : kuṭuku
Kannada meaning : to sting (as a scorpion)
Kannada derivates : kuḍuku to peck; kukku to peck, strike something with a stone, etc., in a pecking manner, dig up the ground slightly with a hoe; (Hav.) koḍappu to peck
Tulu : koḍapuni, (B-K) kuḍapu
Tulu meaning : to bite (as a serpent), peck, strike with the beack
Tulu derivates : kukkuli pecking; kukkuliyuni to peck; koṭṭu, koṭrè spade; (B-K) kuḍpoḷu a hornet
Proto-Nilgiri : *koṭ-ǝk-
Number in DED : 2064
Proto-South Dravidian : *koṭai
Meaning : seed, kernel
Tamil : koṭṭai
Tamil meaning : seed of any kind not enclosed in chaff or husk, nut, stone, kernel; testicles
Tamil derivates : (RS) koṭṭāŋ-kacci, koṭṭācci coconut shell
Malayalam : koṭṭa
Malayalam meaning : kernel of fruit, particularly of coconut, castor-oil seed
Kannada : koṭṭe
Kannada meaning : stone or kernel of fruit, esp. of mangoes
Kannada derivates : goṭṭa mango stone
Tulu : koṭṭè
Tulu meaning : kernel of a nut, testicles
Tulu derivates : koṭṭañji a fruit without flesh; koṭṭayi a dried areca-nut; goṭṭu kernel of a nut as coconut, almond, castor-oil seed
Proto-Nilgiri : *keṭ (?)
Notes : Kan. goṭṭa is due to contamination with *gUr_anṭ- 'kernel'.
Number in DED : 2069
Proto-South Dravidian : *koṭ-ai-
Meaning : jujube
Tamil : koṭṭaiy-ilantai
Tamil meaning : woody-fruited jujube, Zizyphus xylopyrus
Tamil derivates : koṇṭai jujube tree
Kannada : koṭṭa, koḍaci-giḍa, goḍaci-giḍa
Kannada meaning : Zizyphus xylopyrus Wild.
Tulu : koṭṭe-muḷḷu
Tulu meaning : Zizyphus xylopyrus Wild.
Number in DED : 2070
Proto-South Dravidian : *koẓ-
Meaning : young, tender; twig, sapling
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koẓuntu
Tamil meaning : tender twig, tendril, tender leaf, shoot, anything young, tenderness
Tamil derivates : koẓumai freshness (as of shoots), beauty; koẓuntan_ husband, husband's younger brother; koẓunti wife's sister, brother's wife; koẓunan_ husband; kuẓa young, tender; kuẓakan_ youth, beautiful person, Skanda; kuẓaku youthfulness, beauty, infant; kuẓantai infant, childhood; kuẓavi infant, young of certain animals, young of the vegetable kingdom; kuẓavu tender age, juvenility; kuẓai (-pp-, -tt-) to cause to sprout or shoot forth; n. tender leaf, sprout, shoot
Malayalam : koẓunnu, koẓuntu
Malayalam meaning : tender twig, young shoot, new-grown hair
Kannada : koḍa
Kannada meaning : tenderness, tender age, youth
Kannada derivates : koṇasu young one of wild beasts
Tulu : korè
Tulu meaning : weak, small
Proto-Nilgiri : *konc (?)
Miscellaneous : KOR (O, T) korayi, (M) kori husband; (O, M, T) korti wife
Number in DED : 2149
Proto-South Dravidian : *Koẓ- (?)
Meaning : a bar of metal; ploughshare
Tamil : koẓu
Tamil meaning : bar of metal, ploughshare
Malayalam : koẓu
Malayalam meaning : ploughshare
Kannada : kuẓa, kuẓu, guẓa, guẓu
Kannada meaning : ploughshare, iron used in cauterizing
Tulu : koru
Tulu meaning : a bar of metal
Proto-Nilgiri : *koṛ
Notes : Dubious correspondences.
Number in DED : 2147
Proto-South Dravidian : *koẓ-[al]-
Meaning : tube; to curl
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kuẓal
Tamil meaning : any tube-shaped thing, flute, pipe, tubularity, curling hair, woman's hair dressed by coiling and tying up behind in a roll
Tamil derivates : (kuẓalv-, kuẓan_r_-) to curl (intr.); kuẓar_ci curling (as of a woman's hair); kuẓai, kuẓāy tube, pipe; kuẓi pit, hole, hollow, cavity, depression, excavation, pond, well; (-v-, -nt-) to be hollowed out (as a hole, pit, cavity), sink hollow; (-pp-, -tt-) to form pits, hollows, cavities, sink, excavate, inscribe, engrave; kuẓici pot, hub of a wheel; kuẓiŋ-kai palm of the hand; kuẓippu forming pits, a hollow, depression; kuẓivu hollowness; kuẓumpu pit
Malayalam : kuẓal
Malayalam meaning : tube, flute, women's hair tied in a knot
Malayalam derivates : kuẓali woman with fine hair; kuẓa what is hollow, eye of a needle, aperture in the head of an axe or hoe, bone in forearm or foreleg; kuẓi hollow, hole, excavation, pit, grave; kuẓiyuka to become hollow, deepened; kuẓikka to dig a hole, dig out
Kannada : koẓal
Kannada meaning : flute, fife
Kannada derivates : koẓavi, koẓave, koẓāyi, koẓivi tube, blow-pipe (esp. used to blow fires with), tubular stalk; kuẓi, guẓi, kuṇi, guṇi hollow, hole, pit, grave; kuẓi to make a hole, dig; kuṇike a hollow, cavity; (K2) kuḷumpe a hollow place where water accumulates; (Bark.) gumme a deep pond; (Gul.) gumma depth; kōvi tube, flute, gun (< Te.)
Kodagu : koḷa
Kodagu meaning : flute
Tulu : koḷavè, kolavè, kolāyi
Tulu meaning : a hollow tube
Tulu derivates : guri, guḷi hole, pit; (B-K) nelakkuri, nelakkuḷi mortar for pounding rice; kurepini, kurepuni to bore, scrape, excavate, drill; korepini, korepuni to bore; koḷalụ fife; koḷambè a drain; gurumbè anything hollow; gurmpè, gurmbè pond, pool, puddle; gurụmpe puddle, temporary reservoir in a dry field; (B-K) gurumpu a low-lying place where water accumulates; gurkè, (B-K) kurikke, kuḷike, gurike, gurke a close-mouthed big copper vessel used to heat water for bathing, etc.
Proto-Nilgiri : *koṛǝl (?)
Number in DED : 1818
Proto-South Dravidian : *koẓ-i-
Meaning : to sift, winnow
Tamil : koẓi (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to sift in a winnowing fan
Tamil derivates : koẓippu sifting
Malayalam : koẓikka
Malayalam meaning : to sift, winnow
Malayalam derivates : koẓi sifting
Kannada : koccu
Kannada meaning : to shake flour, as it comes from the mill, on a small fan so as to separate any impurities
Proto-Nilgiri : *kodc-
Number in DED : 2144
Proto-South Dravidian : *koẓv-
Meaning : fat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : koẓu
Tamil meaning : fat, flourishing, prosperous; n. fat
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to prosper, flourish, be rich or fertile as soil, grow fat, be plump, be of thick consistency as sandalpaste, be saucy, insolent; koẓuppu richness, fat, grease, plumpness, thickness in consistency, sauciness, impudence; koẓumai plumpness, luxuriance, richness, fertility; kōẓ slippery, oily, fat, thriving, luxurious, rich
Malayalam : koẓu
Malayalam meaning : fat, thick, solid
Malayalam derivates : koẓukka to grow thick, solid, stiff by boiling, grow fat, stout, arrogant; koẓuppu solidity as of broth or curry, fatness, stoutness, pride
Kannada : korvu, korbu, kobbu
Kannada meaning : to grow fat, thick, stout, increase, grow, be rank in growth, become proud, presumptuous, insolent; n. fat, fatness, rankness, pride, arrogance
Kannada derivates : kobbisu to fatten; kobbiga a proud man
Tulu : kommè
Tulu meaning : corpulence, fatness; corpulent, fat
Proto-Nilgiri : *koḷ-/*koṛ-
Number in DED : 2146
Proto-South Dravidian : *kō-
Meaning : to string, thread
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kō (-pp-, -tt-), kōr (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to string (as beads, flowers), insert, thread (as a needle), arrange, reduce to order
Tamil derivates : kōppu stringing, threading, inserting, arrangement, order, decoration; kōvai, kōrvai stinging, filing, arranging, string of ornamental beads; kōtai garland
Malayalam : kōkka, kōrkka
Malayalam meaning : to string together (as a garland, pearls, beads), thread a needle
Malayalam derivates : kōccil what appears like a string, pod, legume; kōppu order, arrangement; kōva, kōrva what is strung together; kōrmpal, kōmpu string of pearls, bunch of things
Kannada : kō (kōd-, kōt-)
Kannada meaning : to string (pearls, beads, etc.) upon a thread, thread; be threaded, be entered
Kodagu : koya- (koyap-, koyat-)
Kodagu meaning : to string
Tulu : kōpè
Tulu meaning : a string of fruits, fish, etc.
Tulu derivates : gōpuni to hold fast, join; gōpu a thin girdle; gōmpè a string of fruits, fish, etc.
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōv-
Number in DED : 2176
Proto-South Dravidian : *kō
Meaning : king; high
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kō, kōn_, kōmān_
Tamil meaning : emperor, king, great man, leadership
Tamil derivates : kōyil palace, temple; kōyin_mai, kōvin_mai, kōn_mai royal dignity, arrogance; kōvil temple; kōn_āṭu a division of the Chola country; kōcar name of certain chieftains mentioned in the Sangam literature and connected with the Tuḷu country
Malayalam : kō, kōn, kōmān
Malayalam meaning : king
Malayalam derivates : kōyil, kōvil palace, temple; kōyilakam palace; kōnma, kōyma royal authority
Proto-Nilgiri : *kō-
Number in DED : 2177
Proto-South Dravidian : *kō
Meaning : mountain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil :
Tamil meaning : mountain
Number in DED : 2178
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōḍ-
Meaning : a k. of monkey
Tamil : kōṭaram
Tamil meaning : monkey
Kannada : kōḍaga
Kannada meaning : monkey, ape
Kodagu : kōḍë
Kodagu meaning : monkey
Tulu : koḍañji, koḍañja, koḍaŋgụ
Tulu meaning : baboon
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōḍǝn
Miscellaneous : IRU kōḍa (small) monkey; kūḍag monkey
Number in DED : 2196
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōḍ-
Meaning : horn, tusk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōṭu (in cpds. kōṭṭu-)
Tamil meaning : horn, tusk, branch of tree, cluster, bunch, coil of hair, line, diagram, bank of stream or pool
Tamil derivates : kuvaṭu branch of a tree; kōṭṭān_, kōṭṭuvān_ rock horned-owl
Kannada : kōḍu
Kannada meaning : horn, tusk, branch of a tree
Kannada derivates : kōẓ horn
Tulu : kōḍụ, kōḍu
Tulu meaning : horn
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōḍ-
Number in DED : 2200
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōḍ-ai
Meaning : yesterday
Tulu : kōḍè
Tulu meaning : yesterday
Number in DED : 0929
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōḍ-ai
Meaning : west wind
Tamil : kōṭai
Tamil meaning : west wind; summer, intense heat of summer
Malayalam : kōṭa
Malayalam meaning : west wind, cool wind, west
Kannada : kōḍe
Kannada meaning : west wind, cool wind (i. e. the hot land-wind for the Mysore, Telugu, and Tamil countries), the hot season ['cool wind' is a quotation from Gundert]
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōḍä
Number in DED : 2203
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōdanḍ-
Meaning : a rope for punishment
Tamil : kōtaṇṭam
Tamil meaning : a rope for punishment, suspended in schools, on which a boy is tied up with his hands clasped and which he is not permitted to lose
Malayalam : kōtāṇṭam
Malayalam meaning : a rope for punishment
Kannada : kōdaṇḍa
Kannada meaning : a rope for punishment
Tulu : kōdaṇḍa
Tulu meaning : a rope for punishment
Number in DED : 2213
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōl
Meaning : stick, staff
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kōl
Tamil meaning : stick, staff, branch, arrow
Malayalam : kōl
Malayalam meaning : staff, rod, stick, arrow
Kannada : kōl, kōlu
Kannada meaning : stick, staff, arrow
Kodagu : kōlɨ
Kodagu meaning : stick
Tulu : kōlụ, kōlu
Tulu meaning : stick, staff
Proto-Nilgiri : *kōl
Number in DED : 2237
Proto-South Dravidian : *kōl-
Meaning : large
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : kōl, kūl
Kannada meaning : length, largeness
Number in DED : 2239
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